107 Works

Sensitivity analysis of hearing loss among those with and without iron deficiency anemia as defined by lab values

Kathleen M. Schieffer, James R. Connor, James A. Pawelczyk & Deepa L. Sekhar
This table shows the conductive, sensorineural, and mixed hearing loss sensitivity analysis values among those with and without iron deficiency anemia. Participants are males and females ages 4 to 21 years. Analysis performed by two-tailed chi-squared test; p values are given.
Schieffer, K. M., Connor, J. R., Pawelczyk, J. A., & Sekhar, D. L. (2017). The relationship between iron deficiency anemia and sensorineural hearing loss in the pediatric and adolescent population. American Journal of Audiology,...

Video: Demonstration of the staRt app (McAllister Byun et al., 2017)

Tara McAllister Byun, Heather Campbell, Helen Carey, Wendy Liang, Tae Hong Park & Mario Svirsky
"Speech Therapist’s App for /r/ Treatment (staRt) is an iOS app currently in development at New York University (NYU) that aims to increase the number of speech-language pathologists (SLPs) using visual-acoustic biofeedback to augment treatment for residual rhotic errors."
This video (3 min, 47 s) shows the staRt app as well as a demonstration of a clinician using the app with a patient.

McAllister Byun, T., Campbell, H., Carey, H., Liang, W., Park, T. H., &...

Final statistical analyses using lmer; accuracy and duration by condition; performance by group on cognitive–linguistic tasks (Steinberg Lowe & Buchwald, 2017)

Mara Steinberg Lowe & Adam Buchwald
Supplemental Material S1. Final lmer model for whole nonword accuracy.
Supplemental Material S2. Final lmer model for phoneme accuracy (logit transformed).
Supplemental Material S3. Final lmer model for nonword durations for nonwords with initial native clusters (in milliseconds).
Supplemental Material S4. Final lmer model for nonword durations for nonwords with initial nonative clusters (in milliseconds).
Supplemental Material S5. Final lmer model for cluster duration for nonnative nonwords beginning with /ʃ/ (in milliseconds).
Supplemental Material S6. Final lmer model for cluster...

Video displaying game and nasal accelerometer (Cler et al., 2017)

Gabriel J. Cler, Talia Mittelman, Maia N. Braden, Geralyn Harvey Woodnorth & Cara E. Stepp
Video shows game and nasal accelerometer used in this study. Users play the game as a ninja fighting evil robots by using just their speech. Game play for feedback and no-feedback stages are identical: a robot appears, and the user is prompted to repeat one of the stimuli CVCs (e.g., mom, nun, bag, bead) three times. Feedback stages prompted participants to increase their nasalization on nasal stimuli and decrease their nasalization on nonnasal stimuli, as...

Detailed information regarding participant grouping, probe and treatment stimuli, severity criteria, and accuracy of production of target sounds (Wambaugh et al., 2017)

Julie L. Wambaugh, Christina Nessler, Sandra Wright, Shannon C. Mauszycki, Catharine DeLong, Kiera Berggren & Dallin J. Bailey
The purpose of this investigation was to compare the effects of schedule of practice (i.e., blocked vs. random) on outcomes of Sound Production Treatment (SPT) for speakers with chronic acquired apraxia of speech and aphasia.
A combination of group and single-case experimental designs was used. Twenty participants each received SPT administered with randomized stimuli presentation (SPT-R) and SPT applied with blocked stimuli presentation (SPT-B). Treatment effects were examined with respect to accuracy of articulation as...

Multidimensional scaling plots of nonerror productions for all participants (Cler et al., 2017)

Gabriel J. Cler, Jackson C. Lee, Talia Mittelman, Cara E. Stepp & Jason W. Bohland
Example multidimensional scaling (MDS) plots of nonerror productions for all participants. Each data point indicates one nonerror syllable production, color coded by syllable class. Distance between points is monotonically related to the L1-norm distance between high-dimensional kinematic feature vectors recorded and resampled for each syllable. Blue diamonds: /bi/, green circles: /bu/, orange stars: /da/, black triangles: /du/, purple arrows: /za/, red squares: /zi/. Lighter markers indicate trials produced under delay, while dark markers show trials...

Sample script for explicit word learning teaching trial (Kelley, 2017)

Elizabeth Spencer Kelley
"The explicit word learning measure was designed to examine the word learning of preschool children after brief, explicit teaching of novel words as an indication of how children might respond in instructional settings. Key components of evidence-based explicit vocabulary instruction were incorporated into brief lessons for each word. A sample script of a teaching trial is provided here."
Kelley, E. S. (2017). Measuring explicit word learning of preschool children: A development study. American Journal of Speech-Language...

A systematic review and meta-analysis of predictors of expressive-language outcomes among late talkers (Fisher, 2017)

Evelyn L. Fisher
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore the literature on predictors of outcomes among late talkers using systematic review and meta-analysis methods. We sought to answer the question: What factors predict preschool-age expressive-language outcomes among late-talking toddlers?Method: We entered carefully selected search terms into the following electronic databases: Communication & Mass Media Complete, ERIC, Medline, PsycEXTRA, Psychological and Behavioral Sciences, and PsycINFO. We conducted a separate, random-effects model meta-analysis for each individual predictor...

