138 Works

EU budget reform: opportunities and challenges for Global Sustainable Development

Christine Hackenesch, Julian Bergmann, Niels Keijzer & Svea Koch
With the next Multiannual Financial Framework (MFF), the EU will define not only the financial but also the political priorities until 2030. Which political objectives the EU intends to pursue in the future will therefore be a key issue during the MFF negotiations. The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and its 17 Sustainable Develop¬ment Goals (SDGs), which the EU played a key role in shaping, should guide this debate.
In terms of EU domestic policy, the...

Mobilising capital for sustainable infrastructure: the cases of AIIB and NDB

Stephany Griffith-Jones & Samuel Leistner
This discussion paper examines how private capital can be mobilised for sustainable infrastructure, with particular reference to the newly created Asia Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) and the New Development Bank (NDB), also known as the BRICS Bank. These banks are an important addition to the development finance architecture. The paper provides an overview of how development banks can mitigate the global investment gap in the area of sustainable infrastructure through targeted lending and various financial...

The development policy system under pressure: acknowledging limitations, sourcing advantages and moving towards a broader perspective

Victoria Gonsior & Stephan Klingebiel
This paper uses the development policy system as an entry point assuming that various fundamental changes along three dimensions – narratives (why?), strategies (what?) and operational approaches (how?) – can be observed over recent years. Changes are diverse, ranging from new narratives translated to the development policy context (such as the migration narrative) to strategic considerations (for instance, developing countries’ graduation implications), new instruments (in form of development finance at the interface with the private...

Supporting peace after civil war: what kind of international engagement can make a difference?

Charlotte Fiedler, Jörn Grävingholt & Karina Mross
peacekeeping can be an effective instrument in maintaining peace, but little systematic knowledge exists on the roles that other types of peace support can play. International peacebuilding encompasses a broad range of activities beyond peacekeeping. It includes non-military support to increase security through disarmament, demobilisation, the reintegration (DDR) of former combatants, as well as security sector reform (SSR) and demining; support for governance to strengthen political institutions and state capacity; support for socioeconomic development to...

Shaping the patterns of aid allocation: a comparative analysis of seven bilateral donors and the European Union

Rena Melis Baydag, Stephan Klingebiel & Paul Marschall
Partner country selection is one of the key elements of development policy. It lies at the centre of the development policy decision-making of donor countries and institutions, and plays a significant role in shaping the patterns of official development assistance (ODA) allocation. The existing literature on ODA allocation has either a focus on how it should be (normatively) organised, on which determinants are (ex post) responsible for aid flows by using regression analysis looking for...

Do trade deals encourage environmental cooperation?

Jean-Frédéric Morin, Vera Chaudhuri & Mathilde Gauquelin
Trade agreements have mixed effects on the environment. On the one hand, trade generates additional pollution by raising production levels. Trade rules can also restrict the capacity of governments to adopt environmental regulations. On the other hand, trade agreements can favour the diffusion of green technologies, make production more efficient and foster environmental cooperation. Whether the overall effect is positive or negative partly depends on the content of the trade agreement itself. Recent studies have...

Die Folgen des Brexit für die Least Developed Countries

Zoryana Olekseyuk & Israel Osorio Rodarte
Seit dem britischen Referendum am 23. Juni 2016 plant Großbritannien den Austritt aus der Europäischen Union (EU). Unter Berufung auf Artikel 50 des Vertrags von Lissabon (im März 2017) wird Großbritannien den gemeinsamen Markt und die Zollunion im März 2019 verlassen. Die Verhandlungen über den „Brexit“ erweisen sich aufgrund der gegenteiligen Positionen der beiden Vertragspartner als schwierig. Obwohl das Austrittsabkommen erfolgreich verhandelt wurde, besteht über den endgültigen „Deal“ zwischen der EU und Großbritannien nach wie...

The impact of information and communication technologies on jobs in Africa: a literature review

Elvis Melia
In the past two decades, Africa has experienced a wave of mobile telephony and the early stages of internet connectivity. This paper summarises recent empirical research findings on the impact that information and communication technologies (ICTs) have had on jobs in Africa, be it in creating new jobs, destroying old jobs, or changing the quality of existing jobs in levels of productivity, incomes, or working conditions. The paper discusses various channels in which ICTs can...

