82 Works

Protecting democracy: the relevance of international democracy promotion for term limits

Julia Leininger & Daniel Nowack
The question of whether and how democracy can be promoted and protected through international support has recently gained relevance. On the one hand, the withdrawal of NATO troops from Afghanistan has reignited a public debate on the limits of democracy promotion. On the other hand, the need for international democracy protection is growing due to an increase in autocratisation trends worldwide. DIE research shows that it is possible to effectively support and protect democracy. In...

The COVID-19 pandemic and structural transformation in Africa: evidence for action

Julia Leininger, Christoph Strupat, Yonas Adeto, Abebe Shimeles & Wilson Wasike
This study analyses how strengths and weaknesses of economic, societal, political and environmental structures played out during the Covid-19 crisis in Africa since March 2020. Its main aim is to improve evidence on the direct and indirect effects of the pandemic on African countries and, based on that evidence, identify policy implications and formulate recommendations. It comprises the analysis of (a) direct impacts of the pandemic as well as of policy responses such as lockdowns...

Local governments and the sustainable integration of refugees in Ethiopia

Eva Binkert, Merlin Flaig, Frucht Lukas, Jörn Grävingholt, Jannis König, Kuhnt Jana, Philipp Lendle, Abdirahman A. Muhumad & Katharina Potinius
Discussion Paper

Institutional change through development assistance: the comparative advantages of political and adaptive approaches

Michael Roll
Development assistance often fails to achieve institutional change because of a limited consideration of the political nature of these reforms and the local context. In response, political and adaptive development assistance (PADA) approaches, such as “Thinking and Working Politically” (TWP) and “Problem-Driven Iterative Adaptation” (PDIA), have been developed in recent years. Politicians, practitioners and researchers increasingly want to know if these approaches are more effective than mainstream approaches to development assistance. To answer this question,...

Kommunale Entwicklungspolitik in Deutschland

Paul Maschall, Christopher Wingens & Eva Dick
Kommunale Entwicklungspolitik (KEpol) gewinnt in Deutschland an Bedeutung: Städte, Gemeinden und Landkreise engagieren sich zunehmend und leisten durch KEpol einen zentralen Beitrag zur transnationalen Nachhaltigkeitspolitik. Die vorliegende von der Servicestelle Kommunen in der Einen Welt (SKEW) finanzierte Studie leistet eine Bestandsaufnahme der deutschen KEpol und ihrer thematischen Ausrichtung. Sie untersucht (a) Motivationen des entwicklungspolitischen Engagements von kommunalen Verwaltungen, (b) Merkmale, die Engagement fördern oder hemmen und (c) Wahrnehmungen über die Förderung von KEpol. Auf Grundlage...

Community effects of cash-for-work programmes in Jordan: supporting social cohesion, more equitable gender roles and local economic development in contexts of flight and migration

Markus Loewe, Tina Zintl, Jörn Fritzenkötter, Verena Gantner, Regina Kaltenbach & Lena Pohl
Communities hosting large numbers of refugees are under immense pressure regarding social cohesion and local economic development, often coupled with inequitable gender roles. As this study demonstrates, cash-for-work (CfW) programmes can mitigate this pressure because – beyond direct effects on employment, infrastructure and skills – they also unfold positive community effects, even in contexts of flight and migration. This study, based on 380 interviews gathered during a 3-months field stay and a GIZ survey of...

The importance of tackling inequality for global poverty

Christoph Lakner, Daniel G. Mahler & Mario Negre
In recent decades, global extreme poverty has been substantially reduced. While over a third of the world’s population lived below the extreme poverty line (less than $1.90 per day) in 1990, that share had fallen to just 10% by 2015 (World Bank, 2018). This dramatic improvement has shown the world that it is possible to end extreme poverty, and the international development community has thus set itself a goal to do that by 2030. Meanwhile,...

Restoring the Zayandeh Rud River: addressing the political causes of water shortage in Iran

Ali Yousefi, Christian Knieper & Claudia Pahl-Wostl
Briefing Paper

Refugees and local power dynamics: the case of Gambella Region of Ethiopia

Samuel Zewdie Hagos
The Gambella Region is one of the marginalised and most conflict-ridden regions in Ethiopia. Recently, violent clashes between the two largest ethnic groups in the region - the host communities, the Anywaa, and the South Sudanese Nuer refugees - have reignited the debate on refugee integration in the region. In fact, the roots of the Anywaa-Nuer conflict can be traced back to the imperial regime of Ethiopia at the end of the 19th century. In...

