71 Works

Liquefaction hazard in the Wellington Region

GD Dellow, ND Perrin & WF Ries
The greater Wellington Region has a higher annual probability of damaging ground shaking than most of the rest of New Zealand. This means that the region is exposed to all of the effects of strong earthquake shaking including fault rupture, ground movement, liquefaction and landslides. This report deals specifically with the liquefaction hazard in the greater Wellington Region. Liquefaction is a process that leads to a soil suddenly losing much of its strength, most commonly...

Using RiskScape to inform section 32 assessments under the Resource Management Act 1991

ES Grace, NA Horspool, J Williams, S-L Lin & R Paulik
Land use planning decisions in New Zealand, including those that aim to manage levels of risk from natural hazards, are regulated by the Resource Management Act 1991 (RMA). The RMA includes a requirement to quantify costs and benefits of proposed policy options. A project has been undertaken to determine whether RiskScape, a risk modelling tool, can offer a means of quantifying costs and benefits relating to risk management options in the manner required by section...

Characterising New Zealand butter using bulk and molecular multi-isotope analyses

KM Rogers, AM Philips, AG Immers, J Cooper, M Sim & J Fitzgerald
Food fraud is now a serious problem worldwide and the various methods of disguising the origin and authenticity of lower quality products for economic gain is increasing. For some time, stable isotopes have been employed as a tool of choice to determine origin and farming methods of agricultural and animal products. The Ministry for Primary industries (MPI) commissioned GNS Science to investigate a selection of New Zealand and overseas sourced butter to understand key differences...

Uses of sea level rise information by local government: Hawke's Bay case study

Sally H. Potter, Emily S. Grace, Ben Payne & Richard H. Levy
The uses of Sea Level Rise (SLR) information at a regional level were investigated between 2015 and 2017, using the Hawkes Bay Region of New Zealand as a case study. This work was carried out as part of the wider ‘Our Rising Tide’ GNS Science Strategic Development Fund project. Workshops were held to find out what information about SLR would be useful for key stakeholders (particularly in terms of impacts), what format would be most...

Chemical compositions of selected sinter samples from the Rotorua Museum

AG Reyes
Eight sinter samples, purportedly from the Pink and White Terraces, were geochemically analysed using neutron activation analysis (NAA). The selection represents a range of colours: violet to red to yellowish red, orangish yellow, nearly white but with faint brownish tints and brownish. Seven of the samples are from the Rotorua Museum collection acquired in 2013 and one is from Mr Blair Polly. Gold and Ag show positive correlation, as do As and Sb. However high...

Caribbean core competency for emergency and disaster management roadmap

JE Jovins, S Feldmann-Jensen & SJ Jensen
A ‘roadmap’ for the development of core competencies was established in a joint effort between the Caribbean Disaster Emergency Management Agency (CDEMA) and the New Zealand Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade (MFAT) with support of GNS Science, Massey University Joint Centre for Disaster Research (JCDR) and New Zealand Ministry of Civil Defence and Emergency Management (MCDEM). The forward planning effort moves toward supporting the Caribbean region’s Comprehensive Disaster Management (CDM) initiatives through the development...

Community resilience in the age of social media

A Beatson
This literature review focuses on the nature and role of social media in contributing to community resilience, with New Zealand as a specific point of focus. It identifies three main areas where social media has supported resilient forms of behaviour. The first concerns the role of social media in supporting information-seeking behaviours during crisis events. The second looks at the role of social media in empowering individual and community actors, and in providing a forum...

GWRC flood warning review phase 2 & 3

GS Leonard, RJ Woods, JS Becker & SH Potter
Providing effective flood warning services is a critical role for Greater Wellington Regional Council (GWRC). Currently, flood warning services in the Wellington Region are provided across three parts of GWRC: Flood Protection, Environment Science and Wellington Region Emergency Management Office (WREMO). The current arrangement pre-dates the establishment of WREMO. The current system has not been reviewed recently and has never had a comprehensive review on service provision or delivery. To remedy this, a review of...

