305 Works

Ernährungssicherung in Krisenzeiten: arme Entwicklungsländer sind anders

Michael Brüntrup
Die Corona-Krise hält die Welt im Bann. Während die unmittelbaren Risiken der Pandemie breit diskutiert werden, gilt dies eher selten für die zu erwartenden immensen Auswirkungen auf die Ernährungssicherheit der absolut Armen. Sie ent-stehen hauptsächlich durch Lockdown-Maßnahmen (LD-M) zur Bekämpfung der Ansteckung und beeinträchtigen schon jetzt über viele Wirkungsketten alle vier Säulen der Ernährungssicherheit: Der Zugang zu Nahrungsmitteln wird sich bei abnehmenden Einkommen und schwindender Kaufkraft massiv verschlechtern, die Verfügbarkeit durch Input-, Ernte-, Handels- und...

Entwicklungszusammenarbeit im Nahen Osten und in Nordafrika: Auch in konfliktbetroffenen Ländern neue Gesellschaftsverträge unterstützen

Mark Furness & Houdret Annabelle
Die Beziehungen zwischen den Staaten und Gesellschaften des Nahen Ostens und Nordafrikas (MENA) befinden sich auch fast ein Jahrzehnt nach den Aufständen von 2011 noch im Wandel. Die Revolten drückten eine weit verbreitete Ablehnung der damaligen Gesellschaftsverträge aus. Diese basierten auf der Umverteilung von Renteneinnahmen aus natürlichen Ressourcen, Transfers und Subventionen als „Entschädigung“ für die Duldung einer politisch und wirtschaftlich autoritären Regierungsweise. In verschiedenen Ländern der Region wie im Irak, in Libyen, in Syrien und...

Refugees and local power dynamics: the case of Gambella Region of Ethiopia

Samuel Zewdie Hagos
The Gambella Region is one of the marginalised and most conflict-ridden regions in Ethiopia. Recently, violent clashes between the two largest ethnic groups in the region - the host communities, the Anywaa, and the South Sudanese Nuer refugees - have reignited the debate on refugee integration in the region. In fact, the roots of the Anywaa-Nuer conflict can be traced back to the imperial regime of Ethiopia at the end of the 19th century. In...

Restoring the Zayandeh Rud River: addressing the political causes of water shortage in Iran

Ali Yousefi, Christian Knieper & Claudia Pahl-Wostl
Briefing Paper

Umweltverschmutzung und soziale Proteste: verantwortungsvolle Governance in Marokko und Tunesien stärken!

Annabelle Houdret, Irene Pasqua & Saâd Filali Meknassi
In Nordafrika führen Umweltprobleme zunehmend zu politischen Protesten. Umweltverschmutzung und knappe Ressourcen wirken sich negativ auf die Lebensbedingungen und Einkommen von bereits marginalisierten Gruppen aus und führen zu Unruhen. Eine häufig stark zentralisierte Umweltpolitik berücksichtigt die Bedürfnisse der Bevölkerung nur ungenügend. Das politische Umfeld ist seit dem „Arabischen Frühling“ weiterhin instabil – die doppelte Herausforderung zunehmender Umweltprobleme verbunden mit sozialen Unruhen erfordert daher neue Ansätze. Eine verantwortungsvollere Umweltpolitik könnte nicht nur helfen, umweltpolitische Probleme und...

Sustainable public procurement as a tool to foster sustainable development in Costa Rica: challenges and recommendations for policy implementation

Andreas Stamm, Luise Dietrich, Heike Harling, Laura Häußler, Florian Münch, Jana Preiß & Jan Siebert
In 2015, Costa Rica was the first country in Latin America to approve a National Policy for Sustainable Public Procurement (SPP). In 2018, a research team from DIE studied the efforts to make SPP a reality in Costa Rica and developed policy conclusions, partly drawing on international experience. The challenges to a swift implementation of SPP in Costa Rica are manifold: The fragmented governance in public administration impedes joint efforts and coordinated action among institutions...

NDC Explorer

Pieter Pauw, Davide Cassanmagnano, Kennedy Mbeva, Jonas Hein, Alejandro Guarín, Clara Brandi, Thomas Bock, Joana Helms, Alina Zalewski, Ezra Frommé, Anika Lindener & Dilsham Muhammada
The NDC Explorer is an online tool to analyse and compare both countries' INDCs and NDCs. It is based solely on information in these documents. The NDC Explorer has two aims. First, it provides a neutral, sophisticated and user-friendly lens to analyse and compare both qualitative and quantitative (I)NDC content. The NDC Explorer is a crucial first step for the objective of the NDC Partnership. This partnership aims to achieve: Enhanced visibility and access to...

Working together to achieve the Paris climate goals and sustainable development: Working together to achieve the Paris climate goals and sustainable development International climate cooperation and the role of developing countries and emerging economies

Steffen Bauer, Marie-Jeanne Kurdziel, Gabriela Iacobuta, Clara Brandi, Jean Carlo Rodríguez, Delphine Deryng, Jonas Hanshom, Höhne Niklas, Sybrig Smit & Srinivasa Srigiri
Sustainable development requires that the climate system be stabilised between 1.5°C and 2°C of average global warming. This necessitates a drastic reduction in global greenhouse gas emissions. Developing countries and emerging economies are increasingly the focus here. These nations already account for two-thirds of global emissions.
Failure to achieve the goals of the Paris Agreement would ultimately undermine the achievement of just and sustainable global development that leaves no one behind. A development-oriented strategy...

