4,098 Works

U.S. Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico marine mammal stock assessments, 2013.

Timothy V. N. Cole, Laura Engleby, , Allison Henry, , Christopher Orphanides, Richard M. Pace, , Marjorie Lyssikatos & Frederick W. Wenzel
The MMPA requires NMFS and USFWS to review these reports annually for strategic stocks of marine mammals and at least every 3 years for stocks determined to be non - strategic. Included in this report as appendices are : 1) a summary of serious injury/mortality estimates of marine mammals in observed U.S. fisheries (Appendix I), 2) a summary of NMFS records of large whale/human interactions examined for this assessment (Appendix II), 3) detailed fisheries information...

GSICS quarterly. Volume 9, number 1 (2015)

Global Space-Based Inter-Calibration System Coordination Center.

Characterization of the southeastern U.S. Atlantic mid-shelf and deepwater reef fish fisheries.

Michael P. Enzenauer, Simon J. B. Gulak, Bethany M. Deacy &
Observations of the southeastern U.S. Atlantic mid-shelf and deepwater reef fish fisheries (NC through Florida) began in 2007 (Helies and Jamison, 2013). This work was done through the Gulf & South Atlantic Fisheries Foundation soliciting fishing vessels and captains to participate in voluntary observer coverage. The objective was to characterize catch and discards within the snapper-grouper vertical hook-and-line fishery. This approach, while cooperative and inclusive, introduced spatial and temporal sampling biases and did not collect...

An overview of the annual cost survey protocol and results in the Northeast (2007 to 2009).

Chhandita Das
Fisheries vessel cost data are used in virtually every framework, amendment and fishery management plan that requires economic analyses. This document summarizes the results of the annual commercial vessel cost data collection program conducted by the staff of the Social Sciences Branch of the NMFS Northeast Fisheries Science Center in 2007, 2008, and 2009. Information is presented on data collection methodology, data coverage, and data quality. Summary statistics are provided by vessel characteristics. Cost estimation...

White paper on Gulf of Mexico mercury fate and transport.

, Mark Cohen, Chad Hammerschmidt, William Landing, Darren Rumbold & James Simons
This white paper provides back ground and rationale for the priorities laid out in the Action Plan and summarizes our current understanding of mercury in the Gulf of Mexico ecosystem. In addition, the Action Plan emphasizes the identification of special at-risk consumers who ingest larger than average amounts of Gulf of Mexico fish, especially fish with higher than average mercury concentrations . For this reason, we have structured this white paper starting with mercury exposure...

Multi-bank power supply system for small towed hydrophone arrays.

Emily T. Griffiths, J. Scott Ferguson, & Shannon Rankin
Passive acoustic monitoring is quickly becoming a standard component of shipboard cetacean population surveys. Power supplies on survey vessels are often electronically noisy and result in poor quality recordings. An independent battery-powered voltage supply is regularly necessary for high quality recordings. Here we describe the design of a simple system to provide independent, single-sided 12 V power for a towed hydrophone system, such as the Southwest Fisheries Science Center's (SWFSC) Acoustic Recording System (ARS, Rankin...

Status review report : orange clownfish (Amphiprion percula)

Kimberly A. Maison & Krista S. Graham
This report was produced in response to a petition received from the Center for Biological Diversity on September 14, 2012, to list eight species of pomacentrid reef fish as endangered or threatened under the Endangered Species Act (ESA) and to designate critical habitat for these species concurrent with the listing. The National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) evaluated the petition to determine whether the petitioner provided substantial information as required by the ESA to determine that...

Project instruction. EX-14-02 leg 3, Gulf of Mexico (ROV/Mapping)

Kelley Elliott
This document contains project instructions for EX-14-02 LEG 3. EX-14-02 LEG 3 operations are expected to commence on April 10, 2014 at Pascagoula, MS and conclude on May 1, 2014 at St. Petersburg, FL. Daily daytime ROV dives are expected with full shore-based science participation; evening/night mapping and CTD operations. Focused operations will be conducted in deep water areas south and southeast of the Flower Garden Banks National Marine Sanctuary (FGBNMS), and limited operations on...

Sebastes stereo image analysis software.

, Richard H. Towler, Pamela Goddard, Rachel Wilborn & Christopher N. Rooper
This report describes a set of software programs that were developed by the Alaska Fisheries Science Center for analyzing stereo images. The main application is called SEBASTES, and is used to count, range, and measure fish using stereo-image algorithms. It has been used extensively to process data from camera surveys of fishes in areas that cannot be surveyed using trawls or other standard survey methods, as well as deep sea coral surveys, camera systems in...

Serious injury determinations for small cetaceans and pinnipeds caught in commercial fisheries off the northeast US coast, 2014

Frederick W. Wenzel, Elizabeth Josephson & Marjorie Lyssikatos
The Marine Mammal Protection Act (MMPA) requires the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) to estimate annual levels of human-caused mortality and serious injury to marine mammal stocks (section 117) and to categorize commercial fisheries based on their level of incidental mortality and serious injury of marine mammals (section 118). A serious injury is defined as an injury that is more likely than not to result in mortality. Serious injury (SI) determinations were addressed at NMFS-convened...

Mapping data report. Cruise EX1202 Leg 1, Exploration mapping, Gulf of Mexico, Feb. 27 - March 14, 2012, Charleston, SC to Tampa, FL

Mashkoor Malik, Elaine Stuart, John Doroba, Lillian Stuart, Denise Gordon, Anastasia Abramova, Allison Stone & Sean Denney
The purpose of this report is to briefly describe the mapping data collection and processing methods, and to report the major results of the cruise. For a detailed description of the Okeanos Explorer mapping capabilities, see appendix B and the ship's readiness report, which can be obtained by contacting the ships operations officer (ops.explorer@noaa.gov).

