526 Works

Social withdrawal (Fujiki et al., 2019)

Martin Fujiki, Bonnie Brinton, Craig H. Hart, Joseph Olsen & Maille Coombs
Purpose: Teacher ratings were used to compare children with developmental language disorders (DLD) and their typically developing peers on 2 subtypes of social withdrawal (shyness and unsociability). Measurement invariance analysis was utilized to determine if teachers rated the 2 groups using the same underlying construct for each of the rating scale items that have been designed to assess withdrawn behavior.Method: The Teacher Behavior Rating Scale (TBRS; C. H. Hart & Robinson, 1996) was administered to...

Behavioral assessment in 2- to 7-year-old children (Bonino et al., 2019)

Angela Yarnell Bonino, Michael E. Ramsey, Haley M. McTee & Eric A. Vance
Purpose: It is challenging to collect reliable behavioral data from toddlers and preschoolers. Consequently, we have significant gaps in our understanding of how auditory development unfolds during this time period. One method that appears to be promising is an observer-based procedure that uses conditioned, play-based responses (Bonino & Leibold, 2017). In order to evaluate the quality of data obtained with this method, this study presented a suprathreshold signal to determine the number of trials 2-...

Auditory bombardment and treatment (Plante et al., 2018)

Elena Plante, Alexander Tucci, Katrina Nicholas, Genesis D. Arizmendi & Rebecca Vance
Purpose: Modeling of grammatical forms has been used in conjunction with conversational recast treatment in various forms. This study tests the relative effect of providing bombardment prior to or after recast treatment.Method: Twenty-eight children with developmental language disorder participated in daily conversational recast treatment for morpheme errors. This treatment was either preceded or followed by a brief period of intensive auditory bombardment. Generalization to untreated lexical contexts was measured throughout the treatment period to assess...

Encoding deficits impede word learning and memory (McGregor et al., 2017)

Karla K. McGregor, Katherine Gordon, Nichole Eden, Tim Arbisi-Kelm & Jacob Oleson
Purpose: The aim of this study was to determine whether the word-learning challenges associated with developmental language disorder (DLD) result from encoding or retention deficits.Method: In Study 1, 59 postsecondary students with DLD and 60 with normal development (ND) took the California Verbal Learning Test–Second Edition, Adult Version (Delis, Kramer, Kaplan, & Ober, 2000). In Study 2, 23 postsecondary students with DLD and 24 with ND attempted to learn 9 novel words in each of...

Group and individual data for all variables; detailed information about individual children (Maas & Mailend, 2017)

Edwin Maas & Marja-Liisa Mailend
Supplemental Material S2. Group and individual data for all variables.
Supplemental Material S3. Detailed information about individual children, including precise p values and effect sizes with 95% credible intervals.
"The focus of this study was on fricative contrast and anticipatory CV coarticulation, as indexed by acoustic measures obtained from the first spectral moment (m1) at three points during the fricative (onset, midpoint, offset). Acoustic measures were based on tokens in which both fricative and vowel were...

Development of CIQOL instruments (McRackan et al., 2019)

Theodore R. McRackan, Brittany N. Hand, Cochlear Implant Quality Of Life Development Consortium, Craig A. Velozo & Judy R. Dubno
Purpose: Valid, reliable, and efficient patient-reported outcome measures are needed to quantify quality of life (QOL) outcomes after cochlear implantation to supplement information obtained from performance-based outcomes. We previously developed the Cochlear Implant Quality of Life (CIQOL) item bank to serve as the source of items for subsequent instruments. This study reports the development and psychometric properties for 2 of these new instruments, the CIQOL-35 Profile and the CIQOL-10 Global.Method: Cochlear implant (CI) users referred...

Voice telepractice (Grillo, 2019)

Elizabeth U. Grillo
Purpose: Telepractice offers prevention, assessment, treatment, and consultation at a distance. This article provides an overview of telepractice with specific considerations and examples related to voice across licensure requirements, state and federal laws, reimbursement, documentation, and telepractice methods.Conclusion: As technology continues to advance and as client demand for telepractice services increases, practitioners need to create successful telepractice programs.
Supplemental Materials S1-S3 are videorecording samples of a small portion of a previously recorded synchronous session (S1), the...

Dual language (Spanish–English) preschoolers (Gusewski & Rojas, 2017)

Svenja Gusewski & Raúl Rojas
This longitudinal study investigated the emergence of English tense marking in young (Spanish–English) dual language learners (DLLs) over 4 consecutive academic semesters, addressing the need for longitudinal data on typical acquisition trajectories of English in DLL preschoolers.
Supplemental Material S1. Growth curve model parameter estimates: finite verb morphology composite (FVMC).
Supplemental Material S2. Growth curve model parameter estimates: adapted FVMC.
Supplemental Material S3. Growth curve model parameter estimates: productive FVMC.
Supplemental Material S4. Empirical growth plot for individual growth...