Tinnitus management retrospective (Edmonds et al., 2017)

Catherine M. Edmonds, Cheri Ribbe, Emily J. Thielman & James A. Henry
Purpose: The primary purpose of this study was to determine whether progressive tinnitus management Level 3 skills education workshops conducted at the Bay Pines and Boston Veterans Affairs hospitals result in consistent use of the presented tinnitus management strategies by patients 1–5 years after completing the workshops.Method: In fiscal year (FY) 2015, the tinnitus workshop follow-up form was mailed to all veterans who completed the Level 3 workshops between FY 2010 and FY 2014. Data...

Inner speech and overt speech (Stark et al., 2017)

Brielle C. Stark, Sharon Geva & Elizabeth A. Warburton
Preserved inner speech alongside relatively poor overt speech has been documented in some persons with aphasia (PWA), but the relationship of overt speech with inner speech is still largely unclear, as few studies have directly investigated these factors. The present study investigates the relationship of preserved inner speech in aphasia with selected measures of language and cognition.
Supplemental Material S1. Participant biographic demographics.
Supplemental Material S2. Percentage correct from inner speech and overt speech examination for all...

Consonant age-of-acquisition effects in nonword repetition (Moore et al., 2017)

Michelle W. Moore, Julie A. Fiez & Connie A. Tompkins
Purpose: Most research examining long-term-memory effects on nonword repetition (NWR) has focused on lexical-level variables. Phoneme-level variables have received little attention, although there are reasons to expect significant sublexical effects in NWR. To further understand the underlying processes of NWR, this study examined effects of sublexical long-term phonological knowledge by testing whether performance differs when the stimuli comprise consonants acquired later versus earlier in speech development.Method: Thirty (Experiment 1) and 20 (Experiment 2) college students...

Language outcomes in children who are deaf and hard of hearing (Daub et al., 2017)

Olivia Daub, Marlene P. Bagatto, Andrew M. Johnson & Janis Oram Cardy
Purpose: Early auditory experiences are fundamental in infant language acquisition. Research consistently demonstrates the benefits of early intervention (i.e., hearing aids) to language outcomes in children who are deaf and hard of hearing. The nature of these benefits and their relation with prefitting development are, however, not well understood.Method: This study examined Ontario Infant Hearing Program birth cohorts to explore predictors of performance on the Preschool Language Scale–Fourth Edition at the time of (N =...

Target and masker effects on infants’ and adults’ detection of speech (Oster & Werner, 2017)

& Lynne A. Werner
Purpose: Several investigators have compared infants’ detection of speech in speech and nonspeech maskers to evaluate developmental differences in masking. Such comparisons have produced contradictory results, possibly because each investigation used different stimuli. The current study examined target and masker effects on infants’ and adults’ detection of speech.Method: An observer-based procedure was used to compare infants’ and adults’ detection of the vowel /ʌ/ and the word “baby” in a 2-talker speech masker and matched speech-spectrum...

Video illustrating the speech recording and cueing procedure (Levy et al., 2017)

Erika S. Levy, , Joséphine A. Ancelle & Megan J. McAuliffe
"This video describes the speech recording procedure for this study. Each child attended a single recording session, conducted in a quiet room. To elicit the changes in speech production, instructions and a combination of visual and verbal cueing were provided as well as prerecorded examples from a model speaker. . . . In completing the stimulus recording, the child sat in front of an experimenter. Before recording began, the child was provided with verbal instructions...

Video showing interactive game feedback to participants (Yunusova et al., 2017)

Yana Yunusova, Elaine Kearney, , Brandon Haworth, Melanie Baljko & Petros Faloutsos
After training, participants in the study were given feedback in the form of interactive games. The video displays the game, and a transcript is also included.
Yunusova, Y., Kearney, E., Kulkarni, M., Haworth, B., Baljko, M. & Faloutsos, P. (2017). Game-based augmented visual feedback for enlarging speech movements in Parkinson’s disease. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 60(6S), 1818–1825.

Ultrasound biofeedback sample videos and practice data (Preston et al., 2017)

Jonathan L. Preston, Megan C. Leece, Kerry McNamara & Edwin Maas
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the role of practice variability, through prosodic variation during speech sound training, in biofeedback treatment for children with childhood apraxia of speech. It was hypothesized that variable practice would facilitate speech sound learning.
Supplemental Material S1. Sample video of prepractice. Prepractice included verbal and visual instruction to help the participant understand what was required for a correct production of the target movements.
Supplemental Material S2. Sample video of the...

Dimensionality of oral language skills (Lonigan & Milburn, 2017)

Christopher J. Lonigan &
Language is a multidimensional construct from prior to the beginning of formal schooling to near the end of elementary school. The primary goals of this study were to identify the dimensionality of language and to determine whether this dimensionality was consistent in children with typical language development from preschool through 5th grade.
Supplemental Material S1. Description of measures.
Supplemental Material S2. Raw scores on language measures by grade group.
Supplemental Material S3. Correlations between age-standardized scores by grade...

