25 Works

Natural resource governance in light of the 2030 Agenda: The case of competition for groundwater in Azraq, Jordan

Ines Dombrowsky, Ramona Hägele, Lukas Behrenbeck, Thomas Bollwein, Mirjana Köder, Daniel Oberhauser, Ronja Schamberger, Majd Al-Naber, Marwan Al-Raggad & Elias Salameh
This study analyses a complex social-ecological system (SES), the case of competition for groundwater in Azraq, in the light of the 2030 Agenda. Building on the Institutional Analysis and Development Framework (IAD) and the concept of Networks of Adjacent Action Situations (NAAS) it assess the complex governance system in a consistent and systematic manner. It includes aspects of power through the political economy concept of the social contract. It furthermore assesses the performance of the...

Localising the SDGs in India: the role of government and private training institutes

Sreerupa Sengupta & Avik Sinha
The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) present a new and coherent way of thinking about diverse facets of development. Implicit in the framework of the SDGs is that the goals are interconnected and interdependent. To translate such critical ideas into reality, countries need new skills, perspectives and approaches to the implementation of policies and programmes. Capacity-building, in particular for the public sector, is therefore at the core of achieving the 2030 Agenda. Although all countries have...

NDC Explorer

Pieter Pauw, Tanja Beck & María José Valverde

What role do local elections play for societal peace in Nepal? Evidence from post-conflict Nepal

Charlotte Fiedler, Karina Mross, Anna Berg, Prakash Bhattarai, Dorothea Drees, Tim Kornprobst, Alexandra Leibbrandt, Philipp Liegmann & Maleen Reibsamen
Can local elections introduced in a post-conflict context help to foster societal peace, or do they create new potential for conflict? The value of post-conflict elections has been the matter of controversial academic debates. However, this literature largely neglects to take into account the role of local elections. Based on the literature, we formulate three hypotheses on how local elections might impact societal peace, focussing on the periods before, during and after an election. The...

Jahresbericht 2019/20: Brücken bauen zwischen Theorie und Praxis

Social cohesion and firms’ access to finance in Africa

Yabibal M. Walle
Social cohesion has recently gained increasing attention in academic and policy circles. Apart from being a necessary feature of stable societies per se, social cohesion is also a key factor for sustainable economic development. One potential means through which social cohesion could foster economic development is by enhancing financial development. In this paper, we examine whether social cohesion is significantly associated with firms’ access to finance in Africa. To this end, we use a recently...

Germany and the UK: perspectives for deepening the bilateral dialogue on development policy

Niels Keijzer & Ina Friesen
Briefing Paper

Urbanisation and rural development in developing countries: a review of pathways and impacts

Tekalign Gutu Sakketa
This paper reviews the current state of literature on the impacts of urbanisation on rural development in developing countries, with an emphasis on Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Assessments of these effects diverge greatly. While some authors see urbanisation as strongly benefitting rural areas, for instance, through increased demand for agricultural goods and services, others highlight negative effects, for example, through the loss of livelihoods emanating from displacements and the conversion of agricultural land. Given this complexity,...

New rules, same practice? Analysing UN Development System reform effects at the country level

Silke Weinlich, Max-Otto Baumann, Maria Cassens-Sasse, Rebekka Hadank-Rauch, Franziska Leibbrandt, Marie Pardey, Manuel Simon & Anina Strey
With its unique multilateral assets, the United Nations Development System (UNDS) should be playing a key role in assisting governments and other stakeholders with their implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. But this requires change. Despite improvements in recent decades, too often the UNDS has continued to act as a loose assemblage of competing entities, undermining its effective support for Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) implementation. It is against that backdrop that the UNDS...

Europe’s global gateway: a new geostrategic framework for development policy?

Mark Furness & Niels Keijzer
The proposal by the European Union (EU) to build a “Global Gateway” to the world is potentially an important juncture in EU foreign relations. Since its official launch in December 2021, most attention has been put on the initiative’s geo­strategic implications and whether the EU can compete with China. Less attention has been paid to the Global Gateway’s implications for EU development policy in terms of strategic objectives, decision-making, thematic focus and financing. Two aspects...

Is foreign direct investment losing clout in development?

Axel Berger & Alexandros Ragoussis
Over the last decade, only a single projection of foreign direct investment (FDI) flows by the United Nations influential "World Investment Report" has proposed a negative outlook in the medium term. Based partly on surveys of business executives, these forecasts reflect expectations of investment growth which, however, have repeatedly failed to materialise. In fact, FDI flows to developing countries have remained stagnant over the past decade.
Such wishful thinking is nurtured by a long...

Addressing human mobility in national climate policy: insights from updated Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) in South America

Diogo Andreola Serraglio, Benjamin Schraven & Natalia Burgos Cuevas
Briefing Paper

The opportunities and challenges of Industry 4.0 for industrial development: a case study of Morocco’s automotive and garment sectors

Georgeta Vidican Auktor
Discussion Paper

Just transitions: a review of how to decarbonise energy systems while addressing poverty and inequality reduction

Daniele Malerba
Germany promotes “just transition” as a guiding principle for the global transition to a socially and environmentally sustainable economy that incorporates the necessary climate, environmental and energy policy measures. This includes the urgent transformation of economies to become emission neutral while ensuring a process whereby poverty and inequality are reduced, and no one is left behind.
The German Development Institute / Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE), the World Bank and the German Federal Ministry...

