149 Works

Virtual fieldwork in the Sorbas basin, Betic Cordillera, SE Spain

Liviu Matenco, Meije Sibbel & Hans de Bresser
Utrecht University, The Netherlands

As part of the Earth Sciences curriculum at Utrecht university, first year master degree students get the option to join a Field Research Instruction Geology course in SE Spain. This course focusses on the internal zone of the Betic Cordillera, which is characterized by a spatial alternation of metamorphic ranges and fault-bounded intramontane basins, strongly affected by normal faulting. Every year, several student teams carry out a project in one...

Application of digital media and interactive technologies in popular palaeontology education

Tong Bao, Hongyi Liu, Takashi Ito & Katarzyna S. Walczyńska
(1)School of Ecology, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China.; (2)NAQIYI Fossil Studio, Tianjin, China.; (3)Ocean University of China, College of Marine Life Sciences, Qingdao, China.

As an important component of natural science education, popular palaeontology education developed rapidly worldwide. Traditional offline public lectures, guide tours and peripheral products represent the main implementations. With the appearance of new technologies in recent years, new interactive teaching methods have emerged. Especially since the outbreak of COVID-19 at...

Raw Material Potential from Historic Mine Sites

Henrike Sievers , Petr Rambousek , Monica Serra, Antje Wittenberg & Daniel Oliveira
Bundesanstalt für Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe (BGR), Hannover, Germany (1); Česká geologická služba, prac. Geologická 6, Praha 5–Barrandov, Czech Republic (2); ISPRA - Dipartimento per il Servizio Geologico d'Italia, Roma, Italy (3); Laboratório Nacional de Energia e Geologia, Amadora, Portugal (4)

The raw materials required by the European industry, especially metallic raw materials, are largely imported into the EU. Thus, Europe’s economic and social wellbeing relies on supplies from international sources and depends on secure...

Amelogenesis and tribosphenic molars: patterns and variation.

Ivan Horacek , Pavla Hanouskova & Anna Kallistova
(1) University of California, Santa Barbara, CA (UCSB) Department of Zoology, Charles University, Vinicna 7, Cz 128 44 Prague, Czech Republic; (2) University of California, Santa Barbara, CA (UCSB), USA

The tribosphenic molar presents phylotypic stage of the mammalian dental evolution. A study of its enamel microarchitecture in several clades (Chiroptera, Afrosoricida, Eulipotyphla, Didelphomorhia, Cetartiodactyla) revealed, apart of considerable taxon-specific variation, a set of structural (i-iii) and developmental (iv-x) characteristics common to all: (i)...

New ways to find geoscientific information in Europe. GeoERA GIP-P Search System

Angel Prieto & Margarita Hernández
IGME, Spain

This contribution concerns Neotethys palaeogeography in the Central Internal Hellenides. Neotethys oceanic crust is represented in the Vardar zone of the Hellenides by the ophiolites of the Almopias sub-zone. Contrary to numerous tectonic models in the literature, we show that the Almopias ocean closed in two episodes.

Applications of virtual reality to Geoscience

Claudia Ruiz-Graham
Imaged Reality

Field trips are essential for geologists and engineers to develop interpretation skills and to get a sense of scale. Unfortunately, attendance to field trips has become less frequent due to cost, with only a handful of team members attending a field trip once or twice a year. Sometimes access to key outcrop analogues can be difficult or too hazardous. COVID-19 has made attendance to field trips even more challenging. An alternative solution...

The most ancient platanistid: An insight into the early evolutionary history of the dolphin group

2) Sanchez-Posada (1, 1) Krings (2 & 1) Rössner (2
Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Paleontology Geobiology, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität (1); Staatliche Naturwissenschaftliche Sammlungen Bayerns – Bayerische Staatssammlung für Paläontologie und Geologie (2)

The fossil record of Platanistidae (Indian river dolphins and extinct partially marine relatives, Early Miocene to today) is suggestive of an early radiation of the group reflected in the diversification of the skull morphology, and a wide distribution in the Old World and New World during the Miocene that dropped coincidentally with...