NDC Explorer

Pieter Pauw, Tanja Beck, María José Valverde, Davide Cassanmagnano, Kennedy Mbeva, Jonas Hein, Alejandro Guarin, Clara Brandi, Adis Dzebo, Kevin Adams, Aaron Atteridge, Nella Canales, Thomas Bock, Joana Helms, Alina Zalewski, Ezra Frommé, Anika Lindener, Dilsham Muhammad, Khayala Sadikhova, Tim Stutzmann, Michael König & Magdalena Mirwald

Soziale und ökologische Herausforderungen der globalen Textilwirtschaft: Lösungsbeiträge der deutschen Entwicklungszusammenarbeit

Andreas Stamm, Tilman Altenburg, Maximilian Müngersdorff, Tim Stoffel & Kasper Vrolijk
Bekleidung für den rasch wachsenden Weltmarkt wird fast ausschließlich in Entwicklungs- und Schwellenländern gefertigt. Die Produktionsbedingungen in diesen Ländern gehen mit erheblichen sozialen und ökologischen Problemen einher. Diese in den Griff zu bekommen, ist eines der wesentlichen Ziele der deutschen Entwicklungszusammenarbeit. Dabei werden Maßnahmen in den Produktionsländern verknüpft mit Anstrengungen, unternehmerische Verantwortung entlang der gesamten Textil-Lieferkette einzufordern und hohe und transparente Standards durch den „Grünen Knopf“ zu zertifizieren. Die vorliegende Studie identifiziert die wichtigsten sozialen...

The global tax expenditures database (GTED) - companion paper

Agustín Redonda, Christian Von Haldenwang & Flurim Aliu
The Global Tax Expenditures Database (GTED) is the first database providing timely and consistent information on TEs, based on official information published by national governments worldwide from 1990 onwards. The GTED aims to improve reporting, enhance scrutiny, and, ultimately, to contribute to the design of effective and fair tax expenditures across the world. This Companion Paper introduces the GTED. It describes the rationale and scope as well as the methodology and assumptions underpinning data collection...

Social cohesion and firms’ access to finance in Africa

Yabibal M. Walle
Social cohesion has recently gained increasing attention in academic and policy circles. Apart from being a necessary feature of stable societies per se, social cohesion is also a key factor for sustainable economic development. One potential means through which social cohesion could foster economic development is by enhancing financial development. In this paper, we examine whether social cohesion is significantly associated with firms’ access to finance in Africa. To this end, we use a recently...

How to identify national dimensions of poverty? The Constitutional Approach

Francesco Burchi, Pasquale De Muro & Eszter Kollar
With the signing of the 2030 Agenda, the international community has committed to ending poverty in all its forms. This first Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) recognises poverty as a multidimensional phenomenon that goes beyond the simple lack of a sufficient amount of income. However, the way the SDG 1 and, in particular, Target 1.2 – “reduce … poverty in all its dimensions according to national definitions” – are formulated poses challenges for its operationalisation.
Which specific...

What do we know about post-conflict transitional justice from academic research: key insights for practitioners

Charlotte Fiedler & Karina Mross
Societies that have experienced violent conflict face considerable challenges in building sustainable peace. One crucial question they need to address is how to deal with their violent past and atrocities that were committed – for example, whether perpetrators should be held accountable by judicial means, or whether the focus should be laid on truth telling and the compensation of victims. Transitional justice (TJ) offers a range of instruments that aim to help societies come to...

Towards sustainable ocean governance: a call for blue climate action in international development

Ina Lehmann, Michael Siebert, Nicola Hanke, Maximilian Högl & Anna-Katharina Hornidge
The ocean is vital for life on earth and yet it is under serious threat from climate change and resource overexploitation. Environmental change in the ocean significantly undermines human livelihoods, especially in the developing and least developed countries where people are particularly vulnerable to climate change-related losses and damages. This Briefing Paper outlines challenges that people, development cooperation and policy face and suggests ways forward for sustainable ocean governance through sustainable resource use, comprehensive risk...

Russia in Africa: is great power competition returning to the continent?

Agnieszka Paczyńska
Since 2014, Russian involvement in Africa has grown significantly. African leaders have been receptive to these overtures as a result of increasing concerns about growing Chinese dominance, retrenchment of the United States (US) and their interest in diversifying trading and security partners. Russia cultivates these relationships by relying on the legacy of the Soviet Union’s support for anti-colonial and liberation movements, and focuses on strengthening diplomatic, military and economic collaborations. This analysis shows that:
...

The behavioural lens: taking a behavioural vantage point to improve the success of development programmes

Lennart Kaplan, Sascha Kuhn & Jana Kuhnt
Successful programmes and policies require supportive behaviour from their targeted populations. Understanding what drives human reactions is crucial for the design and implementation of development programmes. Research has shown that people are not rational agents and that providing them with financial or material incentives is often not enough to foster long-term behavioural change. For this reason, the consideration of behavioural aspects that influence an individual’s actions, including the local context, has moved into the focus...

