332 Works

Measuring community resilience

AH Kwok
As New Zealand seeks to develop tools for assessing resilience as part of its national resilience strategy, this report illustrates how a direct translation of resilience indictors and indicator variables from the Benchmarking Resilience Indicators for Communities (BRIC) – a U.S.-based resilience assessment tool – for New Zealand presents both challenges and opportunities. Key challenges include the absence of publicly available datasets at different geographic scales and the applicability of indicator concepts that reflect New...

A compiled and extensible database for building damage from the 2010-2011 earthquake sequence in Canterbury, New Zealand

Sheng-Lin Lin, S.R. Uma, Andrew B. King & Nick A. Horspool
The 2010–2011 Canterbury earthquake sequence in Christchurch, New Zealand caused widespread building damage. In response to each significant earthquake, local and central government and some private organisations conducted safety evaluation surveys. Furthermore, an extensive network of strong motion stations yielded a large ground motion data set. This report describes the tasks undertaken by the authors in association with their partners to (i) scrutinise and organise the massive amount of collected data; and (ii) derive a...

Voyage report for SS2012V06 Eastern Coral Sea Tectonics (ECOSAT), R/V Southern Surveyor, October-November 2012

M Seton, S Williams, N Mortimer, S Meffre & S Micklethwaite

Quality control and quality assurance of Hawkes Bay dryland rainfall recharge measurements: 2011 - 2014

PA White & AP Lovett
The Hawke’s Bay Regional Council (HBRC) has installed a network of five groundwater recharge measurement sites in the region. These sites have been installed as part of an investigation programme in collaboration with GNS Science and the National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research’s Waterscape Research Programme. Four sites measure rainfall recharge (i.e., recharge through dry land, which is non-irrigated soil) and one measures recharge from rainfall and irrigation. This report describes quality assurance and...

Earthquake awareness and preparedness in Hamilton - a 2016 survey

DM Johnston, JS Becker, C Orchiston, T Egbelakin, MA Thompson, B Pace & MA Coomer
The purpose of the survey was to assess the earthquake awareness and preparedness in Hamilton, as part of a wider survey including Auckland, and Oamaru and Dunedin. The survey invited residents to participate in a study seeking to develop a clearer understanding of earthquake awareness and preparedness. A total of 500 surveys were delivered to Hamilton residents, with 65 returned. Preparedness for earthquakes and other hazards is critical in the recovery of affected communities in...

Developing GNS's capability in multispectral satellite imagery as a tool for geothermal and mineral exploration

PMJ Durance, S Ashraf, AJ Rae & G Kereszturi
Multispectral satellite data and their interpretation have potential to provide an efficient, environmentally friendly, socially acceptable and inexpensive method to map, study, and explore New Zealand’s mineral and geothermal resources at a reconnaissance scale. In particular, the method can potentially help reduce the area of interest for follow-up exploration by ground-based methods. Recent technological advances, namely the launch of the WorldView3 (WV-3) satellite, have made it possible to make a serious attempt at applying remote...

Te Kura Whenua ki Wairarapa & Porangahau wānanga completion report

M Terezow, RH Levy, CJ Hollis, UA Cochran & KJ Bland
During March and October 2016, GNS Science and Ngāti Kahungunu Iwi Incorporated led two Te Kura Whenua wānanga at Kohunui Marae, Pirinoa, Wairarapa and Rongomaraeroa Marae, Porangahau, respectively. Te Kura Whenua is a community engagement initiative aimed at creating dialogue and sharing knowledge between scientists and Māori communities on geoscience-related topics, such as climate change, geological hazards, geological resources, and Māori perspectives on the whenua. The two three-day wānanga involved field-based and hands-on activity-based learning....

