276 Works

Backyard Living - Intergrative Policies Towards Migrant Workers: Housing Microfinance in Greater Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

Martin Noltze
The urban agglomeration of the Vietnamese southeast industrial driving force Ho Chi Minh City (HCMC) has become the most outstanding benefi ciary of the remarkable economic growth and foreign investments in the Vietnamese economy since the start of a comprehensive economic reform process in the mid 1980s. The notable development towards the foremost economic centre led to a high infl ux of migrant workers. In the course of an ongoing expansion process towards a megacity...

"We are Living in a Different Time Zone" Transnational Working Places and the Concept of a "Glocalized Intermediary Class"

Niklas Reese
The article would like to make a proposition on how to amend the underdifferentiated way social stratification within the “global society” is usually theoretized. In the dominant discourse there seems to be only one global class, the “winners of globalization”. Critics of this narrative, which I call the cosmopolitan delusion, make the “losers” of neoliberal globalization visible. But the “vulnerable” (Robert Castel) and precarious are usually not included in such a dualistic two-classapproach. If the...

Differences in Power Structures Regarding Access to Natural Resources at the Village Level in Central Sulawesi (Indonesia)

Sebastian Koch, Heiko Faust & Jan Barkmann
The mountain forests of the Indonesian province of Central Sulawesi include core areas of the global Wallacea biodiversity “hotspot”. Remote sensing data indicated that deforestation rates around Central Sulawesi’s Lore-Lindu National Park differ more strongly between villages than could be explained by differences in the individual characteristics of the village households as assessed by quantitative village censuses. This setting provided the background for a study into inter-village differences in power structures regarding access to natural...

Armut im Wohlstand - Zunehmende soziale Disparitäten in Singapur

Rolf Jordan
Singapore is the wealthiest nation in South-East Asia today. But behind its high-rise buildings and modern shopping malls rising social disparities and a growing number of poor households cast a shadow on an otherwise successful economic development. Shrinking incomes and rising prices for housing and energy have increased the number of those who are struggling life in one of the most expensive cities in Pacifi c Asia. The situation is further complicated by a just...

The Barong Wants to go out Again: Krisis moneter and the Resurgence of Rituals in Indonesia

Volker Gottowik
The economic and monetary crisis (krismo) at the end of the nineties has changed Indonesia in many respects. While the political transformations in the wake of Suharto’s step back seem all too obvious, changes in religious activities are seldom taken into account. This paper refers to the impact of krismo on ritual performances connected with the famous Barong fi gures in Bali. These impacts are twofold: the democratization of Indonesia led not only to a...

Agents of Change - Frauenaktivistinnen in Aceh

Kristina Grossmann
Aceh, Indonesia’s westernmost province is in a process of political, social and cultural transformation, which is caused by three main factors. First, the process of decentralisation, launched by the government of Indonesia starting from the end of the 1990s and as a consequence of the implementation of sharia bylaws since 2001, second, the tsunami calamity 2004 and third, the peace process starting with the signing of the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) 2005 between representatives of...

Zwischen Khao San und Lonely Planet: Aspekte der postmodernen Backpacking-Identität in Südostasien

Günter Spreitzhöfer
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Conflict Resolution in Aceh in Light of Track One and a Half Diplomacy

Robert Heiling
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Anthropologie in die Öffentlichkeit - Kultur reflektiert

Editorial Board MASKE
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Book review: Sidel, J. T. (2006). Riots, Pogroms, Jihad. Religious Violence in Indonesia.

Martin Slama
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Editorial

Belinda Helmke & Christian Wawrinec
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Nachbarschaftsstreit am Mekong: König Anuvong und die Geschichte der prekären Lao-Thai-Beziehung

Oliver Tappe
Die wechselvolle gemeinsame Geschichte von Laos und Thailand kann an einer zentralen historischen Episode festgemacht werden: das Aufbegehren des Königs von Vientiane, Chao Anuvong, gegen die siamesische Oberherrschaft im 19. Jahrhundert. Der vorliegende Artikel stellt die Geschichte dieses gescheiterten Unternehmens ins Zentrum einer historischen Betrachtung des prekären Lao-Thai-Verhältnisses und beleuchtet ihre Nachwirkung in gegenwärtigen Erinnerungsdiskursen.

Policies and Polls: Elections and Land Conflicts in Paser, Indonesia

Laurens Bakker
This paper deals with the impact of direct bupati (district head) elections on local politics with regard to land confl icts in the district of Paser, Indonesia. I discuss the position and infl uence of non-governmental organizations (NGOs) in this process and their usage of adat-based land claims. The paper is concerned with the internal political context of government-NGO power relations as well as with the position and profi ling of these parties in Paserese...

