149 Works

THM Experiment for the Investigation of Freeze-Thaw Processes in Unconsolidated Rock and Geotechnical Grouts

2) Hesse , Jan-Henrik Kupfernagel (3), 2) Schedel, 2) Welsch , Lutz Müller & 2) Sass
Technical University of Darmstadt, Geothermal Science and Technology, Darmstadt, Germany (1); Darmstadt Graduate School of Excellence Energy Science and Engineering, Darmstadt, Germany (2); Technische Hochschule Ostwestfalen-Lippe, FB 8, Geotechnics and Geothermal Energy, Höxter, Germany (3)

Freezing and thawing in the subsurface is often associated with a complex technical handling of possible influences on the engineered structures (e.g. ground freezing, permafrost, geothermal heat pumps). However, detailed knowledge on freeze-thaw processes in porous media, such...

Virtual field trip to seismic scale outcrops of the Triassic, Edgeøya, Svalbard

Simon John Buckley, Kari Ringdal, Isabelle Lecomte, Ingrid M. Anell & Alvar Braathen
NORCE Norwegian Research Centre, Norway (1); Department of Earth Science, University of Bergen, Norway (2); Department of Geosciences, University of Oslo, Norway (3)

Large-scale cliff sections on Edgeøya in the remote eastern part of the Svalbard Archipelago (Spitsbergen) comprise mostly Triassic sedimentary successions. These outcrops expose formations found on the offshore Barents Shelf, and contribute to studies of subsurface geology and geophysics, allowing the scale gap between detailed well and seismic data to...

V3Geo: A platform for sharing virtual 3D geoscience models

Simon John Buckley, John Anthony Howell, Nicole Naumann, Kari Ringdal, Joris Vanbiervliet, Bowei Tong, Conor Lewis, Gail Maxwell & Magda Chmielewska
NORCE Norwegian Research Centre, Norway (1); University of Aberdeen, UK (2)

V3Geo is a new cloud-based repository for virtual 3D models in geoscience. It allows storage, search and viewing of 3D models commonly collected using photogrammetry, lidar or other laboratory-based 3D modelling techniques. The platform is developed for storing 3D models at the range of scales and applications required by geoscientists – from microscopic, hand samples and fossils through to outcrops covering tens...

Influence of initial preferred orientations on strain localisation and fold patterns in non-linear viscous anisotropic materials

Tamara de Riese, Paul D. Bons, Enrique Gomez-Rivas, Albert Griera, Maria-Gema Llorens & Ilka Weikusat
Department of Geosciences, Eberhard Karls University Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany (1); Department of Mineralogy, Petrology and Applied Geology, University of Barcelona, Spain (2); Departament de Geologia, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain (3); Institute of Earth Sciences Jaume Almera (ICTJA-CSIC), Barcelona, Spain (4); Alfred Wegener Institute Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research, Bremerhaven, Germany (5)

Deformation localisation can lead to a variety of structures, such as shear zones and bands that range from...

Living landscapes in the lab, virtually and in real life: causation and a feeling for what happens in research, education and societal impact

Maarten G. Kleinhans
Faculty of Geosciences, Universiteit Utrecht, The Netherlands br br The landscapes built by rivers and coasts in conjunction with ecological engineering plant species have been and will be under stress by population pressure and global change. The expertise of geoscientists, well-trained graduates and an educated society are dearly needed to face the interdisciplinary challenges. Public and politics often ask for more evidence in view of the short-term expenses to reduce future likelihood of disaster. These...

Efficiency of CO2 storage in saline aquifers using foam co-injection

Xiaocong Lyu, Denis Voskov & William Rossen
Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands (1); Stanford University, CA, USA (2)

In this study, we investigate CO2-foam injection as a promising technology to increase the security of CO2 sequestration process. To evaluate the performance of CO2-foams in saline aquifers, the Delft Advanced Research Terra Simulator (DARTS) is used to predict CO2-foam dynamic behavior. A consistent thermodynamic model has been implemented in DARTS to describe the phase-behavior of the CO2-brine system with impurities. This...

A scientific journey through geo-ecological extremes – landscape dynamics at the lower Danube between the Black Sea and the Carpathian Volcanoes

Markus Finke , Ulrich Hambach & Mihai Orleanu
Universität Bayreuth, Germany (1); Universität Bayreuth, Germany (2); Centrul de Ecologie Montană, România (3)

The CTC-Trail (“Coast-to-Carpathians”) is a conceptual educational geo-trail that is being created to guide visitors through a transect from the southern parts of the western Black Sea area grasslands through the steppe regions of Dobrogea and eastern Walachia to the young volcanoes of the Carpathian Mountains, highlighting aspects of natural and cultural importance along this route. The journey also spans...

