70 Works

Development cooperation with conflict-affected MENA countries: refocussing on the social contract

Mark Furness & Annabelle Houdret
State–society relations are in flux across the Middle East and North Africa (MENA), nearly a decade after the Arab uprisings. The protests and revolts that swept the region in 2011 arose from widespread rejection of the post-independence Arab social contracts. These were based on redistribution of rents from natural resources and other forms of transfers and subsidies, as “compensation” for acquiescence to political and economic authoritarianism. In several MENA countries, including Iraq, Libya, Syria and...

Towards more policy advice: maximizing the UN’s assets to build back better

John Hendra & Max-Otto Baumann
In order to effectively assist countries in “building back better” following the COVID-19 pandemic and returning to a path towards the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), the United Nations (UN) and its development entities, organised within the United Nations Development System (UNDS), will need to adjust their approach. They need to respond not just through selected interventions of limited scope, which aim to achieve quick and tangible results, but by providing more and higher quality policy...

Bridging the gaps: An integrated approach to assessing aid effectiveness

Heiner Janus, Paul Marschall & Hannes Öhler
Does aid contribute to development? If so, under what conditions and to what extent? These questions are as old as the field of development policy itself and they have been controversially discussed among researchers and policymakers ever since. Yet, two main trends put questions related to aid effectiveness high on the political agenda again. First, development actors want to understand and improve their contribution to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Second, populist parties on the...

Pathways for integrating socially responsible public procurement in municipalities

Maximilian Müngersdorff & Tim Stoffel
Public procurement expenditures of European Union (EU) member states are enormous, accounting for approximately 14 per cent of value creation in the EU. In many European countries, municipalities are responsible for a large share of these expenditures, as is the case in Germany. By integrating sustainability criteria in tenders for goods, works and services, municipalities can significantly contribute to Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 12 of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, which is to ensure...

How sustainable is recycling? Reconciling the social, ecological, and economic dimensions in Argentina

Anna Pegels, Stefanie Heyer, David Ohlig, Felix Kurz, Lena Laux & Prescott Morley
Due to the prevailing economic crisis, Argentina has been facing a growing number of informal workers, many of them urban recyclers. Following the Covid-19 pandemic and the associated decline in formal employment, this number can be expected to rise even further. Increased recycling activity is, in principle, a positive development. However, the working conditions of urban recyclers often do not correspond to the ILO definition of “decent work”.
It is therefore important to ask...

Strategies to strengthen socially responsible public procurement practices in German municipalities A mapping exercise

Maximilian Müngersdorff & Tim Stoffel
Socially Responsible Public Procurement (SRPP) is a tool to use the market power of the public sector to trigger private companies to provide socially responsible products and services. In this sense, SRPP contributes to achieving SDG 12 of the Agenda 2030 (“Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns”). However, while regulations at EU level and within the member states encourage SRPP, German municipalities lack effective implementation of social criteria in their tenders. This gap seriously decreases...

Coordination beyond the state to solve complex water problems: insights from South Africa

Sabine Stuart-Hill, Evelyn Lukat, Catherine Pringle & Claudia Pahl-Wostl
This Briefing Paper presents one of six analyses of cross-sectoral coordination challenges that were conducted as part of the STEER research project and on which separate Briefing Papers are available.
South Africa’s water legislation is internationally recognised for its ambitious implementation of integrated water resource management (IWRM). IWRM is a concept that was developed to address complex water challenges by considering the connections between land and water, and widening the knowledge space to other...

How Germany and France could play a leading role in international donor coordination

Lennart Kaplan
The future shape of European trade policy and the right stance to take in security and climate matters are currently the subject of fierce Franco-German debate. These issues are also relevant to development policy in the context of the overarching 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Despite the opportunities afforded to them as strong donor countries to pursue joint approaches, Germany and France often tend to cooperate on an ad hoc basis rather than as part...

Systemic challenges and opportunities of Franco-German development cooperation

Lennart Kaplan
France and Germany face common issues in global development policy, including climate change, migration and security. At the same time, their aid is spread across similar countries and sectors. Based on a quantitative overlap measure, the study reveals that the Franco-German overlap of aid allocation is more than four times as high as for the average donor. If France and Germany can bridge their divisions, the high overlap provides a momentum to take a leading...

Foren, Gebühren und Datenflüsse: Koordination der Bergbau- und Wasserpolitik in der Mongolei

Mirja Schoderer & Ines Dombrowsky
Diese Veröffentlichung stellt eine von sechs Analysen sektorenübergreifender Herausforderungen für Wasser-Governance dar, die als Teil des STEER-Forschungsprojekts durchgeführt wurden und deren Resultate in separaten Analysen und Stellungnahmen vorliegen.
Der Abbau von Mineralien und Metallen geht mit einem großen Wasserfußabdruck einher, sowohl im Hinblick auf die Ressourcen, die für den Abbau selbst benötigt werden, als auch im Hinblick auf die Einleitung schadstoffbelasteter Abwässer in Flussläufe. Diverse politische Steuerungsinstrumente zielen darauf ab, die negative Auswirkungen des...

