89 Works

Inner speech and overt speech (Stark et al., 2017)

Brielle C. Stark, Sharon Geva & Elizabeth A. Warburton
Preserved inner speech alongside relatively poor overt speech has been documented in some persons with aphasia (PWA), but the relationship of overt speech with inner speech is still largely unclear, as few studies have directly investigated these factors. The present study investigates the relationship of preserved inner speech in aphasia with selected measures of language and cognition.
Supplemental Material S1. Participant biographic demographics.
Supplemental Material S2. Percentage correct from inner speech and overt speech examination for all...

Service-delivery model and purchase price on hearing-aid outcomes in older adults (Humes et al., 2017)

Larry E. Humes, Sara E. Rogers, Tera M. Quigley, Anna K. Main, Dana L. Kinney & Christine Herring
Objectives: The objectives of this study were to determine efficacy of hearing aids in older adults using audiology best practices, to evaluate the efficacy of an alternative over-the-counter (OTC) intervention, and to examine the influence of purchase price on outcomes for both service-delivery models.Design: The design of this study was a single-site, prospective, double-blind placebo-controlled randomized trial with three parallel branches: (a) audiology best practices (AB), (b) consumer decides OTC model (CD), and (c) placebo...

Model estimates and model comparisons (Boerma et al., 2017)

Tessel Boerma, Frank Wijnen, Paul Leseman & Elma Blom
"Purpose: Grammatical morphology is often a locus of difficulty for both children with language impairment (LI) and bilingual children. In contrast to previous research that mainly focused on verbal tense and agreement markings, the present study investigated whether plural and past participle formation can disentangle the effects of LI and bilingualism and, in addition, can point to weaknesses of LI that hold across monolingual and bilingual contexts. Method: Monolingual and bilingual children with and without...

Sub-analyses of the shortened nonword repetition task (NWR-S) compared with the nonword repetition task (NWR) per study group: children with specific language impairment (SLI), reading impairment (RI), both SLI and RI, and two control groups (le Clercq et al., 2017)

Carlijn M. P. Le Clercq, Marc P. Van Der Schroeff, Judith E. Rispens, Liesbet Ruytjens, André Goedegebure, Gijs Van Ingen & Marie-Christine Franken
"Purpose: The purpose of this research note was to validate a simplified version of the Dutch nonword repetition task (NWR; Rispens & Baker, 2012). The NWR was shortened and scoring was transformed to correct/incorrect nonwords, resulting in the shortened NWR (NWR-S).Method: NWR-S and NWR performance were compared in the previously published data set of Rispens and Baker (2012; N = 88), who compared NWR performance in 5 participant groups: specific language impairment (SLI), reading impairment...

Predictors of main concept production (Rivera et al., 2017)

Ana Rivera, Jonathan Hirst & Lisa A. Edmonds
Purpose: A conceptual framework of bilingual aphasia assessment requires an understanding of the variables that influence discourse in bilingual speakers. This study aimed to determine predictors of main concept (MC) production, a measure of discourse completeness, as well as the effect of language dominance on MCs.Method: The Nicholas and Brookshire (1993) picture stimuli were used to elicit English and Spanish discourse in 83 young bilinguals. Participant-reported variables (e.g., proficiency self-ratings) and measured language variables (e.g.,...

Service-delivery model and purchase price on hearing-aid outcomes in older adults (Humes et al., 2017)

Larry E. Humes, Sara E. Rogers, Tera M. Quigley, Anna K. Main, Dana L. Kinney & Christine Herring
Objectives: The objectives of this study were to determine efficacy of hearing aids in older adults using audiology best practices, to evaluate the efficacy of an alternative over-the-counter (OTC) intervention, and to examine the influence of purchase price on outcomes for both service-delivery models.Design: The design of this study was a single-site, prospective, double-blind placebo-controlled randomized trial with three parallel branches: (a) audiology best practices (AB), (b) consumer decides OTC model (CD), and (c) placebo...

Typical items and their production frequencies in English and in Spanish

Prarthana Shivabasappa, Elizabeth D. Peña & Lisa M. Bedore
Spanish–English bilingual child and adult participants in the study were asked to generate as many words as they could for the given categories, first in one language and then in the other. First, the data obtained from 20 adult participants were analyzed to obtain the typical items. The production frequency of each item was calculated as the number of participants out of 20 who had generated that item for the respective category. Next, the five...

Dual language (Spanish–English) preschoolers (Gusewski & Rojas, 2017)

Svenja Gusewski & Raúl Rojas
This longitudinal study investigated the emergence of English tense marking in young (Spanish–English) dual language learners (DLLs) over 4 consecutive academic semesters, addressing the need for longitudinal data on typical acquisition trajectories of English in DLL preschoolers.
Supplemental Material S1. Growth curve model parameter estimates: finite verb morphology composite (FVMC).
Supplemental Material S2. Growth curve model parameter estimates: adapted FVMC.
Supplemental Material S3. Growth curve model parameter estimates: productive FVMC.
Supplemental Material S4. Empirical growth plot for individual growth...