Working together to achieve the Paris climate goals and sustainable development: Working together to achieve the Paris climate goals and sustainable development International climate cooperation and the role of developing countries and emerging economies

Steffen Bauer, Marie-Jeanne Kurdziel, Gabriela Iacobuta, Clara Brandi, Jean Carlo Rodríguez, Delphine Deryng, Jonas Hanshom, Höhne Niklas, Sybrig Smit & Srinivasa Srigiri
Sustainable development requires that the climate system be stabilised between 1.5°C and 2°C of average global warming. This necessitates a drastic reduction in global greenhouse gas emissions. Developing countries and emerging economies are increasingly the focus here. These nations already account for two-thirds of global emissions.
Failure to achieve the goals of the Paris Agreement would ultimately undermine the achievement of just and sustainable global development that leaves no one behind. A development-oriented strategy...

NDC Explorer

Pieter Pauw, Tanja Beck, María José Valverde, Davide Cassanmagnano, Kennedy Mbeva, Jonas Hein, Alejandro Guarin, Clara Brandi, Adis Dzebo, Kevin Adams, Aaron Atteridge, Nella Canales, Thomas Bock, Joana Helms, Alina Zalewski, Ezra Frommé, Anika Lindener, Dilsham Muhammad, Khayala Sadikhova, Tim Stutzmann, Michael König & Magdalena Mirwald

The global tax expenditures database (GTED) - companion paper

Agustín Redonda, Christian Von Haldenwang & Flurim Aliu
The Global Tax Expenditures Database (GTED) is the first database providing timely and consistent information on TEs, based on official information published by national governments worldwide from 1990 onwards. The GTED aims to improve reporting, enhance scrutiny, and, ultimately, to contribute to the design of effective and fair tax expenditures across the world. This Companion Paper introduces the GTED. It describes the rationale and scope as well as the methodology and assumptions underpinning data collection...

Уулзалт, хураамж ба мэдээллийн урсгал: Монгол улсад уул уурхайн болон усны бодлогыг зохицуулах нь

Mirja Schoderer & Ines Dombrowsky
Эрдэс болон металл олборлох нь олборлолтод шаардлагатай усны хэмжээ, хаягдал ус хаях болон усны нөөцөд үзүүлэх боломжит бохирдлын хувьд усанд томоохон ул мөр үлдээдэг. Иймд уул уурхай болон усны салбар хооронд зохицуулалт хийх нь маш чухал. Уул уурхайн усны нөөц болон усны нөөцөөс хамааралтай орон нутагт үзүүлэх сөрөг нөлөөллийг бууруулах зорилготой энэ хүрээний олон тооны хэрэгслүүдийг гаргасан байдаг. Үүнд байгаль орчинд нөлөөлөх байдлын үнэлгээ (БОНБҮ), эдгээр үйл явцуудад болон голын сав газрын менежментэд оролцогч талуудын...

Towards sustainable ocean governance: a call for blue climate action in international development

Ina Lehmann, Michael Siebert, Nicola Hanke, Maximilian Högl & Anna-Katharina Hornidge
The ocean is vital for life on earth and yet it is under serious threat from climate change and resource overexploitation. Environmental change in the ocean significantly undermines human livelihoods, especially in the developing and least developed countries where people are particularly vulnerable to climate change-related losses and damages. This Briefing Paper outlines challenges that people, development cooperation and policy face and suggests ways forward for sustainable ocean governance through sustainable resource use, comprehensive risk...

The external dimensions of the European green deal: the case for an integrated approach

Svea Koch & Niels Keijzer
The European Green Deal conveys the EU’s ambition to adjust and “green” its economic growth trajectory and become climate-neutral by 2050, as part of its contribution to the Paris Agreement and the Sustainable Development Goals. While being ambitiously pursued within the Union’s own borders, the Green Deal also has strong external ramifications, as the EU leaves a tremendous ecological footprint in other parts of the world. The EU has referred to this “external dimension” of...

Murky trade waters: regional tariff commitments and non-tariff measures in Africa

Frederik Stender & Tim Vogel
In several African regions, economic integration has successfully reduced tariff protection by freezing the opportunity to raise applied tariffs against fellow integration partners above those promised. In this paper, we examine whether the regional tariff commitments on the continent have come at the expense of adverse side-effects on the prevalence of other – non-tariff – trade barriers. More specifically, regional tariff commitments have not only amplified applied tariff overhangs – the difference between Most Favoured...

Mainstreaming South-South and triangular cooperation: work in progress at the United Nations

Sebastian Haug
South-South cooperation has become an increasingly visible part of international development processes. Together with the expansion of triangular cooperation – that is, cooperation among developing countries supported by a traditional donor or multilateral organisation – the growing clout of South-South schemes reflects shifts in power and wealth towards the former developing world. Against this backdrop, United Nations (UN) entities have repeatedly been asked to mainstream their support for South-South and triangular cooperation (SSTC), but there...

