197 Works

Exploring input parameters (Alt et al., 2020)

Mary Alt, Heidi M. Mettler, Jessie A. Erikson, Cecilia R. Figueroa, Sarah E. Etters-Thomas, Genesis D. Arizmendi & Trianna Oglivie
Purpose: The aims of this study were (a) to assess the efficacy of the Vocabulary Acquisition and Usage for Late Talkers (VAULT) treatment and (b) to compare treatment outcomes for expressive vocabulary acquisition in late talkers in 2 conditions: 3 target words/90 doses per word per session versus 6 target words/45 doses per word per session.Method: We ran the treatment protocol for 16 sessions with 24 primarily monolingual English-speaking late talkers. We calculated a d...

Visual supports for children with ASD (McTee et al., 2019)

Haley M. McTee, Deborah Mood, Tammy Fredrickson, Amy Thrasher & Angela Yarnell Bonino
Purpose: One in 59 children is diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Due to overlapping symptoms between hearing loss and ASD, children who are suspected of having ASD require an audiological evaluation to determine their hearing status for the purpose of differential diagnosis. The purpose of this article is twofold: (a) to increase audiologists’ knowledge of ASD by discussing the challenges associated with testing and interpreting clinical data for children with ASD or suspected ASD...

African American students’ representation in S/LI (Robinson & Norton, 2019)

Gregory C. Robinson & Pamela C. Norton
Purpose: This study aimed to determine if African American students were disproportionately represented between the years of 2004 and 2014 in the primary disability category of Speech or Language Impairment (S/LI) under the 2004 reauthorized Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act.Method: S/LI enrollment data from the Office of Special Education Programs and general enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics were analyzed to compare the risk of primary S/LI category enrollment of African...

Expanding modalities and functions with peers (Bourque & Goldstein, 2019)

Kathy S. Bourque & Howard Goldstein
Purpose: This study reports a secondary analysis of the nature of communicative functions and modalities used in initiations and responses of minimally verbal preschoolers with severe autism spectrum disorder (ASD) from a previously published study (Thiemann-Bourque, Feldmiller, Hoffman, & Johner, 2018). This analysis focused on the final cohort (n = 6) from a group design study (N = 45) that examined a peer mediation and speech-generating device (SGD) intervention compared to an SGD-only condition.Method: After...

FFR correlates SRM (Rouhbakhsh et al., 2019)

Nematollah Rouhbakhsh, John Mahdi, Jacob Hwo, Baran Nobel & Fati Mousave
Purpose: Speech recognition in complex listening environments is enhanced by the extent of spatial separation between the speech source and background competing sources, an effect known as spatial release from masking (SRM). The aim of this study was to investigate whether the phase-locked neural activity in the central auditory pathways, reflected in the frequency following response (FFR), exhibits SRM.Method: Eighteen normal-hearing adults (8 men and 10 women, ranging in age from 20 to 42 years)...

Narrative Assessment Protocol-2 (Bowles et al., 2020)

Ryan P. Bowles, Laura M. Justice, Kiren S. Khan, Shayne B. Piasta, Lori E. Skibbe & Tricia D. Foster
Purpose: Narrative skill, a child’s ability to create a temporally sequenced account of an experience or event, is considered an important domain of children’s language development. Narrative skill is strongly predictive of later language and literacy and is emphasized in curricula and educational standards. However, the need to transcribe a child’s narrative and the lack of psychometrically justified scoring methods have precluded broad consideration of narrative skill among practitioners. We describe the development and validation...

Narrative Assessment Protocol-2 (Bowles et al., 2020)

Ryan P. Bowles, Laura M. Justice, Kiren S. Khan, Shayne B. Piasta, Lori E. Skibbe & Tricia D. Foster
Purpose: Narrative skill, a child’s ability to create a temporally sequenced account of an experience or event, is considered an important domain of children’s language development. Narrative skill is strongly predictive of later language and literacy and is emphasized in curricula and educational standards. However, the need to transcribe a child’s narrative and the lack of psychometrically justified scoring methods have precluded broad consideration of narrative skill among practitioners. We describe the development and validation...

Publication bias (Chow, 2018)

Jason C. Chow
Purpose: The purpose of this research note is to systematically document the extent that researchers who publish in American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA) journals search for and include unpublished literature in their meta-analyses and test for publication bias.Method: This research note searched all ASHA peer-reviewed journals for published meta-analyses and reviewed all qualifying articles for characteristics related to the acknowledgement and assessment of publication bias.Results: Of meta-analyses published in ASHA journals, 75% discuss publication in some...

Publication bias (Chow, 2018)

Jason C. Chow
Purpose: The purpose of this research note is to systematically document the extent that researchers who publish in American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA) journals search for and include unpublished literature in their meta-analyses and test for publication bias.Method: This research note searched all ASHA peer-reviewed journals for published meta-analyses and reviewed all qualifying articles for characteristics related to the acknowledgement and assessment of publication bias.Results: Of meta-analyses published in ASHA journals, 75% discuss publication in some...

