39 Works

Structure and density configuration of Germany’s subsurface: 3-D-Deutschland, an updated three-dimensional lithospheric-scale model

Denis Anikiev , Judith Bott , Mauro Cacace , Hans-Jürgen Götze & Magdalena Scheck-Wenderoth
With this study we revise and improve the three-dimensional lithospheric-scale structural and density model of Germany (3-D-D). Major shortcomings of this model resulted from joining three regional 3-D models that were poorly covered by data at their margins. Merging into a larger model revealed structural inconsistencies in these “marginal” domains. In order to resolve discrepancies between the units in a more consistent way we integrate newly available data from seismic reprocessing, tomography, and use 3-D...

Magnesium and calcium isotope fractionation during microbial dolomite formation

Michael Tatzel , Adina Paytan , Samantha Carter , Daniel A. Frick , Francisca Martinez-Ruiz , Zach A. DiLoreto , Maria Dittrich , Tomaso R. R. Bontognali & Mónica Sanchez-Román
Microbial mediation is considered an important process for the formation of primary dolomite at ambient temperature. Yet, no structural, mineralogical, chemical or isotopic means exist to discern this mode of dolomite formation from secondary dolomite. To explore the utility of metal isotopes in allowing this distinction we characterize magnesium and calcium stable isotope ratios in primary (proto)dolomites from a modern hypersaline environment. Samples from the Khor Al-Adaid sabkhas in Qatar show consistent isotopic differences of...

Hydro-mechanical parameters of Cornubian and Odenwald reservoir granitoids with focus on fracture stiffness testing

Lena Muhl , Guido Blöcher , Ingo Sass , Christian Kluge & Tanja Ballerstedt
For the resource development, geothermal systems need to be improved to increase the profitability of the investment. One aspect to support this aim is the reservoir productivity, a key parameter, which depends on the hydraulic and mechanical properties of the reservoir formation. In order to develop possible improvement strategies for the profitability enhancement of geothermal reservoirs and/or nuclear waste repositories, hydraulic and mechanical properties of artificial generated fractures were investigated. The importance of the fracture...

SpannEnD - The crustal stress state of Germany

Steffen Ahlers , Andreas Henk , Tobias Hergert , Karsten Reiter , Birgit Müller , Luisa Röckel , Oliver Heidbach , Sophia Morawietz , Magdalena Scheck-Wenderoth & Denis Anikiev
Information about the recent stress state of the upper crust is important for understanding tectonic processes and for the use of the underground in general. A currently important topic, the search for a radioactive waste deposit, illustrates this relevance, as the crustal stress state is decisive for the short and long-term safety of a possible repository. For example, the integrity of the host rock due to the activation or reactivation of faults and associated fluid...

LI@Geo.X – A Laboratory Infrastructure Search Portal for the Geo.X Network

Manja Luzi-Helbing , Christopher Hamann , Kirsten Elger , Damian Ulbricht , Florian Ott , Marc Hanisch , Nils Brinckmann , Hannes Fuchs , Hildegard Gödde , Roland Bertelmann & Lutz Hecht
Geo.X is the research network for geosciences in the Berlin and Potsdam metropolitan region and integrates five universities and six extramural research institutions. Our partners are committed to a FAIR and sustainable handling of research data and infrastructures. For this purpose, we established a search portal for the geoscientific laboratory infrastructure and related research data of the network partners (LI@Geo.X). The portal aims to increase the visibility and accessibility of the partner institutions’ infrastructures, data,...

The Yarmouk basin, an essential transboundary water resource

Christian Siebert , E. Shalev , F. Magri , P. Möller , E. Salameh & T. Rödiger
The Yarmouk River is the primary tributary to the Jordan River and a strategic transboundary freshwater resource of Syria, Jordan, and Israel. In the past decades, the Yarmouk watershed has been extensively exploited by the riparian with the construction of dams including the Al-Wehda and Adassiyeh dams. The operation of the dams is guided by international water agreements between Jordan and Israel and Jordan and Syria and control the flux of the Yarmouk River. Repeated...

A global rate of denudation from cosmogenic nuclides in the Earth’s largest rivers

Hella Wittmann , Marcus Oelze , Jerome Gaillardet , Eduardo Garzanti & Friedhelm von Blanckenburg
Cosmogenic nuclide analysis in sediment from the Earth’s largest rivers yields mean denudation rates of the sediment-producing areas that average out local variations commonly found in small rivers. Using this approach, we measured in situ cosmogenic 26Al and 10Be in sand of >50 large rivers over a range of climatic and tectonic regimes covering 32% of the Earth’s terrestrial surface. In 35% of the analyzed rivers, 26Al/10Be ratios are significantly lower than these nuclides´ surface-production-rate...

