149 Works

A co-ordinated German approach to non-traditional tertiary geoscience (field) education?

Virginia Gail Toy
Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz, Germany

The restrictions in place due to the COVID epidemic have forced us to develop non-traditional solutions to teach field geology in the last few months, such as virtual field excursions, and entirely new safety and hygiene plans. Many of the solutions we have developed should be made into permanent resources that will increase the accessibility of our courses to students and society. Since ~March 2020, similar resources have been developed...

The WAlps project: Casting new light on scheelite tungsten deposits in the Eastern Alps

Florian Altenberger, Julia Weilbold, Johann G. Raith, Albert Schedl, Christian Auer, Tanja Knoll, Holger Paulick & Hassan Neinavaie
Chair of Resource Mineralogy, Montanuniversität Leoben, Leoben, Austria (1); Geological Survey of Austria, Vienna, Austria (2); Rennfeld 28, Kitzbühl, Austria (3) Based on considerations such as economic importance and potential challenges to supply security some mineral raw materials are considered “critical”. One prominent example is tungsten, for which supply is strongly dependent on mining in China. One notable exception, representing primary EU-domestic tungsten supply, is the Felbertal scheelite deposit in Austria. Recent investigations regarding ore...

Tectonic controls on the geomorphic evolution of alluvial fans adjacent to the Kouhbanan fault in Iran

Shirin Salari, Reza Derakhshani, Ahmad Abbasnejad, Shahram Shafieibafti, Jafar Rahnamarad & Ali Mehrabi
Department of Geology, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran (1); Department of Earth Sciences, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands (2); Department of Geology, Zahedan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Zahedan, Iran (3); Department of Geography, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran (4)

Kouhbanan fault is known as one of the faults that caused many seismic events in Iran. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of tectonics in the development...

Neogene kinematics and structural evolution of the eastern Southern Alps (Giudicarie Belt, Northern Italy)

Vincent Franciscus Verwater, Mark R. Handy, Eline Le Breton, Vincenzo Picotti & Christian Haberland
Freie Universität Berlin, Germany (1); Department of Earth Sciences, ETH Zürich, Switzerland (2); GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences, Potsdam, Germany (3)

The eastern Southern Alps formed as a retro-wedge of the Alpine orogen and shortening is partitioned into three kinematically linked fold-and-fault systems: (1) the Giudicarie Bel; (2) the Valsugana Thrust System; and (3) the external orogenic front, including the strike-slip Schio-Vicenza Fault. Here, we present closely spaced geological cross-sections from the...

Increasing the knowledge base for Deep Geothermal Energy Exploration in the Aachen-Weisweiler area, Germany, through 3D probabilistic modeling with GemPy

Alexander Magnus Juestel , Florian Wellmann , Frank Strozyk & Miguel De La Varga
Department for Computational Geoscience and Reservoir Engineering, RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany (1); Fraunhofer Institute for Energy Infrastructures and Geothermal Systems, Bochum, Germany (2)

Deep geothermal energy is a key to lower local and global CO2 emissions caused by the burning of fossil fuels. Different initiatives aim at establishing deep geothermal energy production at the Weisweiler coal-fired power plant near the city of Aachen in order to replace district heat generated as a side...

Exploring flooded mines with UNEXUP

Márcio Tameirão Pinto & Luís Lopes
La Palma Research Centre - LPRC, La Palma, Spain

The UNEXUP project (2020-2022), funded by EIT RawMaterials, is a continuation of the Horizon 2020 UNEXMIN project (2016-2019). In UNEXMIN a robotic platform to conduct geoscientific surveys in underground flooded mines was developed and tested in the field. In UNEXUP the key objective is to transform this technology into a commercial exploration service, while further developing the technology involved in the robotic system. The...

