Within the framework of a study focusing on teacher training in geography at the University of Potsdam, the range of perspectives on the topics of physical geography was investigated. The starting point is that physical geography and human geography represent the main components of school geography teaching . This idea is motivated by the model of geography by Weichert (2003). Initially, physical and human geography content seemed to be present in the curriculum in roughly...
A new Geosciences campus will be built in central Munich, that will also house an innovative exhibition on geosciences, the Forum der Geowissenschaften. A team of scientists, curators and museum educators has started to plan the exhibition in the last year. Currently, a catalogue of topics for the forthcoming permanent exhibition is being prepared. As the topics that we as experts find most interesting do not always coincide with the interests of the public, potential...
Novel Mantle flow retrodictions reveal preferential material flow in the sublithospheric European mantleHans-Peter Bunge, Siavash Ghelichkhan & Jens Oeser
The Cenozoic tectonic evolution of Northern Europe involves a number of events that are difficult to reconcile with an intra-plate setting, including magmatic events and topographic changes that are located far from plate boundaries. It is entirely plausible to relate these events to sublithospheric processes in a vigorously convecting mantle. However, traditional mantle convection models are difficult to link to the spatiotemporal constraints provided by geologic archives, because their output invariably depends on the assumptions...
Shaping responsible future experts: the need for integrating Geoethics in Geoscience university educationDominic Hildebrandt
Geoscientific know-how is essential to tackle pressing challenges: climate change, geohazards, energy and raw material supply. However, technical expertise alone – without considering societal dimensions – will not be sufficient to find sustainable solutions to these problems. Geoethics literacy is needed to qualify Geoscientists to work responsibly on complex tasks at the interface to society. Also, Geoethics deals with our own Geoscience philosophy and can therefore help to address current problems in Geoscience academia –...
GEOWiki@LMU is a constantly growing open platform for the promotion of practical and research-oriented knowledge acquisition elaborated by and for students of earth sciences. The contents are developed by students in courses or on their own initiative in interdisciplinary teams. All topics are discussed in weekly editorial online-meetings and revised in close collaboration with lecturers. One of the main goals is to provide information on methods relevant to geosciences. Focus is on field, preparation and...
Mantle convection is a fundamental driving force for the tectonic activity of our planet. It is commonly perceived that mantle convection is difficult to constrain directly. Its processes, however, affect the surface of the Earth and leave an imprint in the geological record. One response to topographic changes driven by mantle convection is the development of unconformities in the geological record (i.e. the absence of a stratigraphic layer), due to non-deposition or erosion. Modern geological...
Raman spectroscopy as a functional scientific examination method for minerals, rocks and meteorites in the modern GeosciencesMelanie Kaliwoda , Malte Junge , Felix Hentschel , Wolfgang W. Schmahl , Fabian Dellefant & Claudia Trepmann
Mineralogical State Collection Munich, SNSB and Ludwig Maximilians University, LMU, Germany(1);Ludwig Maximilians University, LMU, Germany(2);Raman spectroscopy is becoming an increasingly important investigative tool in modern geosciences. So it has been applied in the examination of a variety of materials, including meteoritic and igneous rocks, as well as natural and synthetic minerals and crystals. This is not least due to the many advantages of Raman spectroscopy, like very fast measurements, small spot size or different samples...
Traditional geological field education includes organized trips of large student groups to geological outcrops. Typically, instructors guide students to outcrops and give (mini-)lectures, such that the students’ notes consist of the provided verbal summaries instead of one’s own sketches and descriptions of outcrops, often leading to poor reports. In 2020, the Covid-19 pandemic prevented group-travel to geological sites, which halted such forms of teaching. To continue field education despite the contact-restrictions, I designed an alternative...
Geological maps are important products of geological work that display results of generations of field geologists’ work. Most original geological maps are generated and utilized at local scales. At regional scales, geological maps have gained in practical significance ever since William Smith’s 1815 geological map of England exemplified the powerful nature of mapping and correlating strata beyond local scales. However, by comparison, geological maps compiled at continental-scales appear to be of limited use outside of...
Cyprus, in the Pleistocene, was extremely isolated from a geological and biogeographical point of view. Only two macromammals successfully colonised the island before the Holocene: Elephas cypriotes, approximately 1.4 metres tall at the withers, and Phanourios minor. The latter is the smallest dwarfed hippo ever found; it stood 70 centimetres at the withers and weighed an estimated 200 kilograms, approximately 10% of its mainland ancestor’s weight. The main objective of this study was to determine...
Mineralogische Staatssammlung München2
Australian National University1
University of Potsdam1
Section Paleontology, Institute of Geosciences, Universität Bonn, Germany1
Department Biologie II, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Germany1
GeoBio-Center, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Germany1
Bavarian Natural History Collections1