69,363 Works

3-D Attenuation Model of Sierra Negra Volcano, Galapagos

Rebecca Rodd

Scripts for large-scale analysis of Bacillus bacterial genomes

Elizabeth Shank

Notated FY 2013-2018 USFWS Species Listing Work Plan

Todd BenDor

Metabolomics datasets from CHIP null mice with pressure overload

Jonathan Schisler

Metabolite data of mouse hearts in the early stages of the cardiac fuel switch

Jonathan Schisler

Community Advantage Panel Survey

Roberto Quercia

Constructing Weights to Use in Analyzing Pairs of Individuals from Add Health Data

Kim Chantala

Attention-Following and Initiating Joint Attention Protocol

Linda Watson

Geographical inequalities in drinking water in the Solomon Islands

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Sustainable Development Goal 6.1 seeks to “by 2030, achieve universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water”, which is challenging particularly in Small Island Developing States (SIDS) and Pacific Island Countries (PIC). We report drinking water sources and services in the Solomon Islands and examine geographical inequalities. Based on two quantitative baseline datasets of n = 1,598 rural and n = 1,068 urban households, we analyzed different drinking water variables (source type, collection...

THE AGENCY OF WILD NATIVE PLANTS AND PLANT MATERIALS IN THE POLITICAL LIVES OF THE TUSCARORA OF NORTH CAROLINA

ABSTRACT Sara Carlson Maxwell: The Agency of Wild Native Plants and Plant Materials in the Political Lives of the Tuscarora of North Carolina (Under the direction of Altha Cravey) This dissertation examines the agency of wild native plants and plant materials by following their interactions with humans. Specifically, I worked with Tuscarora artists and artisans in Robeson County, North Carolina, who use wild native plants in their art, to learn what contributions the plants and...

Building Mentorships to Develop Future Thinkers

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Mentorships and forward planning are valuable professional development activities for any level of employee. In the UNC SILS mentorship program, peers are connected to support their professional and personal life in graduate school. Lynnee Argabright and Florence Sloan will share learning outcomes about their mentorship experience, in particular about setting up trust and initiating forward planning activities and strategies for introverts. This interactive workshop will walk participants through an activity to pair their individual skills...

HPV Self-Sampling: A Novel Approach to Cervical Cancer Screening

Background Cervical cancer is a female specific cancer and the fourth most common cancer type worldwide with incidence rates in the United States of 8.1 cases per 100,000 women. Cervical cancer mortality has decreased since the start of screening programs with the Papanicolaou test in the 1940s, but more can be done to ensure screening reaches increasing numbers of women. One of the methods that could be used in the future to reach women for...

High-Resolution Modeling of Surge during Hurricane Matthew (2016)

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Understanding the influence of tide-surge interactions and storm forward speed on water levels along the U.S. south-east coast.

Integrating Optimization and Sampling for Robot Motion Planning with Applications in Healthcare

Robots deployed in human-centric environments, such as a person's home in a home-assistance setting or inside a person's body in a surgical setting, have the potential to have a large, positive impact on human quality of life. However, for robots to operate in such environments they must be able to move efficiently while avoiding colliding with obstacles such as objects in the person's home or sensitive anatomical structures in the person's body. Robot motion planning...

The Geography of Secession

Secessionist conflicts often begin in places abundant with resources and located far from the centers of state power. These factors make it easier for rebels to form a functional state within the borders of their territory following independence. Many regions that meet the necessary conditions for sovereign governance in the world, but there are few secessionist conflicts. This relative paucity of secessionist violence is the result of government preemption of potential separatist movements. The secessionist...

SETTING REALISTIC HEALTH GOALS: ANTECEDENTS AND CONSEQUENCES

People often fail to translate their intentions into health behaviors. The present research examined a new potential moderator of intention-behavior relations, namely, how realistic or unrealistic are respective goal intentions. Goal realism was defined as the degree to which intentions are aligned with expectations (i.e., predicted performance). A validation study (N = 81) examined our novel goal realism measure. Study 1 (N = 246) tested goal importance, fantasy proneness, and pathways thinking as predictors of...

