The shear force along convergent plate boundary faults (megathrusts) determines the height of mountain ranges that can be mechanically sustained. Whether the true height of mountain ranges corresponds to this tectonically supported elevation is, however, debated. In particular, climate-dependent erosional processes are often assumed to exert a major control on mountain height, although this assumption has remained difficult to validate. To address this issue, we first constrained the shear force along active megathrusts from their...
Tectonic and environmental perturbations at the Permian-Triassic boundary: insights from the Blue Nile River Basin in central EthiopiaMaryam Mansouri , Matthias Hinderer , Laura Stutenbecker , Guido Meinhold , Enkurie L. Dawit , Jasper Berndt & Robert Bussert
The Blue Nile River Basin contains a thick fluvio-lacustrine sediment succession of Permian to Jurassic age. Its evolution is linked to extensional tectonics during break-up of Pangea in the aftermath of the Carboniferous-Permian glaciation. We collected sandstone samples from several sections in order to study the tectonic evolution and possible impacts of environmental perturbation around the Permian-Triassic boundary. Based on thin-section petrography, bulk-rock geochemistry, heavy mineral spectra, and detrital zircon U-Pb ages we are able...
Postglacial slip distribution along the Teton normal fault, northeastern Basin-and-Range Province (Wyoming, USA) derived from tectonically offset geomorphological featuresAndrea Hampel & Maria-Sophie Erdmann
Along the eastern front of the Teton Range, northeastern Basin-and-Range Province, well-preserved fault scarps that formed across moraines, river terraces and other geomorphological features indicate that multiple earthquakes ruptured the range-bounding Teton normal fault after the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM). Here we use high-resolution digital elevation models derived from Lidar data to determine the vertical slip distribution along-strike of the Teton fault from 54 topographic profiles across tectonically offset geomorphological features along the entire Teton...
The European continental crust through detrital zircons from modern rivers: biasing effects in the detrital zircon recordPaula Castillo , Heinrich Bahlburg , Rodrigo Fernández , Mark Fanning & Jasper Berndt
We present U-Pb, Lu-Hf, and O isotopic data, as well as size-shape data for approximately 3700 detrital zircons from 15 European rivers. In combination with geomorphological information for each river basin (area, drainage length, and hypsometric curves), we evaluate the representativeness and biases affecting such datasets. The new data allow us to demonstrate that the detrital zircon record from major rivers represents all relevant geological events in Europe at the continental scale, with detrital zircon...
Habitability of early Earth: Liquid water under a faint young Sun facilitated by tidal heating due to a closer MoonRené Heller , Jan-Peter Duda , Max Winkler , Joachim Reitner & Laurent Gizon
Carbonatites crystallize from mantle-derived carbonate- and volatile-rich melts that exsolve large amounts of fluids during their ascent through and emplacement into the crust. A global review of available fluid inclusion data for carbonatitic systems from variable emplacement depths identified four types of fluid inclusions: (type-I) vapour-poor H2O-NaCl fluids with <50 wt.% salinity; (type-II) vapour-rich H2O-NaCl-CO2 fluids with <5 wt.% salinity; (type-III) multi-component fluids with high salinity without CO2; and (type-IV) multi-component fluids with high salinity...
Spatial variations in submarine caldera-hosted hydrothermal systems: Insights from sulfide chemistry, Niuatahi caldera, Tonga rear-arcJan J. Falkenberg, Manuel Keith, Karsten M. Haase , Reiner Klemd, Harald Strauss , Christian Peters & Jonguk Kim
Deep-sea and Seabed Mineral resources Research centre, Korean Institute of Ocean Science & Technology, 385 Haeyang-ro, Yeongdo-gu, 49111, Korea(3);Submarine “black smoker” systems and their associated seafloor massive sulfides (SMS) may represent economic resources for future generations. However, the processes leading to spatial variations in the mineralogical and chemical composition of subduction zone-related hydrothermal systems remain poorly constrained. The large submarine caldera of Niuatahi volcano hosts several active hydrothermal vent sites associated with faults at the...
Slip rate of the Danghe Nan Shan thrust fault from 10Be exposure dating of folded river terraces: Implications for the strain distribution in northern TibetQiang Xu , Ralf Hetzel , Andrea Hampel & Reinhard Wolff
The northeastward motion of the Tibetan Plateau along the Altyn Tagh strike-slip fault causes thrust faulting in three parallel mountain ranges (Qilian Shan, Daxue Shan, Danghe Nan Shan) in the plateau interior, and leads to NNE-directed crustal shortening and plateau growth. While slip rates at the plateau margin (i.e. along the Qilian Shan and the Altyn Tagh fault) are well constrained, rates of thrust faulting and the strain distribution in the plateau interior remain poorly...
University of Münster7
Leibniz University Hannover3
University of Erlangen-Nuremberg1
Australian National University1
University of Göttingen1
Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research1
Korea Institute of Ocean Science and Technology1
University of Tübingen1
Southwest Petroleum University1