112 Works

Die Struktur der deutschen öffentlichen Entwicklungszusammenarbeit: Hintergründe, Trends und Implikationen für das BMZ und andere Bundesressorts

Michael Bohnet, Stephan Klingebiel & Paul Marschall
Die Struktur der deutschen öffentlichen Entwicklungsleistungen (ODA) ist im Umbruch. Die Intensivierung der Globalisierung, die Verschärfung der Klimafrage sowie die Flüchtlingskrise trugen wesentlich zu einem bedeutenden Anstieg der deutschen ODA bei. Diese haben sich seit 2012 mehr als verdoppelt und beliefen sich 2016 auf 22 Mrd. Euro. Der Koalitionsvertrag zwischen CDU/CSU und SPD (2018) sieht ODA-anrechenbare Ausgaben als prioritären Bereich vor. Es sind deutliche Verschiebungen bei der ODA-Zurechnung auf die Aufgabenträger erkennbar. Der Beitrag des...

Boosting non-state climate action in the European Union

Sander Chan & Jacopo Bencini
The 2015 Paris Agreement and the accompanying Paris Decision recognise the importance of climate actions by non-state actors, such as businesses, civil society organisa¬tions, cities, regions and cooperative initiatives, to reduce greenhouse gases (GHG) and to adapt to climate change as necessary complements to governmental commitments. Prominent international platforms, such as the Non-State Actor Zone for Climate Action (NAZCA) by the Secretariat of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the Climate...

Afrika ohne Grenzen? Regionalorganisationen und Personenfreizügigkeit in West- und Nordostafrika

Eva Dick & Benjamin Schraven
Die Vision eines vereinten Afrikas und die Ablehnung der durch die europäischen Kolonialmächte willkürlich gezogenen Grenzen bilden seit Jahrzehnten einen festen Bestandteil panafrikanischer Bestrebungen. Bereits im Abuja-Vertrag aus dem Jahr 1991, durch den die Afrikanische Wirtschaftsgemeinschaft (African Economic Community, AEC) gegründet wurde, bildete das Erreichen kontinentaler Personenfreizügigkeit ein zentrales Ziel. In den Jahrzehnten darauf wurde es in Abkommen zur afrikanischen Wirtschaftsintegration oder in der Agenda 2063 der Afrikanischen Union (AU) bekräftigt. Im Januar 2018 einigten...

Vom Krisenmanagement zu nachhaltiger Entwicklung: Die europäische Entwicklungspolitik im nächsten EU-Budget

Svea Koch, Niels Keijzer, Christine Hackenesch & Julian Bergmann
Die EU gehört zu den führenden weltweiten Akteuren in den Bereichen internationale Entwicklung, Handel, Frieden und Sicherheit. Deshalb ist ein wesentlicher Teil des Mehrjährigen Finanzrahmens (MFR) für das auswärtige Handeln der EU reserviert. Der entsprechende Teil des Budgets heißt Globales Europa bzw. Rubrik IV. Im Rahmen des derzeitigen Budgets für den Zeitraum 2014 bis 2020 stehen einschließlich des Europäischen Entwicklungsfonds (EDF) über 90 Mrd. EUR für Maßnahmen außerhalb der EU zur Verfügung. Ein Großteil davon...

L’accès à l’information environnementale: vecteur d’une gouvernance responsable au Maroc et en Tunisie?

Annabelle Houdret, Irene Pasqua & Saâd Filali Meknassi
En Afrique du Nord, les problèmes environnementaux sont une source croissante de contestation politique. La pollution et la rareté des ressources se répercutent négativement sur les conditions de vie et les revenus de groupes déjà vulnérables, et causent des protestations. La gouvernance environnementale est un processus souvent très centralisé qui ne tient pas compte des besoins des citoyen(ne)s. Dans un contexte politique plus fragile depuis 2011, le double défi posé par l’aggravation des problèmes environnementaux...

A mountain worth climbing: reforming the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs

Heiner Janus & Silke Weinlich
The United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UN DESA) is a key multilateral organisation for development. Since 2015, DESA has had the unique mandate of facilitating the efforts of all UN member states towards achieving the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development by supporting the High-level Political Forum. It is tasked to provide intellectual leadership through research and analysis, support norm-setting by the main UN bodies on development – the General Assembly (GA), the...

Promouvoir la décentralisation avec succès: le potentiel de l‘approche multi-acteurs

Lisa Groß
L’Objectif de Développement Durable 17 accorde une importance essentielle aux approches multi-acteurs et multi-niveaux pour l’atteinte des Objectifs de Développement Durable (ODD). Quels avantages et quels effets une approche multi-acteurs a-t-elle dans des programmes de décentralisation?
L’approche multi-acteurs a pour objectif l’implication de toutes les parties prenantes qui sont importantes pour un processus de réforme, issus de la politique, de la société civile et de l’économie privée. Dans le cadre des programmes de décentralisation, cette...

