55 Works

Multidimensional scaling plots of nonerror productions for all participants (Cler et al., 2017)

Gabriel J. Cler, Jackson C. Lee, Talia Mittelman, Cara E. Stepp & Jason W. Bohland
Example multidimensional scaling (MDS) plots of nonerror productions for all participants. Each data point indicates one nonerror syllable production, color coded by syllable class. Distance between points is monotonically related to the L1-norm distance between high-dimensional kinematic feature vectors recorded and resampled for each syllable. Blue diamonds: /bi/, green circles: /bu/, orange stars: /da/, black triangles: /du/, purple arrows: /za/, red squares: /zi/. Lighter markers indicate trials produced under delay, while dark markers show trials...

ASR for treating apraxia of speech (Ballard et al., 2019)

, Nicole M. Etter, , Penelope Monroe &
Purpose: Individuals with neurogenic speech disorders require ongoing therapeutic support to achieve functional communication goals. Alternative methods for service delivery, such as tablet-based speech therapy applications, may help bridge the gap and bring therapeutic interventions to the patient in an engaging way. The purpose of this study was to evaluate an iPad-based speech therapy app that uses automatic speech recognition (ASR) software to provide feedback on speech accuracy to determine the ASR’s accuracy against human...

Remediating RSEs with traditional & UVF treatment (Preston et al., 2019)

Jonathan L. Preston, Tara McAllister, Emily Phillips, Suzanne Boyce, Mark Tiede, Jackie Sihyun Kim & Douglas H. Whalen
Purpose: The aim of the study was to examine how ultrasound visual feedback (UVF) treatment impacts speech sound learning in children with residual speech errors affecting /ɹ/.Method: Twelve children, ages 9–14 years, received treatment for vocalic /ɹ/ errors in a multiple-baseline across-subjects design comparing 8 sessions of UVF treatment and 8 sessions of traditional (no-biofeedback) treatment. All participants were exposed to both treatment conditions, with order counterbalanced across participants. To monitor progress, naïve listeners rated...

ASR for treating apraxia of speech (Ballard et al., 2019)

, Nicole M. Etter, , Penelope Monroe &
Purpose: Individuals with neurogenic speech disorders require ongoing therapeutic support to achieve functional communication goals. Alternative methods for service delivery, such as tablet-based speech therapy applications, may help bridge the gap and bring therapeutic interventions to the patient in an engaging way. The purpose of this study was to evaluate an iPad-based speech therapy app that uses automatic speech recognition (ASR) software to provide feedback on speech accuracy to determine the ASR’s accuracy against human...

Influence of efferent inhibition on SPIN (Yashaswini & Maruthy, 2019)

& Sandeep Maruthy
Purpose: The study aimed to assess the relationship between the level-dependent function of efferent inhibition and speech perception in noise across different intensities of suppressor and across different signal-to-noise ratios (SNRs) of speech.Method: Twenty-six young normal-hearing adults participated in the study. Contralateral suppression of transient evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAEs) was measured for 3 levels of suppressor (40, 50, and 60 dB SPL). Speech identification score (SIS) was measured at 5 ipsilateral SNR conditions (quiet, 0,...

Functional parcellation of speech cortex (Tourville et al., 2019)

Jason A. Tourville, Alfonso Nieto-Castañón, Matthias Heyne & Frank H. Guenther
Neuroimaging has revealed a core network of cortical regions that contribute to speech production, but the functional organization of this network remains poorly understood.Purpose: We describe efforts to identify reliable boundaries around functionally homogenous regions within the cortical speech motor control network in order to improve the sensitivity of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) analyses of speech production and thus improve our understanding of the functional organization of speech production in the brain.Method: We used...

Influence of efferent inhibition on SPIN (Yashaswini & Maruthy, 2019)

& Sandeep Maruthy
Purpose: The study aimed to assess the relationship between the level-dependent function of efferent inhibition and speech perception in noise across different intensities of suppressor and across different signal-to-noise ratios (SNRs) of speech.Method: Twenty-six young normal-hearing adults participated in the study. Contralateral suppression of transient evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAEs) was measured for 3 levels of suppressor (40, 50, and 60 dB SPL). Speech identification score (SIS) was measured at 5 ipsilateral SNR conditions (quiet, 0,...

Clinical application of spectral modulation detection (Kessler et al., 2020)

David M. Kessler, Jace Wolfe, Michelle Blanchard & René H. Gifford
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between speech recognition benefit derived from the addition of a hearing aid (HA) to the nonimplanted ear (i.e., bimodal benefit) and spectral modulation detection (SMD) performance in the nonimplanted ear in a large clinical sample. An additional purpose was to investigate the influence of low-frequency pure-tone average (PTA) of the nonimplanted ear and age at implantation on the variance in bimodal benefit.Method: Participants included...

Evaluating change in the conversation (Obermeyer et al., 2020)

Jessica A. Obermeyer, Marion C. Leaman & Lisa A. Edmonds
Purpose: The purpose of this project was to evaluate the effect of a discourse-level treatment, Attentive Reading with Constrained Summarization–Written (ARCS-W), on conversational discourse. ARCS-W aims to improve spoken and written output by addressing the cognitive–linguistic requirements of discourse production through constrained summarization of novel material.Method: This is an experimentally controlled case study with a single participant, Bill. Three conversation samples were collected at pretreatment, and a single conversation was collected 1 month after treatment....