Probabilistic Geomodeling: Recent Developments and Relationship to Reality

2 Wellmann , 3) de la Varga (1, 3) von Harten (1, Alexander Schaaf (4), 5) Heim (1, Fabian Stamm (3), 2) Liang (1, Stefan Crummenerl (1), 6) Jüstel (1 & Nilgün Güdük (1)
Computational Geoscience and Reservoir Engineering, RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany (1); Aachen Institute of Computational Engineering Sciences, RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany (2); Terranigma Solutions GmbH, Aachen, Germany (3); Geology and Petroleum Geology, School of Geosciences, University of Aberdeen,UK (4); Applied Geophysics and Geothermal Energy, RWTH Aachen, Germany (5); Institute of Geology, RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany (6)

Geological models, as 3-D representations of subsurface structures and property distributions, are used in many economic,...

Lithium exploration, geologic modelling, resource estimation and mine planning for a spodumene-bearing pegmatite deposit in Ontario, Canada

Stephan Peters, Florian Lowicki, Ernst Bernhard Teigler, Torsten Gorka, Florian Beier & Jana Rechner
DMT GmbH Co. KG, Germany
The growing need for energy storage for e-mobility and other battery-intense applications has created a large interest in the key battery commodity lithium (Li). A recent hard rock lithium exploration and evaluation project is being conducted at Georgia Lake in Ontario, Canada. The Georgia Lake pegmatites contain Li- and rare metals-bearing spodumene in the area. In addition, previous work also identified beryl, columbite, molybdenite, amblygonite, apatite, and bityite, enhancing...

Technological Innovations for more Efficient Mineral Resource Exploration

Torsten Gorka
DMT GmbH Co. KG, Germany

Saving exploration time, improving cost efficiency, and achieving higher levels of social and environmental acceptance: these are the key aims of the development of novel exploration methods investigated by the three-year research project NEXT – New Exploration Technologies. Within NEXT, our focus is on new geomodels, novel sensitive exploration technologies and data analysis methods. The overall concept is to combine the knowledge derived from geological mineral systems research...

Virtual field trip to Late Jurassic Carbonates of Central Saudi Arabia

Pankaj Khanna, Ahmad Ihsan Ramdani, Gaurav Siddharth Gairola & Volker Vahrenkamp
KAUST, Saudi Arabia

Late Jurassic carbonates of Saudi Arabia contain some of the the world’s most prolific oil-producing strata in super giant reservoirs. Small scale stratigraphic architecture and associated property and flow heterogeneities are poorly resolved in the inter-well scale of hundreds of meters because such heterogeneities are subseismic and beyond penetration of borehole logs. This blindspot leads to oversimplified reservoir models and simulations. However, analogous strata is spectacularly exposed in the outcrops...

A risk-based containment monitoring framework for long term geological CO2 storage

Marcella Dean, Sara Minisini & Steve Oates
Shell Global Solutions, The Netherlands

Carbon capture and storage (CCS) is a key climate mitigation technology available to meet the Paris Agreement goal for limiting global warning. The goal of CCS projects is to separate, capture and permanently store CO2, thereby reducing greenhouse gas emissions from existing industrial facilities. The main components of a CCS project are the capture infrastructure, the transport of the CO2 to the storage site and the injection of...

Impact of Freeze-Thaw Cycles on hydraulic conductivity of Borehole Heat Exchangers

Jan-Henrik Kupfernagel , Jan Christopher Hesse, Bastian Welsch , Markus Schedel, Ingo Sass & Lutz Müller
Technische University of Applied Science Ostwestfalen-Lippe, Germany (1); Technical University of Darmstadt, Germany (2)

For several reasons, the inlet temperature of the heat carrier fluid in borehole heat exchangers (BHE) may temporarily fall below the freezing point of water. Consequently, freezing and thawing processes are induced in the grouting material and the surrounding subsoil. However, these processes also influence the transition zonecontact area between pipes and grout as well as the skin zone...

Insights on the evolution of the Himalayas and Tibet from thermomechanical modelling: the role of long-term convergence

Ben S. Knight, Fabio A. Capitanio & Roberto F. Weinberg
Monash University, Australia

The collision of India and Eurasia has resulted in a broad range of structures, from the Himalayan chain to the Tibetan Plateau. The convergence history is characterised by velocities of > 10 cm/yr at collision to current velocities of ~5 cm/yr, of which ~2cm/yr are accommodated at the orogens' front. Our thermomechanical model simulates the collision of India and Eurasia to assess the role of the decrease in velocity, highlighting 4...

