391 Works

Bridging the gaps: An integrated approach to assessing aid effectiveness

Heiner Janus, Paul Marschall & Hannes Öhler
Does aid contribute to development? If so, under what conditions and to what extent? These questions are as old as the field of development policy itself and they have been controversially discussed among researchers and policymakers ever since. Yet, two main trends put questions related to aid effectiveness high on the political agenda again. First, development actors want to understand and improve their contribution to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Second, populist parties on the...

Pathways for integrating socially responsible public procurement in municipalities

Maximilian Müngersdorff & Tim Stoffel
Public procurement expenditures of European Union (EU) member states are enormous, accounting for approximately 14 per cent of value creation in the EU. In many European countries, municipalities are responsible for a large share of these expenditures, as is the case in Germany. By integrating sustainability criteria in tenders for goods, works and services, municipalities can significantly contribute to Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 12 of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, which is to ensure...

Coordination beyond the state to solve complex water problems: insights from South Africa

Sabine Stuart-Hill, Evelyn Lukat, Catherine Pringle & Claudia Pahl-Wostl
This Briefing Paper presents one of six analyses of cross-sectoral coordination challenges that were conducted as part of the STEER research project and on which separate Briefing Papers are available.
South Africa’s water legislation is internationally recognised for its ambitious implementation of integrated water resource management (IWRM). IWRM is a concept that was developed to address complex water challenges by considering the connections between land and water, and widening the knowledge space to other water-using sectors...

Foren, Gebühren und Datenflüsse: Koordination der Bergbau- und Wasserpolitik in der Mongolei

Mirja Schoderer & Ines Dombrowsky
Diese Veröffentlichung stellt eine von sechs Analysen sektorenübergreifender Herausforderungen für Wasser-Governance dar, die als Teil des STEER-Forschungsprojekts durchgeführt wurden und deren Resultate in separaten Analysen und Stellungnahmen vorliegen.
Der Abbau von Mineralien und Metallen geht mit einem großen Wasserfußabdruck einher, sowohl im Hinblick auf die Ressourcen, die für den Abbau selbst benötigt werden, als auch im Hinblick auf die Einleitung schadstoffbelasteter Abwässer in Flussläufe. Diverse politische Steuerungsinstrumente zielen darauf ab, die negative Auswirkungen des Bergbaus auf...

NDC Explorer

Pieter Pauw, Davide Cassanmagnano, Kennedy Mbeva, Jonas Hein, Alejandro Guarín, Clara Brandi, Thomas Bock, Joana Helms, Alina Zalewski, Ezra Frommé, Anika Lindener & Dilsham Muhammada
The NDC Explorer is an online tool to analyse and compare both countries' INDCs and NDCs. It is based solely on information in these documents. The NDC Explorer has two aims. First, it provides a neutral, sophisticated and user-friendly lens to analyse and compare both qualitative and quantitative (I)NDC content. The NDC Explorer is a crucial first step for the objective of the NDC Partnership. This partnership aims to achieve: Enhanced visibility and access to...

TREND analytics – Environmental Provisions in Preferential Trade Agreements

Axel Berger, Clara Brandi, Dominique Bruhn & Jean-Frédéric Morin

Successfully promoting decentralisation: the potential of the multi-stakeholder approach

Lisa Groß
Sustainable Development Goal 17 assigns an important role to multi-stakeholder approaches in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). What are the advantages and impacts of a multi-stakeholder approach in decentralisation programmes?
The multi-stakeholder approach aims to involve all stakeholders from politics, civil society and the private sector that are relevant for a reform process. In the context of decentralisation programmes, this approach usually allows for simultaneous cooperation with political actors (supply side) and civil society (demand...

Strategic policymaking and the German aid programme in the MENA region since the Arab uprisings

Mark Furness
Germany’s official aid to Middle Eastern and North African (MENA) countries has more than doubled since 2011, ostensibly to support their responses to development challenges and humanitarian crises following the Arab uprisings. But the dramatic increases in aid have not been accompanied by a public strategy that sets out Germany’s objectives in the region, and the role of aid in conjunction with other policy tools in achieving them. Furthermore, a closer look at the figures...

A bridge over troubled water? The instrument contributing to Stability and Peace (ICSP) and the security-development nexus in EU external policy

Julian Bergmann
The enduring civil war in Syria, the fragile security situation in the Sahel and the armed conflict in Ukraine’s Donbass region demonstrate that the European Union (EU) is currently confronted with complex security challenges. To provide an adequate response to these challenges, the EU seeks to implement a “joined-up” approach to its external action and strengthen its capacities at the interface of security and development policies.
This paper analyses the European Union (EU)’s approach to the...