Tobacco and Kretek: Indonesian Drugs in Historical Change

Monika Arnez
The clove cigarettes (kretek) industry is the second largest employer in Indonesia, after the Indonesian government. Between 4 and 17 million people are employed in this industry, including areas such as cultivation, trading, transport, advertisement and production of clove cigarettes. The Indonesian government depends on the kretek industry because of its important economic function. This paper contributes to tracing the historical development of kretek, considering economic, social and political aspects. The article raises the question...

Außer Rand und Band: Regionalentwicklung in Metro-Jakarta

Günter Spreitzhofer
Der vorliegende Beitrag behandelt aktuelle Phänomene der Regionalentwicklung in Metro-Jakarta (Jabodetabek), der größten städtischen Agglomeration Südostasiens. Nach einer kurzen Einführung zu demographischen, ökonomischen und soziokulturellen Hintergründen indonesischer Urbanisierungsprozesse gilt das Hauptaugenmerk Aspekten von Regionalplanung,Marginalisierung, Suburbanisierung, Kampung-Bereinigung und der Entwicklung von Satellitenstadtblöcken an der suburbanen Peripherie. Die gegenwärtige urbane Transformation ist gekennzeichnet durch fehlende lokale und überregionale Kooperation, unzureichende Entscheidungsstrategien und das Aufkommen konsumorientierter Mittelschichten, was die latenten Disparitäten zwischen Reich und Arm verstärken und weitere...

Im Gespräch mit Marco Bünte

Simon Weiss
Dr. Marco Bünte, geboren 1970, ist wissenschaftlicher Mitarbeiter für die Politik Südostasiens am GIGA Institut für Asien-Studien in Hamburg und Mitherausgeber des Journal of Current Southeast Asian Aff airs (früher Südostasien aktuell). Seine Forschungsschwerpunkte sind Entwicklungen von Demokratisierung, Dezentralisierung und politischen Konfl ikten, u.a. in Thailand, Indonesien und Myanmar.

Book Review: Emmerson, D. K. (Ed.) (2008). Hard Choices: Security, Democracy, and Regionalism in Southeast Asia

Alfred Gerstl
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Editorial

Christian Wawrinec
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The Association of Southeast Asian Nations’ (ASEAN) Conflict Management Approach Revisited: Will the Charter Reinforce ASEAN’s Role?

Ramses Amer
The main aim of this study is to assess the role played by the Association of Southeast AsianNations (ASEAN) in the management and resolution of disputes between its member-states in the South-East Asian region. The ASEAN approach to confl ict management is outlined and the context in which it has developed is presented. The achievements and challenges that ASEAN has faced and is still facing in the fi eld of confl ict management are identifi...

Regional Cooperation Efforts in the Mekong River Basin: Mitigating river-related security threats and promoting regional development

Susanne Schmeier
The development of international rivers is often perceived as leading to conflicts or even water wars. However, as the development of the Mekong River shows, cooperation has not only prevailed in the last decades, but River Basin Organizations (RBOs), established to mitigate river-related conflicts and/or develop the river basin, have also contributed to the emergence of more general cooperation structures, mainly by creating spill-over effects in other issue-areas, bringing cooperation to policy fields beyond the...

Regional Conflict Management: Challenges of the Border Disputes of Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam

Ramses Amer & Nguyen Hong Thao
This study analyzes the border disputes of Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam, respectively. Both settled and unsettled disputes are encompassed. The study outlines the settlements reached and the remaining unsettled disputes. Furthermore, the broader trends in managing the border disputes are analyzed and remaining challenges, both in implementing agreements and in managing the unsettled disputes, are addressed. So are the implications for regional conflict management. The study displays that both Laos and Vietnam have made considerable...

Palm Oil as a Transnational Crisis in South-East Asia

Oliver Pye
This paper discusses the recent palm oil expansion as a multiple crisis of climate change, biodiversity loss, and (failed) development. It draws on recent research on the Malaysian “Palm Oil Industrial Complex” and on transnational campaign coalitions around palm oil to explore the transnational dimensions of the palm oil crisis. It argues that a new campaign coalition around the issue of agrofuel policies in the European Union has emerged that links social and environmental struggles...

Continuity in a Changing World: Malaysia’s Coercive Security Apparatus in the Age of Terror and Beyond

Andrew Humphreys
The Malaysian government’s use of its repressive security legislation has had a signifi cant impact on Malaysia’s modern political history. The focus of the present article is on the government’s use of its coercive security apparatus since the terrorist attacks of 9/11. My argument is that the apparatus is largely unchanged by the current global climate of the ‘War on Terror.’ Notably, Malaysia’s use of coercion has become increasingly less criticized by other governments, notably...

Singapore-India Relations: A Return to History

Ming Hwa Ting
Michael Leifer observes Singapore-India relations to be ‘diplomatically distant’. This observation was correct during the Cold War when diff ering political ideologies made it diffi cult for these two countries to develop close relations. With the end of the Cold War, bilateral relations improved rapidly, especially on the economic front. Consequently, most literature focuses on the economic interaction between them, at the expense of other signifi cant developments on the political, military as well as...

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