Constellations of State Fragility-csv-1.0.0

Jörn Grävingholt, Sebastian Ziaja, Constantin Ruhe, Patrick Fink, Merle Kreibaum & Christopher Wingens
Constellations of State Fragility provides an empirical typology of states from a fragility perspective. It uses global data from 2005-2013 to identify typical constellations of state fragility. State fragility is defined as deficiencies in one or more of three core functions of the state. These functions include state authority, state capacity and state legitimacy. Authority refers to the state’s ability to control violence. Capacity refers to the state’s ability to provide basic public services. Legitimacy...

The relevance of social policies for democracy: preventing autocratisation through synergies between SDG 10 and SDG 16

Julia Leininger, Anna Lührmann & Rachel Sigman
Global threats to democracy – one of the world’s most important forms of inclusive governance – have been rising recently. This paper assesses the effects of social and economic inequalities on autocratisation, meaning a decline in the democratic qualities of a political regime. The key question we study is whether different types, levels and changes in distributional inequalities (Sustainable Development Goal 10) contribute to the erosion of democratic institutions, thereby making governance less inclusive (SDG...

Literature review: drivers of migration Why do people leave their homes? Is there an easy answer? A structured overview of migratory determinants

Jana Kuhnt
Why do people leave their homes? This seemingly easy question requires a more complex answer. What ultimately prompts a person to leave if it is impossible to find a job due to a conflict that has destroyed all economic opportunities? Evidence suggests that the migration decision is a complex process that is dependent on a multitude of factors, such as migration governance regimes, migration and smuggler networks, access to technology, or individual characteristics such as...

Meeting Africa’s employment challenge in a changing world

Tilman Altenburg & Brahima Coulibaly
Around 2031, Africa’s working-age population will pass the 1-billion threshold. This growing workforce will require decent productive employment. So far, Africa’s economies have largely failed to create stable and well-paid jobs. For any one person working in the formal private sector, 10 work in the informal economy. Failure to generate sufficient formal-sector jobs for young people will increase migration and global security challenges.
Creating decent jobs at the scale required is inconceivable without a structural transformation...

The Treaty of Aachen: opportunities and challenges for Franco-German cooperation in development policy and beyond

Laura-Theresa Krüger & Julie Vaillé
On 22 January 2019, France and Germany signed the Treaty of Aachen, which – among other things – foresees a stronger coordination and cooperation in the field of development policy. Against the backdrop of the Agenda 2030, the need for collective action has rarely been higher. Yet, although formal agreements on Franco-German cooperation were initially made in the 1963 Élysée Treaty, preliminary research insights point to the fact that cooperation has so far been driven...

Towards a borderless Africa? Regional organisations and free movement of persons in West and North-East Africa

Eva Dick & Benjamin Schraven
The vision of a united Africa and the rejection of the arbitrary borders created by European colonial powers have for decades been at the heart of pan-African endeavours. Achieving the free movement of persons on the continent was a key aim of the 1991 Abuja Treaty, which established the African Economic Community (AEC). And in the ensuing decades, this goal was under¬scored in agreements on African economic integration and in the African Union (AU)’s Agenda...

How can an international framework for investment facilitation contribute to sustainable development?

Axel Berger & Sebastian Gsell
A WTO framework for investment facilitation can contribute to sustainable development if it strengthens developing countries’ capacities, respects policy space, allows for longer implementation periods, enhances responsible business conduct and supports multi-stakeholder cooperation.

NDC Explorer

Pieter Pauw, Davide Cassanmagnano, Kennedy Mbeva, Jonas Hein, Alejandro Guarín, Clara Brandi, Adis Dzebo, Kevin Adams, Aaron Atteridge, Nella Canales, Thomas Bock, Joana Helms, Alina Zalewski, Ezra Frommé, Anika Lindener & Dilsham Muhammad

Jobs für Afrika: Chancen in einer Weltwirtschaft im Umbruch

Tilman Altenburg & Brahima Coulibaly
Um 2031 wird die erwerbsfähige Bevölkerung Afrikas die Marke von einer Milliarde überschreiten. Diese wachsende Erwerbsbevölkerung braucht menschenwürdige und produktive Arbeitsplätze. Bisher ist es den afrikanischen Volkswirtschaften zumeist nicht gelungen, stabile und gut bezahlte Arbeitsplätze im nötigen Umfang zu schaffen. Pro Beschäftigtem in der Privatwirtschaft arbeiten 10 im informellen Sektor. Der Mangel an formeller Beschäftigung fördert Migration und verstärkt globale Sicherheitsprobleme.
Ohne einen Strukturwandel, der es den Menschen ermöglicht, aus der geringproduktiven Landwirtschaft und dem informellen...