Investment Facilitation für nachhaltige Entwicklung: ein neuer Ansatz für internationale Investitionspolitik

Axel Berger, Sebastian Gsell & Zoryana Olekseyuk
Für die Umsetzung der Agenda 2030 für Nachhaltige Entwicklung sind enorme Investitionen auf globaler Ebene nötig, dennoch bleiben Entwicklungsländer oftmals von globalen Flüssen ausländischer Direktinvestitionen (ADI) ausgeschlossen. Neben wirtschaftlichen Determinanten, wie Marktgröße, Infrastruktur oder Arbeitsmärkten, spielen die Vorhersagbarkeit, Effizienz und Transparenz der regulatorischen Rahmenbedingungen eine zentrale Rolle. Steuerliche Anreize und internationale Investitionsabkommen (IIAs) haben dagegen kaum Auswirkungen auf ADI (Weltbank, 2018). Vor diesem Hintergrund fordern die Agenda 2030 für nachhaltige Entwicklung und die Aktionsagenda zur...

Transnational cooperation in times of rapid global changes: the Arctic Council as a success case?

Dorothea Wehrmann
Global agreements such as the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the Paris Climate Agreement illustrate the need for transnational cooperation to solve complex and interrelated challenges that affect humanity at large. But how can transnational cooperation be more successful in times of rapid global changes? This discussion paper shows that many of the premises discussed in the literature on transnational cooperation and on multistakeholder partnerships mirror the praise and concerns brought forward in regard...

Carbon consumption patterns of emerging middle classes

Babette Never, Jose Ramon Albert, Hanna Fuhrmann, Sebastian Gsell, Miguel Jaramillo, Sascha Kuhn & Bernardin Senadza
As households move out of poverty, spending patterns change. This is good news from a development perspective, but changing consumer behaviour may imply substantially more carbon emissions. The lifestyle choices of the emerging middle classes are key, now and in the future. This paper explores the consumption patterns of the emerging middle classes and their carbon intensity, using unique micro data from household surveys conducted in Ghana, Peru and the Philippines. We find that carbon-intensive...

Ernährungssicherung in Krisenzeiten: arme Entwicklungsländer sind anders

Michael Brüntrup
Die Corona-Krise hält die Welt im Bann. Während die unmittelbaren Risiken der Pandemie breit diskutiert werden, gilt dies eher selten für die zu erwartenden immensen Auswirkungen auf die Ernährungssicherheit der absolut Armen. Sie ent-stehen hauptsächlich durch Lockdown-Maßnahmen (LD-M) zur Bekämpfung der Ansteckung und beeinträchtigen schon jetzt über viele Wirkungsketten alle vier Säulen der Ernährungssicherheit: Der Zugang zu Nahrungsmitteln wird sich bei abnehmenden Einkommen und schwindender Kaufkraft massiv verschlechtern, die Verfügbarkeit durch Input-, Ernte-, Handels- und...

Entwicklungszusammenarbeit im Nahen Osten und in Nordafrika: Auch in konfliktbetroffenen Ländern neue Gesellschaftsverträge unterstützen

Mark Furness & Houdret Annabelle
Die Beziehungen zwischen den Staaten und Gesellschaften des Nahen Ostens und Nordafrikas (MENA) befinden sich auch fast ein Jahrzehnt nach den Aufständen von 2011 noch im Wandel. Die Revolten drückten eine weit verbreitete Ablehnung der damaligen Gesellschaftsverträge aus. Diese basierten auf der Umverteilung von Renteneinnahmen aus natürlichen Ressourcen, Transfers und Subventionen als „Entschädigung“ für die Duldung einer politisch und wirtschaftlich autoritären Regierungsweise. In verschiedenen Ländern der Region wie im Irak, in Libyen, in Syrien und...

From global refugee norms to local realities: implementing the global compact on refugees in Kenya

Eva Dick & Markus Rudolf
Adopted by the United Nations (UN) General Assembly in December 2018, the Global Compact on Refugees (GCR) and its Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework (CRRF) point to a paradigm shift in international refugee policy. The social and economic independence of refugees in destination countries and communities in particular is to be increased. In return, the international community commits to engage in burden- and responsibility-sharing by supporting hosting countries and communities with knowledge and resources. With this...

Forums, fees and data flows: coordinating mining and water policy in Mongolia

Mirja Schoderer & Ines Dombrowsky
This Briefing Paper presents one of six analyses of cross-sectoral coordination challenges that were conducted as part of the STEER research project and on which separate Briefing Papers are available.
The extraction of minerals and metals comes with a large water footprint, both in terms of water needed for extraction itself and in terms of wastewater discharge and the potential pollution of water resources. Thus, coordination between the mining and water sectors is key....

Russia in Africa: is great power competition returning to the continent?