Cognitive rehabilitation for Parkinson’s disease (Spencer et al., 2019)

Kristie A. Spencer, Jennifer Paul, Katherine A. Brown, Taylor Ellerbrock & McKay Moore Sohlberg
Purpose: Cognitive deficits are common in Parkinson’s disease (PD) and can have a detrimental effect on daily activities. To date, most cognitive treatments have had an impairment-based focus with primary outcome measures of formal neuropsychological test scores. Few, if any, studies have focused on functional improvement or patient-centered goals.Method: Three individuals with idiopathic PD participated in an 8-week pilot treatment program to train for the use of compensatory external aids to achieve personalized goals. Goal...

Cognitive rehabilitation for Parkinson’s disease (Spencer et al., 2019)

Kristie A. Spencer, Jennifer Paul, Katherine A. Brown, Taylor Ellerbrock & McKay Moore Sohlberg
Purpose: Cognitive deficits are common in Parkinson’s disease (PD) and can have a detrimental effect on daily activities. To date, most cognitive treatments have had an impairment-based focus with primary outcome measures of formal neuropsychological test scores. Few, if any, studies have focused on functional improvement or patient-centered goals.Method: Three individuals with idiopathic PD participated in an 8-week pilot treatment program to train for the use of compensatory external aids to achieve personalized goals. Goal...

Cleft early speech and language meta-analysis (Lancaster et al., 2019)

Hope Sparks Lancaster, Kari M. Lien, Jason C. Chow, Jennifer R. Frey, Nancy J. Scherer & Ann P. Kaiser
Objective: The aim of the study was to conduct a meta-analysis of research examining the early speech and language functioning of young children, birth to age 8;11 (years;months), with nonsyndromic cleft lip and/or palate (NSCL/P) compared to their peers without NSCL/P.Method: We conducted a random-effects metaregression using 241 effect sizes from 31 studies comparing 955 young children with NSCL/P to 938 typically developing peers on measures of speech and language functioning. Moderators were sample characteristics...

Dual-task effects on story retell in aphasia (Harmon et al., 2019)

Tyson G. Harmon, Adam Jacks, Katarina L. Haley & Antoine Bailliard
Purpose: The aims of the study were to determine dual-task effects on content accuracy, delivery speed, and perceived effort during narrative discourse in people with moderate, mild, or no aphasia and to explore subjective reactions to retelling a story with a concurrent task.Method: Two studies (1 quantitative and 1 qualitative) were conducted. In Study 1, participants with mild or moderate aphasia and neurotypical controls retold short stories in isolation and while simultaneously distinguishing between high...

Gaze to social scenes by individuals with autism (Liang & Wilkinson, 2018)

Jiali Liang & Krista Wilkinson
Purpose: A striking characteristic of the social communication deficits in individuals with autism is atypical patterns of eye contact during social interactions. We used eye-tracking technology to evaluate how the number of human figures depicted and the presence of sharing activity between the human figures in still photographs influenced visual attention by individuals with autism, typical development, or Down syndrome. We sought to examine visual attention to the contents of visual scene displays, a growing...

Individual vs. group treatment (Eidsvåg et al., 2019)

Sunniva S. Eidsvåg, Elena Plante, Trianna Oglivie, Chelsea Privette & Marja-Liisa Mailend
Purpose: This study examines the effects of enhanced conversational recast for treating morphological errors in preschoolers with developmental language disorder. The study assesses the effectiveness of this treatment in an individual or group (n = 2) setting and the possible benefits of exposing a child to his or her partner’s treatment target in addition to his or her own.Method: Twenty children were assigned to either an individual (n = 10) or group (n = 10,...

Age differences in voice evaluation (Lortie et al., 2018)

Catherine L. Lortie, Isabelle Deschamps, Matthieu J. Guitton & Pascale Tremblay
Purpose: The factors that influence the evaluation of voice in adulthood, as well as the consequences of such evaluation on social interactions, are not well understood. Here, we examined the effect of listeners’ age and the effect of talker age, sex, and smoking status on the auditory-perceptual evaluation of voice, voice-related psychosocial attributions, and perceived speech tempo. We also examined the voice dimensions affecting the propensity to engage in social interactions.Method: Twenty-five younger (age 19–37...

Parents’ perspectives on integrating AAC into life (O’Neill & Wilkinson, 2020)

Tara O’Neill & Krista M. Wilkinson
Purpose: To ensure long-term adoption and use of augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) technologies, they must be designed to support children to participate within everyday activities and routines that are prioritized by families. The aim of this study was to gain parent perspectives on how AAC technologies were integrated into everyday life.Method: Nine parents of children with cerebral palsy who used AAC technologies participated in semistructured interviews to provide their perspectives on how AAC technologies...