Orbital and glacial/interglacial forcing reflected by integrated environmental magnetic and colorimetric parameters of a loess-palaeosol sequence in the middle Danubian Basin for the last 430 ka

Christian Laag , Christian Zeeden, Ulrich Hambach , Mladjen Jovanovic & Slobodan Marković
Université de Paris, Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris, CNRS, Paris, France (1); Leibniz Institute for Applied Geophysics, Section 5, Hannover, Germany (2); Chair of Geomorphology, University of Bayreuth, Bayreuth, Germany (3); BayCEER, University of Bayreuth, Bayreuth, Germany (4); Faculty of Sciences, University of Novi Sad, Novi Sad, Serbia (5); Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts, Belgrade, Serbia (6)

Loess-palaeosol sequences (LPSs) are valuable records of Quaternary environmental change especially in the northern...

Preliminary results of in situ trace elements analyses of base metal sulfides from the sediment-hosted Dolostone Ore Formation (DOF) copper-cobalt deposit, northwestern Namibia

Viktor Bertrandsson Erlandsson, Rainer Ellmies , Frank Melcher (1), Daniela Wallner & Johann Raith
Montanuniversitaet Leoben, Austria (1); Gecko Namibia (2)

Preliminary results of in situ trace elements analyses of base metal sulfides from the sediment-hosted Dolostone Ore Formation (DOF) copper-cobalt deposit, northwestern Namibia

Phase mixing in the Lanzo upper mantle shear zone (Italy)

Sören Tholen & Jolien Linckens
Goethe-Universität Frankfurt, Germany.

How fine-grained, well-mixed (ultra)mylonitic layers in the upper mantle form is still unclear. Here, microfabrics displaying the transition from porphyroclasts to mixed assemblages were analyzed regarding their phase assemblage, grain size and shape, mixing patterns and crystallographic orientations for insights into the interplay of phase mixing and recrystallization. Olivine recrystallization starts in porphyroclastic textures and continues until ultramylonites. Ol microfabrics are divided in neoblasts in multiphase assemblages, recrystallized porphyroclasts and...

Deformation mechanisms in shallow-crustal active fault zones: Implications from the Main Frontal Thrust of Himalayas

Dyuti Prakash Sarkar (1), Jun-ichi Ando (1), Kaushik Das (1), Gautam Ghosh (2) & Prabir Dasgupta (3)
Hiroshima University, Japan ()1); Presidency University, Kolkata, India (2); Durgapur Govt. College, Durgapur, India (3) br brThe nature of the shallow-crustal active faults has been widely studied to elucidate their stress accommodation mechanisms and response to the fault movement in terms of stress localizations and ultimately stress release by rupture or creep mechanisms. The Main Frontal Thrust (MFT) and its hinterland area are at present the most tectonically active zones within the Himalayan orogen accommodating...

A virtual field tour of the Jurassic Coast, NE England

David Hodgetts
VRGeoscience Limited, United Kingdom

The geological exposures of the Jurassic Coast of North East England cover a variety of depositional systems, from both continental and marine settings, and provide an excellent opportunity for field training. In this virtual field tour, we will visit several localities along the Yorkshire coast. Starting at Staithes we will look at the Middle Liassic Cleveland Ironstone Formation before proceeding south to Whitby for the alluvial sandstone of the...

The changing role of Petroleum Geoscietists and Engineers in the Energy Transition

Eilard Hoogerduijn Strating
Shell Upstream Netherlands

The transition towards a zero carbon footprint energy system will greatly impact the energy mix we will use. Globally, a significant increase is expected in the contribution of electrical power (supplied by renewable sources such as solar and wind), bioenergy, nuclear energy and other sources such as hydro power and geothermal energy. However it is expected that the energy mix still contains a significant component of fossil fuels to enable processes...