Agnieszka Paczyńska
Since 2014, Russian involvement in Africa has grown significantly. African leaders have been receptive to these overtures as a result of increasing concerns about growing Chinese dominance, retrenchment of the United States (US) and their interest in diversifying trading and security partners. Russia cultivates these relationships by relying on the legacy of the Soviet Union’s support for anti-colonial and liberation movements, and focuses on strengthening diplomatic, military and economic collaborations. This analysis shows that:
...

The behavioural lens: taking a behavioural vantage point to improve the success of development programmes

Lennart Kaplan, Sascha Kuhn & Jana Kuhnt
Successful programmes and policies require supportive behaviour from their targeted populations. Understanding what drives human reactions is crucial for the design and implementation of development programmes. Research has shown that people are not rational agents and that providing them with financial or material incentives is often not enough to foster long-term behavioural change. For this reason, the consideration of behavioural aspects that influence an individual’s actions, including the local context, has moved into the focus...

Triangular cooperation: broader, more dynamic and flexible

Geovana Zoccal
Triangular cooperation (TriCo) has existed as a cooperation mechanism for about 40 years. The first implicit reference was made to it in 1978 in the United Nations Plan of Action for Promoting and Implementing Technical Cooperation among Developing Countries, the Buenos Aires Plan of Action (BAPA). Reacting to the increased complexity of international development cooperation, and going beyond the North–South divide, TriCo aims to (i) foster relations between DAC donors and emerging economies, (ii) strengthen...

The future of European development banking: what role and place for the European Investment Bank?

Benedikt Erforth
The European Investment Bank (EIB) not only is the bank of the European Union (EU), it also is the world’s largest multilateral lender. Hitherto rarely at the centre of public attention, the ongoing negotiations on the next EU budget round, the Multiannual Financial Framework (2021-2027) (MFF), have placed the EIB in the midst of the political struggles over form and function of the European development finance architecture. In the context of the negotiations on the...

What the EU should do for democracy support in Africa: ten proposals for a new strategic initiative in times of polarisation

Christine Hackenesch, Julia Leininger & Karina Mross
The EU has made democracy support a stronger aspect in its relations with African countries since 2002. However, a broad range of political and economic dynamics within as well as outside of Europe challenge democracy and its supporters: the rise of non-democratic countries such as China, challenges to democracy within the EU, and global autocratization trends, which include African countries. While posing new challenges the EU needs to react to, these trends also reinforce the...

Von globalen Flüchtlingsnormen zu lokalen „Realitäten“: die Umsetzung des Globalen Flüchtlingspaktes in Kenia

Eva Dick & Markus Rudolf
Der im Dezember 2018 von der Generalversammlung der Vereinten Nationen (VN) verabschiedete Globale Flüchtlingspakt (GCR) und der darin enthaltene Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework (CRRF) weisen auf einen Paradigmenwechsel in der internationalen Flüchtlingspolitik hin. Insbesondere soll die soziale und ökonomische Eigenständigkeit von Flüchtlingen in Zielländern und –gemeinden erhöht werden. Im Gegenzug verpflichtet sich die internationale Gemeinschaft, die Lasten der Aufnahme von Flüchtlingen besser zu verteilen und durch die Bereitstellung von Wissen und Ressourcen zu unterstützen. Die...

Koordination und Kooperation von Wasserwirtschaft, Naturschutz und Freiraumentwicklung: Management von Interessenkonflikten beim Emscher-Umbau

Jenny Tröltzsch, Nadine Gerner, Franziska Meergans, Ulf Stein & Robynne Sutcliffe
Diese Veröffentlichung stellt eine von sechs Analysen sektorenübergreifender Herausforderungen für Wasser-Governance dar, die als Teil des STEER-Forschungsprojekts durchgeführt wurden und deren Resultate in separaten Ana-lysen und Stellungnahmen vorliegen.
Im Rahmen des Emscher-Umbaus zeigen sich die vielfältigen Nutzungskonflikte bei einem langfristigen Umbau des Ge-wässersystems mit dem Ziel der ökologischen Entwicklung. Die Emscher wurde Ende des 19. Jahrhunderts als offener Abwasserkanal ausgebaut. Nach dem Auslaufen des Bergbaus war es im Ruhrgebiet möglich, das Abwasser unterirdisch über...

Dreieckskooperationen: Umfassender, dynamischer und flexibler

Geovana Zoccal
Dreieckskooperation (DEK) gibt es als Kooperationsmechanismus seit etwa 40 Jahren. Die erste implizite Erwähnung fand sie 1978 im Aktionsplan der Vereinten Nationen zur Förderung und Umsetzung der technischen Zusammenarbeit zwischen Entwicklungsländern, dem Aktionsplan von Buenos Aires (BAPA). In Reaktion auf die zunehmende Komplexität der internationalen Entwicklungszusammenarbeit und zur Überwindung des Nord-Süd-Gefälles zielt DEK darauf ab, (i) die Beziehungen zwischen DAC-Gebern und Schwellenländern zu fördern, (ii) die Kapazitäten der Geberländer des Südens in der internationalen Entwicklungszusammenarbeit...

Registration Year

  • 2020
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