Dynamic Dx of MA and 1st grade literacy skill (Wolter et al., 2020)

Julie A. Wolter, Frances E. Gibson & Timothy A. Slocum
Purpose: The purpose of this feasibility study was to investigate an early dynamic measure of morphological awareness (MA) involving graduated prompts to measure early MA skill and determine whether this task relates to and predicts performance on other language and/or literacy measures in first-grade children with language abilities typically found in the classroom.Method: In addition to a battery of language and literacy measures, a dynamic assessment of MA was designed and administered to 74 first-grade...

Adapted CI-NCI for families of Mexican descent (Cycyk et al., 2020)

Lauren M. Cycyk, Heather W. Moore, Stephanie De Anda, Lidia Huerta, , Christina Patton & Camille Bourret
Purpose: Caregiver-implemented naturalistic communication interventions (CI-NCIs) support the communication abilities of young children with language disorders and enhance the communication behaviors of their caregivers. Yet, few CI-NCIs have been adapted and tested for feasibility with families who speak Spanish at home. This study addresses this gap in the literature by examining the social validity and preliminary outcomes of an adapted CI-NCI program with families who identified as Mexican immigrants and spoke Spanish.Method: A multiphase cultural...

Access to Literacy Assessment System–Phonological Awareness (Skibbe et al., 2020)

Lori E. Skibbe, Ryan P. Bowles, Sarah Goodwin, Gary A. Troia & Haruka Konishi
Purpose: The Access to Literacy Assessment System–Phonological Awareness (ATLAS-PA) was developed for use with children with speech and/or language impairment. The subtests (Rhyming, Blending, and Segmenting) are appropriate for children who are 3–7 years of age. ATLAS-PA is composed entirely of receptive items, incorporates individualized levels of instruction, and is adaptive in nature.Method: To establish the construct validity of ATLAS-PA, we collected data from children with typical development (n = 938) and those who have...

GoAudio mobile audiology test (Koleilat et al., 2020)

Alaa Koleilat, David P. Argue, Lisa A. Schimmenti, Stephen C. Ekker & Gayla L. Poling
Purpose: Hearing loss is a common impairment of the human senses with an estimated 48 million American adults reporting some trouble hearing; however, access to hearing health care is limited. Detection of hearing loss through a mobile, handheld tool can provide an important access point and potentially expedited access to the continuum of hearing health care. Here, we determined that GoAudio, a portable, automated hearing assessment tool, can be used to identify individuals who require...

Behavioral assessment in 2- to 7-year-old children (Bonino et al., 2019)

Angela Yarnell Bonino, Michael E. Ramsey, Haley M. McTee & Eric A. Vance
Purpose: It is challenging to collect reliable behavioral data from toddlers and preschoolers. Consequently, we have significant gaps in our understanding of how auditory development unfolds during this time period. One method that appears to be promising is an observer-based procedure that uses conditioned, play-based responses (Bonino & Leibold, 2017). In order to evaluate the quality of data obtained with this method, this study presented a suprathreshold signal to determine the number of trials 2-...

Auditory–cognitive: HA acclimatization in SNHL (Megha & Maruthy, 2019)

Megha & Sandeep Maruthy
Purpose: The study aimed to investigate the underlying mechanisms of perceived benefit of hearing aid acclimatization. Specifically, measures in the auditory and cognitive domain were tapped to investigate its relationship with the perceived benefit.Method: Twenty-six individuals with sensorineural hearing loss served as participants for the study. The perceived benefit of hearing aid use was assessed using the Speech, Spatial and Qualities of Hearing Scale (SSQ; Gatehouse & Noble, 2004). Signal-to-noise ratio-50 (SNR-50) and acceptable noise...

Vocabulary instruction for emergent bilinguals (Crosson et al., 2019)

Amy C. Crosson, Margaret G. McKeown, Kelly P. Robbins & Kathleen J. Brown
Purpose: In this clinical focus article, the authors argue for robust vocabulary instruction with emergent bilingual learners both in inclusive classroom settings and in clinical settings for emergent bilinguals with language and literacy disorders. Robust vocabulary instruction focuses on high-utility academic words that carry abstract meanings and appear in texts across content areas (e.g., diminish, ambiguous). For emergent bilinguals, vocabulary instruction should be infused with morphological analysis emphasizing Latin roots to support students to problem-solve...

Sleep promotes phonological learning in children (Knowland et al., 2019)

Victoria C. P. Knowland, Fay Fletcher, , Sarah Walker, Courtenay F. Norbury &
Purpose: Establishing stable and flexible phonological representations is a key component of language development and one which is thought to vary across children with neurodevelopmental disorders affecting language acquisition. Sleep is understood to support the learning and generalization of new phonological mappings in adults, but this remains to be examined in children. This study therefore explored the time course of phonological learning in childhood and how it varies by structural language and autism symptomatology.Method: Seventy-seven...

