237 Works

Virtual identity (?) – new ways of self-definition and image-constructions

Orsolya Gergely
This paper presents the first results of a research effectuated among a “virtual community”. The author formulate a current social questions: how does affect the identity and personal image-construction a completely new, previously unknown communication platform, namely the self-presentation on a popular social network site. Lunches the idea of a a new kind of identity, starts the thought of discovering the characteristics of the "virtual self". As a result, the study aims to analyze a...

On border: Hungarian - Romanian border-settlements social-economic strategies for forming crossborder relationships

Bernadett Csurgó & Boldizsár Megyesi
The paper presents three case studies conducted in Hungarian towns by the Romanian-Hungarian border: Makó, Gyula and Létavértes. Focusing on the situation of the Romanian workers in the selected settlements, it analyzes how the border and the neighboring regions appear in the every-day life and mid-term plans of these towns. Several researches proved (Németh et al 2009, Pulay 2009) that most of the Romanian immigrants work in the Central-Hungarian Region, and not in the bordering...

Violence-control and intimacy. Critical remarks on Norbert Elias’ civilisation theory

Miklós Hadas
How did the significance of interpersonal violence change in the Western world over the past centuries? How can we explain these changes? – these are the overriding questions of this study. I rely, first of all, on Norbert Elias' civilisation theory and his figurational paradigm. In the last few decades, historians of crime have almost entirely confirmed the relevance of the Eliasian violence-control thesis. However, while Elias convincingly explores several key elements of the civilising...

Transition from the School to Labour Market of the Arhitecture Faculty Graduates (Cluj-Napoca)

Gabriela Laza
The purpose of this paper is to make a thoroughgoing study on the processes of transition from school to work through architecture graduate students from Romania in the last decade and to observe different professional pathways that individuals take in the context of swift social and economical changes. The concepts and theories that guided me in this paper present a critical perspective on professional stability and security expectations in the architectural career field, expectations created...

The Ethicized and Communitarian Szekler Ice Hockey

Nándor László Magyari & Lóránd Burista
The empirical basis of the study is drawn from a series of interviews performed by the authors in 2012. The narratives along with several texts and articles from the media were defined using the framework and methodology of critical culture studies. The article begins by redifing the meaning of local hockey in Miercurea Ciuc/Csíkszereda/Szeklerburg, focusing on the reinterpretation of social history which surrounds hockey in the region. At the core of this understanding lies the...

Side Notes of a Paralympics

Lídia Berszán
Organizing the first Paralympics in Cluj Napoca for children and youth with disabilities and special educational needs was a significant moment of a 20-year-long inclusion process. Certainly, our society still needs to learn from this event: primarily solidarity, but also coping strategies and flexibility.

Ethnicity and Economy. A Research Agenda for Transylvania

Zsombor Csata
This study briefly summarizes the major economic, sociological and anthropological theories on the relationship between ethnicity and economics, and examines how they can be applied to the economic situation of multi-ethnic Transylvania, and specifically the minority Hungarians, in its investigation. Following an institutionalist logic and a resource-based approach, two general questions are formulated, along separate paradigmatic trends: 1. How able is Romanian democracy and the development of its economic institutional system to exploit assets stemming...

Language Rights: Efficiency, Justice, Implementation

Bengt-Arne Wickström
An economic analysis of language rights takes its point of departure in individual preferences. Individuals attribute values to different allocations of language rights. One then compares the implementation costs to the aggregate value attributed to the rights by the individuals; a certain allocation of rights should then be implemented if the aggregate value exceeds the costs of realizing the allocation. The costs of implementing a certain right are as a rule both conceptually and practically...

A good start – half a success? The objective and subjective factors of Hungarian small settlements’ tendering activity

Eliza Eranus-Bodor
The intention of the regional development policy is to provide equal opportunities especially for disadvantaged townships. Contrary to this, empirical evidence shows that very similar settlements have diverse tendering activities. By tendering activity we mean settlements' participation in the project proposal activity. This paper presents the determining factors of local governments' tendering activities in the Kaposvár micro-region from Hungary. The objective factors affecting tendering activity we find the site and position of the settlement, the...

Social attitudes towards homosexuality in Hungary and Romania

Judith Takács & Ivett Szalma
This study examines social acceptance of gays, lesbians and homosexuality as well as social attitudes towards adoption by same-sex couples on the basis of comparing Hungarian and Romanian data from two longitudinal surveys, the European Social Survey (ESS) and the European Values Study (EVS). Using descriptive statistics and ordered logistic regressions, we examine the impact of several factors that can affect attitudes towards homosexuality and adoption by same-sex couples. The two examined societies are similar...

Part-timer: a half worker? The main narratives of female part-time work in Hungary and Romania

Réka Geambașu
The article aims at offering an empirical insight into the larger topic of female part-time employment in Central and Eastern Europe. The research was carried out in 2013 in Hungary and Romania, both characterised by low part-time rates. The study is based on 39 interviews conducted with women with part-time work experience. In opposition to other studies carried out in this region within this theme it does not aim to look at atypical employment on...

Ethnocentric behaviour in consumption among Hungarian students from Cluj-Napoca

Attila Deák
The article aims to contribute to the growing literature of ethnic consumption in Romania. Based on empirical researches we study the characteristics and possible explanations of the ethnocentric behavior in consumption among ethnic Hungarians from Romania. Both the results of a representative survey among Hungarians from Transilvania, and of an online survey among Hungarian students from Cluj Napoca show that the ethnocentric behavior in economic transactions, including consumption, is an existing phenomenon in the ethnic...

