139 Works

(Re)negotiating refugee protection in Malaysia: implications for future policy in refugee management

Katrina Munir-Asen
Malaysia provides an interesting case study of the challenges of refugee integration, and the considerable implications of a country continuing to host refugees outside a refugee law framework and without a consistent refugee policy. The Malaysian government has not signed the 1951 United Nations Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees, nor its 1967 Protocol, and is therefore under no obligation to comply with the substantive provisions of it. It has neither implemented relevant legislation...

A bridge over troubled water? The instrument contributing to Stability and Peace (ICSP) and the security-development nexus in EU external policy

Julian Bergmann
The enduring civil war in Syria, the fragile security situation in the Sahel and the armed conflict in Ukraine’s Donbass region demonstrate that the European Union (EU) is currently confronted with complex security challenges. To provide an adequate response to these challenges, the EU seeks to implement a “joined-up” approach to its external action and strengthen its capacities at the interface of security and development policies.
This paper analyses the European Union (EU)’s approach to the...

The influence of EU migration policy on regional free movement in the IGAD and ECOWAS regions

Clare Castillejo
Establishing free movement regimes is an ambition for most African regional economic communities, and such regimes are widely understood as important for regional integration, growth and development. However, in recent years the EU’s migration policies and priorities in Africa - which are narrowly focused on stemming irregular migration to Europe – appear to be in tension with African ambitions for free movement.
This paper examines how the EU’s current political engagement and programming on migration...

Der Mythos von der Unvereinbarkeit von Wachstum und Gleichheit

Mario Negre, José Cuesta, Ana Revenga & Prescott J. Morley
Herkömmlichen Wirtschaftsweisheiten folgend, ging man lange davon aus, dass es unmöglich ist, ein System gleichzeitig effizienter zu gestalten und auf eine größere Gleichheit der Menschen in diesem System hinzuarbeiten. Der Ökonom Robert Lucas beschrieb die Folgen dieses weitverbreiteten Axioms folgendermaßen: „Von allen Neigungen, die einer soliden Wirtschaft schaden, ist die Fokussierung auf Verteilungsfragen am weitesten verbreitet und aus meiner Sicht sogar am verheerendsten […] Das Potenzial zur Verbesserung des Lebensstandards der Armen durch verschiedene Arten...

Unfinished business: an appraisal of the latest UNDS reform resolution

Max-Otto Baumann & Silke Weinlich
Can the United Nations Development System (UNDS) become a resourceful, well-organised partner for member states in implementing the 2030 Agenda? The UNDS is the biggest multilateral development actor, accounting for $18.4 billion, or 33 per cent, of multilateral aid in 2015. Its functions range from providing a forum for dialogue, decision-making and norm-setting, to research, advocacy, technical assistance and humanitarian aid. Numerous governments, including those of high-income countries, are counting on the UN’s assistance for...

Democracy support and peaceful democratisation after civil war

Karina Mross
Evidence exists that democracies are particularly stable, yet also that processes of democratisation are highly susceptible to conflict, especially if democratisation occurs in the aftermath of violent conflict. New research from the German Development Institute / Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE) indicates that external democracy support can help mitigate the destabilising effects of post-conflict demo¬cratisation. Since the 1990s, democracy support has been integral to most peacebuilding efforts. Supporting free and fair elections or a vibrant...

EU engagement with Africa on migration: a change of approach required

Clare Castillejo
Migration was an important issue at the November African Union (AU)-European Union (EU) summit. While the tone of discussion was somewhat improved on that of recent years, divisions between the two continents remain great. Europe and Africa still have fundamentally different positions in relation to migration, with the EU and many European member states prioritising prevention and return, while African governments focus more on remittances and legal migration opportunities. However, Europe’s current approach does not...

Armutsorientierte Klimarisikoversicherungen: die Rolle von gemeinschaftsbasierten Organisationen (CBOs)

Denise Margaret Matias, Raúl Fernández, Marie-Lena Hutfils & Maik Winges
Angesichts der zunehmenden Wetterextreme, wie Fluten oder Dürren, wird die Frage nach dem Umgang mit Klimarisiken immer dringlicher, vor allem für die am stärksten gefährdeten Länder und Gemeinschaften. Um ihre Verletzlichkeit zu verringern, sind Klimarisikoversicherungen (KRV) zunehmend in den Mittelpunkt klimapolitischer Debatten gerückt. Eine gut konzipierte KRV kann durch finanzielle Unterstützung nach Wetterextremen als eine Art Sicherheitsnetz gegen die Folgen des Klimawandels dienen. Grob zwei Arten von Versicherungsleistungen können unterschieden werden: (traditionelle) Schadenversicherungen und Versicherungen,...

