278 Works

Age-specific Migration in Regional Centres and Peripheral Areas of Russia

Liliya Karachurina & Nikita Mkrtchyan
Comparative Population Studies, Vol. 44 (2019)

Ravenstein Revisited: The Analysis of Migration, Then and Now

Philip Rees & Nik Lomax
Comparative Population Studies, Vol. 44 (2019)

Unregistered Births of Adolescent Mothers in Turkey: Invisible Children

Faruk Keskin & Alanur Çavlin
Comparative Population Studies, Vol. 45 (2020)

Unequal Neighbours? A French-German Comparison of Family Size Intentions

Kerstin Ruckdeschel, Anne Salles, Sabine Diabaté, Laurent Toulemon & Arnaud Régnier-Loilier
The neighbouring countries France and Germany show very different levels of fertility. Differences also exist between the two regions of East and West Germany. The aim of this paper is to help close a remaining gap in explaining these differences by applying a cultural concept of role models. Data is based on the German survey “Family-related role models” (2012) and the French survey “Situation de couple, intentions de fécondité et opinions sur la famille”, ELIPSS...

Fertility Intentions across Immigrant Generations in Sweden Do Patterns of Adaptation Differ by Gender and Origin?

Erik Carlsson
In being representative of individuals’ demographic value orientations, fertility preferences provide information about immigrants’ adaptation to family formation patterns in the destination country at a deeper, ideational level than actual fertility does. Using data from Wave 1 of the Swedish GGS from 2012/2013 (n=3,932), this study compares the first, 1.5, and second generations with either one or two foreign-born parent(s) to Swedes without an immigrant background by gender and across origins. Binary logistic regression is...

Editorial on the special issue “Ageing Populations, Reversing Early Retirement and the Economic Situation of Older People in Modern Societies”

Sandra Buchholz & Hans-Peter Blossfeld
Comparative Population Studies, Vol 38, No 4 (2013): Ageing Populations, Reversing Early Retirement and the Economic Situation of Older People in Modern Societies

Editorial zum Themenheft „Alternde Bevölkerungen, die Trendwende in der Frühverrentung und die wirtschaftliche Lage Älterer in modernen Gesellschaften“

Sandra Buchholz & Hans-Peter Blossfeld
Comparative Population Studies, Vol 38, No 4 (2013): Ageing Populations, Reversing Early Retirement and the Economic Situation of Older People in Modern Societies

Effects of Generational Competition and Substitution on Late Labour Participation and Labour Market Exit from a Multilevel Perspective

Henriette Engelhardt & Christopher Schmidt
In this paper, we investigate the effects of demographic, economic and labour market structures on labour market participation and on the transition to inactivity (exit) for older males in eleven European countries. Theoretically, our analysis is guided by considerations of intragenerational competition and intergenerational substitution. Following Easterlin’s hypothesis that intragenerational competition rises with cohort size, we assume a negative effect of cohort size on labour market participation and a positive effect on early exit from...

Umkehr von Frühverrentung in Deutschland Eine Längsschnittanalyse der Auswirkungen der jüngsten Rentenreformen auf den Zeitpunkt des Erwerbsausstiegs und die Rentenhöhe

Sandra Buchholz, Annika Rinklake & Hans-Peter Blossfeld
Dieser Beitrag untersucht die Auswirkungen und Risiken der jüngsten Rentenreformen in Deutschland. Während die deutsche Rentenpolitik über viele Jahre systematisch die Frühverrentung gefördert hat, um den regulierten Arbeitsmarkt in Zeiten wirtschaftlicher Stagnation zu entlasten, hat die Rentenpolitik in der jüngeren Vergangenheit einen deutlichen Paradigmenwechsel erfahren. Die jüngsten Reformen gehen von einem längeren Verbleib älterer Arbeitnehmer im Erwerbsleben aus. Anhand von Daten des Sozio-oekonomischen Panels (SOEP) sowie mithilfe von Längsschnittanalysen auf Mikroebene kommt dieser Beitrag zu...