E-government and democracy in Botswana: observational and experimental evidence on the effect of e-government usage on political attitudes

Jana Bante, Felix Helmig, Lara Prasad, Lea Deborah Scheu, Senkpiel Helge, Markus Geray, Armin Von Schiller, David Sebudubudu, Sebastian Ziaja & Jean Christoph Seipel
This study assesses whether the use of electronic government (e-government) services affects political attitudes. The results, based on evidence generated in Botswana, indicate that e-government services can, in fact, have an impact on political attitudes. E-government services are rapidly being rolled out around the globe. Governments primarily expect efficiency gains from these reforms. Whether e-government in particular, and information and communication technology (ICT) in general, affect societies is hotly debated. There are fears that democracy...

Resilience through placemaking: public spaces in Rotterdam’s climate adaptation approach

Katherine Peinhardt
Urban public spaces are an opportunity for comprehensive climate adaptation and improved resilience. As a key part of a city’s physical infrastructure, it has long been clear that public spaces can be physically reinforced to absorb or weather the shocks of the climate crisis. As a result, many public spaces are designed to materially resist local impacts of the climate crisis, but fewer have seen efforts to harness their potential for improving social resilience. It...

Employing capital: patient capital and labour relations in Kenya’s manufacturing sector

Florence Dafe, Upadhyaya Radha & Sommer Christoph
Generating decent employment is key to the creation of a new social contract and social cohesion in Sub-Saharan Africa. The crucial question is, thus, how can more decent jobs be created? Much of the extant research has focused on the role of states and businesses in shaping employment relations. In this paper, we draw attention to a third type of actor that has been largely absent in the literature on the determinants of employment relations...

Quantifying investment facilitation at country level: introducing a new index

Axel Berger, Ali Dadkhah & Zoryana Olekseyuk
This article introduces a new and unique dataset for measuring the adoption of investment facilitation measures at country level. The Investment Facilitation Index (IFI) covers 117 individual investment facilitation measures, clustered in six policy areas, and maps their adoption for 86 countries. This article presents the conceptual and methodological background of the IFI and provides a first analysis of the level of adoption of investment facilitation measures across countries participating in the investment facilitation for...

The impact of patient capital on job quality, investments and firm performance: cross-country evidence on long-term finance

Christoph Sommer
Despite its importance for development, long-term finance is particularly scarce in countries with lower income levels. This not only results in unrealised growth and employment creation at the national level and at the level of individual firms, but also undermines a broader shift towards better jobs. After all, many long-term investments comprise investments in labour that have the potential to contribute to improvements in the quality of jobs, through training to boost skill levels, the...

Welche Verteilungsfragen ergeben sich aus der Klimapolitik? Aktuelle Erkenntnisse aus Entwicklungsländern

Daniele Malerba
Um katastrophale Folgen für Mensch und Natur zu vermeiden, sind entschlossene Maßnahmen zur Eindämmung des Klimawandels erforderlich. Trotz dieser Dringlichkeit reichen die derzeit umgesetzten und geplanten Maßnahmen zur Bekämpfung des Klimawandels nicht aus, um die 2015 in Paris festgelegten globalen Ziele zu erreichen. Ein Grund für die derzeit unzureichende Umsetzung sind die wahrgenommenen negativen Verteilungseffekte. Durch die Verteuerung von Gütern können Klimaschutzmaßnahmen sowohl die Armut als auch die Ungleichheit steigern. Darüber hinaus können sie zu...

The transformative capacity of transnational and transdisciplinary networks and the potential of alumni work

Johanna Vogel
The Corona pandemic has shown us more than any other recent event that when it comes to a global crisis, we are all in the same boat. In a complex world, we need cooperation to meet global challenges. Networks can provide a structure that enables cooperation and offers promises of being flexible and adaptable. This paper will focus on transnational and transdisciplinary knowledge networks formed by alumni – people who have experienced collective training at...

Does COVID-19 change the long-term prospects of latecomer industrialisation?

Tilman Altenburg, Clara Brandi, Anna Pegels, Andreas Stamm, Vrolijkt Kasper & Tina Zintl
This study explores to what extent the COVID-19 crisis affects the long-term prospects for industrial development. The focus of the study is on latecomer economies – those facing an uphill battle because they joined global markets at a point in time when other economies had already established global production networks.
In a first step, we analyse how the prospects for industrialisation are changing, mainly as a consequence of three global megatrends: digitalisation and automation...

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