Exporting for growth: identifying leading sectors for Egypt and Tunisia using the Product Space Methodology

Amirah El-Haddad
The structural transformation of countries moves them towards more sophisticated, higher-value products. Network analysis, using the Product Space Methodology (PSM), guides countries towards leading export sectors. The identification process rests on two pillars: (1) available opportunities, that is, products in the product space that the country does not yet export which are more sophisticated than its current exports; and (2) the stock of a country’s accumulated productive knowledge and the technical capabilities that, through spillovers,...

Creating wealth without labour? Emerging contours of a new techno-economic landscape

Wilfried Lütkenhorst
This discussion paper reviews the topical debate around the implications of innovative digital technologies for future patterns of competitiveness, employment, equality, the international division of labour and resource efficiency. It focusses on digital production technologies applied in the manufacturing sector and adopts a global economic perspective in a 10- to 15-year time horizon. The leading research questions are: How is the digital revolution likely to impact the future of industrialisation? How will it affect the...

Financing for development and domestic revenue mobilisation: more international reforms are needed

Christian Von Haldenwang & Sabine Laudage
To achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by 2030, developing countries need additional funding. Funding can come from four sources: domestic public resources (or revenues), international public resources, domestic private resources or international private resources. Of these four sources, domestic revenues from taxes and non-tax sources (e.g. profits from state-owned oil companies) are by far the most important. Tax revenues amounted to USD 4.3 trillion in 2016 for low- and middle-income countries alone, which is...

How Brexit affects Least Developed Countries

Zoryana Olekseyuk & Israel Osorio Rodarte
Following the decision of the British referendum on 23 June 2016, the United Kingdom (UK) plans to exit the European Union (EU). Article 50 of the Lisbon Treaty was invoked at the end of March 2017 and the UK will officially leave the single market and customs union in March 2019. Brexit negotiations have proven difficult due to diverging positions of the two partners on many issues, such as freedom of movement, financial contributions and...

NDC Explorer

Pieter Pauw, Davide Cassanmagnano, Kennedy Mbeva, Jonas Hein, Alejandro Guarín, Clara Brandi, Thomas Bock, Joana Helms, Alina Zalewski, Ezra Frommé, Anika Lindener & Dilsham Muhammada
The NDC Explorer is an online tool to analyse and compare both countries' INDCs and NDCs. It is based solely on information in these documents. The NDC Explorer has two aims. First, it provides a neutral, sophisticated and user-friendly lens to analyse and compare both qualitative and quantitative (I)NDC content. The NDC Explorer is a crucial first step for the objective of the NDC Partnership. This partnership aims to achieve:   Enhanced visibility and access...

Eine Europäische Friedensfazilität könnte einen pragmatischen Beitrag zur Friedensförderung weltweit leisten

Julian Bergmann & Mark Furness
Die Frage, wie die EU Friedensförderung in Entwicklungsländern finanzieren soll, beschäftigt Politiker und Experten seit Jahren. Einerseits betrifft dies formelle und rechtliche Aspekte im Zusammenhang mit Haushaltsressourcen und Finanzierungsvorschriften. Andererseits berührt das Thema aber auch die viel tiefer greifenden politischen und sogar moralischen Fragen, ob die EU Entwicklungshilfegelder zur Finanzierung von Sicherheitsmaßnahmen nutzen sollte, wie sie am besten auf die berechtigten Bedürfnisse von Partnern in von Konflikten betroffenen Ländern reagieren kann und welche Art von...

at-Taṣdīr min aǧli n-numūw: taḥdīd al-qiṭāʿāt ar-rāʾida fī Miṣr wa-Tūnis bi-ʾstiḫdām manhaǧīya qaḍāʾ al-muntaǧāt

Amirah El-Haddad

Digitalisation in the lives of urban migrants: evidence from Bogota

Charles P. Martin-Shields, Sonia Camacho, Rodrigo Taborda & Constantin Ruhe
As increased migration, particularly to urban centres, and digitalisation play a greater role in development cooperation, more research on how these phenomena interact will become critical. Information communication technologies (ICTs) offer pathways for potentially making it easier for migrants to settle in, whether it be through e-government programmes or by accessing social networks that can help in finding housing and work.
To better understand how ICTs fit into urban migrants’ lives, we gathered new survey data...

