169 Works

Stichproben in der Theorie

Siegfried Gabler & Sabine Häder
GESIS Survey Guidelines

Rezension: Tragödie und dramatisches Theater

Michael Wood

Interviewer Behavior and Interviewer Characteristics in PIAAC Germany

Daniela Ackermann-Piek & Natascha Massing
Interviewers are the first in line when it comes to data collection. Therefore, it is important that they perform their tasks diligently, so that the data they collect are comparable and that errors are minimized. This paper analyzes how interviewers conducted interviews for the Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC) and which kinds of mistakes they made. We approached these questions with audio interview recordings collected during the fieldwork of PIAAC in...

Aktualität der Archaik: Michael Thalheimers Antiken- Inszenierungen in Berlin und Frankfurt/Main

Johanna Canaris

When the History of Property Rights Encounters the Economics of Convention. Some Open Questions Starting from European History

Michela Barbot
The aim of this article is to analyse the relationships between law and conventions with regards to an issue still little explored in the perspective of the Economics of Convention (EC): the history of property rights. Focusing on Continental Europe, the main key points of the recent debate on property rights’ long-term evolution will be outlined, which are basically developed along the lines of the New Historical Institutionalism theories (NHI). After discussing the NHI approach...

The Dynamics of Law and Conventions

Christian Bessy
In this contribution, an endogenous conception of law is defended which can be deployed in regard of different scales of time and domains of the law. In this article, the focus is mainly on labor law. In the first part, a history of the French employment contract law is presented by proposing a grid of its foundations and evolution from the distinction of different principles of justice generating conventions. The change of conventions and its...

Conventionalist’s Perspectives on the Political Economy of Law. An Introduction

Rainer Diaz-Bone, Claude Didry & Robert Salais
This introduction and the contributions of this HSR Special Issue “Conventions and Law from a Historical Perspective” present the conception and analysis of law from the perspective of the French institutionalist approach of the economics of convention (EC). From the pragmatic viewpoint of EC, law is regarded as an institution through which actors “identify” the situation in which they interact regularly. Law can be seen as a “guide” in the coordinations in which actors are...

Work Organization Conventions and the Declining Competitiveness of the British Shipbuilding Industry, 1930-1970

Edward Lorenz
The article aims at developing an analysis of the European competition law enforcement dynamics based on the framework of economics of convention. The article questions the ordoliberal theoretical foundations of the EU competition policy and it assesses to what extent the implementation of a more economic approach might pertain to a convention based on Chicago School normative views. The economic history, the history of economics thought, and the legal history are scrutinized when the European...

First at the South Pole. The Production of Geographical ‘Matters of Fact’ during the Norwegian Antarctic Expedition, 1910-12

Pascal Schillings
This article seeks to open a so-called black box. It asks how the information that Roald Amundsen reached the South Pole in December 1911 became accepted as a ‘matter of fact’ that found its way into most overviews of the 19th century. To open this black box, the article examines the techniques and strategies that the Norwegian Antarctic expedition of 1910 to 1912 applied to produce its data. It argues that the Norwegian expedition applied...

Environmental Monitoring in the Making: From Surveying Nature’s Resources to Monitoring Nature’s Change

Elena Aronova
This article examines the nexus of ecological science and environmental politics by considering the tensions between the global circulation of the notion of “environmental monitoring” and the local production of data on environmental change. The history of the planning of the Global Network of Environmental Monitoring (GNEM) program provides a glimpse of what it takes to launch a program of environmental monitoring globally on the level of intergovernmental organizations, such as the United Nations. The...

Seismic Forces and State Power: The Creation of the Chilean Seismological Service at the Beginning of the Twentieth Century

Lorena B. Valderrama
In 1906, the Valparaíso earthquake marked a breakthrough in earthquake observation in Chile. During the nineteenth century, seismic observation was mostly a matter of concern to foreign travelers and scientists. Meanwhile, after the 1906 earthquake, seismic knowledge began to have greater importance for the state. The study of all tremors in the country responded to the demand to mitigate the vulnerability of the country facing the threat of earthquakes. For this task, the government of...

Review: William Shakespeare: A Very Short Introduction

Michael Heinze

The Sociology of Knowledge Approach of Discourse Analysis in Innovation Research: Evaluation of Innovations in Contemporary Fine Art

Anina Engelhardt
The empirical question in this paper addresses problems of institutionalizing inventories of knowledge under conditions of uncertainty. As a focus, negotiations of discursive evaluation of the new or of inventions as innovations lead the empirical approach. This determines the empirical approach to understanding the process of legitimation, and makes patterns as well as variations intelligible. What characterizes this research project is an unconventional theoretically based setting by the sociology of knowledge approach to discourse analysis...

Hermeneutical Interpretations in Ethnographies of Innovations. From New Ideas to Social Innovations

Anika Noack
By using the example of spatial pioneers from civil society, who are committed to the field of social urban development in Berlin Moabit, the article introduces hermeneutical interpretation methods for analyzing the communicative genesis of social innovations in their initial phases. Under the umbrella of focused ethnography participant observations, problem-centered interviews, qualitative network, as well as documents and discourse analyses are triangulated. In terms of data analysis, apart from procedures of grounded theory, in innovation...