Theoretical Explanations of Increasing Childlessness – Divergent Approaches and the Integrating Potential of the Frame Selection Theory

Jan Eckhard
In order to explain the increasing childlessness in numerous European countries since the 1960s, research points to sociocultural changes on the one hand and rising costs of family formation on the other hand. Yet, there is no comprehensive theory capable of integrating both causes and their interaction. This paper discusses the possibilities of an integrative model which is based on frame selection theory. The model refers to decisions in relationships and discusses the interaction between...

Theoretische Erklärungen der zunehmenden Kinderlosigkeit – Divergierende Ansätze und das Integrationspotenzial der Frame-Selektions-Theorie

Jan Eckhard
Zur Erklärung des seit den 1960er Jahren in zahlreichen europäischen Ländern stattfindenden Anstiegs der Kinderlosigkeit wird in der Forschung einerseits auf soziokulturelle Wandlungsprozesse, andererseits auf gewachsene Kosten einer Familiengründung verwiesen. Es fehlt jedoch eine übergreifende Theorie, die beide Ursachenkomplexe in ihrem Zusammenwirken erfassen kann. Der vorliegende Beitrag erörtert die Möglichkeiten eines entsprechenden integrativen Erklärungsmodells. Vorgeschlagen wird ein Modell auf der Grundlage der Frame-Selektions-Theorie. Das Modell bezieht sich auf Entscheidungssituationen in Paarbeziehungen und thematisiert die Wechselwirkung...

Marriage, Norm Orientation and Leaving the Parental Home: Turkish Immigrant and Native Families in Germany

Michael Windzio & Can M. Aybek
This article investigates differences between native Germans and Turkish immigrants in the timing of leaving their parental homes in Germany. By using event history models, it is shown that leaving the parental home is closely linked to the intervening life-event of marriage, particularly among Turkish women. Moreover, there are interaction effects of religious norm orientation with gender which differ between native Germans and Turkish immigrants. In contrast to Turkish immigrants, the linkage of marriage and...

The Economic Consequences of Divorce in Germany: What Has Changed since the Turn of the Millennium?

Miriam Bröckel & Hans-Jürgen Andreß
Our analysis of data from almost 30 waves of the German Socio-Economic Panel Study (SOEP) shows that the economic consequences of divorce are still more negative for women than for men despite increased female labour force participation and, correspondingly, increased numbers of dual earner households. After reviewing recent shifts in the institutional fabric and the social structure of the conservative German welfare state with respect to families and marriage, the empirical analysis investigates the economic...

Survey Responses on Desired Fertility in Patriarchal Societies: Community Norms vs. Individual Views

Konstantin Kazenin & Vladimir Kozlov
Comparative Population Studies, Vol. 45 (2020)

Internal Migration in Germany, 1995-2010: New Insights into East-West Migration and Re-urbanisation

Nikola Sander
Over the last two decades, patterns of internal migration in Germany have been discussed under the headings of East-West movements and sub- and re-urbanisation. This paper argues that the intense scientific and public debate that ignited about the possible causes and consequences of internal migration should be based on a clear understanding of how internal migration flows impact on regional population change. Using the German Internal Migration (GIM) database, a unique new dataset that holds...

Linguistic and Neighbourhood Integration among Highly-skilled Migrants – A Quantitative Analysis Using the Example of Foreign University Staff Members in Aachen, Bonn and Cologne

Daniela Imani, Josef Nipper & Günter Thieme
Integration issues among highly-skilled migrants were long considered rather irrelevant, a view being based on the image of a transnational, highly mobile elite that easily gets along at different workplaces during their respective duration of stay. Recent studies, however, indicate the heterogeneity of the group, for example with regard to vocational situation as well as migration trajectories. Accordingly, questions about their integration in the respective host society gain importance. Therefore, this article deals with integration...

The Intergenerational Transmission of the Value of Children in Contemporary Chinese Families: Taiwan and Mainland China Compared

Chin-Chun Yi & Yu-Hua Chen
While fertility has been drastically declining in East Asia, mechanisms accounting for the current trend vary. One noticeable mechanism documented is that the changing value of children affects couples’ fertility decisions which in turn affect their subsequent fertility behaviour. This study will examine the intergenerational transmission of the value of children (VOC) among grandmothers, mothers and teenagers in two Chinese societies: Taiwan and Mainland China. We assume that cultural homogeneity interacts with political and social...