Age-depth model derived from borehole logging and seismic data - sedimentological evolution of Lake Ohrid (North Macedonia/Albania) for the last 1 million years

Arne Ulfers, Christian Zeeden, Bernd Wagner, Sebastian Krastel & Thomas Wonik
Leibniz Institute for Applied Geophysics, Germany (1); Institute of Geology and Mineralogy, University of Cologne, Germany (2); Institute of Geosciences, Christian-Albrechts-Universitaet zu Kiel, Germany (3)

To understand the evolution of lake basins, a robust age-depth model is essential. Usually, such model is created based on core material using various dating techniques (e.g. radiometric dating, magnetostratigraphy, tephra dating/identification, biostratigraphy etc.). However, suitable core material is not always available and other less direct methods have...

Quantification of geogenic arsenic in clay-plug sediment of Holocene floodplains

Santosh Kumar, Devanita Ghosh, Marinus Eric Donselaar, Floortje Burgers & Ashok Kumar Ghosh
Department of Applied Geoscience and Engineering, Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands (1); Laboratory of Biogeochem-mystry, Centre for Earth Sciences, Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru, Karnataka India (2); Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Division of Geology, Leuven, Belgium (3); Mahavir Cancer Sansthan and Research Centre, Patna, India (4)

Shallow aquifers in Holocene flood basins around the world are loci for the pollution of arsenic, which poses a severe health threat to...

Recrystallization and deformation mechanisms in the NEEM deep ice core, Greenland

Ernst-Jan Kuiper, Martyn Drury, Gill Pennock, Hans de Bresser & Ilka Weikusat
Utrecht University, The Netherlands (1); Alfred Wegener Institute, Bremerhaven, Germany (2)

Understanding the evolution of lower latitude climate from the most recent glacial period of the latest Pleistocene to post glacial warmth in the continental tropical regions has been obstructed by a lack of continuous time series. Here we present results from a lacustrine record from tropical North America. Specifically, we examine sediments from Lake Chalco, located in the Valley of Mexico, central Mexico...

Milankovitch-scale paleoclimatic variability recorded in Permian loessite (south-central France)

Lily S.r Pfeifer, Linda Hinnov, Christian Zeeden, Christian Rolf & Christian) Laag
University of Oklahoma, USA (1); Department of Atmospheric, Oceanic, and Earth Sciences, George Mason University, Fairfax, VA, USA (2); Leibniz Institute for Applied Geophysics, Hanover, Germany (3); Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris (IPGP), CNRS, Université de Paris, Paris, France (4)

We present the findings from our recent paper wherein rock magnetic data record discernible Milankovitch-scale paleoclimatic variability through the Permian Salagou Formation loessite (south-central France). Analysis and modeling of this stratigraphic...

North Atlantic sea surface temperature evolution across the Eocene–Oligocene transition

Ilja Japhir Kocken, Kasper van der Veen, Inigo R. Müller, Anna Nele Meckler & Martin Ziegler
Utrecht University, The Netherlands (1); Unviersity of Bergen, Norway (2)

The Eocene–Oligocene Transition (EOT, ~34 Ma), is marked by the rapid development of semi-permanent Antarctic ice-sheet1. Foraminiferal stable oxygen isotopes (δ18O) as well as Mg/Ca and other indicators (e.g. ice-rafted debris) indicate the development of permanent glaciation that potentially coincides with ~2.5 °Cdeep-sea cooling2. However, due to the nature of the δ18O proxy, uncertainties in the Mg/Ca concentrations of the palaeo-seawater, and calibration...

