156 Works

TREND analytics – Environmental Provisions in Preferential Trade Agreements

Axel Berger, Clara Brandi, Dominique Bruhn & Jean-Frédéric Morin

NDC Explorer

Pieter Pauw, Davide Cassanmagnano, Kennedy Mbeva, Jonas Hein, Alejandro Guarín, Clara Brandi, Thomas Bock, Joana Helms, Alina Zalewski, Ezra Frommé, Anika Lindener & Dilsham Muhammada
The NDC Explorer is an online tool to analyse and compare both countries' INDCs and NDCs. It is based solely on information in these documents. The NDC Explorer has two aims. First, it provides a neutral, sophisticated and user-friendly lens to analyse and compare both qualitative and quantitative (I)NDC content. The NDC Explorer is a crucial first step for the objective of the NDC Partnership. This partnership aims to achieve:   Enhanced visibility and access...

Strategic policymaking and the German aid programme in the MENA region since the Arab uprisings

Mark Furness
Germany’s official aid to Middle Eastern and North African (MENA) countries has more than doubled since 2011, ostensibly to support their responses to development challenges and humanitarian crises following the Arab uprisings. But the dramatic increases in aid have not been accompanied by a public strategy that sets out Germany’s objectives in the region, and the role of aid in conjunction with other policy tools in achieving them. Furthermore, a closer look at the figures...

Successfully promoting decentralisation: the potential of the multi-stakeholder approach

Lisa Groß
Sustainable Development Goal 17 assigns an important role to multi-stakeholder approaches in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). What are the advantages and impacts of a multi-stakeholder approach in decentralisation programmes?
The multi-stakeholder approach aims to involve all stakeholders from politics, civil society and the private sector that are relevant for a reform process. In the context of decentralisation programmes, this approach usually allows for simultaneous cooperation with political actors (supply side) and civil society (demand...

River basin management and fiscal decentralisation: mutually supportive or counterproductive? A case study of Mongolia

Ines Dombrowsky, Ariunaa Lkhagvadorj & Mirja Schoderer
The concept of “river basin management” calls for managing water resources at the river basin level in order to promote the sustainable use of water resources. Often the concept of river basin management is associated with the introduction of “river basin organisations” (RBOs) as special purpose organisations. However, in many developing countries, RBOs remain underfunded. Fiscal decentralisation involves shifting certain responsibilities for expenditures or revenues to lower levels of government. It usually involves a reallocation...

Data for development: an agenda for German development cooperation

Claudia Schwegmann & Sarah Holzapfel
Data is a central but underestimated prerequisite for the realisation of the 2030 Agenda. Although technical innovations such as smartphones or the internet of things have led to a data explosion in recent years, there are still considerable gaps in the availability and use of data in developing countries and development cooperation (DC) in particular. So far it is not possible to report regularly on the majority of the 230 indicators of the Sustainable Development...

A bridge over troubled water? The instrument contributing to Stability and Peace (ICSP) and the security-development nexus in EU external policy

Julian Bergmann
The enduring civil war in Syria, the fragile security situation in the Sahel and the armed conflict in Ukraine’s Donbass region demonstrate that the European Union (EU) is currently confronted with complex security challenges. To provide an adequate response to these challenges, the EU seeks to implement a “joined-up” approach to its external action and strengthen its capacities at the interface of security and development policies.
This paper analyses the European Union (EU)’s approach to the...

Daten für Entwicklung: eine Agenda für die deutsche Entwicklungszusammenarbeit

Claudia Schwegmann & Sarah Holzapfel
Daten sind eine zentrale, aber unterschätzte Voraussetzung für die Umsetzung der Agenda 2030. Obwohl technische Innovationen, etwa Smartphones oder das Internet der Dinge, in den vergangenen Jahren zu einer Explosion an Daten geführt haben, gibt es insbesondere in Entwicklungländern und in der Entwicklungszusammenarbeit (EZ) noch erhebliche Lücken in der Verfügbarkeit und Nutzung von Daten. Zu der Mehrzahl der 230 Indikatoren der Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) kann bisher nicht regelmäßig berichtet werden.
Eine unabhängige Expertengruppe hat daher...

Repositioning but where: Is the UNDS fit for middle-income countries?

Nils-Sjard Schulz
After intense negotiations, the United Nations General Assembly has endorsed the reform of the United Nations Development System (UNDS). Most players in New York, including Secretary-General António Guterres and ambassadors to the United Nations, are optimistic that the UNDS will now take the multi-adjective route requested by the General Assembly (“more strategic, accountable, effective, transparent, collaborative, efficient, effective and result-oriented”). However, the reform’s actual litmus test will take place at the country level. Governments are...

