3 Works

Natural stone resources and sustainability

Tom Heldal & Jorge Carvalho
Geological Survey of Norway, Norway (NGU) (1); Laboratório Nacional de Energia e Geologia (LNEG), Portugal (2)

Natural stone is perhaps the most widely used building material in the history of human evolution, applied in a range of applications, from the most prestigious monuments of civilisations to humble shelters. Being a construction material of high quality produced be simply shaping rocks to more or less advanced elements, it is relevant to ask if this magnificent...

Raw materials - you can’t do well without them

Antje Wittenberg, Daniel P. S. de Oliveira , Lisbeth Flindt Jorgensen , F. Javier Gonzalez, Henrike Sievers, Lídia Quental , Aurete Pereira , Tom Heldal & David Whitehead
Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources (BGR), Germany (1); National Laboratory of Energy and Geology (LNEG), Portugal (2); Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland (GEUS), Denmark (3); Geological Survey of Spain (IGME), Spain (4); Geological Survey of Norway (NGU), Norway (5)

“Raw materials, you can’t do well without them”. This statement echoes the needs for a reliable raw materials supply chain. Awareness of raw materials is an essential element for the manufacturing industry,...

The family of battery metals found in European seabed mineral deposits: The MINDeSEA perspective

Javier Gonzalez , Teresa Medialdea , Henrik Schiellerup , Irene Zananiri , Pedro Ferreira , Luis Somoza , Xavier Monteys , Trevor Alcorn , Egidio Marino , Ana Lobato , Thomas Kuhn , Johan Nyberg , Vitor Magalhaes , Rosario Lunar , Boris Malyuk , James Hein & Georgy Cherkashov
Covering 15,000,000 km2, the pan-European seas represent a promising new frontier for the exploration of mineral resources. The GeoERA-MINDeSEA consortium, a cooperative network of 12 Geological Surveys and Marine Institutes, is facing this exploration challenge. 688 seabed mineral occurrences are described in the MINDeSEA database, GIS cartographies and reports, containing valuable information on geology, metallogeny, critical raw materials prospectivity and mineral potential. Five types of mineral deposits are investigated, including seafloor massive sulphides, ferromanganese crusts,...

Registration Year

  • 2022
    1
  • 2021
    2

Resource Types

  • Text
    3

Affiliations

  • Norwegian Geological Survey
    3
  • National Laboratory of Energy and Geology
    2
  • Instituto Geológico y Minero de España
    2
  • Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources
    2
  • Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland
    1
  • All Russian Research Institute of Geology and Mineral Resources of the World Ocean
    1
  • Portuguese Sea and Atmosphere Institute
    1
  • United States Geological Survey
    1
  • Geological Survey of Ireland
    1
  • Instituto de Geociencias
    1