Alterations at the post-Variscan nonconformity: implications of Permo-Carboniferous surface weathering and burial diagenesis (Sprendlinger Horst, Germany)

Fei Liang, Jun Niu, Adrian Linsel, Matthias Hinderer , Dirk Scheuvens & Rainer Petschick
Technical University of Darmstadt, Material and Geosciences, Institute of Applied Geosciences, Darmstadt, Germany (1); Faculty of Petroleum, China University of Petroleum-Beijing, Karamay, Xinjiang, China (2); Faculty of Geosciences/ Geography, Goethe-University, Frankfurt, Germany (3)

The post-Variscan nonconformity formed due to the denudation of the Variscan orogen which had taken place between Devonian and early Permian. The widespread post-Variscan nonconformity in central Europe represents an important first-order bounding surface. In this study, the petrological, mineralogical, and...

Preliminary cyclostratigraphy on planktonic foraminifera from IODP-Hole U1406A

Alessio Fabbrini, Luca Foresi, Isabelle Lecomte & Fabrizio Lirer
Cyclostratigraphy reconstructs astronomical-periodic signals in quantitative data from climate-sensitive proxies, as microfossils, carbonate content, isotopic data or any physical properties measurable at sufficient resolution. The astronomical cycles strongly influence the climate changes at a long time scale. The deep link between climate, sedimentation and orbitally forced insolation can be detected at a smaller scale and it allows the tuning of sedimentary sequences using foraminifera. This study investigated the interval 23.40-21.17 Ma within IODP Site U1406...

High-resolution 3D geological modelling for water safety: the story of the Lek River dike

Romée Kars, Renée de Bruijn, Willem Dabekaussen, Bart Meijninger & Jan Stafleu
TNO - Geological Survey of the Netherlands, The Netherlands

A large, densely populated part of the Netherlands is located below mean sea level. The risk of flooding is therefore omnipresent. Dikes are vital for safety, and local waterboards apply high standards when monitoring and maintaining the dikes. The waterboard ‘Hoogheemraadschap de Stichtse Rijnlanden’ (HDSR) has launched a maintenance program to investigate and reinforce the 55km long northern Lek River dike between Schoonhoven and Amerongen....

Felsic veins in gabbros drilled by IODP at Atlantis Bank (Southwest Indian Ridge; Expedition 360): Formation, metamorphism and their role for fluid and mass transfer: first results

Artur Engelhardt, Jürgen Koepke & François Holtz
Leibniz University Hannover, Germany.

Hole U1473 (32° 42.3622’ S; 057° 16.6880’ E), located on the summit of Atlantis Bank at the ultra-slow spreading Southwest Indian Ridge was drilled to 789.7 m below seafloor (mbsf) during IODP Expedition 360. It consists of massive gabbros cut by nearly 400 felsic veins, which are evolved, SiO2 -enriched lithologies comprising ~1.5 vol% of the drill core. They vary in composition from diorite to trondhjemite (Dick et al., 2015)....

FRAME’s (Forecasting and Assessing Europe’s Strategic Raw Materials Needs) innovative research in mineral raw materials on the eve of the EU’s “Green Deal”

Daniel P. S. de Oliveira, Maria João Ferreira, Martiya Sadeghi , Nikolaos Arvanitidis, Bertrand Guillaume, Sophie Decrée, Håvard Gautneb, Eric Gloaguen, Tuomo Törmänen , Helge Reginiussen , Hendrike Sievers , Lídia Quental & Antje Wittenberg
(1) Laboratório Nacional de Energia e Geologia (LNEG), Portugal; (2) Geological Survey of Sweden, Box 670, SE-751 28 Uppsala, Sweden; (3) BRGM/ French Geological Survey, 3 avenue Claude Guillemin, BP 36009, 45060 Orléans Cedex 2 France; (4) Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique, Rue Vautier 29, 1000 Bruxelles; 5Geological Survey of Norway, Postal Box 6315 Torgarden, NO-7491 Trondheim, Norway; (6) Geological Survey of Finland, Lähteentie 2, P.O. Box 77, FI-96101, Rovaniemi, Finland; (7)Federal Institute...