Daten für Entwicklung: eine Agenda für die deutsche Entwicklungszusammenarbeit

Claudia Schwegmann & Sarah Holzapfel
Daten sind eine zentrale, aber unterschätzte Voraussetzung für die Umsetzung der Agenda 2030. Obwohl technische Innovationen, etwa Smartphones oder das Internet der Dinge, in den vergangenen Jahren zu einer Explosion an Daten geführt haben, gibt es insbesondere in Entwicklungländern und in der Entwicklungszusammenarbeit (EZ) noch erhebliche Lücken in der Verfügbarkeit und Nutzung von Daten. Zu der Mehrzahl der 230 Indikatoren der Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) kann bisher nicht regelmäßig berichtet werden.
Eine unabhängige Expertengruppe hat daher...

River basin management and fiscal decentralisation: mutually supportive or counterproductive? A case study of Mongolia

Ines Dombrowsky, Ariunaa Lkhagvadorj & Mirja Schoderer
The concept of “river basin management” calls for managing water resources at the river basin level in order to promote the sustainable use of water resources. Often the concept of river basin management is associated with the introduction of “river basin organisations” (RBOs) as special purpose organisations. However, in many developing countries, RBOs remain underfunded. Fiscal decentralisation involves shifting certain responsibilities for expenditures or revenues to lower levels of government. It usually involves a reallocation...

L’accès à l’information environnementale: vecteur d’une gouvernance responsable au Maroc et en Tunisie?

Annabelle Houdret, Irene Pasqua & Saâd Filali Meknassi
En Afrique du Nord, les problèmes environnementaux sont une source croissante de contestation politique. La pollution et la rareté des ressources se répercutent négativement sur les conditions de vie et les revenus de groupes déjà vulnérables, et causent des protestations. La gouvernance environnementale est un processus souvent très centralisé qui ne tient pas compte des besoins des citoyen(ne)s. Dans un contexte politique plus fragile depuis 2011, le double défi posé par l’aggravation des problèmes environnementaux...

Umweltverschmutzung und soziale Proteste: verantwortungsvolle Governance in Marokko und Tunesien stärken!

Annabelle Houdret, Irene Pasqua & Saâd Filali Meknassi
In Nordafrika führen Umweltprobleme zunehmend zu politischen Protesten. Umweltverschmutzung und knappe Ressourcen wirken sich negativ auf die Lebensbedingungen und Einkommen von bereits marginalisierten Gruppen aus und führen zu Unruhen. Eine häufig stark zentralisierte Umweltpolitik berücksichtigt die Bedürfnisse der Bevölkerung nur ungenügend. Das politische Umfeld ist seit dem „Arabischen Frühling“ weiterhin instabil – die doppelte Herausforderung zunehmender Umweltprobleme verbunden mit sozialen Unruhen erfordert daher neue Ansätze. Eine verantwortungsvollere Umweltpolitik könnte nicht nur helfen, umweltpolitische Probleme und...

Data for development: an agenda for German development cooperation

Claudia Schwegmann & Sarah Holzapfel
Data is a central but underestimated prerequisite for the realisation of the 2030 Agenda. Although technical innovations such as smartphones or the internet of things have led to a data explosion in recent years, there are still considerable gaps in the availability and use of data in developing countries and development cooperation (DC) in particular. So far it is not possible to report regularly on the majority of the 230 indicators of the Sustainable Development...

Unfinished business: an appraisal of the latest UNDS reform resolution

Max-Otto Baumann & Silke Weinlich
Can the United Nations Development System (UNDS) become a resourceful, well-organised partner for member states in implementing the 2030 Agenda? The UNDS is the biggest multilateral development actor, accounting for $18.4 billion, or 33 per cent, of multilateral aid in 2015. Its functions range from providing a forum for dialogue, decision-making and norm-setting, to research, advocacy, technical assistance and humanitarian aid. Numerous governments, including those of high-income countries, are counting on the UN’s assistance for...

Towards a more accountable G20? Accountability mechanisms of the G20 and the new challenges posed to them by the 2030 Agenda

Sören Hilbrich & Jakob Schwab
Many measures customarily employed within states to provide checks to and surveillance of the exercise of power, such as public elections, are not available with regard to the political institutions of global governance. For this reason, the accountability of such institutions is frequently a subject of particular discussion. A key institution in global governance whose legitimacy is constantly being challenged is the Group of 20 (G20). In this paper, we analyse the existing mechanisms pertaining...