Formants in loud speech (Koenig & Fuchs, 2019)

Laura L. Koenig & Susanne Fuchs
Purpose: This study evaluated how 1st and 2nd vowel formant frequencies (F1, F2) differ between normal and loud speech in multiple speaking tasks to assess claims that loudness leads to exaggerated vowel articulation.Method: Eleven healthy German-speaking women produced normal and loud speech in 3 tasks that varied in the degree of spontaneity: reading sentences that contained isolated /i: a: u:/, responding to questions that included target words with controlled consonantal contexts but varying vowel qualities,...

Normative data for spatial release from masking (Jakien & Gallun, 2018)

Kasey M. Jakien & Frederick J. Gallun
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to report normative data and predict thresholds for a rapid test of spatial release from masking for speech perception. The test is easily administered and has good repeatability, with the potential to be used in clinics and laboratories. Normative functions were generated for adults varying in age and amounts of hearing loss.Method: The test of spatial release presents a virtual auditory scene over headphones with 2 conditions: colocated...

Perceptual encoding (Tabachnick & Toscano, 2018)

Alexandra R. Tabachnick & Joseph C. Toscano
Purpose: A central question about auditory perception concerns how acoustic information is represented at different stages of processing. The auditory brainstem response (ABR) provides a potentially useful index of the earliest stages of this process. However, it is unclear how basic acoustic characteristics (e.g., differences in tones spanning a wide range of frequencies) are indexed by ABR components. This study addresses this by investigating how ABR amplitude and latency track stimulus frequency for tones ranging...

Progression of aphasia severity (Johnson et al., 2019)

Lisa Johnson, Alexandra Basilakos, Grigori Yourganov, Bo Cai, Leonardo Bonilha, Chris Rorden & Julius Fridriksson
Background and Purpose: The severity of aphasic impairment in chronic stroke survivors is typically thought to be stable by 6 months postonset. However, a recent study showed that stroke survivors with aphasia experience language improvement or decline in the chronic phase, years beyond onset. Little is known about why some individuals improve whereas others remain stable or decline. Additionally, no study has tracked changes in aphasia from assessments completed at multiple time points across many...

Social withdrawal (Fujiki et al., 2019)

Martin Fujiki, Bonnie Brinton, Craig H. Hart, Joseph Olsen & Maille Coombs
Purpose: Teacher ratings were used to compare children with developmental language disorders (DLD) and their typically developing peers on 2 subtypes of social withdrawal (shyness and unsociability). Measurement invariance analysis was utilized to determine if teachers rated the 2 groups using the same underlying construct for each of the rating scale items that have been designed to assess withdrawn behavior.Method: The Teacher Behavior Rating Scale (TBRS; C. H. Hart & Robinson, 1996) was administered to...

Stability and success in conversation in aphasia (Leaman & Edmonds, 2019)

Marion C. Leaman & Lisa A. Edmonds
Purpose: The aim of this study was to determine if peoplewith aphasia demonstrate differences in microlinguistic skillsand communicative success in unstructured, nontherapeuticconversations with a home communication partner(Home-P) as compared to a speech-language pathologistcommunication partner (SLP-P).Method: Eight persons with aphasia participated in 2 unstructured, nontherapeutic 15-min conversations, 1 each with an unfamiliar SLP-P and a Home-P. Utterance-level analysis evaluated communicative success. Two narrow measures of lexical relevance and sentence frame were used to evaluate independent clauses....

Word processing in children with ASD (Sandbank et al., 2017)

Michael Sandbank, Paul Yoder & Alexandra P. Key
Purpose: This investigation was conducted to determine whether young children with autism spectrum disorders exhibited a canonical neural response to word stimuli and whether putative event-related potential (ERP) measures of word processing were correlated with a concurrent measure of receptive language. Additional exploratory analyses were used to examine whether the magnitude of the association between ERP measures of word processing and receptive language varied as a function of the number of word stimuli the participants...

Bang for your buck: CAS tx amount distribution (Maas et al., 2019)

Edwin Maas, Christina Gildersleeve-Neumann, Kathy Jakielski, Nicolette Kovacs, Ruth Stoeckel, Helen Vradelis & Mackenzie Welsh
Purpose: The aim of this study was to examine 2 aspects of treatment intensity in treatment for childhood apraxia of speech (CAS): practice amount and practice distribution.Method: Using an alternating-treatments single-subject design with multiple baselines, we compared high versus low amount of practice, and massed versus distributed practice, in 6 children with CAS. Conditions were manipulated in the context of integral stimulation treatment. Changes in perceptual accuracy, scored by blinded analysts, were quantified with effect...

Vowel duration discrimination of children with CAS (Ingram et al., 2019)

Susan B. Ingram, Vicki A. Reed & Thomas W. Powell
Purpose: The ability of 5- and 6-year-old male children (23 participants) between the chronological ages of 5;0 and 6;11(years;months) with childhood apraxia of speech (CAS; n = 9) and with typical development (TD; n = 14) to detect differences in vowel duration of syllable pairs is explored. We asked whether the children with CAS show different patterns of performance on the vowel duration difference experimental task than those of their similarly aged peers with TD.Method:...