Adapted CI-NCI for families of Mexican descent (Cycyk et al., 2020)

Lauren M. Cycyk, Heather W. Moore, Stephanie De Anda, Lidia Huerta, , Christina Patton & Camille Bourret
Purpose: Caregiver-implemented naturalistic communication interventions (CI-NCIs) support the communication abilities of young children with language disorders and enhance the communication behaviors of their caregivers. Yet, few CI-NCIs have been adapted and tested for feasibility with families who speak Spanish at home. This study addresses this gap in the literature by examining the social validity and preliminary outcomes of an adapted CI-NCI program with families who identified as Mexican immigrants and spoke Spanish.Method: A multiphase cultural...

Evaluating change in the conversation (Obermeyer et al., 2020)

Jessica A. Obermeyer, Marion C. Leaman & Lisa A. Edmonds
Purpose: The purpose of this project was to evaluate the effect of a discourse-level treatment, Attentive Reading with Constrained Summarization–Written (ARCS-W), on conversational discourse. ARCS-W aims to improve spoken and written output by addressing the cognitive–linguistic requirements of discourse production through constrained summarization of novel material.Method: This is an experimentally controlled case study with a single participant, Bill. Three conversation samples were collected at pretreatment, and a single conversation was collected 1 month after treatment....

ACC: An objective test for DLI (Kumar et al., 2020)

, , , &
Purpose: This study aimed to investigate usefulness of acoustic change complex (ACC) as an objective measure of difference limen for intensity (DLI) in auditory neuropathy spectrum disorders (ANSD) and cochlear hearing loss (CHL).Method: The study used a multiple static group comparison research design. Twenty normal-hearing individuals (NH), 19 individuals with ANSD, and 23 individuals with CHL underwent DLI measurement using behavioral (psychoacoustic) techniques and ACC. For eliciting ACC, a 500-ms, 1,000-Hz pure tone was presented...

Communication in progressive AOS and aphasia (Utianski et al., 2020)

Rene L. Utianski, Heather M. Clark, Joseph R. Duffy, Hugo Botha, Jennifer L. Whitwell & Keith A. Josephs
Purpose: Individuals with primary progressive apraxia of speech (AOS) have AOS in which disruptions in articulation and prosody predominate the speech pattern. Many develop aphasia and/or dysarthria later in the disease course. The aim of this study was to describe the communication limitations in these patients, as measured by (a) the patient via the Communicative Participation Item Bank (CPIB) and (b) the speech-language pathologist via the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association’s (ASHA) Functional Communication Measures (FCMs) and...

Associations between auditory & cognitive function (Humes, 2020)

Larry E. Humes
Purpose: The two primary purposes of this report are (a) to compare the results of three brief cognitive screens in older adults and (b) to examine associations between performance on each of the screens and auditory function measured either concurrently or 9 years earlier.Method: This was a prospective longitudinal study of 98 adults (66 women) with baseline ages ranging from 40 to 85 years. The mean interval between T1 baseline and T2 follow-up measurements was...

Sub-analyses of the shortened nonword repetition task (NWR-S) compared with the nonword repetition task (NWR) per study group: children with specific language impairment (SLI), reading impairment (RI), both SLI and RI, and two control groups (le Clercq et al., 2017)

Carlijn M. P. Le Clercq, Marc P. Van Der Schroeff, Judith E. Rispens, , André Goedegebure, Gijs Van Ingen &
"Purpose: The purpose of this research note was to validate a simplified version of the Dutch nonword repetition task (NWR; Rispens & Baker, 2012). The NWR was shortened and scoring was transformed to correct/incorrect nonwords, resulting in the shortened NWR (NWR-S).Method: NWR-S and NWR performance were compared in the previously published data set of Rispens and Baker (2012; N = 88), who compared NWR performance in 5 participant groups: specific language impairment (SLI), reading impairment...

Judgment of emotion in speech: Three-factor bar graphs for emotion categories \"fear,\" \"disgust,\" \"sadness,\" \"happiness,\" and \"neutral\" (Morgan & Ferguson, 2017)

& Sarah Hargus Ferguson
"Communication partners of individuals with hearing loss are often counseled and trained to 'speak clearly' to help their partners receive this intelligibility benefit and improve communication. However, audiology patients sometimes complain anecdotally of communication partners sounding angry when in fact these communication partners are only trying to speak clearly. In the present study, we investigated the basis for these complaints by examining whether listeners perceive anger or other emotional content when they listen to speech...

Judgment of emotion in speech: Three-factor bar graphs for emotion categories \"fear,\" \"disgust,\" \"sadness,\" \"happiness,\" and \"neutral\" (Morgan & Ferguson, 2017)

& Sarah Hargus Ferguson
"Communication partners of individuals with hearing loss are often counseled and trained to 'speak clearly' to help their partners receive this intelligibility benefit and improve communication. However, audiology patients sometimes complain anecdotally of communication partners sounding angry when in fact these communication partners are only trying to speak clearly. In the present study, we investigated the basis for these complaints by examining whether listeners perceive anger or other emotional content when they listen to speech...

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