„Women are watching soap opera, men are watching football”. A typology of cultural consumption styles

Marius Lazăr
The study is a description of cultural consumption styles of Romanian citizens based on the "Barometer of Cultural Consumption" survey conducted in 2005. Using principal component analysis method, the author defines nine types of cultural consumption which are presented in detail then the frequency of their occurrence is analyzed in several culturally segmented social categories. The main conclusion of the analysis is that social and cultural stratification, even if they interfere, do not overlap; however,...

Participation and community. Participatory practices in Hungarian contemporary art

Mónika Bálint
The study introduces the notion of Participatory Art and is looking for examples in the contemporary visual artscene in Hungary. Participatory art projects are not common in the Hungarian visual art scene. The art scene is not receptive to self-restricting artistic activity and autonomy. The study presents some projects that deal with communities and can therefore be identified as community or participatory art projects. These projects were created for various contests: the first was put...

With the European council at the Moldovan “Csángó” people

Vilmos Tánczos
The Notes of a Journey in Moldova. 5–8. Sept. 2000. In the 1990s the official state institution and the Moldovan catholic-church committed a succession of trespasses with the Csángó communities. Here we can mention the census manipulation or the prevention of the Hungarian language teaching in schools. Oppositely to these the Moldovan Csángó-Hungarian Association protested several times at both Romanian and International forums. There were published a several articles about the violent assimilation in the...

Transnational lifeforms and sects. On the possibilities of interpreting new religious phenomena in Moldavian csango villages

Lehel Peti
The paper aims to describe phenomenas of modernization in Moldavian Csango villages in the context of religiosity. It interprets the most significant shifts in the life forms and traditional religiosity, the change of central values, tendencies of secularization and the emergence of sectarianism. The author argues that the religious experience gradually evades community and (Church) legitimation, so that the ever larger individualization of religious experiences and conceptualization leads to the pluralization of worldviews. The impersonalization...

Inequalities of EU Rural Development Policy. Empirical Investigation of the LEADER Cooperation Network

Péter Balogh

Farming Types and Processes in the Agriculture of Harghita County

Dénes Kiss & László Csák

From Day-Labour to Wage-Labour: Varieties of Agricultural Part Time Labour. A Case Study from Eastern Hungary

András Vigvári

Labor Market Perspectives of Young Women Living in Extreme Poverty in Closed Rural Space. The Case of a Hungarian-Romanian Cul-De-Sac Border Village

Ibolya Czibere & Éva Molnár

The motivation of Hungarians in Romania in choosing Romanian language schools

Tivadar Magyari
The paper analyzes the Romanian-Hungarian families and young people's reasons in opting for Romanian language educational institution. This phenomenon is widely given some significant fact the most of Hungarian minority children habit to attend Hungarian school. The study is based on interviews and focus-group interviews.

Health education?

Béla Szabó & Katalin Szabó
The present writing wish to emphasize the importance of the health education among elementary-school children. After a short Hungarian and Romanian historical introduction we analyse the present situation in Romania. In our analyse we are presenting a two county-wide own research which includes 704 elementary school classes. We were curious to fi nd out the proportion of the children who are involved in health education during their four year studies at the elementary level. We...

Gondolatok az e-ifjúsági munkáról

Ádám Nagy, Levente Székely & Richárd Flach
Ebben a munkában az e-ifjúsági munkával foglalkozunk. Megpróbáljuk bebizonyítani, hogy a család és az iskola mellett létezik egy harmadik fő szocializációs környezet: a szabadidő szocializációs területe. Azt is megmutatjuk, hogy a fiatalok szabadidős tevékenysége tele van médiahasználattal, bemutatjuk a legfrissebb adatokat az európai fiatalok médiafogyasztásáról, az internet és az intelligens eszközök használatáról stb. Ez esetben pedig szükséges az e-ifjúsági munka elméleti alapjait is lefektetni. Az Európai Ifjúsági Információs és Tanácsadó Ügynökség (ERYICA) 1993-ban fogadta el...

Nyelvi attitűd és nyelvi megkülönböztetés erdélyi magyartanároknál

István Jánk
Általánosságban a magyar oktatási rendszer (a határon túli területeket is beleértve) nem tartozik Európa legjobbjai közé. Ezt különféle tesztek, vizsgálatok (pl. PISA) eredményeiből láthatjuk, ahogy azt is, hogy nagyon sok tehetséges gyereket nagyon korán elveszít a társadalmunk. Ennek egyik legfőbb oka, hogy az iskola, azon belül a pedagógus nem igazán tudja kezelni a tanulók között fennálló különbségeket, különösen, ha azok nyelvi eredetűek. Ez szoros összefüggésben áll a pedagógusok által végzett mérési-értékelési tevékenységekkel, eljárásokkal, ugyanis azokat...

Az egyenlőtlenség politikája az államszocializmus éveiben – jutalmazási technikák a kollektív gazdaságokban

Sándor Borbély
A tanulmány egyetlen kárpátaljai település példáján keresztül a szovjet politikai diktatúra mikroszintű vizsgálatával foglalkozik. Ennek kapcsán egyfelől a kollektív gazdaságokban („kolhozok”-ban) alkalmazott állami fegyelmezési (jutalmazási) gyakorlatokat, másfelől a falusi társadalom ezekre adott válaszreakcióit, adaptív-stratégiai viselkedésmódjait írja le különféle levéltári források és narratív interjúk segítségével. A tanulmány első része az 1945 utáni elitváltás néhány regionális vonását mutatja be, a második rész pedig az új vidéki elit (kolhozelnökök, farm- és gyárvezetők, élmunkások) korabeli kedvezményeit, informális és formális...

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