Efficacy of SC and SR intervention (Nowell et al., 2019)

Sallie W. Nowell, Linda R. Watson, Brian Boyd & Laura G. Klinger
Purpose: This study aimed to examine the initial efficacy of a parent-assisted blended intervention combining components of Structured TEACCHing and Social Thinking, designed to increase social communication and self-regulation concept knowledge in 1st and 2nd graders (n = 17) diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and their parents.Method: A randomized delayed treatment control group design with pre- and postintervention assessments of both parents and children was implemented within a community practice setting. Two follow-up assessments...

A systematic review and meta-analysis of predictors of expressive-language outcomes among late talkers (Fisher, 2017)

Evelyn L. Fisher
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore the literature on predictors of outcomes among late talkers using systematic review and meta-analysis methods. We sought to answer the question: What factors predict preschool-age expressive-language outcomes among late-talking toddlers?Method: We entered carefully selected search terms into the following electronic databases: Communication & Mass Media Complete, ERIC, Medline, PsycEXTRA, Psychological and Behavioral Sciences, and PsycINFO. We conducted a separate, random-effects model meta-analysis for each individual predictor...

Sensitivity analysis of hearing loss among those with and without iron deficiency anemia as defined by lab values

Kathleen M. Schieffer, James R. Connor, James A. Pawelczyk & Deepa L. Sekhar
This table shows the conductive, sensorineural, and mixed hearing loss sensitivity analysis values among those with and without iron deficiency anemia. Participants are males and females ages 4 to 21 years. Analysis performed by two-tailed chi-squared test; p values are given.
Schieffer, K. M., Connor, J. R., Pawelczyk, J. A., & Sekhar, D. L. (2017). The relationship between iron deficiency anemia and sensorineural hearing loss in the pediatric and adolescent population. American Journal of Audiology,...

Effect of a short-term intensive voice therapy (Meerschman et al., 2019)

Iris Meerschman, Sofie Claeys, Kim Bettens, Laura Bruneel, Evelien D’haeseleer & Kristiane Van Lierde
Purpose: The aim of this study was to compare the effectof a short-term intensive voice therapy (IVT) with a long-term traditional voice therapy (TVT) on the vocal quality, vocal capacities, psychosocial impact, vocal tract discomfort, laryngological anatomy/physiology, and session attendance of patients with dysphonia. An additional comparison was made between an individual IVT (IVT-I) and a group IVT (IVT-G).Method: A longitudinal, prospective controlled trial was used. Forty-six adults diagnosed with dysphonia were assigned to 1...

Retrieval-based word learning I (Leonard et al., 2019)

Laurence B. Leonard, Jeffrey Karpicke, Patricia Deevy, Christine Weber, Sharon Christ, Eileen Haebig, Sofía Souto, Justin B. Kueser & Windi Krok
Purpose: Scholars have long noted that retention improves significantly when learners frequently test themselves on the new material rather than engage in continuous study with no intermittent testing. In this study, we apply the notion of repeated testing or retrieval to the process of word learning in preschool-age children with and without developmental language disorder (DLD).Method: Novel words and their meanings were taught to 10 children with DLD and 10 typically developing (TD) children matched...

Effect of a short-term intensive voice therapy (Meerschman et al., 2019)

Iris Meerschman, Sofie Claeys, Kim Bettens, Laura Bruneel, Evelien D’haeseleer & Kristiane Van Lierde
Purpose: The aim of this study was to compare the effectof a short-term intensive voice therapy (IVT) with a long-term traditional voice therapy (TVT) on the vocal quality, vocal capacities, psychosocial impact, vocal tract discomfort, laryngological anatomy/physiology, and session attendance of patients with dysphonia. An additional comparison was made between an individual IVT (IVT-I) and a group IVT (IVT-G).Method: A longitudinal, prospective controlled trial was used. Forty-six adults diagnosed with dysphonia were assigned to 1...

MC production in aphasia and controls (Dalton & Richardson, 2019)

Sarah Grace Hudspeth Dalton & Jessica D. Richardson
Purpose: The purposes of this study are to provide clinicians and researchers with introductory psychometric data for the main concept analysis (MCA), a measure of discourse informativeness, and specifically, to provide descriptive and comparative statistical information about the performance of a large sample of persons not brain injured (PNBIs) and persons with aphasia (PWAs) on AphasiaBank discourse tasks.Method: Transcripts of 5 semi-spontaneous discourse tasks were retrieved from the AphasiaBank database and scored according to detailed...

Recognition and comprehension of “narrow focus” (Segal & Kishon-Rabin, 2017)

Osnat Segal & Liat Kishon-Rabin
Purpose: The stressed word in a sentence (narrow focus [NF]) conveys information about the intent of the speaker and is therefore important for processing spoken language and in social interactions. The ability of participants with severe-to-profound prelingual hearing loss to comprehend NF has rarely been investigated. The purpose of this study was to assess the recognition and comprehension of NF by young adults with prelingual hearing loss compared with those of participants with normal hearing...

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