New Zealand 2012 ShakeOut drill

JS Becker, MA Coomer, SH Potter & SK McBride
New Zealand ShakeOut is a national earthquake drill that was first held on 26 September 2012 at 9:26 am. The New Zealand ShakeOut campaign was based on international ShakeOut drill activities and was organised by the Ministry of Civil Defence & Emergency Management. It focussed on educating New Zealanders about what to do in an earthquake, communicating the ‘Drop, Cover, Hold’ message, and asking people to practice the ‘Drop, Cover, Hold’ action in an official...

Ground motions in New Zealand from Kermadec earthquakes

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We use numerical simulations of earthquake ground shaking to test the ability of natural warning to trigger self-evacuation in communities in the north-western North Island that are at risk of tsunami generated along the Kermadec Subduction Zone in the southwest Pacific. In this region, self-evacuation defined as “Long or Strong, Get Gone” is the dominant mechanism for risk mitigation. However, we conclude that many possible earthquakes will not be felt strongly in these regions, including...

The refinement of isotopic data layers for three catchment-scale studies in the Southland, Horizons, and Gisborne regions: activities between May 2017 and May 2018

Rob W. van der Raaij, Magali Moreau & Rogier S. Westerhoff
The National Institute for Water and Atmospheric Research established, and is leading, the 'National Hydrological Project (NHP), with GNS Science (GNS) and Landcare Research as sub-contracted partners. This report details the GNS activities in the NHP task "design and conceptualisation of catchment-wide isotopic data layers, including data-acquisition of isotope field samples, in selected case studies" and aims to refine isotopic data layers, for stable isotopes and tritium, to make them applicable for studies that estimate...

Te Ropū Pūtaiao Pāpori Vision Mātauranga Strategy and Action Plan 2018-2022

LC Carter
In 2007 the Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment released their Vision Mātauranga policy for “unlocking the Innovation Potential of Māori knowledge, Resources and People” (MBIE, 2007) and to provide strategic direction for Vote RS&T funding for research. Elements of MBIE’s Vision Mātauranga policy are increasingly being adapted by organisations who recognise the unique opportunities for Māori communities to make distinct contributions to research, science and technology. Additionally, Vision Mātauranga is increasingly a core assessment...

Kaikōura Earthquake Short-Term Project

NJ Litchfield, KJ Clark, WF Ries, P Villamor, RJ Van Dissen, RM Langridge, DJA Barrell, KE Jones, DW Heron, B Lukovic & J Pettinga
Ground deformation in the 14th November 2016 magnitude 7.8 Kaikōura Earthquake was extra-ordinarily complex, including multiple (>20) ground-surface fault ruptures and extensive (>110 km) coastal uplift. This report documents work undertaken after the initial GeoNet response phase to document the ground-surface fault ruptures and coastal uplift, with a large focus on high resolution topographic (Light Detecting and Ranging) data. This work provides essential information for better understand what happened in the earthquake, and to inform...

Rapid remote sensing data collection

KE Jones, JM Lee, GC Archbald, S Lawson & C Asher
The acquisition of remotely sensed, high resolution, topographic data has been transformed considerably over the past decade by new technology and geospatial processing platforms. Originally developed within the computer vision industry, Structure from Motion (SfM) is a photogrammetric method for creating 3D models of a feature or topography from overlapping two-dimensional photographs taken from many locations and orientations. SfM algorithms search for unique matches of points between two images, determining internal camera geometry and camera...

Businesses and the Canterbury earthquakes

T Hatton, E Seville, C Brown & Stevenson
his report describes the results of 14 case studies carried out with organisations in Christchurch and Auckland to further inform and refine the Business Behaviours Module of MERIT. The Business Behaviours Module has been developed based on extensive statistical analysis of the responses of 541 Canterbury organisations to a 2013 survey on their experiences following the 2010/11 Canterbury earthquakes. We needed to test the applicability of the Business Behaviours Module to other types of disruption...

Economics of Resilient Infrastructure Auckland Volcanic Field Scenario

NI Deligne, DM Blake, AJ Davies, ES Grace, J Hayes, SH Potter, C Stewart, G Wilson & TM Wilson
The Economics of Resilient Infrastructure (ERI) research programme is a four year project funded by the New Zealand Government. The final output of the programme is a software tool, MERIT (Modelling the Economics of Resilient Infrastructure Tool) which will quantify the economic consequences of infrastructure failure and explore various post disaster recovery strategies. This report documents one of two multi-sector outage scenarios developed for the MERIT tool, a volcanic eruption in the Auckland Volcanic Field...