Repositioning but where: Is the UNDS fit for middle-income countries?

Nils-Sjard Schulz
After intense negotiations, the United Nations General Assembly has endorsed the reform of the United Nations Development System (UNDS). Most players in New York, including Secretary-General António Guterres and ambassadors to the United Nations, are optimistic that the UNDS will now take the multi-adjective route requested by the General Assembly (“more strategic, accountable, effective, transparent, collaborative, efficient, effective and result-oriented”). However, the reform’s actual litmus test will take place at the country level. Governments are...

Monitoring and Evaluation in South-South Cooperation: The Case of CPEC in Pakistan

Murad Ali
Pakistan is one of the key countries in China’s Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) where the latter is implementing a multibillion-dollar, multiyear investment plan known as the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC). A collection of projects aimed at developing energy, industry and communication infrastructure, costing over USD 46 billion, CPEC is expected to contribute significantly to socio-economic development and poverty reduction in Pakistan. The main research question is, while implementing development projects in Pakistan, to what...

A primer on blockchain technology and its potential for financial inclusion

Jan Ohnesorge
Discussion Paper

How to identify national dimensions of poverty? The Constitutional Approach

Francesco Burchi, Pasquale De Muro & Eszter Kollar
With the signing of the 2030 Agenda, the international community has committed to ending poverty in all its forms. This first Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) recognises poverty as a multidimensional phenomenon that goes beyond the simple lack of a sufficient amount of income. However, the way the SDG 1 and, in particular, Target 1.2 – “reduce … poverty in all its dimensions according to national definitions” – are formulated poses challenges for its operationalisation.
Which specific...

Constellations of State Fragility

Jörn Grävingholt, Sebastian Ziaja, Constantin Ruhe, Patrick Fink, Merle Kreibaum & Christopher Wingens
Constellations of State Fragility provides an empirical typology of states from a fragility perspective. It uses global data from 2005-2013 to identify typical constellations of state fragility. State fragility is defined as deficiencies in one or more of three core functions of the state. These functions include state authority, state capacity and state legitimacy. Authority refers to the state’s ability to control violence. Capacity refers to the state’s ability to provide basic public services. Legitimacy...

From damage control to sustainable development: European development policy under the next EU budget

Svea Koch, Niels Keijzer, Christine Hackenesch & Julian Bergmann
The EU is one of the leading global players in international development, trade, peace and security. Therefore, a key part of the EU’s Multiannual Financial Framework (MFF) is the one reserved for action beyond EU’s borders. This budget heading is called ‘Global Europe’ (also referred to as Heading IV). Under the current budget for the period of 2014 to 2020, including the inter-governmental European Development Fund (EDF), over 90 billion euros are available for the...

Creating wealth without labour? Emerging contours of a new techno-economic landscape

Wilfried Lütkenhorst
This discussion paper reviews the topical debate around the implications of innovative digital technologies for future patterns of competitiveness, employment, equality, the international division of labour and resource efficiency. It focusses on digital production technologies applied in the manufacturing sector and adopts a global economic perspective in a 10- to 15-year time horizon. The leading research questions are: How is the digital revolution likely to impact the future of industrialisation? How will it affect the...

Die Struktur der deutschen öffentlichen Entwicklungszusammenarbeit: Hintergründe, Trends und Implikationen für das BMZ und andere Bundesressorts

Michael Bohnet, Stephan Klingebiel & Paul Marschall
Die Struktur der deutschen öffentlichen Entwicklungsleistungen (ODA) ist im Umbruch. Die Intensivierung der Globalisierung, die Verschärfung der Klimafrage sowie die Flüchtlingskrise trugen wesentlich zu einem bedeutenden Anstieg der deutschen ODA bei. Diese haben sich seit 2012 mehr als verdoppelt und beliefen sich 2016 auf 22 Mrd. Euro. Der Koalitionsvertrag zwischen CDU/CSU und SPD (2018) sieht ODA-anrechenbare Ausgaben als prioritären Bereich vor. Es sind deutliche Verschiebungen bei der ODA-Zurechnung auf die Aufgabenträger erkennbar. Der Beitrag des...

Mobilising capital for sustainable infrastructure: the cases of AIIB and NDB

Stephany Griffith-Jones & Samuel Leistner
This discussion paper examines how private capital can be mobilised for sustainable infrastructure, with particular reference to the newly created Asia Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) and the New Development Bank (NDB), also known as the BRICS Bank. These banks are an important addition to the development finance architecture. The paper provides an overview of how development banks can mitigate the global investment gap in the area of sustainable infrastructure through targeted lending and various financial...

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