134 Works

Vocalization subsystem responses (Croake et al., 2018)

Daniel J. Croake, Richard D. Andreatta & Joseph C. Stemple
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to quantify the interactions of the 3 vocalization subsystems of respiration, phonation, and resonance before, during, and after a perturbation to the larynx (temporarily induced unilateral vocal fold paralysis) in 10 vocally healthy participants. Using dynamic systems theory as a guide, we hypothesized that data groupings would emerge revealing context-dependent patterns in the relationships of variables representing the 3 vocalization subsystems. We also hypothesized that group data would...

Publication bias (Chow, 2018)

Jason C. Chow
Purpose: The purpose of this research note is to systematically document the extent that researchers who publish in American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA) journals search for and include unpublished literature in their meta-analyses and test for publication bias.Method: This research note searched all ASHA peer-reviewed journals for published meta-analyses and reviewed all qualifying articles for characteristics related to the acknowledgement and assessment of publication bias.Results: Of meta-analyses published in ASHA journals, 75% discuss publication in some...

Publication bias (Chow, 2018)

Jason C. Chow
Purpose: The purpose of this research note is to systematically document the extent that researchers who publish in American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA) journals search for and include unpublished literature in their meta-analyses and test for publication bias.Method: This research note searched all ASHA peer-reviewed journals for published meta-analyses and reviewed all qualifying articles for characteristics related to the acknowledgement and assessment of publication bias.Results: Of meta-analyses published in ASHA journals, 75% discuss publication in some...

Sensitivity to morphosyntactic information (Deevy & Leonard, 2018)

Patricia Deevy & Laurence B. Leonard
Purpose: This study tested children’s sensitivity to tense/agreement information in fronted auxiliaries during online comprehension of questions (e.g., Are the nice little dogs running?). Data from children with developmental language disorder (DLD) were compared to previously published data from typically developing (TD) children matched according to sentence comprehension test scores.Method: Fifteen 5-year-old children with DLD and fifteen 3-year-old TD children participated in a looking-while-listening task. Children viewed pairs of pictures, 1 with a single agent...

Sensitivity to morphosyntactic information (Deevy & Leonard, 2018)

Patricia Deevy & Laurence B. Leonard
Purpose: This study tested children’s sensitivity to tense/agreement information in fronted auxiliaries during online comprehension of questions (e.g., Are the nice little dogs running?). Data from children with developmental language disorder (DLD) were compared to previously published data from typically developing (TD) children matched according to sentence comprehension test scores.Method: Fifteen 5-year-old children with DLD and fifteen 3-year-old TD children participated in a looking-while-listening task. Children viewed pairs of pictures, 1 with a single agent...

Gaze to social scenes by individuals with autism (Liang & Wilkinson, 2018)

Jiali Liang & Krista Wilkinson
Purpose: A striking characteristic of the social communication deficits in individuals with autism is atypical patterns of eye contact during social interactions. We used eye-tracking technology to evaluate how the number of human figures depicted and the presence of sharing activity between the human figures in still photographs influenced visual attention by individuals with autism, typical development, or Down syndrome. We sought to examine visual attention to the contents of visual scene displays, a growing...

Age differences in voice evaluation (Lortie et al., 2018)

Catherine L. Lortie, Isabelle Deschamps, Matthieu J. Guitton & Pascale Tremblay
Purpose: The factors that influence the evaluation of voice in adulthood, as well as the consequences of such evaluation on social interactions, are not well understood. Here, we examined the effect of listeners’ age and the effect of talker age, sex, and smoking status on the auditory-perceptual evaluation of voice, voice-related psychosocial attributions, and perceived speech tempo. We also examined the voice dimensions affecting the propensity to engage in social interactions.Method: Twenty-five younger (age 19–37...

Sketch and Speak intervention (Ukrainetz, 2018)

Teresa A. Ukrainetz
Purpose: This preliminary study investigated an intervention procedure employing 2 types of note-taking and oral practice to improve expository reporting skills.Procedure: Forty-four 4th to 6th graders with language-related learning disabilities from 9 schools were assigned to treatment or control conditions that were balanced for grade, oral language, and other features. The treatment condition received 6 30-min individual or pair sessions from the school of speech-language pathologists (SLPs). Treatment involved reducing statements from grade-level science articles...

Teleaudiology for rehabilitation with hearing aids (Tao et al., 2018)

Karina F. M. Tao, Christopher G. Brennan-Jones, Dirce M. Capobianco-Fava, Dona M. P. Jayakody, Peter L. Friedland, De Wet Swanepoel & Robert H. Eikelboom
Purpose: This review examined (a) the current evidence from studies on teleaudiology applications for rehabilitation of adults with hearing impairment with hearing aids and (b) whether it is sufficient to support the translation into routine clinical practice.Method: A search strategy and eligibility criteria were utilized to include articles specifically related to hearing aid fitting and follow-up procedures that are involved in consultations for the rehabilitation of adults, where the service was provided by the clinician...