Sustainable public procurement as a tool to foster sustainable development in Costa Rica: challenges and recommendations for policy implementation

Andreas Stamm, Luise Dietrich, Heike Harling, Laura Häußler, Florian Münch, Jana Preiß & Jan Siebert
In 2015, Costa Rica was the first country in Latin America to approve a National Policy for Sustainable Public Procurement (SPP). In 2018, a research team from DIE studied the efforts to make SPP a reality in Costa Rica and developed policy conclusions, partly drawing on international experience. The challenges to a swift implementation of SPP in Costa Rica are manifold: The fragmented governance in public administration impedes joint efforts and coordinated action among institutions...

Dürreanpassung und Resilienz in Entwicklungsländern

Michael Brüntrup & Daniel Tsegai
Dürren sind eine massive Bedrohung von Mensch und Natur. Verschiedene Studien bewerten Dürre als wichtigste Naturgefahr in Bezug auf Todesopfer, die Vernichtung von Existenzgrundlagen, wirtschaftliche Verluste sowie negative soziale und ökologische Auswirkungen. Dürren sind häufig ein wichtiger Faktor bei lokalen Konflikten sowie internationaler und Binnenmigration. Die negativen Folgen können noch lange fortbestehen, nachdem die Niederschläge wieder normales Niveau erreicht haben. Dürren hat es schon immer gegeben, allerdings erhöhen sich durch den Klimawandel Schwere, Häufigkeit, Dauer...

Successfully promoting decentralisation: the potential of the multi-stakeholder approach

Lisa Groß
Sustainable Development Goal 17 assigns an important role to multi-stakeholder approaches in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). What are the advantages and impacts of a multi-stakeholder approach in decentralisation programmes?
The multi-stakeholder approach aims to involve all stakeholders from politics, civil society and the private sector that are relevant for a reform process. In the context of decentralisation programmes, this approach usually allows for simultaneous cooperation with political actors (supply side) and civil society (demand...

Data for development: an agenda for German development cooperation

Claudia Schwegmann & Sarah Holzapfel
Data is a central but underestimated prerequisite for the realisation of the 2030 Agenda. Although technical innovations such as smartphones or the internet of things have led to a data explosion in recent years, there are still considerable gaps in the availability and use of data in developing countries and development cooperation (DC) in particular. So far it is not possible to report regularly on the majority of the 230 indicators of the Sustainable Development...

What do we know about post-conflict transitional justice from academic research: key insights for practitioners

Charlotte Fiedler & Karina Mross
Societies that have experienced violent conflict face considerable challenges in building sustainable peace. One crucial question they need to address is how to deal with their violent past and atrocities that were committed – for example, whether perpetrators should be held accountable by judicial means, or whether the focus should be laid on truth telling and the compensation of victims. Transitional justice (TJ) offers a range of instruments that aim to help societies come to...

Why writing a new constitution after conflict can contribute to peace

Charlotte Fiedler
In every fourth post-conflict country a new constitution is written, but the effect of these post-conflict constitution-making processes on peace remains understudied. Constitution-making has become a corner stone of peacebuilding efforts in post-conflict societies and is widely supported by international actors. It is often seen as a main component of a political transition necessary in states that have experienced internal warfare. This is because a successful constitution-making process establishes a new and potentially permanent governance...

The engagement of Visegrad countries in EU-Africa relations

Oskar Chmiel
The Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, and Slovakia, commonly referred to as the Visegrad Four (V4) states, developed friendly relations with several African states both during and after the wave of independence. After the transition from Socialist to democratic systems at the beginning of the 1990s, the focus of the Visegrad countries had shifted to the West. The foreign policies of the V4 mainly focused on the accession to NATO and then to the EU, to...

Entwicklungsfinanzierung und Mobilisierung inländischer Einnahmen: mehr internationale Reformen sind erforderlich

Christian Von Haldenwang & Sabine Laudage
Um die Ziele für nachhaltige Entwicklung (SDGs) bis 2030 zu erreichen, benötigen die Entwicklungsländer zusätzliche Finanzmittel. Dafür gibt es vier Finanzierungsquellen: inländische öffentliche Mittel (oder Einnahmen), internationale öffentliche Mittel, inländische private Mittel oder internationale private Mittel. Von diesen vier Quellen haben inländische Zuflüsse aus Steuern und nichtsteuerlichen Einnahmen (beispielsweise Gewinne von Staatsunternehmen) bei weitem den größten Stellenwert. Im Jahr 2016 beliefen sich die Steuereinnahmen allein in den Ländern mit niedrigem und mittlerem Einkommen auf 4,3...

