39,845 Works

Replication data for: The Economic Impacts of Climate Change: Evidence from Agricultural Output and Random Fluctuations in Weather: Comment

Anthony C. Fisher, W. Michael Hanemann, Michael J. Roberts & Wolfram Schlenker
In a series of studies employing a variety of approaches, we have found that the potential impact of climate change on US agriculture is likely negative. Deschênes and Greenstone (2007) report dramatically different results based on regressions of agricultural profits and yields on weather variables. The divergence is explained by (1) missing and incorrect weather and climate data in their study; (2) their use of older climate change projections rather than the more recent and...

Data and Code for: The Welfare Impact of Second-Best Uniform Pigouvian Taxation

Christopher Knittel & Ryan Sandler
When consumers or firms don't face the true social cost of their actions, market outcomes are inefficient. In the case of negative externalities, Pigouvian taxes are one way to correct this market failure, but it may be infeasible to tax the externality directly. The alternative, taxing a related product, will be second-best. In this paper, we show that in the presence of heterogeneous externalities and elasticities, this type of indirect tax performs poorly. In our...

Replication data for: Microeconomic Heterogeneity and Macroeconomic Shocks

Greg Kaplan & Giovanni L. Violante
In this essay, we discuss the emerging literature in macroeconomics that combines heterogeneous agent models, nominal rigidities, and aggregate shocks. This literature opens the door to the analysis of distributional issues, economic fluctuations, and stabilization policies—all within the same framework. In response to the limitations of the representative agent approach to economic fluctuations, a new framework has emerged that combines key features of heterogeneous agents (HA) and New Keynesian (NK) economies. These HANK models offer...

Replication data for: Inspecting the Mechanism: Leverage and the Great Recession in the Eurozone

Philippe Martin & Thomas Philippon
We provide a comprehensive account of the dynamics of eurozone countries from 2000 to 2012. We analyze private leverage, fiscal policy, labor costs, and spreads, and we propose a model and an identification strategy to separate the impact of credit cycles, excessive government spending, and sudden stops. We then ask how periphery countries would have fared with different policies. We find that countries could have stabilized their employment if they had followed more conservative fiscal...

Monitoring the Future: A Continuing Study of American Youth, 2018 [Restricted-Use]

Richard A. Miech, Lloyd D. Johnston, Jerald G. Bachman, Patrick M. O'Malley, John E. Schulenberg & Megan E. Patrick
This data collection is part of the Monitoring the Future series that explores changes in important values, behaviors, and lifestyle orientations of contemporary American youth in eighth, tenth, and twelfth grades. The restricted-use data sets in this collection include variables that were altered or omitted from the public-use data sets to maintain respondent confidentiality. Examples of variables included in their original form are: unaltered sampling weight variable, variables for strata and cluster to account for...

Analysis Code for \"The Black-White Gap in Non-Cognitive Skills among Elementary School Children\"

Todd Elder & Yuqing Zhou
Using two nationally representative datasets, we find large differences between black and white children in teacher-reported measures of non-cognitive skills. We show that teacher reports understate true black-white skill gaps because of reference bias: teachers appear to rate children relative to others in the same school, and black students have lower-skilled classmates, on average, than do white students. We pursue three approaches to addressing these reference biases. Each approach nearly doubles the estimated black-white gaps...

Data and code files for the paper \"Ambiguity, Low Risk-Free Rates, and Consumption Inequality\"

Yulei Luo, Jun Nie & Eric R. Young
Macroeconomists failed to predict the Great Recession, suggesting that the existing macroeconomic models may have been misspecified. Bearing in mind this potential misspecification, how do agents’ optimal decisions change? Furthermore, how large are the welfare costs of model misspecification? To shed light on these questions, we develop a tractable continuous time general equilibrium model to show that a fear of model misspecification reduces both the equilibrium interest rate and the relative inequality of consumption to...

Data and code files for the paper \"Ambiguity, Low Risk-Free Rates, and Consumption Inequality\"

Yulei Luo, Jun Nie & Eric R. Young
Macroeconomists failed to predict the Great Recession, suggesting that the existing macroeconomic models may have been misspecified. Bearing in mind this potential misspecification, how do agents’ optimal decisions change? Furthermore, how large are the welfare costs of model misspecification? To shed light on these questions, we develop a tractable continuous time general equilibrium model to show that a fear of model misspecification reduces both the equilibrium interest rate and the relative inequality of consumption to...

Estimating the consequences of Norway’s national scale up of early childhood education and care (beginning in infancy) for early language skills

Eric Dearing
This project includes data access instructions and statistical syntax for the analyses reported in the AERA Open paper Estimating the consequences of Norway’s national scale up of early childhood education and care (beginning in infancy) for early language skills (Dearing, Zachrisson, Mykletun, & Toppelberg, 2018).

Monitoring the Future: A Continuing Study of American Youth, 2017 [Restricted-Use]

Richard A. Miech, Lloyd D. Johnston, Jerald G. Bachman, Patrick M. O'Malley, John E. Schulenberg & Megan E. Patrick
This data collection is part of the Monitoring the Future series that explores changes in important values, behaviors, and lifestyle orientations of contemporary American youth in eighth, tenth, and twelfth grades. The collection provides two datasets for each year since 1976 that are accessible only through the ICPSR Virtual Data Enclave (VDE) and include original variables, including the unaltered weight variable, that in the public-use data were altered or omitted: one dataset without State, County,...

Cognitive Styles and Collective Action

Jacob Freeman, Thomas Coyle & Jacopo Baggio
See the attached NarrativeDescription.pdf for a description of the project and methodology.