Target and masker effects on infants’ and adults’ detection of speech (Oster & Werner, 2017)

Monika-Maria Oster & Lynne A. Werner
Purpose: Several investigators have compared infants’ detection of speech in speech and nonspeech maskers to evaluate developmental differences in masking. Such comparisons have produced contradictory results, possibly because each investigation used different stimuli. The current study examined target and masker effects on infants’ and adults’ detection of speech.Method: An observer-based procedure was used to compare infants’ and adults’ detection of the vowel /ʌ/ and the word “baby” in a 2-talker speech masker and matched speech-spectrum...

Sensitivity analysis of hearing loss among those with and without iron deficiency anemia as defined by lab values

Kathleen M. Schieffer, James R. Connor, James A. Pawelczyk & Deepa L. Sekhar
This table shows the conductive, sensorineural, and mixed hearing loss sensitivity analysis values among those with and without iron deficiency anemia. Participants are males and females ages 4 to 21 years. Analysis performed by two-tailed chi-squared test; p values are given.
Schieffer, K. M., Connor, J. R., Pawelczyk, J. A., & Sekhar, D. L. (2017). The relationship between iron deficiency anemia and sensorineural hearing loss in the pediatric and adolescent population. American Journal of Audiology,...

Phonological paraphasias in 3 variants of primary progressive aphasia (Dalton et al., 2018)

Sarah Grace Hudspeth Dalton, Christine Shultz, Maya L. Henry, Argye E. Hillis & Jessica D. Richardson
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to describe the linguistic environment of phonological paraphasias in 3 variants of primary progressive aphasia (semantic, logopenic, and nonfluent) and to describe the profiles of paraphasia production for each of these variants.Method: Discourse samples of 26 individuals diagnosed with primary progressive aphasia were investigated for phonological paraphasias using the criteria established for the Philadelphia Naming Test (Moss Rehabilitation Research Institute, 2013). Phonological paraphasias were coded for paraphasia type,...

Treatment intensity in acquired apraxia of speech (Wambaugh et al., 2018)

Julie L. Wambaugh, Sandra Wright, Emily Boss, Shannon C. Mauszycki, Catharine DeLong, William Hula & Patrick J. Doyle
Purpose: This investigation was designed to examine the effects of treatment intensity (i.e., dose frequency) on the outcomes of Sound Production Treatment (SPT) for acquired apraxia of speech.Method: Five men with chronic apraxia of speech and aphasia received both intense SPT (3 hr per day/3 days per week) and nonintense/traditional SPT (SPT-T; 1 hr per day/3 days per week) in the context of single-case experimental designs. Each treatment was applied separately to a designated set...

A systematic review and meta-analysis of predictors of expressive-language outcomes among late talkers (Fisher, 2017)

Evelyn L. Fisher
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore the literature on predictors of outcomes among late talkers using systematic review and meta-analysis methods. We sought to answer the question: What factors predict preschool-age expressive-language outcomes among late-talking toddlers?Method: We entered carefully selected search terms into the following electronic databases: Communication & Mass Media Complete, ERIC, Medline, PsycEXTRA, Psychological and Behavioral Sciences, and PsycINFO. We conducted a separate, random-effects model meta-analysis for each individual predictor...

Infants' learning of word–action relations and verb learning (Gogate & Maganti, 2017)

Lakshmi Gogate & Madhavilatha Maganti
Purpose: This experiment examined English- or Spanish-learning preverbal (8–9 months, n = 32) and postverbal (12–14 months, n = 40) infants’ learning of word–action pairings prior to and after the transition to verb comprehension and its relation to naturally learned vocabulary.Method: Infants of both verbal levels were first habituated to 2 dynamic video displays of novel word–action pairings, the words /wem/ or /bæf/, spoken synchronously with an adult shaking or looming an object, and tested...

Exemplar variability and word learning by children with SLI (Aguilar et al., 2017)

Jessica M. Aguilar, Elena Plante & Michelle Sandoval
Purpose: Variability in the input plays an important role in language learning. The current study examined the role of object variability for new word learning by preschoolers with specific language impairment (SLI).Method: Eighteen 4- and 5-year-old children with SLI were taught 8 new words in 3 short activities over the course of 3 sessions. Half of the children saw 3 identical objects corresponding to each new word during training (No Variability group); the other half...

Lists of trained and untrained stimuli used in this study (Meigh, 2017)

Kimberly M. Meigh
All stimuli were comprised of nine phonemes with syllable stress recorded on the first, second, or third syllable by a speaker knowledgeable in phonetic transcription and trained to maintain a slow, natural rate of speech. Three independent raters perceptually evaluated all stimuli for accurate syllable stress and pronunciation prior to the experiment. All experimental stimuli (trained and untrained) are listed below with corresponding syllable stress position. All Trained stimuli are marked with first or second...

Consonant age-of-acquisition effects in nonword repetition (Moore et al., 2017)

Michelle W. Moore, Julie A. Fiez & Connie A. Tompkins
Purpose: Most research examining long-term-memory effects on nonword repetition (NWR) has focused on lexical-level variables. Phoneme-level variables have received little attention, although there are reasons to expect significant sublexical effects in NWR. To further understand the underlying processes of NWR, this study examined effects of sublexical long-term phonological knowledge by testing whether performance differs when the stimuli comprise consonants acquired later versus earlier in speech development.Method: Thirty (Experiment 1) and 20 (Experiment 2) college students...