Thermo-compositional models of the West Gondwana cratons

Nils-Peter Finger , Mikhail K. Kaban , Magdala Tesauro , Walter D. Mooney & Maik Thomas
When Western Gondwana broke apart into the South American and African continents ca.120 Ma ago, some of its cratons were broken apart as well. Following the isopycnic hypothesis, their long-term stability and often neutral to positive buoyancy can be explained by the counteracting effects of cooling (density increase) and iron depletion (density decrease). To separate these effects, we created the presented models following an iterative integrated approach using mainly seismic and gravity data. In the...

Time-dependent fracture permeability induced by fluid-rock interactions under intermittent and continuous flow

Chaojie Cheng & Harald Milsch
Fractures are the predominant flow pathways in low-permeability rocks. Understanding the fluid-rock interactions that occur in rock fractures and their effects on fracture aperture variations is important for assessing the sustainability of reservoir productivity. This study presents two long-term flow-through experiments with fractured pure quartz sandstones to investigate how fluid composition affects fracture changes over time. One sample was continuously flowed through with fluids (DI or Si-rich fluid), while the other sample was subjected to...

GeoLaB - Geothermal Laboratory in the Crystalline Basement

Thomas Kohl , Eva Schill , Judith Bremer , Günter Zimmermann , Olaf Kolditz & Ingo Sass
In Central Europe, the largest geothermal potential resides in the crystalline basement rock with important hotspots in tectonically stressed areas. To better harvest this energy form under sustainable, predictable and efficient conditions, new focused, scientific driven strategies are needed. Similar to other geo-technologies, the complex processes in the subsurface need to be investigated in large-scale facilities to ensure environmental sustainability. The proposed new underground research laboratory GeoLaB (Geothermal Laboratory in the Crystalline Basement) will address...

Hydro-Mechanical Simulation in Geothermal Reservoirs: Physics and Surrogate Modeling

Ryan Santoso , Denise Degen , Mauro Cacace & Florian Wellmann
Hydro-mechanical (HM) simulations are essential aspects of geothermal reservoir studies to assess the heat production and the associated-environmental impacts, such as seismicity. HM simulations are numerically expensive (especially for large-scale simulations) since they require a relatively fine mesh to capture the complex interplay between the fluid-flow and geomechanical processes. This aspect makes it difficult to perform detailed studies on uncertainties in HM simulations. In this work, we present a comprehensive review and numerical demonstrations about...

Turning 80 years of global research on heat flow into a sustainable research data infrastructure

Sven Fuchs
Measured data of the Earth’s surface heat flow are rare observables for heat transport processes in the Earth interior. Precise knowledge of heat flow is thus fundamental (i) to describe the Earth’s thermal field, (ii) to decipher plate-tectonic and geodynamic processes and (iii) to understand natural or artificial utilized geological thermal systems – across all spatial scales and timely domains. Heat flow data are documented in more than 1,400 publications and are collected by the...

OneGeochemistry: Enabling a coordinated online global network of multiple distributed geochemical repositories and databases

Kerstin Annette Lehnert , Lesley Wyborn , Dominik Hezel , Alexander Prent , Kirsten Elger , Geertje ter Maat , Marthe Klöcking & Jens Klump
Since the discipline of ‘geochemistry’ was first defined in 1838, geochemical data has been pervasively acquired and used in the Earth, environmental and planetary sciences and become fundamental for understanding past, present, and future processes in natural systems. Initially, geochemical data was published in hard-copy literature, but as analytical systems became computerised, major digital databases emerged (EarthChem, PetDB, OZCHEM and GEOROC) which revolutionised data access. They have proven the power of re-use of geochemical data...

Experimental simulations of hydrogen migration through potential storage rocks

Bettina Strauch , Peter Pilz , Johannes Hierold & Martin Zimmer
The save and effective storage of hydrogen in geological formations is an important part towards the implementation of renewable energy use. Due to fluctuating power supply from wind or solar plants, it is envisaged to use excess energy for electrolytical hydrogen production and the subsequent temporary storage in geological formations, as buffer for energy at “high-demand-low-production-times”. The preferred geological storage formations are either salt deposits or porous sandstones with a gas-tight caprock. To date, these...

Registration Year

  • 2022
  • 2021

Resource Types

  • Text


  • Helmholtz Centre Potsdam - GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences
  • Freie Universität Berlin
  • University of Potsdam
  • RWTH Aachen University
  • Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research
  • University of Göttingen
  • Karlsruhe Institute of Technology
  • Technical University of Darmstadt
  • Columbia University
  • University of Strasbourg