Stimulus variability in reading a novel script (Adwan-Mansour & Bitan, 2017)

& Tali Bitan
The benefit of stimulus variability for generalization of acquired skills and knowledge has been shown in motor, perceptual, and language learning but has rarely been studied in reading. We studied the effect of variable training in a novel language on reading trained and untrained words.
Sixty typical adults received 2 sessions of training in reading an artificial script. Participants were assigned to 1 of 3 groups: a variable training group practicing a large set of 24...

Service-delivery model and purchase price on hearing-aid outcomes in older adults (Humes et al., 2017)

Larry E. Humes, Sara E. Rogers, Tera M. Quigley, Anna K. Main, Dana L. Kinney & Christine Herring
Objectives: The objectives of this study were to determine efficacy of hearing aids in older adults using audiology best practices, to evaluate the efficacy of an alternative over-the-counter (OTC) intervention, and to examine the influence of purchase price on outcomes for both service-delivery models.Design: The design of this study was a single-site, prospective, double-blind placebo-controlled randomized trial with three parallel branches: (a) audiology best practices (AB), (b) consumer decides OTC model (CD), and (c) placebo...

Developmental stuttering in children who are hard of hearing (Arenas et al., 2017)

Richard M. Arenas, Elizabeth A. Walker & Jacob J. Oleson
Purpose: A number of studies with large sample sizes have reported lower prevalence of stuttering in children with significant hearing loss compared to children without hearing loss. This study used a parent questionnaire to investigate the characteristics of stuttering (e.g., incidence, prevalence, and age of onset) in children who are hard of hearing (CHH).Method: Three hundred three parents of CHH who participated in the Outcomes of Children With Hearing Loss study (Moeller & Tomblin, 2015)...

Children’s comprehension of object relative sentences (Ahmad Rusli & Montgomery, 2017)

Yazmin Ahmad Rusli & James W. Montgomery
Purpose: The aim of this study was to determine whether extant language (lexical) knowledge or domain-general working memory is the better predictor of comprehension of object relative sentences for children with typical development. We hypothesized that extant language knowledge, not domain-general working memory, is the better predictor.Method: Fifty-three children (ages 9–11 years) completed a word-level verbal working-memory task, indexing extant language (lexical) knowledge; an analog nonverbal working-memory task, representing domain-general working memory; and a hybrid...

A systematic review and meta-analysis of predictors of expressive-language outcomes among late talkers (Fisher, 2017)

Evelyn L. Fisher
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore the literature on predictors of outcomes among late talkers using systematic review and meta-analysis methods. We sought to answer the question: What factors predict preschool-age expressive-language outcomes among late-talking toddlers?Method: We entered carefully selected search terms into the following electronic databases: Communication & Mass Media Complete, ERIC, Medline, PsycEXTRA, Psychological and Behavioral Sciences, and PsycINFO. We conducted a separate, random-effects model meta-analysis for each individual predictor...

Encoding deficits impede word learning and memory (McGregor et al., 2017)

Karla K. McGregor, Katherine Gordon, Nichole Eden, Tim Arbisi-Kelm & Jacob Oleson
Purpose: The aim of this study was to determine whether the word-learning challenges associated with developmental language disorder (DLD) result from encoding or retention deficits.Method: In Study 1, 59 postsecondary students with DLD and 60 with normal development (ND) took the California Verbal Learning Test–Second Edition, Adult Version (Delis, Kramer, Kaplan, & Ober, 2000). In Study 2, 23 postsecondary students with DLD and 24 with ND attempted to learn 9 novel words in each of...

Consonant age-of-acquisition effects in nonword repetition (Moore et al., 2017)

Michelle W. Moore, Julie A. Fiez & Connie A. Tompkins
Purpose: Most research examining long-term-memory effects on nonword repetition (NWR) has focused on lexical-level variables. Phoneme-level variables have received little attention, although there are reasons to expect significant sublexical effects in NWR. To further understand the underlying processes of NWR, this study examined effects of sublexical long-term phonological knowledge by testing whether performance differs when the stimuli comprise consonants acquired later versus earlier in speech development.Method: Thirty (Experiment 1) and 20 (Experiment 2) college students...

Consonant age-of-acquisition effects in nonword repetition (Moore et al., 2017)

Michelle W. Moore, Julie A. Fiez & Connie A. Tompkins
Purpose: Most research examining long-term-memory effects on nonword repetition (NWR) has focused on lexical-level variables. Phoneme-level variables have received little attention, although there are reasons to expect significant sublexical effects in NWR. To further understand the underlying processes of NWR, this study examined effects of sublexical long-term phonological knowledge by testing whether performance differs when the stimuli comprise consonants acquired later versus earlier in speech development.Method: Thirty (Experiment 1) and 20 (Experiment 2) college students...

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