Urban Geochemical Atlas of Dunedin City, New Zealand

RE Turnbull, AP Martin, MS Rattenbury, KM Rogers, DT Strong & R Morgenstern
A geochemical atlas for Dunedin City, New Zealand is presented that highlights the variation in trace, minor and major element concentrations in surficial soil materials across the urban landscape. Sampling was undertaken at 83 sites across a 1 km grid, with a further 30 sites sampled within the grid from almost all primary, intermediate and secondary schools within the survey area. At each site, three samples were collected using a hand auger: an upper O-depth...

Liquefaction hazard in the Wellington Region

GD Dellow, ND Perrin & WF Ries
The greater Wellington Region has a higher annual probability of damaging ground shaking than most of the rest of New Zealand. This means that the region is exposed to all of the effects of strong earthquake shaking including fault rupture, ground movement, liquefaction and landslides. This report deals specifically with the liquefaction hazard in the greater Wellington Region. Liquefaction is a process that leads to a soil suddenly losing much of its strength, most commonly...

Using RiskScape to inform section 32 assessments under the Resource Management Act 1991

ES Grace, NA Horspool, J Williams, S-L Lin & R Paulik
Land use planning decisions in New Zealand, including those that aim to manage levels of risk from natural hazards, are regulated by the Resource Management Act 1991 (RMA). The RMA includes a requirement to quantify costs and benefits of proposed policy options. A project has been undertaken to determine whether RiskScape, a risk modelling tool, can offer a means of quantifying costs and benefits relating to risk management options in the manner required by section...

Characterising New Zealand butter using bulk and molecular multi-isotope analyses

KM Rogers, AM Philips, AG Immers, J Cooper, M Sim & J Fitzgerald
Food fraud is now a serious problem worldwide and the various methods of disguising the origin and authenticity of lower quality products for economic gain is increasing. For some time, stable isotopes have been employed as a tool of choice to determine origin and farming methods of agricultural and animal products. The Ministry for Primary industries (MPI) commissioned GNS Science to investigate a selection of New Zealand and overseas sourced butter to understand key differences...

Uses of sea level rise information by local government: Hawke's Bay case study

Sally H. Potter, Emily S. Grace, Ben Payne & Richard H. Levy
The uses of Sea Level Rise (SLR) information at a regional level were investigated between 2015 and 2017, using the Hawkes Bay Region of New Zealand as a case study. This work was carried out as part of the wider ‘Our Rising Tide’ GNS Science Strategic Development Fund project. Workshops were held to find out what information about SLR would be useful for key stakeholders (particularly in terms of impacts), what format would be most...

Earthquake awareness and preparedness in Auckland - a 2016 survey

DM Johnston, JS Becker, C Orchiston, T Egbelakin, MA Thompson & MA Coomer
The purpose of the survey was to assess the earthquake awareness and preparedness in Auckland, as part of a wider survey including Oamaru and Dunedin, and Hamilton. The survey invited residents to participate in a study seeking to develop a clearer understanding of earthquake awareness and preparedness. A total of 1500 surveys were delivered to Auckland residents on 8th November 2016. Preparedness for earthquakes and other hazards is critical in the recovery of affected communities...

Chemical compositions of selected sinter samples from the Rotorua Museum

AG Reyes
Eight sinter samples, purportedly from the Pink and White Terraces, were geochemically analysed using neutron activation analysis (NAA). The selection represents a range of colours: violet to red to yellowish red, orangish yellow, nearly white but with faint brownish tints and brownish. Seven of the samples are from the Rotorua Museum collection acquired in 2013 and one is from Mr Blair Polly. Gold and Ag show positive correlation, as do As and Sb. However high...

Caribbean core competency for emergency and disaster management roadmap

JE Jovins, S Feldmann-Jensen & SJ Jensen
A ‘roadmap’ for the development of core competencies was established in a joint effort between the Caribbean Disaster Emergency Management Agency (CDEMA) and the New Zealand Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade (MFAT) with support of GNS Science, Massey University Joint Centre for Disaster Research (JCDR) and New Zealand Ministry of Civil Defence and Emergency Management (MCDEM). The forward planning effort moves toward supporting the Caribbean region’s Comprehensive Disaster Management (CDM) initiatives through the development...