Wichtige Fortschritte, ungelöste Probleme: Bewertung der neuesten UNDS-Reformresolution

Max-Otto Baumann & Silke Weinlich
Kann das Entwicklungssystem der Vereinten Nationen (UNDS) für die Mitgliedsländer zu einem starken, gut organisierten Partner für die Umsetzung der Agenda 2030 für nachhaltige Entwicklung werden? Das UNDS ist mit einem Anteil von 33 Prozent der multilateralen Entwicklungsgelder (2015: 18,4 Mrd. USD) die größte multilaterale Entwicklungs­institution. Sie bietet ein Forum für Dialog und multilaterale Entscheidungsfindung, betreibt Forschung, agiert als Anwalt für Benachteiligte und leistet technische und humanitäre Hilfe. Zahlreiche Regierungen, auch in Industriestaaten, zählen auf...

Incentivising and regulating multi-actor partnerships and private-sector engagement in development cooperation

Dorothea Wehrmann
The inclusion of actors from the private sector is a central challenge for multi-actor partnerships (MAPs) and multi-stakeholder platforms in development cooperation. On the one side, the heterogeneity of approaches that shape development cooperation and rather abstract, long-term agendas (such as the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development) make it difficult to incentivise the engagement of private-sector actors that typically prefer concrete and short-term activities with predictable outcomes. On the other side, the effectiveness of past...

L’accès à l’information environnementale: vecteur d’une gouvernance responsable au Maroc et en Tunisie?

Annabelle Houdret, Irene Pasqua & Saâd Filali Meknassi
En Afrique du Nord, les problèmes environnementaux sont une source croissante de contestation politique. La pollution et la rareté des ressources se répercutent négativement sur les conditions de vie et les revenus de groupes déjà vulnérables, et causent des protestations. La gouvernance environnementale est un processus souvent très centralisé qui ne tient pas compte des besoins des citoyen(ne)s. Dans un contexte politique plus fragile depuis 2011, le double défi posé par l’aggravation des problèmes environnementaux...

Umweltverschmutzung und soziale Proteste: verantwortungsvolle Governance in Marokko und Tunesien stärken!

Annabelle Houdret, Irene Pasqua & Saâd Filali Meknassi
In Nordafrika führen Umweltprobleme zunehmend zu politischen Protesten. Umweltverschmutzung und knappe Ressourcen wirken sich negativ auf die Lebensbedingungen und Einkommen von bereits marginalisierten Gruppen aus und führen zu Unruhen. Eine häufig stark zentralisierte Umweltpolitik berücksichtigt die Bedürfnisse der Bevölkerung nur ungenügend. Das politische Umfeld ist seit dem „Arabischen Frühling“ weiterhin instabil – die doppelte Herausforderung zunehmender Umweltprobleme verbunden mit sozialen Unruhen erfordert daher neue Ansätze. Eine verantwortungsvollere Umweltpolitik könnte nicht nur helfen, umweltpolitische Probleme und...

Towards a more accountable G20? Accountability mechanisms of the G20 and the new challenges posed to them by the 2030 Agenda

Sören Hilbrich & Jakob Schwab
Many measures customarily employed within states to provide checks to and surveillance of the exercise of power, such as public elections, are not available with regard to the political institutions of global governance. For this reason, the accountability of such institutions is frequently a subject of particular discussion. A key institution in global governance whose legitimacy is constantly being challenged is the Group of 20 (G20). In this paper, we analyse the existing mechanisms pertaining...

Unfinished business: an appraisal of the latest UNDS reform resolution

Max-Otto Baumann & Silke Weinlich
Can the United Nations Development System (UNDS) become a resourceful, well-organised partner for member states in implementing the 2030 Agenda? The UNDS is the biggest multilateral development actor, accounting for $18.4 billion, or 33 per cent, of multilateral aid in 2015. Its functions range from providing a forum for dialogue, decision-making and norm-setting, to research, advocacy, technical assistance and humanitarian aid. Numerous governments, including those of high-income countries, are counting on the UN’s assistance for...

The devil is in the detail: administrative and fiscal challenges in implementing River Basin Management in Mongolia

Ines Dombrowsky, Jean Carlo Rodríguez De Francisco, Mirja Schoderer & Ariunaa Lkhagvadorj
The concept of river basin management calls for managing water resources at the river basin level in order to promote the sustainable use of water resources. Often this goes along with the introduction of river basin organisations (RBOs) as special purpose organisations. However, particularly in developing countries, RBOs often suffer from insufficient funds. Fiscal decentralisation involves shifting certain fiscal responsibilities to lower levels of government. Decentralisation could thus provide a source of funding for RBOs,...

(Re)negotiating refugee protection in Malaysia: implications for future policy in refugee management

Katrina Munir-Asen
Malaysia provides an interesting case study of the challenges of refugee integration, and the considerable implications of a country continuing to host refugees outside a refugee law framework and without a consistent refugee policy. The Malaysian government has not signed the 1951 United Nations Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees, nor its 1967 Protocol, and is therefore under no obligation to comply with the substantive provisions of it. It has neither implemented relevant legislation...

Friedensförderung nach Bürgerkriegen: welche Arten internationaler Unterstützung sind erfolgreich?

