237 Works

Profile of Entrepreneurs in the Creative Industries and IT Sector

Gyöngyi Pásztor & László Péter

Hegemonic and Counter-Hegemonic Masculine Dispositions in the Middle Ages

Miklós Hadas

Inequalities of EU Rural Development Policy. Empirical Investigation of the LEADER Cooperation Network

Péter Balogh

Farming Types and Processes in the Agriculture of Harghita County

Dénes Kiss & László Csák

From Day-Labour to Wage-Labour: Varieties of Agricultural Part Time Labour. A Case Study from Eastern Hungary

András Vigvári

Labor Market Perspectives of Young Women Living in Extreme Poverty in Closed Rural Space. The Case of a Hungarian-Romanian Cul-De-Sac Border Village

Ibolya Czibere & Éva Molnár

Resilient cities

Béla Szabó
Many diverse scientific approaches, concepts and political programs have been issued to make cities stronger, less vulnerable and more reactive towards socio-economic requirements regarding the challenging issues. The most important and relevant concepts today are presented in the article. The concepts encompass the individual level of the citizens, the level of living standards or environmental issues and the broader aspects of economic challenges as well as strategies in regard of diverse crises. Living conditions in...

Experience of maternity as a source of resilience for incarcerated women

Sorina Poledna
Among the key elements that contribute to the explanation of gender differences related to crime are both gender organization referring, among others, to relational concerns, the differences related to moral development and social control, and crime motivation. In our opinion in an analysis of the capacity of resilience for women in prison both aspects need to be addressed, especially if we consider the experience of the maternal role a potential source of resilience. We will...

Coping and resilience? When less is more

Lídia Berszán
In 2003-2004 during a research about of the families taking care of disabled children or adults, we have created the criteria of coping successfully. Interpreting through this filter the resulting data and the responses a coping profile has outlined. Ten years later, we repeated the survey and found, that during the interpretation of the data, the coping criteria from the first research is not sustainable. To better understand this phenomenon, we have performed in-depth interviews...

Signs of community resilience hidden in symbols and narratives - in perceptions of helpers

Enikő Albert-Lőrincz & Csanád Albert-Lőrincz
This paper undertakes to present one phase of a multi-stage study. In its first part, we shall place emphasis on community resilience and community prevention. We shall also favor this section in terms of breadth, since the comprehensive presentation of the pertaining information and the linking of community prevention and resilience is the result of the conceptualization done with regard to our research data. In the present case, the research data serve to support the...

Virtual identity (?) – new ways of self-definition and image-constructions

Orsolya Gergely
This paper presents the first results of a research effectuated among a “virtual community”. The author formulate a current social questions: how does affect the identity and personal image-construction a completely new, previously unknown communication platform, namely the self-presentation on a popular social network site. Lunches the idea of a a new kind of identity, starts the thought of discovering the characteristics of the "virtual self". As a result, the study aims to analyze a...

Ezoterical practices among the South Plain (Dél-alföld) high school students

Csongor Sárközy
The study, after a brief theoretical overview, presents the esoteric practices (prophesy, necromancy, astrology, yoga, feng-shui, reiki, neo-pagan and Satanist practices) of young people as well the social reactions given to these. The author focuses on the results of a quantitative survey concerning the participation of high-school students compared to grownups, and analyzes the types and the frequency of practices, as well as the motivation of these participants.

The millennial-messianistic movements in social sciences

József Gagyi
The study aims at presenting a brief overview of a particular field of research within religious social movements, namely the millennial-messianistic movements. The starting point is the overview of the Hungarian research regarding religion and religious movements. Researchers do not recognize the weight and the importance of the millennial phenomenon. There was no mental-conceptual apparatus in Hungarian for capturing the phenomenon. The Hungarian social research dealt with these religious movements in the context of other...

With the European council at the Moldovan “Csángó” people

Vilmos Tánczos
The Notes of a Journey in Moldova. 5–8. Sept. 2000. In the 1990s the official state institution and the Moldovan catholic-church committed a succession of trespasses with the Csángó communities. Here we can mention the census manipulation or the prevention of the Hungarian language teaching in schools. Oppositely to these the Moldovan Csángó-Hungarian Association protested several times at both Romanian and International forums. There were published a several articles about the violent assimilation in the...