BRT Transjakarta: phasing in, performing and expanding a new system within a consolidated urban area: Report for the \"Inclusive and sustainable smart cities in the framework of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development\" Project

Franco Jauregui-Fung
Bus rapid transit (BRT), an innovative transit solution from the Global South, represents a more affordable and easier to implement mass transit mode in comparison to railway systems. Despite these advantages, many cities struggle to implement BRT due to different challenges from the need of an institutional framework and financing to the managing of competing transport modes and public opposition from car users and informal bus operators, as well as the design of BRT components...

Sustainable Global Supply Chains Annual Report 2022

Tilman Altenburg, Jann Lay, Günther Maihold & Reiner Thiele
Global Supply Chains (GSCs) have become a key feature of globalisation. Production processes are increasingly broken down into specific tasks and organised across national borders. They are organised and governed by “lead firms” that set many of the standards according to which other firms in the chain operate. About half of all global trade is nowadays organised in GSCs. The organisational structure of GSCs has an enormous influence on whether the global community reaches the...

Catchment, streams and sewers: strengthening flood resilience in Bonn

Saravanan Subramanian, Katharina Höreth, Nathalie Sänger, Diego Jara & Lutz Becker

Ökologische Strukturpolitik: ein starker Profilbaustein für die deutsche Entwicklungszusammenarbeit

Tilman Altenburg, Steffen Bauer, Clara Brandi, Michael Brüntrup, Daniele Malerba, Babette Never, Anna Pegels, Andreas Stamm, Jenny To & Ulrich Volz
Die Weltwirtschaft steuert in Richtung ökologischer Nachhaltigkeit. Aufgrund einer immer stringenteren umwelt- und klimapolitischen Regulierung setzen sich neue nachhaltige Technologien und Geschäftsmodelle durch. Diese wiederum verändern Wettbewerbsbedingungen und Standortvorteile. Kluge Strukturpolitik antizipiert solche Veränderungen; sie lenkt und fördert die heimische Wirtschaft dahingehend, dass sie frühzeitig die Chancen dieses Strukturwandels nutzt. Das gilt auch für die Wirtschafts- und Beschäftigungsförderung in der Entwicklungszusammenarbeit. Mit einer Fokussierung auf ökologische Strukturpolitik als Entwicklungsmotor könnte die deutsche Entwicklungszusammenarbeit ihr in...

The preserving effect of social protection on social cohesion in times of the COVID-19 pandemic: evidence from Kenya

Christoph Strupat
Discussion Paper

Introduction to sustainable public transport solutions in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) and Asia: Report for the \"Inclusive and sustainable smart cities in the framework of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development\" Project

Franco Jauregui-Fung
Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) and Asia are regions under rapid urbanisation processes, with urban areas with a great share of public transport use, although most of the transit fleet is of bad quality, polluting and without proper government regulation. This leads to an increasing number of middle-class citizens to see in cars and motorcycles as the only way to improve their travel conditions. Recognising the cost of urban air pollution and traffic congestion,...

Urban rail implementation in emerging economies: an opportunity for industrial development and technological learning? Report for the \"Inclusive and sustainable smart cities in the framework of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development\" Project

Emmanuel Theodore Asimeng
The socio-economic well-being of urban areas depends on a well-functioning transportation system that makes it easier for people to access goods and services. Most urban areas in emerging economies are expanding in size and human population, resulting in increased demand for transportation and mobility. But these urban areas are characterised by high motorisation and inadequate public transportation resulting in traffic congestion, accidents and increasing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Urban rail (metro, tram, suburban) can be...

How the political participation of refugees is shaped on the local level: self-organisation and political opportunities in Cologne

Milan Jacobi
Six years have passed since the so-called “long summer of migration” of 2015, and the numbers of newly arriving asylum-seekers in Germany have flattened. However, as one of the main receiving countries of refugees, other challenges are coming into focus. Besides labour market participation and cultural participation, political participation is crucial to social life. But how to enable the political participation of refugees in host countries remains a challenge. This study examines how refugees without...

Green jobs in cities: challenges and opportunities in African and Asian intermediary cities

Wolfgang Scholz & Michael Fink
Cities account for approximately 70 per cent of global energy consumption and about 75 per cent of greenhouse gas emissions due to the density of economic activities and infrastructure and their often path-dependent development patterns. Cities adopting a green transformation process can minimise their environmental impact and maximise opportunities to improve and support the natural environment. Topics to address are energy efficiency and reduction of non-renewable energy sources to reduce their carbon footprint; actively support...

Deutschland und das Vereinigte Königreich: Perspektiven für einen tieferen bilateralen Dialog zum Thema Entwicklungspolitik

Niels Keijzer & Ina Friesen
Deutschland und das Vereinigte Königreich Großbritannien und Nordirland (UK) sind im Hinblick auf Ausgaben für die Entwicklungszusammenarbeit (Official Development Assistance – ODA) die zweit- bzw. viertgrößten Geber weltweit. Bei internationalen politischen Debatten über globale Entwicklung in der Organisation für wirtschaftliche Zusammenarbeit und Entwicklung (OECD), der G7, der G20 und anderen wichtigen Zusammenschlüssen und Plattformen sind die beiden Länder zudem wichtige Akteure. Die Entwicklungspolitik beider Länder hat sich im ersten Jahrzehnt dieses Jahrtausends stark angenähert und...

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