189 Works

Leitfaden zur Erstellung einer Leistungsbeschreibung für die Ausschreibung von Interviewer-administrierten Befragungen

Jette Schröder, Michael Blohm, Bella Struminskaya, Klaus Pforr, Henning Silber & Michael Bosnjak
GESIS Survey Guidelines

Sampling in Practice

Sabine Häder
GESIS Survey Guidelines

Rezension: Habe das Theater immer geliebt – wie fast alle geistigen Deutschen

Dagmar Saval

Rezension: Choreografischer Baukasten: Das Buc

Ina Riedel

Deutsche Version der Positive and Negative Affect Schedule PANAS (GESIS Panel)

B. Breyer & M. Bluemke
Die Deutsche Version der Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS) wurde aus dem weit verbreiteten englischsprachigen Instrument zur Erfassung der emotionalen Befindlichkeit PANAS von Watson, Clark und Tellegen (1988) adaptiert. Der Fragebogen besteht aus 20 Adjektiven, die unterschiedliche Empfindungen und Gefühle beschreiben. Jeweils 10 Adjektive erfassen die Dimensionen Positiver Affekt und Negativer Affekt. Die Skala kann für unterschiedliche Untersuchungsziele eingesetzt werden. Je nach Instruktion können sowohl aktuelle, zeitlich begrenzte Affekte als auch überdauernde, habituelle Affektivitätsmerkmale...

Rezension: Arthur C. Danto und das Phantasma vom ›Ende der Kunst‹

Markus Oliver Spitz

Teaching Self-Control. Road Safety and Traffic Education in Postwar Germany

Kai Nowak
In the 1950s, the Federal Republic of Germany had to cope with a situation referred to at the time as “Verkehrskrise” (traffic crisis). In a relatively short time span, the number of cars on German roads had increased rapidly, as well as the number of accidents and fatalities. Correspondingly, efforts in traffic education were heavily intensified. By examining public campaigns and expert discourse, the article explores how the notion of self-control gained more and more...

Freedom versus Security. Debates on Social Risks in Western Germany in the 1950s

Meike Haunschild
The article outlines the debate on the expansion of the welfare state in Western Germany during the 1950s. This debate does not only provide important insights into the self-perception of Western German society. It can also be read as a risk debate, because the contemporaries were aware of the ambivalent effects of the preventive measures against poverty: While especially social democrats emphasised the stabilising effect of the fight against poverty on democracy, politicians from economic-liberal...

“Cut Holes and Sink ‘em”: Chemical Weapons Disposal and Cold War History as a History of Risk

Simone M. Müller
Using the incident of the scuttling of the USS Le Baron Russell Briggs, loaded with roughly 22,000 tons of outdated chemical weapons in 1970, this contribution extrapolates how, why, and when in the United States chemical weapons that had been produced as the ultimate answer to the risk of nuclear war became reframed as a risk themselves. The analysis settles on how questions of knowing and not-knowing about potentialities of future events influenced these re-negotiation...

Conceptions of democracy and preferences over democratic procedures

T. Lenzner, W. Otto, F. Adams, K. Disch, C. Neuert & N. Menold
Das Forschungsprojekt „Conceptions of democracy and preferences over democratic procedures“ untersucht Demokratiekonzeptionen in der deutschen Bevölkerung sowie die Determinanten von Präferenzen über Entscheidungsverfahren in der Demokratie. Drei mögliche Bestimmungsfaktoren werden untersucht: normative Demokratiekonzeptionen, Verteilungsinteressen und Persönlichkeitsmerkmale. Als empirische Grundlage zur Beantwortung dieser Fragen sollen einige Items im ersten Halbjahr 2015 in einer Welle des GESIS Panel mitlaufen. Zur Vorbereitung dieser Befragung sollen insgesamt 12 dieser Items unter methodischen und fragebogentechnischen Aspekten einem kognitiven Online-Pretest unterzogen...

wb-Personalmonitor

T. Lenzner, C. Neuert, W. Otto & F. Best
Das Projekt „wb-Personalmonitor“ ist ein Kooperationsprojekt zwischen dem Bundesinstitut für Berufsbildung (BIBB), dem Deutschen Institut für Erwachsenenbildung (DIE) und der Universität Duisburg- Essen (Lehrstuhl für Wirtschaftspädagogik und berufliche Aus- und Weiterbildung, Prof. Dr. Dobischat). Das Ziel des Projekts ist es, eine Repräsentativerhebung zum Personal der Weiterbildung durchzuführen und zu prüfen, inwieweit sich diese langfristig an den „wbmonitor“ angegliedert verstetigen lässt. Im Mittelpunkt steht hierbei die Erhebung relevanter Informationen und Daten über die Qualität der Arbeits-...

Alain Desrosières and the Parisian Flock. Social Studies of Quantification in France since the 1970s

Emmanuel Didier
Alain Desrosières has played a central role in the French intellectual scene from the 1980s to today for his theories of quantification. In this article, I trace his career and that of his contemporary Parisian scene in three steps: first, the period when he was associated to Pierre Bourdieu; second, the one when he became part of what we propose to call a flock of scholars all working on the qualification of reality; and finally,...

Risky Calculations: Financial Mathematics and Securitization since the 1970s

Martin Lengwiler
The article investigates the history of securitization in order to analyze more general transformations in the social and political approaches towards various types of credit risks. The history of securitization reveals a long-term shift in the conventions addressed when dealing with risks. Socio-political conventions were gradually replaced by financialized, market-oriented conventions in which investors would take responsibilities and replace other actors, like the state or private corporations, which were previously involved. The first part of...