FRAME and MINDeSEA: Where land meets sea in the research, prediction and prospectivity of metallic mineral critical raw materials

Daniel P. S. de Oliveira , F. Javier Gonzalez & Antje Wittenberg
(1)Laboratório Nacional de Energia e Geologia (LNEG), Portugal; (2) Instituto Geológico y Minero de España; (3) Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources;

Critical raw materials (CRM) made it back on the EU Commission’s (EC) agenda in 2008. To date three CRM lists have been published (2011, 2014, 2017) and a new list advised for 2020. Invited experts also from National Geological Surveys added their expertise to determine the lists underpinned by projects (e.g. ERECON,...

Where and why: using a structural framework to contextualise and improve the understanding of processes leading to mineral occurrences

Renata Barros , Shandro Mellaerts, Michiel Van Herck & Kris Piessens
Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences - Geological Survey of Belgium, Brussels, Belgium (1);KULeuven - Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Division of Geology, Campus Arenberg, Leuven-Heverlee, Belgium (2)

The societal development towards climate neutrality and the ambition for economic growth and well-being in Europe rely on mineral raw materials. Mineral occurrences can be seen as manifestations of specific geological processes that happened in the subsurface, or geomanifestations. Locating and better understanding mineral...

IRIS Online (Interactive Raw Materials Information System of Austria

Piotr Lipiarski , Leopold Weber , Albert Schedl & Heinz Reitner
Geological Survey of Austria, Austria (1); Former head of minerals policy department of the Federal Ministry of Economy, Vienna, Austria (2)

The new Austrian digital Interactive Raw Materials Information System IRIS Online allows to display geological, tectonical, geochemical, aerogeophysical maps, maps of metamorphic events, mineral deposits / occurrences a.s.o. simultaneously. The database comprises more than 5700 entries of Austrian mineral deposits / occurrences and more than 17.000 references. Special queries (groups of minerals,...

Sending scientists into classrooms: The online platform “Forschungsbörse” linking schools with active research scientists

Jörg Geldmacher, Sylke Hlawatsch & Franziska Neumann
GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel, Germany (1); Richard Hallmann Schule Trappenkamp, Germany (2); Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt - Projektträger-Wissenschaftskommunikation, Germany (3)

The online platform www.forschungsboerse.de was launched in 2010 by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research as part of the “Science Year” as an instrument for science communication and knowledge transfer. The platform connects schools of all types with scientists from academia crossing all research fields to...

Where and why: using a structural framework to contextualise and improve the understanding of processes leading to mineral occurrences

Renata Barros , Shandro Mellaerts, Michiel Van Herck & Kris Piessens
Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences - Geological Survey of Belgium, Brussels, Belgium (1);KULeuven - Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Division of Geology, Campus Arenberg, Leuven-Heverlee, Belgium (2)

The societal development towards climate neutrality and the ambition for economic growth and well-being in Europe rely on mineral raw materials. Mineral occurrences can be seen as manifestations of specific geological processes that happened in the subsurface, or geomanifestations. Locating and better understanding mineral...

Unraveling Zechstein 3 Anhydrite Structuration and possible implications for Geo-Drilling Hazards

Ward Teertstra & Guido Hoetz
VU Amsterdam, Netherlands (1); EBN, Netherlands, The (2) Anhydrites Carbonates of the Leine formation, the third evaporitic cycle of the Zechstein group, are widely distributed in the Southern Permian basin. These strata are often drilled through by wells targeting underlying Rotliegend gas prospects. The ZEZ3C/A members constitute brittle rocks sandwiched by the ductile halites from the underlying ZEZ2H and the overlying ZEZ3H. The brittle sheet is frequently rifted (boudinage) and the resulting fragments are often...