Geocoordinates of ATMs in Mexico

Sean Higgins
This data set contains the geocoordinates of all ATMs in Mexico. The data set is saved in .csv format for maximum compatibility, and has three columns:
1) Latitude
2) Longitude
3) Bank name

This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant Number 1530800. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.


Replication data for: Active and Passive Waste in Government Spending: Evidence from a Policy Experiment

Oriana Bandiera, Andrea Prat & Tommaso Valletti
We propose a distinction between active and passive waste as determinants of the cost of public services. Active waste entails utility for the public decision maker, whereas passive waste does not. We analyze purchases of standardized goods by Italian public bodies and exploit a policy experiment associated with a national procurement agency. We find that: (i) some public bodies pay systematically more than others for equivalent goods; (ii) differences are correlated with governance structure; (iii)...

Tap Water avoidance trends

Asher Rosinger
This dataset and do file are for replication of the values in a submitted manuscript assessing the trends in tap water avoidance in US kids from 2007-2016

Replication data for: Does the Election of a Female Leader Clear the Way for More Women in Politics?

Thushyanthan Baskaran & Zohal Hessami
Women remain underrepresented in politics and it remains unclear how this might change. In this paper, we investigate whether female council candidates receive more preferential votes when a female mayor has been recently elected into office. We hand collect data for 109,017 candidates in four open-list local council elections (2001-2016) in all 426 municipalities of a German state. Based on RDD estimations for close mixed-gender races, we show that female council candidates advance more from...

Replication data for: Low-Skilled Immigration and the Labor Supply of Highly Skilled Women

Patricia Cortés & José Tessada
Low-skilled immigrants represent a significant fraction of employment in services that are close substitutes of household production. This paper studies whether the increased supply of low-skilled immigrants has led high-skilled women, who have the highest opportunity cost of time, to change their time-use decisions. Exploiting cross-city variation in immigrant concentration, we find that low-skilled immigration increases average hours of market work and the probability of working long hours of women at the top quartile of...

Privatization and business groups: Evidence from the Chicago Boys in Chile

Felipe Aldunate, Felipe González, Mounu Prem & Francisco Urzúa I
Business groups are the predominant organizational structure in modern Chile. This article tests the long-standing hypothesis that the privatization reform implemented by the “Chicago Boys” during the Pinochet regime facilitated the creation of new groups and hence the renovation of the country’s elites. Using new data we find that firms sold during this privatization later became part of new business groups, process aided by an economic crisis that debilitated traditional elites. Moreover, some firms were...

Privatization and business groups: Evidence from the Chicago Boys in Chile

Felipe Aldunate, Felipe González, Mounu Prem & Francisco Urzúa I
Business groups are the predominant organizational structure in modern Chile. This article tests the long-standing hypothesis that the privatization reform implemented by the “Chicago Boys” during the Pinochet regime facilitated the creation of new groups and hence the renovation of the country’s elites. Using new data we find that firms sold during this privatization later became part of new business groups, process aided by an economic crisis that debilitated traditional elites. Moreover, some firms were...

Cognitive Styles and Collective Action

Jacob Freeman, Thomas Coyle & Jacopo Baggio
See the attached NarrativeDescription.pdf for a description of the project and methodology.

Low-Income Female Students and the Reversal of the Black-White Gap in High School Graduation

Ying Shi & Brian Clark
This paper shows that the traditional narrative of black-white high school graduation gaps is inverted among economically disadvantaged female students. Two nationally representative surveys and statewide administrative data demonstrate that low-income white females graduate at rates 5-6 percentage points lower than black peers despite having higher test scores. Greater rates of tobacco, alcohol, and illicit drug use among white females account for onethird of the attainment disparity. Since the early onset of substance use among...

Emotional Reactions to the 2016 General Election Debates

Kim Fridkin & Sarah Allen Gershon
This experimental study examines emotional reactions to the first 2016 presidential debate (9/26/2016). Employing both pre/post-test questionnaires and facial recognition software, viewers reactions are tracked in real time during the debate and after the debate is over. Measures include, subject demographic characteristics, political attitudes and pre/post-test attitudes towards the candidates, as well as frame-by-frame tracking of emotional reactions during the debate in the experimental conditions.

Data and Code for: \"The New Tools of Monetary Policy\"

Ben Bernanke
This repository contains data and programs to replicate Tables 1-4 and footnote 18 found in Bernanke (2020) and Tables 5-7 in the Online Appendix. The repository also contains data and programs to run stochastic simulations of alternative monetary policies using the Fed's FRB/US model.

The case of the El Encín atomic garden, Madrid (Spain)

The proposed case study is the atomic garden located in the Finca El Encín (Madrid). Its biogeographical features have made this a singular and unique space since it was created over 60 years ago. The results obtained for the case study endorse a method using an unmanned aerial platform capable of carrying sensors to obtain point clouds and aerial images, in addition to point clouds and images captured with a terrestrial laser scanner.

Quantifying the impact of Aid to Dependent Children: An epidemiological framework

Gregori Galofré Vilà
This paper shows that conditional cash transfers under Aid to Dependent Children (ADC), a main program of the 1935 Social Security Act, reduced infant, children and adult mortality. I take advantage of the transition from mothers’ pensions to ADC and the large differences in ADC payments and eligibility across 104 cities, 2,260 counties, and 49 states to estimate the impacts of cash transfers on mortality rates, by age, sex, race, and cause between 1929 and...

Replication data for: Risk Shocks

Lawrence J. Christiano, Roberto Motto & Massimo Rostagno
We augment a standard monetary dynamic general equilibrium model to include a Bernanke-Gertler-Gilchrist financial accelerator mechanism. We fit the model to US data, allowing the volatility of cross-sectional idiosyncratic uncertainty to fluctuate over time. We refer to this measure of volatility as risk. We find that fluctuations in risk are the most important shock driving the business cycle.

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