11,029 Works

Detailed description of the implementation the multinomial logit model with fixed effects (femlogit)

Klaus Pforr
Fixed effect models have become increasingly popular in the field of sociology. The possibility to control for unobserved heterogeneity makes these models a prime tool for causal analysis. As of today, fixed effects models have been derived and implemented for many statistical software packages for continuous, dichotomous and count-data dependent variables. Chamberlain (1980) derived the multinomial logistic regression with fixed effects. However, this model has not been implemented in any statistical software package, yet. Possible...

Metadata Schema of the CESSDA EuroQuestionBank: Documentation and Publication of Survey Questions in a European Question Bank; Version 1.0

Esra Akdeniz & Wolfgang Zenk-Möltgen
Existing question data banks for social science survey research mainly operate at the national level. National question data banks serve their constituent research communities and only include questions from surveys that have been conducted within their own countries. This limits the pool of available questions to draw from, as well as possibilities for cross-national comparative research, an increasingly important aim of social science investigation. The CESSDA EuroQuestion-Bank (EQB) project implements a cross-national question bank with...

International Social Survey Programme: ISSP 2017 Germany - Social Networks and Social Resources; GESIS Report on the German Study

Evi Scholz & Regina Jutz
GESIS Papers

German General Social Survey - ALLBUScompact 2012

GESIS-Leibniz-Institut Für Sozialwissenschaften
ALLBUScompact ist als alternative Einsteigerversion (Public Use File) für die komplexer strukturierte Vollversion im Angebot. Speziell für ALLBUScompact wurde dementsprechend ein vereinfachtes Demografiemodul selektiert, das die wichtigsten demografischen Indikatoren in einer übersichtlichen Gruppe vereint. Die sonstigen inhaltlichen Fragemodule, die keine sensitiven Daten enthalten, entsprechen weiterhin vollständig der ALLBUS Vollversion (Scientific Use File). ALLBUScompact eignet sich daher vor allem für Einsteiger in die Datenanalyse. Die Schwerpunkte dieser Untersuchung sind für 2012: 1.) Wichtigkeit von Lebensbereichen 2.)...

German General Social Survey - ALLBUS 2012

GESIS-Leibniz-Institut Für Sozialwissenschaften
Trenderhebung zur gesellschaftlichen Dauerbeobachtung von Einstellungen, Verhalten und sozialem Wandel in Deutschland. Die Schwerpunkte dieser Untersuchung sind für 2012: 1.) Wichtigkeit von Lebensbereichen 2.) Individuelle und kollektive Wertorientierungen 3.) Abtreibung 4.) Politische Einstellungen 5.) Religion und Weltanschauung 6.) Ethnozentrismus und Minoritäten 7.) Sonstiges 8.) ALLBUS-Demographie 9.) Daten zum Interview 10.) Gesundheit (ISSP) 11.) Familie IV (ISSP) 12.) Ergänzungen und abgeleitete Variablen Themen: 1.) Wichtigkeit von Lebensbereichen: Familie und Kinder, Beruf und Arbeit, Freizeit und Erholung,...

Wissen, Einstellung und Verhalten der Allgemeinbevölkerung zur Organ- und Gewebespende 2018

Anne-Laure Caille-Brillet, Heidrun M. Thaiss & Rebecca Zimmering
Wissen, Informiertheit und Einstellungen zum Thema Organ- und Gewebespende. Umgang mit dem Thema Organspende im Familien- und Freundeskreis. Erfahrungen mit der Organ- und Gewebespende. Themen: 1. Vertrauen in das deutsche Gesundheitssystem. 2. Wissen und Einstellungen zur Organ- und Gewebespende: Festlegung der Spendenbereitschaft (durch Eintrag in ein Spendenregister, Ausfüllen eines Organspendeausweises, Mitteilung der Entscheidung an die Angehörigen, Mitteilung an den Hausarzt, Mitteilung an die Krankenkasse, durch eine Patientenverfügung); Kenntnis des Inhalts des Organspendeausweises (Zustimmung zur Entnahme...

Flash Eurobarometer 480 (Citizens’ Awareness and Perceptions of EU Regional Policy, June 2019)

European Commission, Brussels
Telefonisches Interview: CATI (Computerunterstützte telefonische Befragung) (Telephone interview: Computer-assisted (CATI))

Eurobarometer 85.1OVR (April 2016)

European Commission And European Parliament, Brussels
Fördermaßnahmen für junge Europäer. Themen: persönliche Erfahrungen im Hinblick auf die Freizügigkeit innerhalb der EU: bereits genutzt, Wunsch zur Nutzung, aufgrund der Krise zur Nutzung gezwungen; Bewertung der Angemessenheit von Berufs-, Schul- und Hochschulausbildung auf die Anforderungen der Arbeitswelt; Wichtigkeit des Informierens junger Europäer über die EU und ihre Institutionen; Kenntnis der EU-Initiative ´Jugendgarantie´; Gefühl der Marginalisierung junger Menschen aufgrund der Wirtschaftskrise; Einstellung zur Bedeutung sozialer Online-Netzwerke für die Demokratie: bedeuten Fortschritt, bedeuten ein Risiko;...