Auckland electricity outage scenario

JH Kim, NJ Smith & GW McDonald
In the ERI programme we developed a Dynamic Interoperability Input-Output Model (DIIM) to assess the economic impacts of a hypothetical electricity outage scenario in the Auckland region. We apply a hypothetical electricity transmission infrastructure loss scenario, co-developed with Transpower (electricity provider) and Vector (electricity retailer), to test the impacts of a substantial electricity outage in Auckland. The probability of the scenario is highly unlikely, but plausible for the Auckland region. The scenario is fully outlined...

Natural Hazards 2016

C Pinal

Predicted column heights for carbon dioxide storage in New Zealand based on membrane seal capacity

BD Field
The underground storage of carbon dioxide requires assessments of many factors but particularly of security of storage. One of the main contributors to security of storage is the membrane capacity of seal units. This report uses mercury injection capillary pressure threshold entry pressures to assess the membrane seal capacities and hence column heights of various New Zealand mudstones. Column heights are estimated at in situ conditions for the samples analysed, except that where samples were...

Perspectives on future hazards research

JS Becker
The Natural Hazards Research Platform (NHRP) and Resilience to Nature's Challenges (Resilience Challenge, RNC) research initiatives will merge within the next two years. The research community, in consultation with stakeholders, has been tasked by the Ministry of Business Innovation and Employment (MBIE) to agree on a future pathway for natural hazards, risk and societal impacts research. The merger of NHRP and RNC will become a redefined Phase 2 Resilience Challenge, with associated funding arrangements. An...

2017 aerial thermal infrared survey of the Waimangu- Rotomahana-Mt Tarawera Geothermal Field

RR Reeves & N Macdonald
An aerial thermal infrared (TIR) survey of the southern part of the Waimangu-Rotomahana-Mt Tarawera Geothermal Field was undertaken on 28 January, 2017. 2119 TIR images were processed and mosaicked to produce a single, 16-bit image with a ground pixel size of approximately 2 m x 2 m (Figure A1). Limited ground checking was completed as part of the survey. The purpose of this report is to summarise the method of data collection, and present the...

The composition of high temperature geothermal fluids in New Zealand

D Evans, EK Mroczek & M Climo
This literature review updates and summarises the chemical composition of geothermal waters from wells in the Taupo Volcanic Zone and Ngawha, with the aim of characterising the “typical” reservoir water composition for the developed, high-temperature geothermal systems. The reservoir liquid composition is also calculated to atmospheric pressure which is the maximum amount of steam separation. Most information was available on the major chemical components: Na, K, Ca, Cl, B, SiO2, SO4 and HCO3, but also...

Guide to New Zealand Bolivinita (Foraminifera; Neogene - Quaternary)

GH Scott
The biserial benthic foraminiferal genus Bolivinita is widely represented in New Zealand Late Miocene – Recent shelf and bathyal environments and several of its species are useful in regional biostratigraphy. To advance the stratigraphic application of the genus, the external morphology and population variation of several of the more widely distributed species are reviewed, and their biogeography and stratigraphy are summarized. Detailed accounts are given of Bolivinita compressa Finlay, B. finlayi Kennett, B. medialis Scott...

Good practice case studies of regional policy statements, district plans, and proposal plans

Emily S Grace & Wendy SA Saunders
This report presents the findings of Part 2 of a four part research project investigating the state of planning for natural hazards in New Zealand. Part 2 is a case study analysis of ten land use plans prepared under the Resource Management Act 1991 (RMA). Each of the ten plans selected is analysed for examples of good practice in natural hazards planning. Development of the selection criteria for choosing the ten plans, and development of...

Key species of New Zealand fossil foraminifera

CP Strong, JI Raine & M Terezow
This web-based guide to biostratigraphically important species of foraminifera has been extracted from the text of: “Manual of New Zealand Permian to Pleistocene Foraminiferal Biostratigraphy”, by N. de B. Hornibrook, R. C. Brazier, and C.P. Strong (1989): New Zealand Geological Survey paleontological bulletin 56.

Registration Year

  • 2018

Resource Types

  • Text