Developmental stuttering in children who are hard of hearing (Arenas et al., 2017)

Richard M. Arenas, Elizabeth A. Walker & Jacob J. Oleson
Purpose: A number of studies with large sample sizes have reported lower prevalence of stuttering in children with significant hearing loss compared to children without hearing loss. This study used a parent questionnaire to investigate the characteristics of stuttering (e.g., incidence, prevalence, and age of onset) in children who are hard of hearing (CHH).Method: Three hundred three parents of CHH who participated in the Outcomes of Children With Hearing Loss study (Moeller & Tomblin, 2015)...

Search terms and details, exclusionary criteria, and risk factor information and effect size data extracted from each study included in the meta-analysis (Rudolph, 2017)

Johanna M. Rudolph
In this study, systematic review and meta-analytic procedures were used to determine whether any case history factors can be used to identify toddlers at risk of developing specific language impairment (SLI). Eleven risk factors were found to be statistically significant predictors of SLI. Among these, maternal education level, 5-min Apgar score, birth order, and biological sex met criteria for clinical significance.
Supplemental Material S1. Details of database searches.
Supplemental Material S2. Terms used in automated filter during...

Video showing interactive game feedback to participants (Yunusova et al., 2017)

Yana Yunusova, Elaine Kearney, Madhura Kulkarni, Brandon Haworth, Melanie Baljko & Petros Faloutsos
After training, participants in the study were given feedback in the form of interactive games. The video displays the game, and a transcript is also included.
Yunusova, Y., Kearney, E., Kulkarni, M., Haworth, B., Baljko, M. & Faloutsos, P. (2017). Game-based augmented visual feedback for enlarging speech movements in Parkinson’s disease. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 60(6S), 1818–1825.

Encoding deficits impede word learning and memory (McGregor et al., 2017)

Karla K. McGregor, Katherine Gordon, Nichole Eden, Tim Arbisi-Kelm & Jacob Oleson
Purpose: The aim of this study was to determine whether the word-learning challenges associated with developmental language disorder (DLD) result from encoding or retention deficits.Method: In Study 1, 59 postsecondary students with DLD and 60 with normal development (ND) took the California Verbal Learning Test–Second Edition, Adult Version (Delis, Kramer, Kaplan, & Ober, 2000). In Study 2, 23 postsecondary students with DLD and 24 with ND attempted to learn 9 novel words in each of...

Multidimensional scaling plots of nonerror productions for all participants (Cler et al., 2017)

Gabriel J. Cler, Jackson C. Lee, Talia Mittelman, Cara E. Stepp & Jason W. Bohland
Example multidimensional scaling (MDS) plots of nonerror productions for all participants. Each data point indicates one nonerror syllable production, color coded by syllable class. Distance between points is monotonically related to the L1-norm distance between high-dimensional kinematic feature vectors recorded and resampled for each syllable. Blue diamonds: /bi/, green circles: /bu/, orange stars: /da/, black triangles: /du/, purple arrows: /za/, red squares: /zi/. Lighter markers indicate trials produced under delay, while dark markers show trials...

Judgment of emotion in speech: Three-factor bar graphs for emotion categories "fear," "disgust," "sadness," "happiness," and "neutral" (Morgan & Ferguson, 2017)

Shae D. Morgan & Sarah Hargus Ferguson
"Communication partners of individuals with hearing loss are often counseled and trained to 'speak clearly' to help their partners receive this intelligibility benefit and improve communication. However, audiology patients sometimes complain anecdotally of communication partners sounding angry when in fact these communication partners are only trying to speak clearly. In the present study, we investigated the basis for these complaints by examining whether listeners perceive anger or other emotional content when they listen to speech...

Video: Demonstration of the staRt app (McAllister Byun et al., 2017)

Tara McAllister Byun, Heather Campbell, Helen Carey, Wendy Liang, Tae Hong Park & Mario Svirsky
"Speech Therapist’s App for /r/ Treatment (staRt) is an iOS app currently in development at New York University (NYU) that aims to increase the number of speech-language pathologists (SLPs) using visual-acoustic biofeedback to augment treatment for residual rhotic errors."
This video (3 min, 47 s) shows the staRt app as well as a demonstration of a clinician using the app with a patient.

McAllister Byun, T., Campbell, H., Carey, H., Liang, W., Park, T. H., &...

Sample script for explicit word learning teaching trial (Kelley, 2017)

Elizabeth Spencer Kelley
"The explicit word learning measure was designed to examine the word learning of preschool children after brief, explicit teaching of novel words as an indication of how children might respond in instructional settings. Key components of evidence-based explicit vocabulary instruction were incorporated into brief lessons for each word. A sample script of a teaching trial is provided here."
Kelley, E. S. (2017). Measuring explicit word learning of preschool children: A development study. American Journal of Speech-Language...

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  • 2017

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