Transnational lifeforms and sects. On the possibilities of interpreting new religious phenomena in Moldavian csango villages

Lehel Peti
The paper aims to describe phenomenas of modernization in Moldavian Csango villages in the context of religiosity. It interprets the most significant shifts in the life forms and traditional religiosity, the change of central values, tendencies of secularization and the emergence of sectarianism. The author argues that the religious experience gradually evades community and (Church) legitimation, so that the ever larger individualization of religious experiences and conceptualization leads to the pluralization of worldviews. The impersonalization...

„Women are watching soap opera, men are watching football”. A typology of cultural consumption styles

Marius Lazăr
The study is a description of cultural consumption styles of Romanian citizens based on the "Barometer of Cultural Consumption" survey conducted in 2005. Using principal component analysis method, the author defines nine types of cultural consumption which are presented in detail then the frequency of their occurrence is analyzed in several culturally segmented social categories. The main conclusion of the analysis is that social and cultural stratification, even if they interfere, do not overlap; however,...

Participation and community. Participatory practices in Hungarian contemporary art

Mónika Bálint
The study introduces the notion of Participatory Art and is looking for examples in the contemporary visual artscene in Hungary. Participatory art projects are not common in the Hungarian visual art scene. The art scene is not receptive to self-restricting artistic activity and autonomy. The study presents some projects that deal with communities and can therefore be identified as community or participatory art projects. These projects were created for various contests: the first was put...

Ethnocentric behaviour in consumption among Hungarian students from Cluj-Napoca

Attila Deák
The article aims to contribute to the growing literature of ethnic consumption in Romania. Based on empirical researches we study the characteristics and possible explanations of the ethnocentric behavior in consumption among ethnic Hungarians from Romania. Both the results of a representative survey among Hungarians from Transilvania, and of an online survey among Hungarian students from Cluj Napoca show that the ethnocentric behavior in economic transactions, including consumption, is an existing phenomenon in the ethnic...

On border: Hungarian - Romanian border-settlements social-economic strategies for forming crossborder relationships

Bernadett Csurgó & Boldizsár Megyesi
The paper presents three case studies conducted in Hungarian towns by the Romanian-Hungarian border: Makó, Gyula and Létavértes. Focusing on the situation of the Romanian workers in the selected settlements, it analyzes how the border and the neighboring regions appear in the every-day life and mid-term plans of these towns. Several researches proved (Németh et al 2009, Pulay 2009) that most of the Romanian immigrants work in the Central-Hungarian Region, and not in the bordering...

The motivation of Hungarians in Romania in choosing Romanian language schools

Tivadar Magyari
The paper analyzes the Romanian-Hungarian families and young people's reasons in opting for Romanian language educational institution. This phenomenon is widely given some significant fact the most of Hungarian minority children habit to attend Hungarian school. The study is based on interviews and focus-group interviews.

A good start – half a success? The objective and subjective factors of Hungarian small settlements’ tendering activity

Eliza Eranus-Bodor
The intention of the regional development policy is to provide equal opportunities especially for disadvantaged townships. Contrary to this, empirical evidence shows that very similar settlements have diverse tendering activities. By tendering activity we mean settlements' participation in the project proposal activity. This paper presents the determining factors of local governments' tendering activities in the Kaposvár micro-region from Hungary. The objective factors affecting tendering activity we find the site and position of the settlement, the...

Social attitudes towards homosexuality in Hungary and Romania

Judith Takács & Ivett Szalma
This study examines social acceptance of gays, lesbians and homosexuality as well as social attitudes towards adoption by same-sex couples on the basis of comparing Hungarian and Romanian data from two longitudinal surveys, the European Social Survey (ESS) and the European Values Study (EVS). Using descriptive statistics and ordered logistic regressions, we examine the impact of several factors that can affect attitudes towards homosexuality and adoption by same-sex couples. The two examined societies are similar...

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