First interpretation of mantle structure in the Alps-Apennines-Carpathian-Pannonian region from teleseismic Vp studies

Marcel Paffrath , Mark R. Handy , Stefan M. Schmid & Wolfgang Friederich
Geowissenschaften, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Germany; Geowissenschaften, Freie Universität Berlin, Germany; Institut für Geophysik, ETH-Zürich, Switzerland A pattern of teleseismic Vp anomalies in the greater Alpine area reflect asymmetrical mantle structure in the Alps as well as pronounced orogen-parallel variations. The foreland of the Western and Central Alps shows layered +Vp and -Vpanomalies that extend from the Variscan belts to beneath the Alpine orogenic front. The base of the lower -Vp layer lies at a depth of...

A new approach for 3d temperatur modelling in areas with sparse data - an example from northern Saxony-Anhalt (Germany)

Jacob Wächter, Christian Olaf Müller, Alexander Malz & Klaus-Jörg Hartmann
Landesamt für Geologie und Bergwesen Sachsen-Anhalt, Germany

Modelling of subsurface temperatures is based on various approaches, which typically focus on interpolation or numerical simulation procedures. Mostly, they are based on few single measurements and do not take into account the geological structure or lithological and thermal conductivity conditions of the subsurface. Herein, we present a new approach for the parameterization and modelling of subsurface temperatures for areas with sparse available data. We used temperature...

European Minerals Inventory as part of the Mineral Intelligence for Europe

Špela Kumelj, Jasna Šinigoj , Duška Rokavec , Andrej Vihtelič , Lisbeth Flindt Jørgensen & David Whitehead
Geological Survey of Slovenia (1); Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland, Denmark (2)

The geographical coverage of the Minerals Inventory is being extended with data from the West Balkan countries as mineral data from this region represented a gap in the existing mineral inventory. Therefore mineral data from seven South East Europe countries (Serbia, Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, North Macedonia and Montenegro) were obtained , evaluated and transformed into Inspire compliant common European...

Multiphase mass and heat transfer in fractured high-enthalpy geothermal systems

Yang Wang , Stephan de Hoop, Denis Voskov , David Bruhn & Giovanni Bertotti
TNO Applied Geosciences (1); TNO Advisory Group for Economic Affairs (2); TNO Geomodelling (3); TNO Geo Data and IT (4); TNO Monitoring and Control Services (5); TNO Data Science (6) Multiphase mass and heat transfer are ubiquitous in the subsurface within manifold applications. The presence of fractures magnifies the uncertainty of the heat transfer process, which will significantly impact the dynamic transport process. However, accurate modeling methodologies for thermal high-enthalpy multiphase flow within fractured reservoirs...

Orbital forcing of Triassic megamonsoon activity documented in lacustrinesediments from Ordos Basin, China

Runjian Chu, Huaichun Wu, Rukai Zhu & Qiang Fang
China University of Geosciences (Beijing), China (1); Research Institute of Petroleum Exploration Development, PetroChina, Beijing, China (2)

The “hothouse” Triassic climate provides a key window to study megamonsoon systems. However, high-quality paleoclimate proxy records are rarely reported from the Tethys realm, where the seasonal meridional migration of the intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ) should be the most remarkable. Here, continuous and well-dated proxy records are used to study monsoon activity in the northeastern Tethys from the...

Trace-element characteristics of the Buck Reef Chert (Barberton, S. Africa)

Naomi Soraya Lamers, Kirsten van Zuilen & Pieter Vroon
Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, The Netherlands

The Buck Reef Chert (BRC) forms the boundary between the Hooggenoeg and Kromberg formations of the Barberton Greenstone Belt (S. Africa). The BRC sequence is characterized by the alternation between black, white, black white, iron-rich and greenish grey cherts. The 900m BARB3 drill core of the Barberton Drilling Project provides an unique opportunity to study parts of the BRC that are weathered up to a depth of 30 meters...

Registration Year

  • 2021

Resource Types

  • Text


  • Utrecht University
  • National Laboratory of Energy and Geology
  • Instituto Geológico y Minero de España
  • Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources
  • Helmholtz Centre Potsdam - GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences
  • TU Darmstadt
  • Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research
  • Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research
  • University College London
  • Norwegian Geological Survey