Die Korrespondenz von normativen Vorstellungen und Handeln Das Beispiel männlicher Hausarbeit

Daniela Grunow & Nina Baur
In der Geschlechter- und Familienforschung wird immer wieder eine Diskrepanz zwischen normativen Vorstellungen und faktischem Handeln festgestellt. Zahlreiche Studien belegen, dass seit den 1970er Jahren auf der Ebene der Werte und Einstellungen ein deutlicher Modernisierungstrend hin zu egalitären Geschlechterrollen stattgefunden hat, der sich aber in der Alltagspraxis kaum niederschlägt. Dies gilt insbesondere für die Beteiligung von Männern an der Hausarbeit. Am Beispiel des Staubsaugens, Wäschewaschens und Kochens geht der Beitrag daher der Frage nach, inwiefern...

Nationalism and Declining Population in Bulgaria after 1990

Tatyana Kotzeva & Elitsa Dimitrova
This paper aims to illuminate and provide a critical assessment of the nationalist discourse on declining population in Bulgaria. Nationalist discourse is one of the mainstream approaches in Bulgaria and is widely spread through mass media having been voiced by renowned intellectuals, policy experts, scholars and media celebrities. It can be recognised in the political programmes of left-wing and nationalist parties, but also in governmental documents at both national as well as regional levels. The...

East-West Couples: Distribution, Characteristics and Stability

Daniel Lois
SOEP data were used to examine relationships consisting of one partner socialised in West Germany and one in East Germany and who presently reside in the “old” (former West German) or “new” (newly formed East German) federal states. The estimated share of east-west couples among all marriages or cohabiting couples rises continuously within the observed period reaching approximately two and eleven percent respectively by 2009. The specific characteristics of east-west couples are that their employment-related...

Regional Poverty and Population Response: A Comparison of Three Regions in the United States and Germany

Rosemarie Siebert & Joachim Singelmann
In this paper, we examine poverty in three regions in the United States and Germany and discuss its causes and demographic consequences. The three regions are those with the highest rates of poverty in the two countries: the Mississippi Delta and Texas Borderland in the United States and the Northeastern Border Region in Germany. We show that standard models to explain poverty need to be placed in the historical legacies of the three regions in...

International Variation in Ageing and Economic Dependency: A Cohort Perspective

Elke Loichinger & Vegard Skirbekk
Within this analysis of demographic and economic dependency ratios for 45 countries around the world, we reiterate the importance of age- and gender-specific employment levels as well as their determinants when discussing the economic challenges associated with population ageing. Building upon existing research on economic dependency, we portray and discuss cohort variation in employment and its possible effect on the challenges of population ageing, focusing on the implications of high youth unemployment, the role of...

Fertility in Germany before and after the 2011 Census: Still no Trend Reversal in Sight

Olga Pötzsch
The population projections by the German Federal Statistical Office show a likely decrease in the number of births in the 2020s. This development will be the result of a declining number of prospective mothers combined with an assumed continued low fertility rate. Given the available empirical findings prior to the 2011 census, there was no indication that a possible distinct rise in the fertility rate in the next decade would compensate for the declining number...

Policy-based Population Projections for the European Union: A Complementary Approach

Philip Cafaro & Patrícia Dérer
We present new population projections out to 2100 for the countries of the European Union and for the EU as a whole under a wide range of fertility and migration scenarios. As policy-based projections rather than forecasts, they aspire not to maximize predictive success regarding future demographic developments, but to accurately show the impact of different migration and socio-economic policy choices on population numbers. Our chief aim is to clarify those policy choices for European...

Unterschiede in den Fertilitätsmustern zwischen ost- und westdeutschen Frauen. Differenzierung der Rollen des kulturellen Hintergrunds und des Transformationsprozesses

Oliver Arránz Becker, Daniel Lois & Bernhard Nauck
Comparative Population Studies, Vol. 35 No. 1 (2010)

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