Charlotte Fiedler, Jörn Grävingholt & Karina Mross
Wie können internationale Akteure Friedensprozesse nach Bürgerkriegen erfolgreich unterstützen? Bisherige Untersuchungen zeigen, dass Friedenstruppen ein effektives Instrument zur Vermeidung eines Wiederausbruchs sind. Kaum erforscht ist, welche Rolle andere Formen der Friedensförderung spielen können. Zu diesen zählen nichtmilitärische Unterstützung für mehr Sicherheit, etwa durch Entwaffnungs-, Demobilisierungs- und Reintegrationsprogramme (DDR) für ehemalige Kombattanten, Sicherheitssektorreformen (SSR) oder Minenräumung; Unterstützung im Bereich Governance für die Stärkung politischer Institutionen und staatlicher Handlungsfähigkeit; die Förderung sozioökonomischer Entwicklung, um durch Wiederaufbau, Basisdienstleistungen,...

Dismantling the myth of the growth-inequality trade-off

Mario Negre, José Cuesta, Ana Revenga & Prescott J. Morley
Conventional economic wisdom has long maintained that there is a necessary trade-off between pursuit of the efficiency of a system and any attempts to improve equity between participants within that system. Economist Robert Lucas demonstrated the implications of this common economic axiom when he wrote: “Of the tendencies that are harmful to sound economics, the most seductive, and in my opinion the most poisonous, is to focus on questions of distribution [...] the potential for...

Afrika ohne Grenzen? Regionalorganisationen und Personenfreizügigkeit in West- und Nordostafrika

Eva Dick & Benjamin Schraven
Die Vision eines vereinten Afrikas und die Ablehnung der durch die europäischen Kolonialmächte willkürlich gezogenen Grenzen bilden seit Jahrzehnten einen festen Bestandteil panafrikanischer Bestrebungen. Bereits im Abuja-Vertrag aus dem Jahr 1991, durch den die Afrikanische Wirtschaftsgemeinschaft (African Economic Community, AEC) gegründet wurde, bildete das Erreichen kontinentaler Personenfreizügigkeit ein zentrales Ziel. In den Jahrzehnten darauf wurde es in Abkommen zur afrikanischen Wirtschaftsintegration oder in der Agenda 2063 der Afrikanischen Union (AU) bekräftigt. Im Januar 2018 einigten...

Boosting non-state climate action in the European Union

Sander Chan & Jacopo Bencini
The 2015 Paris Agreement and the accompanying Paris Decision recognise the importance of climate actions by non-state actors, such as businesses, civil society organisa¬tions, cities, regions and cooperative initiatives, to reduce greenhouse gases (GHG) and to adapt to climate change as necessary complements to governmental commitments. Prominent international platforms, such as the Non-State Actor Zone for Climate Action (NAZCA) by the Secretariat of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the Climate...

Cultural values, attitudes, and democracy promotion in Malawi: how values mediate the effectiveness of donor support for the reform of presidential term limits and family law

Daniel Nowack
Democratisation as a historical process began in the 19th century and is continuing in the 21st. As one aspect of this, donor countries of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) are promoting democratic standards around the globe. Democracy promotion now constitutes a central part of development cooperation between donor and partner countries. A number of scholars, however, argue that the current practice of democracy promotion is inherently flawed. By promoting democracy as a...

Cultural values, popular attitudes and democracy promotion: how values mediate the effectiveness of donor support for term limits and LGBT+ rights in Uganda

Merran Hulse
Democracy is frequently thought of as a “universal value”. Donors for the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) accept this assumption and take measures in recipient countries that aim to promote or uphold values they consider central to democracy, including political competition and individual equality, among others. However, some scholars have questioned whether such values are actually universally applicable, and whether donors need to disavow themselves of the notion that “one size fits all”...

Social protection as a tool to address slow onset climate events: emerging issues for research and policy

Mariya Aleksandrova
This discussion paper aims to further awareness of opportunities to address loss and damage caused by climate change-related slow onset events (SOEs) through social protection. The analysis is based on a review of interdisciplinary theoretical and empirical literature. The findings suggest that designing comprehensive, climate-responsive social protection strategies can strongly support proactive measures to avoid, minimise and address the complex, long-term impacts of SOEs on human health, livelihoods, poverty and inequality. This entails improving the...

Sustainable public procurement as a tool to foster sustainable development in Costa Rica: challenges and recommendations for policy implementation

Andreas Stamm, Luise Dietrich, Heike Harling, Laura Häußler, Florian Münch, Jana Preiß & Jan Siebert
In 2015, Costa Rica was the first country in Latin America to approve a National Policy for Sustainable Public Procurement (SPP). In 2018, a research team from DIE studied the efforts to make SPP a reality in Costa Rica and developed policy conclusions, partly drawing on international experience. The challenges to a swift implementation of SPP in Costa Rica are manifold: The fragmented governance in public administration impedes joint efforts and coordinated action among institutions...

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