Assessing the impact of governance programmes: GIZ support to citizen participation in local governance in Benin

Lisa Groß
How can we assess impact in governance programmes? This publication provides an exemplary impact assessment of a decentralisation programme in Benin. It analyses whether and how external support to citizen participation contributes to the quality of public services and local governance in the context of Benins decentralisation process. The GIZ decentralisation programme has been supporting citizen participation since 2012, promoting different citizen participation formats at municipal level through low-level financial assistance, capacity building, accompaniment and...

Access to environmental information: a driver of accountable governance in Morocco and Tunisia?

Annabelle Houdret, Irene Pasqua & Saâd Fillali Meknassi
In Tunisia, Morocco and other North African countries, en¬vironmental problems increasingly lead to political protest. Industrial pollution and a lack of clean drinking water adversely impact the living conditions and income op¬portunities of already marginalised groups and trigger unrest. Environmental governance in the region is often highly centralised, and takes no consideration of the needs of the citizens in the use of natural resources. In a political context that remains unstable following the 2011 uprisings,...

Dismantling the myth of the growth-inequality trade-off

Mario Negre, José Cuesta, Ana Revenga & Prescott J. Morley
Conventional economic wisdom has long maintained that there is a necessary trade-off between pursuit of the efficiency of a system and any attempts to improve equity between participants within that system. Economist Robert Lucas demonstrated the implications of this common economic axiom when he wrote: “Of the tendencies that are harmful to sound economics, the most seductive, and in my opinion the most poisonous, is to focus on questions of distribution [...] the potential for...

Capital flows to emerging market and developing economies: global liquidity and uncertainty versus country-specific pull factors

Ansgar Belke & Ulrich Volz
This paper investigates the empirical significance of push- and pull factors of different types of capital flows – FDI, portfolio and “others” (including loans) – to emerging market and developing economies. Based on an extensive quarterly mixed time-series panel dataset for 32 emerging market and developing economies from 2009 to 2017, we rigorously test down broadly specified empirical models for the three types of capital inflows to parsimonious final models in a Hendry-type fashion. Regarding...

Migration: solid nations and liquid transnationalism? The EU's struggle to find a shared course on African migration 1999-2019

Irene Schöfberger
The European Union (EU) has been struggling to find a shared course on African migration since the entry into force of the Schengen Agreement (1995). It has done so through two interrelated processes of negotiation. Firstly, parties have negotiated narrative frames about migration and, in particular, whether migration should be interpreted in terms of security or in terms of development. Secondly, they have negotiated internal and external migration policies, that is, how migration should be...

Scope and structure of German official development assistance: trends and implications for the BMZ and other ministries

Michael Bohnet, Stephan Klingebiel & Paul Marschall
The structure of German Official Development Assistance (ODA) is in a state of transition. Germany’s growing international role, the increasing importance of climate issues as well as the refugee crisis are contributing greatly to a significant increase in German ODA, which has more than doubled since 2012 and amounted to around EUR 22 billion in 2017. The coalition agreement between the CDU/CSU and the SPD in 2018 has prioritised ODA-eligible expenditures and views development policy...

Industrial policy in Morocco and its potential contribution to a new social contract

Tina Hahn & Georgeta Vidican Auktor
Similar to other countries in North Africa, Morocco’s economic model finds itself at a crossroads. The uprisings and subsequent revolutions in many Arab countries in the wake of the 2011 “Arab Spring” have shown that the social contract prevailing in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) has ultimately failed. Although to varying degrees, the states of the region find themselves in need of redefining their relationships with society and developing long-term strategies to better...

Taxing carbon in developing countries

Anna Pegels
Today’s development policy faces two interdependent challenges: poverty reduction and climate change. To meet the dual challenge of creating acceptable living conditions for billions of poor people and preserving these conditions for future generations, we must de-link economic activity from greenhouse gas emissions.

Is the sectoral aid allocation within countries need-oriented?

Jens Eger, Hannes Oehler & Alexandra Rudolph

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