Einstellungen zu politischen Aufgabenbereichen 2019 (Kumulierter Datensatz, 1. & 2. Quartal)

Presse- Und Informationsamt Der Bundesregierung, Berlin
Einstellung zu politischen Aufgabenbereichen. Kurzerhebung: Wichtigkeit verschiedener politischer Aufgabenbereiche (für gute Bildungsmöglichkeiten sorgen, die innere Sicherheit gewährleisten, die Altersversorgung langfristig sichern, für eine saubere Umwelt und den Schutz des Klimas sorgen, für soziale Gerechtigkeit sorgen, die Steuerlast gerecht verteilen, die Zuwanderung von Ausländern regeln, die Daten von Bürgern und Unternehmen besser schützen, die Bedingungen für Familien mit Kindern verbessern, die Arbeitslosigkeit bekämpfen, das Gesundheitswesen modernisieren, die deutschen Interessen in der EU und im Ausland vertreten,...

BIBB/BAuA-Erwerbstätigenbefragung 2018 - Arbeit und Beruf im Wandel. Erwerb und Verwertung beruflicher Qualifikationen

Anja Hall, Lena Hünefeld & Daniela Rohrbach-Schmidt

Expectation Formation, Financial Frictions, and Forecasting Performance of Dynamic Stochastic General Equilibrium Models

Oliver Holtemöller & Christoph Schult
In this paper, we document the forecasting performance of estimated basic dynamic stochastic general equilibrium (DSGE) models and compare this to extended versions which consider alternative expectation formation assumptions and financial frictions. We also show how standard model features, such as price and wage rigidities, contribute to forecasting performance. It turns out that neither alternative expectation formation behaviour nor financial frictions can systematically increase the forecasting performance of basic DSGE models. Financial frictions improve forecasts...

Transforming by Metrics that Matter – Progress, Participation, and the National Initiatives of Fixing Well-Being Indicators

Philipp Lepenies
The goal of governments is to enhance the well-being of their citizens. In the aftermath of World War II, national product (be it gross national or gross domestic) and its rate of growth were seen as a proxy indicator to measure well-being – making economic growth doubtless the most powerful political indicator in history. Yet, in light of the negative effects of growth such as climate change and due to methodological progress in measuring well-being...

Struggle for Acceptance – Maintaining External School Evaluation as an Institution in Germany

Anne Piezunka
In the educational field, evaluations based on standardised indicators play a major role in the determination of evidence-based regulations. To have an effect within a policy field, evaluations based on standardised indicators have to become institutionalised. Nevertheless, very little is known about the strategies that actors apply to institutionalise their procedure and whether these strategies are successful. This paper explores the strategies that German school inspectorates use to maintain external evaluations based on standardised indicators...

“Pay for Promise” in Higher Education: The Influence of NPM on Resource Allocation in German Universities

Michael Huber & Maarten Hillebrandt
Quantification as a way to govern by numbers has colonised all sectors of modern societies. In the German higher education sector, a Performance-Based Resource Allocation scheme (commonly referred to as Leistungsorientierte Mittelverteilung – LOM for short) has steadily been developed since the 1990s. In an organisational context characterised by increasing international competition and internal differentiation, universities and their regulators have embraced the notion of smart resource allocation through performance indicators. At the same time, the...

A Matter of Definitions: The Profiling of People in Italian Active Labour Market Policies

Carlotta Mozzana
The article explores the implications for public welfare policy of the current reliance on quantification tools to assess both people and programs. In this context, profiling has recently acquired a key role in active labour market policies, because it allows policy administrators to distinguish among different levels of risk in individuals approaching the labour market. After discussing the issue of the deployment of numbers in policies, I present and contextualize a recent case study: a...

Metrics in Global Health: Situated Differences in the Valuation of Human Life

Oscar Javier Maldonado & Tiago Moreira
This paper explores the role of knowledge, standards, and metrics in global health. Our point of departure is the observation that the emergence of ‘global health’ as a domain of research, policy, and practice in the last three decades or so has coincided with an increased interest in the validation and use of measures of health, such as the Disability Adjusted Life Year (DALY), in monitoring and assessing health equity across territories and populations. This...