An anatectic model for albite-spodumene pegmatites from the Austroalpine Unit (Eastern Alps)

Tanja Knoll, Benjamin Huet, Ralf Schuster & Heinrich Mali
Geological Survey of Austria, Austria (1); Department of Applied Geosciences and Geophysics, Montanuniversität Leoben (2)

Albite-spodumene pegmatite are considered to be the product of extreme fractionation of melts or fluids deriving from large alkaline granite intrusions. Anatectic melts deriving from partially molten metasediments are in contrast not believed to be a possible source for such pegmatite. In the Austroalpine Unit of the Eastern Alps, albite-spodumene pegmatite are associated with simple pegmatite and relatively...


Sarah Musalizi & Gertrud E. Rössner
Bayerische Staatssammlung für Paläontologie und Geologie, München Department für Geo- und Umweltwissenschaften, Ludwig- Maximilians-Universität München, Uganda

Chevrotains or mouse-deer (Tragulidae, Mammalia) are non-pecoran ruminant artiodactyls that are considered to have branched off the Ruminantia stem lineage during the late Eocene or Oligocene to Early Miocene. Extant tragulids live in central Africa (Hyemoschus) and South to Southeast Asia (Moschiola, Tragulus).The fossil record is reported to have been more diverse in phenotypes with a wider Afro-Eurasian...

Landslide susceptibility mapping on the country scale with data mining techniques in Armenia

Agnieszka Ledworowska, Anika Braun, Hans-Balder Havenith & Tomás Manuel Fernández-Steeger
Engineering Geology, Technische Universität Berlin, Germany (1); Department of Geology, University of Liège, Belgium (2)

Armenia is a country strongly affected by landslides, but still not enough research has been done on landslide susceptibility in this area. Therefore, the main goal of the study was to create one of the first landslide susceptibility zonation maps covering the entire territory of Armenia. Two different data mining techniques for landslide susceptibility analysis were applied: artificial...

Geoethics and the responsibility of Geoscientist in society: from research to teaching and outreach

Clara Vasconcelos (1) & Nir Orion (2)
Porto University, Portugal (1); Weizmann Institute of Science, Israel (2)

Geoethics emerged as the discipline that studies and reflects upon the values that underpin appropriate human behaviors and practices, whenever humans interact with the Earth. The foundations of geoethics are traced back to three main elements: the importance of geological culture as an essential part of the geoscientist’s background, the concept of responsibility (individual and social), and the definition of an ethical criterion...

Postnatal growth rates of the dwarf hippo Phanourios minor from the Pleistocene of Cyprus

Anneke H. van Heteren & P. Martin Sander
Cyprus, in the Pleistocene, was extremely isolated from a geological and biogeographical point of view. Only two macromammals successfully colonised the island before the Holocene: Elephas cypriotes, approximately 1.4 metres tall at the withers, and Phanourios minor. The latter is the smallest dwarfed hippo ever found; it stood 70 centimetres at the withers and weighed an estimated 200 kilograms, approximately 10% of its mainland ancestor’s weight. The main objective of this study was to determine...

Roots of the post-collisional Eocene magmatism in NE Turkey: Insights from ultramafic-mafic Yıldızdağ Gabbroic Intrusion

Gönenç Göçmengil (1), Zekiye Karacık (2) & Namık Aysal (3)
(1) Acıbadem, Kadıköy, İstanbul-Turkey; (2) İstanbul Teknik University, Geological Engineering Department, Turkey ; (3) Istanbul University- Cerrahpaşa, Geological Engineering Department, Turkey

Ultramafic-mafic cumulate rocks often situated at deep root zones of the magmatic systems when they intruded into continental crustal areas. In rare occurrences, they can also intrude at the middle to upper portion of the crust and record the MASH processes developed within the crust. Yıldızdağ Gabbroic Intrusion (YGI) represents one of the...

Registration Year

  • 2021

Resource Types

  • Text


  • Utrecht University
  • National Laboratory of Energy and Geology
  • Instituto Geológico y Minero de España
  • Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources
  • Helmholtz Centre Potsdam - GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences
  • TU Darmstadt
  • Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research
  • Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research
  • University College London
  • Norwegian Geological Survey