Non-orthographic language abilities and reading (Madden et al., 2018)

Elizabeth Brookshire Madden, Tim Conway, Maya L. Henry, Kristie A. Spencer, Kathryn M. Yorkston & Diane L. Kendall
Purpose: This study investigated the relationship between non-orthographic language abilities and reading in order to examine assumptions of the primary systems hypothesis and further our understanding of language processing poststroke. Method: Performance on non-orthographic semantic, phonologic, and syntactic tasks, as well as oral reading and reading comprehension tasks, was assessed in 43 individuals with aphasia. Correlation and regression analyses were conducted to determine the relationship between these measures. In addition, analyses of variance examined differences...

Naturalistic speech-generating device (Gevarter & Zamora, 2018)

Cindy Gevarter & Claudia Zamora
Purpose: This article presents a systematic review that aimed to synthesize single-subject–design studies that have examined naturalistic interventions for teaching the expressive use of speech-generating devices (SGDs) to children with complex communication needs. Specifically, this review describes what intervention strategies are most commonly applied in studies with positive effects and minimal methodological flaws and examines the populations and outcomes for which these strategies have been effective.Method: A systematic approach was used to qualitatively code variables...

Changing developmental trajectories (Wetherby et al., 2018)

Amy M. Wetherby, Juliann Woods, Whitney Guthrie, Abigail Delehanty, Jennifer A. Brown, Lindee Morgan, Renee D. Holland, Christopher Schatschneider & Catherine Lord
Purpose: The need for community-viable, evidence-based intervention strategies for toddlers with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a national priority. The purpose of this research forum article is to identify gaps in intervention research and needs in community practice for toddlers with ASD, incorporate published findings from a randomized controlled trial (RCT) of the Early Social Interaction (ESI) model (Wetherby et al., 2014) to illustrate community-based intervention, report new findings on child active engagement from the...

CAAST language changes (Bunker et al., 2018)

Lisa D. Bunker, Sandra Wright & Julie L. Wambaugh
Purpose: Combined Aphasia and Apraxia of Speech Treatment (CAAST) is a newly developed treatment shown to increase production of accurate content in narrative discourse for persons with aphasia and apraxia of speech. The purpose of this post hoc study was to further describe lexical and morphosyntactic changes associated with changes in content production. Method: Existing probe data from 8 persons with aphasia who had completed CAAST were used to complete analyses of morphosyntactic production, lexical...

Poor speech perception is not a CAS core deficit (Zuk et al., 2018)

Jennifer Zuk, Jenya Iuzzini-Seigel, Kathryn Cabbage, Jordan R. Green & Tiffany P. Hogan
Purpose: Childhood apraxia of speech (CAS) is hypothesized to arise from deficits in speech motor planning and programming, but the influence of abnormal speech perception in CAS on these processes is debated. This study examined speech perception abilities among children with CAS with and without language impairment compared to those with language impairment, speech delay, and typically developing peers.Method: Speech perception was measured by discrimination of synthesized speech syllable continua that varied in frequency (/dɑ/–/ɡɑ/)....

Variables that influence binomial completion (Eaton & Newman, 2018)

Catherine Torrington Eaton & Rochelle S. Newman
Purpose: The goal of this research was to institute an evidence base behind commonly used elicitation materials known as binomials (e.g., “day and night”) that are commonly used for persons with aphasia (PWAs). The study explored a number of linguistic variables that could influence successful binomial completion in nonaphasic adults and PWAs.Method: Thirty nonaphasic adults and 11 PWAs were asked to verbally complete 128 binomials; responses were scored by accuracy and reaction time. Binomials were...

Morphosyntactic production and WM in aphasia (Fyndanis et al., 2018)

Valantis Fyndanis, Giorgio Arcara, Paraskevi Christidou & David Caplan
Purpose: The present work investigated whether verbal working memory (WM) affects morphosyntactic production in configurations that do not involve or favor similarity-based interference and whether WM interacts with verb-related morphosyntactic categories and/or cue–target distance (locality). It also explored whether the findings related to the questions above lend support to a recent account of agrammatic morphosyntactic production: Interpretable Features’ Impairment Hypothesis (Fyndanis, Varlokosta, & Tsapkini, 2012).Method: A sentence completion task testing production of subject–verb agreement, tense/time...

Effects of aided AAC input (O'Neill et al., 2018)

Tara O’Neill, Janice Light & Lauramarie Pope
Purpose: The purpose of this meta-analysis was to investigate the effects of augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) interventions that included aided AAC input (e.g., aided AAC modeling, aided language modeling, aided language stimulation, augmented input) on communicative outcomes (both comprehension and expression) for individuals with developmental disabilities who use AAC.Method: A systematic search resulted in the identification of 26 single-case experimental designs (88 participants) and 2 group experimental designs (103 participants). Studies were coded in...