Parents’ perspectives on integrating AAC into life (O’Neill & Wilkinson, 2020)

Tara O’Neill & Krista M. Wilkinson
Purpose: To ensure long-term adoption and use of augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) technologies, they must be designed to support children to participate within everyday activities and routines that are prioritized by families. The aim of this study was to gain parent perspectives on how AAC technologies were integrated into everyday life.Method: Nine parents of children with cerebral palsy who used AAC technologies participated in semistructured interviews to provide their perspectives on how AAC technologies...

Exploring input parameters (Alt et al., 2020)

Mary Alt, Heidi M. Mettler, Jessie A. Erikson, Cecilia R. Figueroa, Sarah E. Etters-Thomas, Genesis D. Arizmendi & Trianna Oglivie
Purpose: The aims of this study were (a) to assess the efficacy of the Vocabulary Acquisition and Usage for Late Talkers (VAULT) treatment and (b) to compare treatment outcomes for expressive vocabulary acquisition in late talkers in 2 conditions: 3 target words/90 doses per word per session versus 6 target words/45 doses per word per session.Method: We ran the treatment protocol for 16 sessions with 24 primarily monolingual English-speaking late talkers. We calculated a d...

Effect sizes in single-case aphasia studies (Archer et al., 2019)

Brent Archer, Jamie H. Azios, Nicole Müller & Lauren Macatangay
Purpose: In single-case treatment studies, researchers may compare client performance during a baseline, nontreatment phase(s) to client performance during intervention phases. Autocorrelation in the data series gathered during such studies increases the likelihood that analysts will detect or fail to detect meaningful differences between baseline and treatment phase data. We examined the impact that autocorrelation has on 4 effect size calculation methods when these methods are applied to data generated by people with aphasia during...

Multilingual preschoolers and the ICF-CY (Karem et al., 2019)

Rachel Wright Karem, Karla N. Washington, Kathryn Crowe, Alyssa Jenkins, Michelle Leon, Leslie Kokotek, Lesley Raisor-Becker & Carol Westby
Purpose: The purpose of this scoping review was to identify current measures used to evaluate the language abilities of multilingual preschoolers within the framework of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health–Children and Youth Version (ICF-CY; World Health Organization, 2007).Method: This review adhered to established models for conducting a comprehensive, iterative scoping review outlined by Arksey and O’Malley (2005) and Leva, Colquhoun, and O’Brien (2010) and included the following phases: (a) articulating the research...

Psychometric properties of FVMC (Guo et al., 2019)

Ling-Yu Guo, Sarita Eisenberg, Phyllis Schneider & Linda Spencer
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to provide reference data and evaluate the psychometric properties for the finite verb morphology composite (FVMC) measure in children between 4 and 9 years of age from the database of the Edmonton Narrative Norms Instrument (ENNI; Schneider, Dubé, & Hayward, 2005).Method: Participants included 377 children between age 4 and age 9, including 300 children with typical language and 77 children with language impairment (LI). Narrative samples were collected...

Psychometric properties of FVMC (Guo et al., 2019)

Ling-Yu Guo, Sarita Eisenberg, Phyllis Schneider & Linda Spencer
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to provide reference data and evaluate the psychometric properties for the finite verb morphology composite (FVMC) measure in children between 4 and 9 years of age from the database of the Edmonton Narrative Norms Instrument (ENNI; Schneider, Dubé, & Hayward, 2005).Method: Participants included 377 children between age 4 and age 9, including 300 children with typical language and 77 children with language impairment (LI). Narrative samples were collected...

Microphone technologies for students unilateral (Picou et al., 2020)

Erin M. Picou, Hilary Davis & Anne Marie Tharpe
Purpose: Current recommendations for clinical management of school-aged children with limited useable hearing unilaterally primarily focus on remote microphone systems and preferential seating. The purpose of this narrative review is to examine the existing evidence supporting these recommendations.Method: A narrative review was conducted, focused on nonsurgical interventions for children with limited useable hearing unilaterally.Results: Six articles were identified. Three survey studies suggest high use rates and improved academic performance with contralateral routing of signal systems....

Microphone technologies for students unilateral (Picou et al., 2020)

Erin M. Picou, Hilary Davis & Anne Marie Tharpe
Purpose: Current recommendations for clinical management of school-aged children with limited useable hearing unilaterally primarily focus on remote microphone systems and preferential seating. The purpose of this narrative review is to examine the existing evidence supporting these recommendations.Method: A narrative review was conducted, focused on nonsurgical interventions for children with limited useable hearing unilaterally.Results: Six articles were identified. Three survey studies suggest high use rates and improved academic performance with contralateral routing of signal systems....

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