Community resilience in the age of social media

A Beatson
This literature review focuses on the nature and role of social media in contributing to community resilience, with New Zealand as a specific point of focus. It identifies three main areas where social media has supported resilient forms of behaviour. The first concerns the role of social media in supporting information-seeking behaviours during crisis events. The second looks at the role of social media in empowering individual and community actors, and in providing a forum...

GWRC flood warning review phase 2 & 3

GS Leonard, RJ Woods, JS Becker & SH Potter
Providing effective flood warning services is a critical role for Greater Wellington Regional Council (GWRC). Currently, flood warning services in the Wellington Region are provided across three parts of GWRC: Flood Protection, Environment Science and Wellington Region Emergency Management Office (WREMO). The current arrangement pre-dates the establishment of WREMO. The current system has not been reviewed recently and has never had a comprehensive review on service provision or delivery. To remedy this, a review of...

New Zealand 2012 ShakeOut drill

JS Becker, MA Coomer, SH Potter & SK McBride
New Zealand ShakeOut is a national earthquake drill that was first held on 26 September 2012 at 9:26 am. The New Zealand ShakeOut campaign was based on international ShakeOut drill activities and was organised by the Ministry of Civil Defence & Emergency Management. It focussed on educating New Zealanders about what to do in an earthquake, communicating the ‘Drop, Cover, Hold’ message, and asking people to practice the ‘Drop, Cover, Hold’ action in an official...

Hikurangi Ocean Bottom Investigation of Tremor and Slow Slip (HOBITSS VI, TAN1907)

Laura M. Wallace &
HOBITSS VI was a 12-day (29 October – 9 November 2019) Wellington to Wellington R/V Tangaroa voyage (TAN1907). Objectives of TAN1907 were to undertake seafloor geodetic and seismic instrument deployments, recoveries and surveys offshore of the Gisborne, Hawke’s Bay and Wairarapa coasts. The seafloor geodetic aims involve using Bottom Pressure Recorders (BPRs) to determine the cm-level vertical movement (upward or downward) of the seafloor during slow-slip events (SSEs), as well as to deploy a Wave...

Household relocation and recovery following the 2017 Edgecumbe flooding: results of a survey

Finn R. Scheele, Lucy H. Kaiser & Ryan Paulik
In April 2017, the Rangitāiki River breached a stopbank, resulting in widespread flooding within the town of Edgecumbe, Bay of Plenty. The evacuation of the town and damage to homes led to major disruption for residents. The relocation of households, both temporary and permanent, had long-lasting effects on the community. A questionnaire to gather residents’ experiences during the event and subsequent recovery was hand-delivered to residential addresses in Edgecumbe in November 2020. Topics included housing...

Geothermal gas emission and its impact on hauora and taiao at Whakarewarewa, the Living Village

Agnes Mazot, R. Huata, Diane Bradshaw, Perry K. Davy, B. Millar, J. Warbrick, J. Davis & Andreas Markwitz
This research explores the effect of Hydrogen Sulfide (H2S), a primary geothermal gas and in a certain extent Carbon Dioxide (CO2), has on humans when exposed to extreme environmental conditions. In this report we document and record the traditional histories/Mātauranga concerning the connection between H2S and the hauora (health) of people at the Whakarewarewa Village. An integrated database helped with the integration of technical, scientific and traditional Māori information, and the support of agile knowledge...

Principles of project-based engagement

Wendy S. A. Saunders
This guidance has been produced to help researchers from any research programme understand the basic principles and expectations of engagement. It is aimed at researchers with little engagement knowledge or experience and is very general in nature; the level of engagement and amount of planning will be dependent on the scale of the project and its potential impact. Three stages of research and associated engagement activities are presented: During the proposal development and design During...

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