Triangular cooperation: broader, more dynamic and flexible

Geovana Zoccal
Triangular cooperation (TriCo) has existed as a cooperation mechanism for about 40 years. The first implicit reference was made to it in 1978 in the United Nations Plan of Action for Promoting and Implementing Technical Cooperation among Developing Countries, the Buenos Aires Plan of Action (BAPA). Reacting to the increased complexity of international development cooperation, and going beyond the North–South divide, TriCo aims to (i) foster relations between DAC donors and emerging economies, (ii) strengthen...

The external dimensions of the European green deal: the case for an integrated approach

Svea Koch & Niels Keijzer
The European Green Deal conveys the EU’s ambition to adjust and “green” its economic growth trajectory and become climate-neutral by 2050, as part of its contribution to the Paris Agreement and the Sustainable Development Goals. While being ambitiously pursued within the Union’s own borders, the Green Deal also has strong external ramifications, as the EU leaves a tremendous ecological footprint in other parts of the world. The EU has referred to this “external dimension” of...

The future of European development banking: what role and place for the European Investment Bank?

Benedikt Erforth
The European Investment Bank (EIB) not only is the bank of the European Union (EU), it also is the world’s largest multilateral lender. Hitherto rarely at the centre of public attention, the ongoing negotiations on the next EU budget round, the Multiannual Financial Framework (2021-2027) (MFF), have placed the EIB in the midst of the political struggles over form and function of the European development finance architecture. In the context of the negotiations on the...

Murky trade waters: regional tariff commitments and non-tariff measures in Africa

Frederik Stender & Tim Vogel
In several African regions, economic integration has successfully reduced tariff protection by freezing the opportunity to raise applied tariffs against fellow integration partners above those promised. In this paper, we examine whether the regional tariff commitments on the continent have come at the expense of adverse side-effects on the prevalence of other – non-tariff – trade barriers. More specifically, regional tariff commitments have not only amplified applied tariff overhangs – the difference between Most Favoured...

Erkenntnisse aus der wirkungsorientierten Begleitforschung: Potential und Grenzen der rigorosen Wirkungsanalyse von Governance-Programmen

Evelyn Funk, Lisa Groß, Julia Leininger & Armin Von Schiller
Wie kann die Wirkung von Governance-Programmen erfolgreich analysiert werden? In der vorliegenden Publikation dokumentieren die Autor/innen praxisorientierte und verallgemeinerbare Erkenntnisse über die Durchführung rigoroser Wirkungsanalysen in entwicklungspolitischen Governance-Programmen. Das Projekt „Wirkungsinitiative Afrika“ am Deutschen Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE) folgte bei der Analyse von Wirkungen dem Ansatz der wirkungsorientierten Begleitforschung. Die wirkungsorientierte Begleitforschung verbindet zwei Elemente: a) die Messung einer Wirkung unter Einsatz (quasi-) experimenteller Designs und b) die Untersuchung kausaler Mechanismen mit Hilfe theoriegeleiteter Ansätze....

Mainstreaming South-South and triangular cooperation: work in progress at the United Nations

Sebastian Haug
South-South cooperation has become an increasingly visible part of international development processes. Together with the expansion of triangular cooperation – that is, cooperation among developing countries supported by a traditional donor or multilateral organisation – the growing clout of South-South schemes reflects shifts in power and wealth towards the former developing world. Against this backdrop, United Nations (UN) entities have repeatedly been asked to mainstream their support for South-South and triangular cooperation (SSTC), but there...

Die Struktur der deutschen öffentlichen Entwicklungszusammenarbeit: Hintergründe, Trends und Implikationen für das BMZ und andere Bundesressorts

Michael Bohnet, Stephan Klingebiel & Paul Marschall
Die Struktur der deutschen öffentlichen Entwicklungsleistungen (ODA) ist im Umbruch. Die Intensivierung der Globalisierung, die Verschärfung der Klimafrage sowie die Flüchtlingskrise trugen wesentlich zu einem bedeutenden Anstieg der deutschen ODA bei. Diese haben sich seit 2012 mehr als verdoppelt und beliefen sich 2016 auf 22 Mrd. Euro. Der Koalitionsvertrag zwischen CDU/CSU und SPD (2018) sieht ODA-anrechenbare Ausgaben als prioritären Bereich vor. Es sind deutliche Verschiebungen bei der ODA-Zurechnung auf die Aufgabenträger erkennbar. Der Beitrag des...

What the EU should do for democracy support in Africa: ten proposals for a new strategic initiative in times of polarisation

Christine Hackenesch, Julia Leininger & Karina Mross
The EU has made democracy support a stronger aspect in its relations with African countries since 2002. However, a broad range of political and economic dynamics within as well as outside of Europe challenge democracy and its supporters: the rise of non-democratic countries such as China, challenges to democracy within the EU, and global autocratization trends, which include African countries. While posing new challenges the EU needs to react to, these trends also reinforce the...

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