Dezentralisierung erfolgreich fördern: Das Potenzial des Multi-Stakeholder-Ansatzes

Lisa Groß
Das Nachhaltigkeitsziel 17 schreibt Multi-Stakeholder-Ansätzen eine wichtige Bedeutung für die Erreichung der Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) zu. Welche Vorteile und Wirkungen hat ein Multi-Stakeholder-Ansatz in Dezentralisierungsprogrammen? Der Multi-Stakeholder-Ansatz zielt auf die Einbeziehung aller für einen Reformprozess relevanten Stakeholder aus Politik, Zivilgesellschaft und Privatwirtschaft. Im Rahmen von Dezentralisierungsprogrammen sieht der Ansatz meist eine gleichzeitige Kooperation mit politischen Akteuren (Angebotsseite) und Zivilgesellschaft (Nachfrageseite) vor. Er soll auf allen Ebenen eines Staates (also national, regional und kommunal) Anwendung...

African economic development: What role can the G20 Compact play?

Rainer Thiele, Maximilian Köster, Ikechukwu Okoli & Friederike Rühmann
Under the German Presidency of the G20 in 2017, the Compact with Africa (CWA) was launched with the goal of mobilising private capital and promoting the efficient use of public resources so as to increase private and infrastructure investment in Africa. In this discussion paper, we provide a critical assessment of the role that the CWA could play for African development. We argue that, despite some positive developments since the early 2000s, Africa’s future prospects...

Cultural values, attitudes, and democracy promotion in Malawi: how values mediate the effectiveness of donor support for the reform of presidential term limits and family law

Daniel Nowack
Democratisation as a historical process began in the 19th century and is continuing in the 21st. As one aspect of this, donor countries of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) are promoting democratic standards around the globe. Democracy promotion now constitutes a central part of development cooperation between donor and partner countries. A number of scholars, however, argue that the current practice of democracy promotion is inherently flawed. By promoting democracy as a...

Reposicionar al UNDS, ¿pero dónde? – Propuestas para estar a la altura de los Países de Renta Media

Nils-Sjard Schulz
Después de intensas negociaciones, la Asamblea General ha respaldado la reforma del Sistema de las Naciones Unidas para el Desarrollo (UNDS por su sigla en inglés). La mayoría de los actores en Nueva York, incluidos el Secretario General António Guterres y los Embajadores ante las Naciones Unidas, se muestran optimistas de que el UNDS cumplirá con los múltiples atributos que le reclamó la Asamblea General en previas ocasiones (“más estratégico, responsable, transparente, colaborativo, eficiente, eficaz...

Governing digital trade – a new role for the WTO

Wallace Cheng & Clara Brandi
Digitalisation is transforming the economy and redefining trade. Recently, members of the World Trade Organization (WTO) have started to discuss how trade policies and rules should be adapted to address this transformation. For example, in January 2019, 76 WTO members announced the launch of “negotiations on trade-related aspects of electronic commerce”. The scope of these e-commerce negotiations is yet to be defined, but to ban tariffs on electronic trans­missions will certainly be on the priority...

Regional migration governance: contributions to a sustainable international migration architecture

Eva Dick, Anne Koch, Benjamin Schraven & Benjamin Etzold
The global migration governance is in a period of transition. There are two main reasons for this: First, the division between an international refugee regime based on the 1951 Geneva Convention on Refugees and a (labour) migration regime is problematic in light of ‘mixed’ migratory flows. Second, the current global migration architecture is characterised by institutional fragmentation and a lack of normative standards. The Global Compact for Migration and the Global Compact on Refugees currently...

Comparing global trends in multidimensional and income poverty and assessing horizontal inequalities

Francesco Burchi, Daniele Malerba, Nicole Rippin & Claudio E. Montenegro
The 2030 Agenda has provided new impetus to two facets of the struggle for poverty alleviation, which is a central goal of the international development community. First, poverty is no longer viewed strictly in monetary terms, but rather as a multidimensional phenomenon. Second, the need to reduce poverty for different social groups and not just at the aggregate, national level is explicitly recognised. Against this background, this paper has three objectives: (1) to analyse the...

Economic mobility across generations: old versus new EU member states

Roy Van Der Weide, Ambar Narayan & Mario Negre
A country where an individual’s chances of success depend little on the socio-economic success of his or her parents is said to be a country with high relative intergenerational mobility. A government’s motivation for seeking to improve mobility is arguably two-fold. There is a fairness argument and an economic efficiency argument. When mobility is low, it means that individuals are not operating on a level playing field. The odds of someone born to parents from...

Evidence-based allocation in global health: lessons learned for Germany

Anna Minasyan
This paper studies evidence-based aid allocations in global health with the aim to identify lessons learned for Germany as a donor for bilateral and multilateral aid programmes. At the same time, it contributes to the conceptualisation of evidence-based aid by defining two types of evidence, practical and scientific, where the former makes use of discretionary information to support the financing of aid projects, while the latter relies on the evidence from rigorous (scientific) research. This...

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