ANTIMICROBIAL STEWARDSHIP PROGRAMS: IMPLICATIONS FOR RESISTANCE RATES & QUALITY OF CARE IN HOSPITALS

Each year, two million Americans acquire serious infections caused by bacteria that are resistant to antibiotics resulting in significant morbidity, mortality, health care utilization and costs. Despite the recent passage of an antimicrobial stewardship programs (ASP) mandate in California and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) guidelines for a minimum standard ASP in hospitals, literature on the impact of ASPs on antimicrobial resistance (AMR) rates in hospitals is sparse. The long-term goal of...

The House that Black Built: Black Women, Materiality, and Makeshifting in the Jim Crow South, 1927-1947

The study of black southern women has expanded rapidly in recent years, driven largely by research in black feminist theory, black women’s labor history, womanist theology, and cultural geography. This dissertation expands existing research on the lives of black southern women by utilizing the interdisciplinary tools of material culture and oral history to explore the ways in which black women from a rural Mississippi community represent—in material form—their social, cultural, and historical experiences. Through an...

General de Kalb, Lafayette's Mentor

Originally published in 1966, A. E. Zucker presented the first modern biography of General de Kalb, a German by birth who held the rank of major general in the Continental Army and died at the Battle of Camden during the American Revolutionary War. Through the use of previously unpublished materials, Zucker's biography challenged previous views of de Kalb and depicts his relationship with Lafayette.

WHAT PRACTICES AND FACTORS LED TO BOTSWANA’S 90-90-90 ACHIEVEMENT AND HOW CAN LESSONS LEARNED BE ADAPTED AND IMPLEMENTED IN OTHER SUB-SARAHAN AFRICAN COUNTRIES?

Botswana’s achievement of the UNAIDS 90-90-90 targets demonstrates that HIV epidemic control is possible in resource constrained countries. Resource deployment, attention to key populations, and the country setting (defined in this context as the political will, cultures and norms, laws, policies, actions, behaviors and health mechanisms), are factors that define the 90-90-90 achievement, and ultimately HIV epidemic control, ecosystem. Classified as an upper middle income (UMIC) country with stable social, government, and health care systems,...

PRIORITIZATION AND DISTRIBUTION OF CASUALTIES IN DISASTER RESPONSE MANAGEMENT

This dissertation focused on two different problems that typically arise in the aftermath of disasters. In the first part of the dissertation, we study the problem of how casualties should be prioritized and distributed to different medical facilities in the aftermath of mass casualty incidents (MCIs) with the objective of maximizing the expected total number of survivors. Assuming that casualties have been triaged into two classes differentiated by their severity levels and medical needs, the...

QUEUING SYSTEMS WITH STRATEGIC AND LEARNING CUSTOMERS

In many service systems customers are strategic and can make their own decisions. In particular, customers can be delay-sensitive and they will leave the system if they think the waiting time is too long. For the service provider, it is important to understand customers’ behaviors and choose the appropriate system design. This dissertation consists of two research projects. The first project studies the pooling decision when customers are strategic. It is generally accepted that operating...

HIV TESTING AMONG ORPHANED AND SEPARATED YOUTH IN ETHIOPIA, KENYA AND TANZANIA: THE POTENTIAL ROLE OF LIVING ARRANGEMENTS

Introduction: Orphaned and separated youth (OSY) in Sub-Saharan Africa are thought to have higher rates of HIV risk behavior and twice the odds of HIV infection compared to non-orphaned youth. Yet, evidence also suggests OSY have lower rates of HIV testing than non-orphaned youth. OSY may therefore experience unique barriers to HIV testing. Methods: The dissertation used data from 423 OSY participating in the ongoing NICHD-funded (R01HD046345-04) Positive Outcomes for Orphans study. Aim 1 examined...

Essays on Foreign Aid and Governance

This dissertation is comprised of three distinct essays that generally examine the impact of foreign aid on political and economic governance in recipient countries. The first essay of the dissertation develops a game-theoretic model that predicts that Chinese development assistance has a negative effect on recipient country compliance with Western aid conditionality. Using project-level data from 42 Sub-Saharan African countries, I find strong empirical evidence that increased Chinese aid within a recipient country decreases the...

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