UN Framework Classification - a tool for Sustainable Resource Management

Zoltán Horváth (1), Daniel de Oliveira (2), Kari Aslaksen Aasly (3), Mark Simoni (3), Lisbeth Flindt Jørgensen (4), David Whitehead (4), Antje Wittenberg (5), Ulrich Kral (6), Charlotte Griffiths (7), Harikrishnan Tulsidas (7) & Slavko Solar (8)
Mining and Geological Suvey of Hungary (MBFSZ), Budapest, Hungary (1); National Laboratory for Energy and Geology (LNEG), Amadora, Portugal (2); The Geological Survey of Norway, Trondheim, Norway (3); Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland (GEUS), Copenhagen K, Denmark (4); Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources, BGR, Hannover, Germany (5); Technische Universität Wien, Faculty of Civil Engineering Research Center for Waste and Resource Management, Vienna, Austria (6); United Nations Economic Commission for Europe, Geneva, Switzerland...

Understanding morphological variation of the elbow joint in the Ursidae: Insights from 3D Geometric Morphometrics

Samuel, Joseph Leeming , John Nyakatura & Anneke, H. Heteren
Universitat Graz, Austria (1); Sektion Mammalogie, Zoologische Staatssammlung München, Staatliche Naturwissenschaftliche Sammlungen Bayerns, Munich, Germany (2); Institut für Biologie, Humboldt Universität zu Berlin, Berlin, Germany (3); GeoBio-Center, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Munich, Germany (4); Department Biologie II, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Munich, Germany (5) Variation in the skeletal morphology within the Carnivora has long been demonstrated as a predictor of a species’ ecological habits. The elbow joint in particular is a clear indicator of predation strategy[1]. Members of the...

Assessing sediment accumulation at inundated anthropogenic marshland in the southern North Sea: Using turbidity measurements and particle tracking

Ingo Jürgen Hache , Sebastian Niehüser, Volker Karius, Arne Arns & Hilmar von Eynatten
University of Göttingen, Geoscience Center (GZG), Department of Sedimentology and Environmental Geology, Göttingen, Germany (1); University of Siegen, Research Institute for Water and Environment, Siegen, Germany (2); University of Rostock, Faculty of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, Rostock, Germany (3)

New approaches to coastal protection measures become increasingly important to protect for or to mitigate sea level rise (SLR) worldwide. Measures that involve only the heightening of dykes or revetments are prone to disturb the...

Natural stone resources and sustainability

Tom Heldal & Jorge Carvalho
Geological Survey of Norway, Norway (NGU) (1); Laboratório Nacional de Energia e Geologia (LNEG), Portugal (2)

Natural stone is perhaps the most widely used building material in the history of human evolution, applied in a range of applications, from the most prestigious monuments of civilisations to humble shelters. Being a construction material of high quality produced be simply shaping rocks to more or less advanced elements, it is relevant to ask if this magnificent...

Resolving Meter-Scale Interwell Depositional Heterogeneities for Improved 3D Reservoir Modelling - High Resolution 3D Photogrammetry and Geophysical Outcrop Surveys of Late-Jurassic Reservoir Rocks, Saudi Arabia

Ahmad Ihsan Ramdani , Pankaj Khanna, Gaurav Gariola , Sherif Hanafy & Volker Vahrenkamp
King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Saudi Arabia (1); King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Saudi Arabia (2)

Interwell meter-scale depositional heterogeneity is a key geologic factor behind un-even fluid advance in carbonate reservoirs undergoing waterflooding and enhanced oil recovery developments. Subsurface data (seismic and well data) are limited in both resolution and data density to resolve this level of heterogeneity. Outcrop analogues are commonly utilized to fill this data gap on...

Modelling 2 Phase Flow in Heterogeneous and Anisotropic Rocks using AFRMs

Paul William, John Glover, Piroska Lorinczi & Saddam Sinan
University of Leeds, United Kingdom

Geological modelling and flow simulation in the subsurface in heterogeneous and anisotropic media is increasingly common. Unfortunately, conventional modelling using statistical techniques, up-scaling and interpolation to populate the inter-well volume of sparse datasets have a low resolution (> 50 m). Consequently they have difficulty modelling heterogeneous and anisotropic reservoirs. This paper focusses on modelling and simulation of heterogeneous and anisotropic reservoirs using a fractal approach (Advanced Fractal Reservoir...

Monitoring land subsidence and determining its relationship with groundwater abstraction using PS-InSAR method, Case study of Rafsanjan plain, Iran

Ali Mehrabi & Reza Derakhshani
Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Islamic Republic of Iran (1);Utrecht University, The Netherlands (2) ;

The issue of subsidence is one of the serious problems in the plains of Iran. Rafsanjan plain is also prone to this danger due to the high level of groundwater abstraction. In this study, an attempt has been made to study the extent and process of subsidence expansion over a period of time. For this purpose, ASAR and SENTINEL 1...