Constellation Analysis as a Means of Interdisciplinary Innovation Research – Theory Formation from the Bottom Up

Dörte Ohlhorst & Susanne Schön
Constellation Analysis is a methodological approach of innovation research that aims at understanding highly complex processes of invention and diffusion. It was developed as a tool for inter- and transdisciplinary research on technology, sustainability and innovation. Its set of tools facilitates access to a scientific object from different perspectives, using different approaches. The methodology is characterized in particular by two factors: Heterogeneous factors of influence and their effectiveness in innovation processes are principally considered equivalent,...

Including the Diary Method in the Investigation of Practices Constituting Social Innovation Networks

Philip Roth
Organizing the early stage of the innovation process, and hence the development of ideas, is of considerable importance for the success of an enterprise. During this stage, decision making is particularly difficult because of both high complexity and high uncertainty. At the same time, these decisions are far reaching because the outcome of the early stage has a substantial influence on the results of subsequent stages. Social network research shows that specific network constellations in...

Practical Tools for Designing and Weighting Survey Samples. Jill A. Dever, Frauke Kreuter, Richard Valliant (2013)

Siegfried Gabler
methods, data, analyses, Vol 9, No 1 (2015)

Improving Surveys with Paradata. Analytic Uses of Process Information. Frauke Kreuter (ed.) (2013)

Franziska Gebhard & Annelies G. Blom
methods, data, analyses, Vol 9, No 1 (2015)

The Science of Web Surveys. Tourangeau, R., Conrad, F. G., Couper, M. P. (2014)

Carina Cornesse
methods, data, analyses, Vol 9, No 1 (2015)

Dokumentation zum Zeitreihendatensatz für Deutschland, 1834-2012

Thomas Rahlf
Der Datensatz besteht aus 120 XLSX-Tabellen mit insgesamt 1.073 Zeitreihen zu verschiedenen Themen für Deutschland in den verschiedenen Grenzen von frühestens 1834, der Gründung des Zollvereins, bis spätestens 2012. Anlass war eine in Zusammenarbeit mit der Bundeszentrale für Politische Bildung erstellte Publikation "Deutschland in Daten". Das Projekt beschränkte sich dabei auf die Zusammenstellung publizierter Daten 1. in langer Zeitreihenperspektive und 2. ohne regionale Differenzierung. Ziel des Projektes war es, verstreut vorhandene historische Zeitreihen zu identifizieren...

Commitment Organisation, Beruf und Beschäftigungsform (COBB)

J. Felfe, B. Six, R. Schmook & C. Knorz
Der Fragebogen bildet Einstellungen gegenüber Organisation, Beruf und Beschäftigungsform ab. Dabei werden die Facetten Organisationales Commitment, Berufliches Commitment, Commitment gegenüber der Beschäftigungsform (konventionelle Anstellung, Zeitarbeit, Selbständigkeit) erfasst. Der Fragebogen enthält 41 Items für die Festangestellten, 37 Items für die Zeitarbeiter und 44 Items für die Selbständigen.

Review: Anthropology, Theatre, and Development: The Transformative Potential of Performance

Kristin Flade

Balancierte Kurzskala autoritärer Einstellungen (B-RWA-6)

J. Aichholzer & E. Zeglovits
Die im Folgenden dargestellte Balancierte Kurzskala autoritärer Einstellungen (B-RWA-6) wurde im Rahmen der Austrian National Election Study (AUTNES) für allgemeine Bevölkerungsstichproben (Wahlbevölkerung) entwickelt und eingesetzt. Ziel der Skala war eine breite, jedoch ökonomische Erfassung rechts-gerichteter autoritärer Einstellungen (engl. Right-wing authoritarianism, RWA) (vgl. Altemeyer, 1981) sowie die Anwendung semantisch gegensätzlich gepolter Items in deren Messung. Dabei wurde versucht, drei zentrale Facetten oder Subdimensionen des übergeordneten Konstrukts abzudecken: (A.) Forderung der Akzeptanz von vermeintlichen Autoritäten und der...

Of Animals, Robots and Men

Johannes Marx & Christine Tiefensee
Domesticated animals need to be treated as fellow citizens: Only if we conceive of domesticated animals as full members of our political communities can we do justice to their moral standing – or so Sue Donaldson and Will Kymlicka argue in their widely discussed book Zoopolis. In this contribution, we pursue two objectives. Firstly, we will reject Donaldson and Kymlicka’s appeal for animal citizenship. We will do so by submitting that far from paying due...

Football Memory in a European Perspective. The Missing Link in the European Integration Process

Wolfram Pyta
The missing link in the process of European integration seems to be a sense of a European collective identity. The article therefore analyzes how European football might add some cultural substance to the European institutional frame. Indeed, football appears to be very suitable to fill the gap as it receives wide media coverage and succeeds in touching many people around Europe emotionally. The central question is, if there are already some lieux de mémoire which...

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