From Statistical Categorizations to Ordinary Categor-izations of Social Space: History and Legacy of an Original Study Based on a Card Game

Etienne Penissat, Cécile Brousse, Jérôme Deauvieau, Julien Chevillard, Emmanuelle Barozet & Oscar Mac-Clure
This article puts the sociology of quantification invented and promoted by Alain Desrosières into perspective regarding a fruitful but rarely addressed approach in this research stream: the relationships that are built between official (or scholar) classifications and ordinary categorizations of the social space. In order to achieve this, the article first sheds light on the history of an innovative study designed by Luc Boltanski and Laurent Thévenot, a study which aimed to put ordinary people...

Quantification and Objectivity. From Statistical Conventions to Social Conventions

Robert Salais
Standard quantification processes and most often their analysis are derived from statistics’ technique and approach. Social conventions are at the core of daily life, practical knowledge and coordination between people; statistical conventions are at the heart of cognitive activities developed by statisticians. What does quantification mean when addressed from the wider point of view of social conventions? This article analyzes the differences between social and statistical conventions. It enlarges the concept of objectivity in having...

Review: Studies in Musical Theatre 9/2

Francesca Greatorex

CAMCES - Computer-assisted Measurement and Coding of Educational Qualifications in Surveys

T. Lenzner, C. Neuert, W. Otto, U. Landrock, F. Adams, K. Disch, S. Gebhardt & N. Menold
Zur Erfassung von Bildungsabschlüssen wurde eine Software mit zwei Antwortformaten (Interfaces) entwickelt, mit Hilfe derer Bildungsabschlüsse durch Einbindung einer Datenbank erfasst werden: die Combo-Box und der Search-Tree. Zentraler Zweck des CAMCES-Tools ist die detaillierte Erfassung des höchsten Bildungsabschlusses des Befragten. Ziele der kognitiven Interviews sind die Untersuchung
1. der Funktionalität des Fragenmoduls und des entwickelten Tools und
2. die kognitiven Prozesse, die beim Beantworten der Fragen stattfinden.
Drei Dimensionen sind dabei von...

Prior Exposure to Instructional Manipulation Checks does not Attenuate Survey Context Effects Driven by Satisficing or Gricean Norms

David J. Hauser, Aashna Sunderrajan, Madhuri Natarajan & Norbert Schwarz
Instructional manipulation checks (IMCs) are frequently included in unsupervised online surveys and experiments to assess whether participants pay close attention to the questions. However, IMCs are more than mere measures of attention – they also change how participants approach subsequent tasks, increasing attention and systematic reasoning. We test whether these previously documented changes in information processing moderate the emergence of response effects in surveys by presenting an IMC either before or after questions known to...

Gender of Interviewer Effects in a Multi-topic Centralized CATI Panel Survey

Oliver Lipps & Georg Lutz
This paper is motivated by two recent articles which show that numerous studies which analyzed gender of interviewer effects did not take interviewer nonresponse selection effects into account. For example, interviewers may be more successful at recruiting respondents with characteristics similar to themselves and who give answers that are similar to their own, and this may result in spurious gender of interviewer effects. Our research is novel because it uses data from a large panel...

The Short- and Long-Term Effects of the Authoritarian Regime and of Nazism in Austria: The Burden of a ‘Second Dictatorship’

Gerhard Botz
This article considers two types of right extremism in Austria’s history: Nazism and the preceding ‘Austro-Fascism’ that tried to resist Nazism. By first considering the roots of ‘Austro-Fascism’, followed by how Austrians reacted to Nazism on social, political and economic levels, the author identifies the ‘victim myth’ found in Austrian history after 1945 and is able to uncover how the post-war period was impacted by and tried to distance itself from Austria’s long relationship with...

Editorial: Contemporary History between Politics, Biography, and Methodology. Violence and National Socialism in Austria, 20th Century

Wilhelm Heinz Schröder
Österreich war in der ersten Hälfte des 20. Jahrhunderts Schauplatz von gewaltsam ausgetragenen Konflikten, von Diktaturen und menschlichen Katastrophen. Hier erlangten die politischen Extreme Europas oft spezifische Ausprägungen, deren erinnerungskulturelle Nachwirkungen über 1945 hinaus hier negiert wurden. In einem solchen politisierten Kontext und gegen ihn formierte sich seit den 1960er Jahren die Zeitgeschichtsforschung. Mit der Anwendung von Quantifizierung, aber auch von Oral History und Bildgeschichte suchte und fand sie Anschluss an internationale Standards. Gerhard Botz...

Everyday Life in Figurational Approach: A Meso Level for Sociological Analysis

Angela Perulli
Moving from Elias and Scotson’s “Established and outsiders” the article proposes a discussion about everyday life analytical category. This book clearly highlights what can be considered a constant in Elias’ sociological methodology: the necessity for sociology to depart as little as possible from actual observable reality. Through a typically meso approach to social phenomena, the small things of everyday life, the ways that interactions and relations take place in specific places and times, become the...

From Outsider to Established – Explaining the Current Popularity and Acceptability of Tattooing

Michael Rees
Tattooing is a practice long associated with social outsiders – sailors, criminals, bikers and women of disrepute. In recent years, however, the practice has become increasingly popular, and acceptable, in mainstream culture as these marks of distinction appear on an ever greater number of bodies. Drawing on ethnographic fieldwork, academic literature, and content analysis of popular media, I propose that four inter-related developments have contributed to the redefinition of tattooing: the increasing importance of the...

Culturalism of Exclusion in an Established-Outsider-Figuration

Inken Rommel
This paper paradigmatically deals with the problem of understanding and explanation of established-outsider-figurations which have been mostly grasped in the dominant research, public understanding as well as political debates under the category ‘cultural differences.’ Further, I am going to evaluate the concept of an established-outsider figuration of Norbert Elias as much more adequate to understand group conflicts and their dynamics in time. In this paper, using the example of the “Sarrazin debate,” I would like...

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