Quartz ballen structures and related cristobalite in impact breccias from the Ries crater, Germany, formed from dehydration of impact-generated diaplectic silicaglass

Fabian Dellefant, Claudia A. Trepmann , Melanie Kaliwoda , Kai-Uwe Hess, Wolfgang W. Schmahl & Stefan Hölzl
Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, LMU, München, Germany (1); Mineralogische Staatssammlung, SNSB, München, Germany (2); RiesKraterMuseum Nördlingen, Nördlingen, Germany (3)

“Ballen structures” of quartz and cristobalite aggregates have been observed in impactites from a number of terrestrial impact structures, predominantly from impact melt rocks, suevites, and target rock clasts affected by high post-shock temperatures (e.g., CARSTENS, 1975; FERRIÈRE et al., 2010). The aggregates range from few hundreds of microns to 5mm in size...

Basaltic Dykes and xenoliths from the Kiama-Gerroa Region, New South Wales, Australia

Samar Usamah Abu Shamma , Ian Graham , Paul Lennox & Glen Bann
PANGEA Research Centre, School of Biological, Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of New South Wales Sydney, Sydney, Australia (1); School of Earth, Atmosphere and Life Sciences, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, Australia (2)

Multiple dykes situated along the southeastern Australian coastline from south of Kiama to Gerroa were examined in detail. The results of geochemical analysis indicate the dyke’s composition varies from sub-alkaline to alkaline. The dykes fall under four separate geochemical groups, with...

Assessing the potential impact of fractures on heat extraction from tight Triassic reservoirs in the West Netherlands Basin

Quinten Diede Boersma , Pierre Olivier Bruna , Stephan de Hoop , Francesco Vinci, Ali Moradi Tehrani & Giovanni Bertotti
Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands (1); PanTerra Geoconsultans (2); CGG The Hague (3)

Heat production from low permeability reservoirs is believed to be significantly aided by the presence of open natural fractures (e.g. Upper Rhine Graben). However, in hot sedimentary aquifer studies these structural features are rarely included when estimating their economic viability. Therefore, we present a case study which assesses the impact of natural fractures on heat extraction from the tight Main...

Digital fieldtrip into the Vulkaneifel Unesco Global Geopark (Germany)

Sabine Kummer, Andreas Schüller & Gösta Hoffmann
Bonn University, Germany (1); RWTH Aachen University, Germany (2); Natur und Geopark Vulkaneifel, Germany (3)

This virtual fieldtrip will lead the participants into the geopark „Vulkaneifel“. The aim of the fieldtrip is a) to introduce the geopark; b) to highlight the abilities of the smartphone app OutcropWizard and c) to show the most spectacular landforms and outcrops within the geopark. The UNESCO global geopark „Vulkaneifel“ is located in western Germany. The Eifel mountains...

New insights in the Late Pliocene and Early Pleistocene vegetation and climate stratigraphy of NW Europe

Timme Henrik Donders, Alexander Houben, Cohen Kim , Ding Hao, Krom Lisanne, Busschers Freek, Dearing Crampton-Flood Emily, Verreussel Roel & Peterse Francien
Faculty of Geosciences, Utrecht University, The Netherlands (1); Geological Survey of the Netherlands, Utrecht, The Netherlands (2); The University of Manchester, Manchester, UK (3)

The chronostratigraphy and climate record of the Late Pliocene and Early Pleistocene in Northwest Europe was spurred by pioneering work in the 1960’s by Waldo Zagwijn. This period is particularly important because of the inception of ice sheets in the Northern Hemisphere. However, the classic stratigraphic framework based on...

Parameters for the design of HDD installed power cables in soil and rock

Ingo Sass, Maximilian Eckhardt & Markus Schedel
Technical University of Darmstadt, Geothermal Science and Technology, Darmstadt, Germany (1); Darmstadt Graduate School of Excellence Energy Science and Engineering, Darmstadt, Germany (2).

When operating buried power cables, the mechanical and thermal properties of the cable bedding need to meet certain requirements. On the one hand, positioning and protection of the cable and protection pipe from mechanical stress demand mechanical stability. On the other hand, electric losses during transmission result in thermal energy...

Registration Year

  • 2021

Resource Types

  • Text


  • Utrecht University
  • National Laboratory of Energy and Geology
  • Instituto Geológico y Minero de España
  • Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources
  • Helmholtz Centre Potsdam - GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences
  • TU Darmstadt
  • Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research
  • Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research
  • University College London
  • Norwegian Geological Survey