Failed Indicatorisation: Defining, Comparing and Quantifying Social Policy in the ILO’s International Survey of Social Services of the Interwar Period

John Berten
Despite social policy being one of the most quantified policy fields today, there is no singular indicator or set of indicators of social policy quality or performance on the global level that is universally accepted and influential, comparable to GDP in the economy. The article analyses and explains the unsuccessful indicatorisation in the ILO’s International Survey of Social Services of the interwar years. During this first elaborate study of social policies worldwide by an international...

Public Debt Management between Discipline and Creativity. Accounting for Energy Performance Contracts in Germany

Lisa Knoll & Konstanze Senge
The determination of government debt levels is a complex multilayered process subjected to constant reform. In the aftermath of the 2007-8 financial crisis, a twofold reform trend has emerged. On the one hand, the European Commission demands and supports stronger harmonization of national accounts, thereby eliminating loopholes for creative accounting practices such as public-private partnerships or swap deals, which increase government debt levels in many cases. On the other hand, the European Commission demands and...

Formalizing the Future: How Central Banks Set Out to Govern Expectations but Ended Up (En-)Trapped in Indicators

Timo Walter
Modern ‘inflation targeting’ monetary policy has been one of the prototypes of future-oriented modes of social coordination which in recent years have captured the sociological imagination. Modern central banking is commonly presented as achieving greater efficacy by directly managing economic expectations, in particular when contrasted with the previous heavy-handed, “hydraulic” transmission of policy objectives through systems of economic aggregates. Such empirical claims are mirrored in the theoretical distinction drawn by sociologists between the openness and...

Let’s Count and Manage – and Forget the Rest. Understanding Numeric Rationalization in Human Service Provision

Ingo Bode
In recent times, the development of Western welfare states has been strongly influenced by regulatory and managerial approaches that embody what this special issue refers to as ‘governing by numbers’. This article delineates this development by using the example of the human service industry in Germany. The analysis is embedded in a macro-sociological perspective on blurring boundaries between the capitalistic (market) economy and the welfare state, arguing that a certain kind of (instrumentalist) numeric rationalization...

Statistical Panopticism and Its Critique

Rainer Diaz-Bone
The article develops the concept of statistical panopticism, thereby combining the French approach of economics of convention (EC) and Michel Foucault’s concept of panopticism. The differences between Foucault’s original notion of panopticism and statistical panopticism are emphasized. It is argued that statistical panopticism has been made possible by the enormous growth of quantification, datafication, linking, and centralization of numerical data production, data collection, and data analysis. This has been (mainly) realized by private enterprises and...

Measure for Measure: Politics of Quantifying Individuals to Govern Them

Laurent Thévenot
This article compares a variety of modes of quantifying individuals to govern them. The analytical grid issues from a former research program on the Politics of Statistics that focused on one of these modes of governing by numbers, the statistical nation state, which is here included in an array of more recently developed governing numbers based on benchmarking, digital tracking, or self-quantifying. Three main operations differentiate modes of governing by numbers: measuring individuals for quantification,...

Governing by Numbers - Key Indicators and the Politics of Expectations. An Introduction

Walter Bartl, Christian Papilloud & Audrey Terracher-Lipinki
In this special issue of Historical Social Research, indicators are considered epistemic devices that render the world governable by quantification. While endowed with an aura of objectivity, indicators are not neutral devices. Instead they transform the world they claim to describe. Against the backdrop of a global proliferation of indicators, we argue in favour of research that strategically focuses on the processes that lead to the institutionalisation and systematic use of key indicators in politics...

Family Systems and Fertility, Western Europe 1870-1960

Paul Rotering
This paper investigates the associations between fertility decline in Western Europe since the nineteenth century and the most elementary institution through which relationships between kin are defined: the family. Fertility levels in Western Europe declined strongly since the mid-nineteenth century but also show marked regional variations, comparable to developments in sub-Saharan Africa in the world today. Recent explanations of fertility decline point at the role of social relationships with kin and non-kin in the diffusion...

Politics of Taxonomy in Postcolonial Indonesia: Ethnic Traditions between Religionisation and Secularisation

Martin Ramstedt
The article discusses the politics of taxonomy that drive the entangled dynamics of religionisation and secularisation of ethnic traditions in postcolonial Indonesia, and the associated sociopolitical context. Defined in accordance with both emic notions of agamasasi (religionisation) and the concept of religion-making originally advanced by Arvind-Pal S. Mandair and Markus Dressler in 2011, “religionisation” relates to three interrelated processes that have had distinct ramifications in the different periods of postcolonial Indonesian history: (1) the way...

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