Investment facilitation for development: a new route to global investment governance

Axel Berger, Sebastian Gsell & Zoryana Olekseyuk
While global investment needs are enormous in order to bolster the implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, developing countries are often excluded from global foreign direct investment (FDI) flows. Beyond economic fundamentals like market size, infra¬structure and labour, the impediments to FDI in developing countries relate to the predictability, transparency and ease of the regulatory environment. In contrast, tax incentives and international investment agreements (IIAs) have been found to be less important (World...

TREND analytics – Environmental Provisions in Preferential Trade Agreements

Axel Berger, Clara Brandi, Dominique Bruhn & Jean-Frédéric Morin

A European peace facility could make a pragmatic contribution to peacebuilding around the world

Mark Furness & Julian Bergmann
The question of how the EU should finance peacebuilding in developing countries has challenged policy-makers and pundits for many years. At one level this is a technical and legal issue of budget lines and financing rules. It nevertheless touches on the much deeper political and even moral issues of whether the EU should use development aid to finance security provision, how best the EU can respond to the legitimate needs of partners in conflict-affected countries...

Demokratieförderung und friedliche Demokratisierung nach Bürgerkriegen

Karina Mross
Während Demokratien besonders stabil sind, weisen Demokratisierungsprozesse ein erhöhtes Konfliktpotential auf, vor allem in Post-Konflikt-Kontexten. Jüngste Forschungsergebnisse des Deutschen Instituts für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE) zeigen, dass externe Demokratieförderung die destabilisierenden Auswirkungen von Post-Konflikt-Demokratisierung abmildern kann. Seit den 1990er Jahren ist Demokratieförderung fester Bestandteil von Friedensförderung. Freie und faire Wahlen oder eine dynamische Medienlandschaft zu fördern scheint positiv für Frieden: Demokratische Institutionen können aktiv mit gesellschaftlichen Konflikten umgehen, im Gegensatz zu autoritären Regimen, die oft auf Repression...

Lessons learnt from impact-oriented accompanying research: potentials and limitations to rigorously assessing the impact of governance programmes

Evelyn Funk, Lisa Groß, Julia Leininger & Armin Von Schiller
How to assess impact in governance programmes successfully? This publication documents some practical lessons learnt on how to conduct rigorous impact assessments, with a special focus on governance interventions. The project “Wirkungsinitiative Afrika” of the German Development Institute / Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE) follows the approach of impact-oriented accompanying research when measuring impact. Impact-oriented accompanying research in the project combines two elements of impact assessments: a) the measurement of impact using (quasi-)experimental designs, and...

How addressing divisions on African migration inside the EU can strengthen transnational development

Irene Schöfberger
Intense negotiations about migration management policies are taking place inside the European Union (EU), and between the EU and African states. Although these two negotiation processes are often analysed separately, they are actually interlinked. Drawing on interviews with representatives of European and African states and regional organisations as well as on policy analysis, this Briefing Paper argues that negotia¬tions inside the EU restrict EU-Africa cooperation on migration in two ways: first, by transmitting a strengthened...

Strategic policymaking and the German aid programme in the MENA region since the Arab uprisings

Mark Furness
Germany’s official aid to Middle Eastern and North African (MENA) countries has more than doubled since 2011, ostensibly to support their responses to development challenges and humanitarian crises following the Arab uprisings. But the dramatic increases in aid have not been accompanied by a public strategy that sets out Germany’s objectives in the region, and the role of aid in conjunction with other policy tools in achieving them. Furthermore, a closer look at the figures...

Incentivising and regulating multi-actor partnerships and private-sector engagement in development cooperation

Dorothea Wehrmann
The inclusion of actors from the private sector is a central challenge for multi-actor partnerships (MAPs) and multi-stakeholder platforms in development cooperation. On the one side, the heterogeneity of approaches that shape development cooperation and rather abstract, long-term agendas (such as the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development) make it difficult to incentivise the engagement of private-sector actors that typically prefer concrete and short-term activities with predictable outcomes. On the other side, the effectiveness of past...

South Africa’s changing role in global development structures: being in them but not always of them

Elizabeth Sidiropoulos
South Africa’s engagement in global development structures has evolved since 1994, when the country re-entered the international community. The historical philosophical underpinnings of the African National Congress, the governing party, aimed to reaffirm the country’s place in the Global South and African firmament after the end of apartheid. This understanding is necessary in the context of South Africa’s priorities over the past 25 years, not least in the development debates. The last two decades have...

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