Misarticulations and word identification (Krueger et al., 2018)

Breanna I. Krueger, Holly L. Storkel & Utako Minai
Purpose: The purpose of the present studies was to determine how children’s identification and processing of misarticulated words was influenced by substitution commonness.Method: Sixty-one typically developing preschoolers across 3 experiments heard accurate productions of words (e.g., “leaf”), words containing common substitutions (e.g., “weaf”), and words containing uncommon substitutions (e.g., “yeaf”). On each trial, preschoolers chose between a real object picture (e.g., a leaf ) and a nonobject (e.g., an anomalous line drawing). Accuracy and processing...

Adolescent discourse summarization (Lundine et al., 2018)

Jennifer P. Lundine, Stacy M. Harnish, Rebecca J. McCauley, Deena Schwen Blackett, Alexandra Zezinka, Wei Chen & Robert A. Fox
Purpose: Summarizing expository passages is a critical academic skill that is understudied in language research. The purpose of this study was to compare the quality of verbal summaries produced by adolescents for 3 different discourse types and to determine whether a composite measure of cognitive skill or a test of expressive syntax predicted their performance.Method: Fifty adolescents listened to, and then verbally summarized, 1 narrative and 2 expository lectures (compare–contrast and cause–effect). They also participated...

Cognitive processing and comprehension in developmental language disorder (Montgomery et al., 2018)

James W. Montgomery, Julia L. Evans, Jamison D. Fargo, Sarah Schwartz & Ronald B. Gillam
Purpose: We assessed the potential direct and indirect (mediated) influences of 4 cognitive mechanisms we believe are theoretically relevant to canonical and noncanonical sentence comprehension of school-age children with and without developmental language disorder (DLD). Method: One hundred seventeen children with DLD and 117 propensity-matched typically developing (TD) children participated. Comprehension was indexed by children identifying the agent in implausible sentences. Children completed cognitive tasks indexing the latent predictors of fluid reasoning (FLD-R), controlled attention...

Lexicality and intensity in speech intervention (Cummings et al., 2018)

Alycia Cummings, Janet Hallgrimson & Sarah Robinson
Purpose: This study examined how lexical representations and intervention intensity affect phonological acquisition and generalization in children with speech sound disorders.Method: Using a single-subject multiple baseline design, 24 children with speech sound disorders (3;6 to 6;10 [years;months]) were split into 3 word lexicality types targeting word-initial complex singleton phonemes: /ɹ l ʧ θ/. Specifically, academic vocabulary words, nonwords (NWs), and high-frequency (HF) words were contrasted. Intervention intensity was examined by comparing the performance of 12...

Language input and intake in children with ASD (Arunachalam & Luyster, 2018)

Sudha Arunachalam & Rhiannon J. Luyster
Purpose: Most children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have below-age lexical knowledge and lexical representation. Our goal is to examine ways in which difficulties with social communication and language processing that are often associated with ASD may constrain these children’s abilities to learn new words and to explore whether minimizing the social communication and processing demands of the learning situation can lead to successful learning.Method: In this narrative review of recent work on lexical development...

Linguistic markers in Parkinson’s disease (Smith et al., 2018)

Kara M. Smith, Sharon Ash, Sharon X. Xie & Murray Grossman
Purpose: Early cognitive symptoms such as word-finding difficulty (WFD) in daily conversation are common in Parkinson’s disease (PD), but studies have been limited by a lack of feasible, quantitative measures. Linguistic analysis, focused on pauses in speech, may yield markers of impairment of cognition and communication in PD. The objective of this study was to evaluate the relationship of linguistic markers in semistructured speech to WFD symptoms and cognitive function in PD.Method: Speech recordings of...

Pitch, time, speech, & tones: Training & attention (Sares et al., 2018)

Anastasia G. Sares, Nicholas E. V. Foster, Kachina Allen & Krista L. Hyde
Purpose: Musical training is often linked to enhanced auditory discrimination, but the relative roles of pitch and time in music and speech are unclear. Moreover, it is unclear whether pitch and time processing are correlated across individuals and how they may be affected by attention. This study aimed to examine pitch and time processing in speech and tone sequences, taking musical training and attention into account.Method: Musicians (16) and nonmusicians (16) were asked to detect...

Phonological paraphasias in 3 variants of primary progressive aphasia (Dalton et al., 2018)

Sarah Grace Hudspeth Dalton, Christine Shultz, Maya L. Henry, Argye E. Hillis & Jessica D. Richardson
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to describe the linguistic environment of phonological paraphasias in 3 variants of primary progressive aphasia (semantic, logopenic, and nonfluent) and to describe the profiles of paraphasia production for each of these variants.Method: Discourse samples of 26 individuals diagnosed with primary progressive aphasia were investigated for phonological paraphasias using the criteria established for the Philadelphia Naming Test (Moss Rehabilitation Research Institute, 2013). Phonological paraphasias were coded for paraphasia type,...

Registration Year

  • 2018
    134

Resource Types

  • Collection
    73
  • Text
    43
  • Audiovisual
    12
  • Dataset
    6