PIFSC report on the American Samoa limited-access longline fishery from 1 October to 31 December 2014.

The following tables represent effort, retained catch (kept) and discard as reported on longline log sheets for the American Samoa limited-access longline fishery. Effort and catch-effort statistics are based on date of longline haul. Effort and catch statistics are based on logbook data submitted to the PIFSC, FRMD and represent an Oracle table LLDS_REPORT_STATS_AS database extraction done on 21 June 2016. When a statistic (number of vessels, trips) can involve dates of haul in 2...

Airborne measurements of CO₂ and CH₄ fluxes over the Alaskan North Slope using the Flux Observations of Carbon from an Airborne Laboratory (FOCAL) system.

, Ronald J. Dobosy, David Lawrence Senn, Clifford Bruce Baker, D. Sayres, C. Tuozzolo, M. Rivero, N. Allen, C. Healy, J. Munster & J. Anderson
The Flux Observations of Carbon from an Airborne Laboratory (FOCAL) project is a cooperative effort among the Anderson Group from Harvard University, Aurora Flight Sciences, and NOAA's Atmospheric Turbulence and Diffusion Division (NOAA/ATDD) to add scientific instruments to a Diamond Aircraft DA-42 Twin Star aircraft to measure fluxes of CO₂ and CH₄ in the planetary boundary layer. The work, funded by the National Science Foundation in 2012, uses the Anderson Group's Integrated Cavity-Output Spectroscopy (ICOS)...

Mapping data report. Cruise EX1203, exploration mapping, Gulf of Mexico, May 5 - May 23, 2012, Galveston, TX to Norfolk, VA

Malik Mashkoor, Lillian Stuart, Adam Argento, Sean Denney, Ashton Flinders, Daniel Whitesell, Adrienne George, Charles Bendig & Erin Hunter
EX1203 of NOAA Ship Okeanos Explorer (EX) will run its Kongsberg EM302 multibeam sonar survey system 24 hours per day with periodic XBT casts for calibration. One to three CTD casts are planned. The EM302 produces bathymetric, bottom backscatter, and water column backscatter data, At two targeted survey sites, the EM302, the Knudsen CHIRP 3260 sub-bottom profiler, and the Simrad EK60 single beam sonar sensor will be employed.

Mapping data report, Cruise EX1006 : Exploration Mapping, October 19 - 29, 2010, Honolulu, HI to Alameda, CA

Elizabeth Lobecker, Nicola VerPlanck, Lillian Stuart, Elaine Stuart, Donald Brouillette, Ashley Harris, Karma Kissinger & Theresa Standfast
The overall purpose of the cruise was to transit in a safe and timely manner between Honolulu, HI and San Francisco Bay, CA. The ship will go into dry dock in Alameda, CA for winter repairs. Continuous multibeam data collection occurred, and is described in this report....The route is roughly parallel to the 2009 transit from San Francisco to Hawaii, cruise EX0908. This provided opportunities for system performance and data quality comparisons between data from...

The Hawaii limited-access longline logbook summary report, 1 January to 31 March 2013.

The following tables represent effort, retained catch (kept) and discard as reported on longline log sheets for the Hawaii limited-access longline fishery. To satisfy confidentiality RFMO reporting standards, data from the California-based longline fishery is also included in this report. Effort and catch statistics are summarized from logbook data submitted to the PIFSC, FRMD and are based on date of longline haul. The statistics originate from an Oracle table LLDS_REPORT_STATS_HICA database extraction conducted on 3...

The 2016 eastern Bering Sea continental shelf bottom trawl survey : results for commercial crab species.

Benjamin Daly, Claire E. Armistead & Robert James Foy
The eastern Bering Sea bottom trawl survey has been conducted annually since 1975 by the Resource Assessment and Conservation Engineering Division of the Alaska Fisheries Science Center, National Marine Fisheries Service. The purpose of this survey is to collect data on the distribution and abundance of crab, groundfish, and other benthic resources in the eastern Bering Sea. These data are used to estimate population abundances for the management of commercially important species in the region....

Proceedings of the 2014 NOAA economics of protected resources workshop, September 9-11, 2014, La Jolla, California.

Kathryn D. Bisack, Dale E. Squires, Douglas W. Lipton, James Robert Hilger, Daniel S. Holland, Denise H. Johnson, Min-Yang Lee, Rebecca Lent, Daniel Kevin Lew, Gisele Magnusson, Minling Pan, Lew E. Queirolo, Stephen Stohs, Cameron L. Speir, K. Wallmo, &
During a three day workshop held September 9-11, 2014, economists from the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) discussed economic issues related to protected resources (PR). This was the first NMFS workshop focused exclusively on the economics of PR. The primary goal was to initiate the process of identifying national PR social science research needs and best practices. Attendance included economists from NMFS headquarters, the NMFS regional offices and science centers in the Northeast, Southeast, Northwest,...

The Hawaii-based longline logbook summary report, April-June 2013.

This report summarizes data on fish catch and fishing effort by Hawaii-based longline vessels during the second quarter of 2013 (Q2-2013). Results are based on the date gear was hauled, as reported by vessel operators to the National Marine Fisheries Service in federal logbooks of daily fishing activity. The report covers longline operations for fishing trips completed in the second quarter of 2013 and most, but not all, Q2-2013 data from trips that began late...

Assessment and applications of distributed hydrologic model - Russian-Napa River Basins, CA

Lynn E. Johnson, Chengmin Hsu, Robert Zamora & Robert Cifelli
Application of distributed hydrologic models is motivated by the prospect that higher resolution forcing data, such as gridded precipitation fields, should be matched by equivalent resolution mapping of hydrologic responses for surface runoff, soil moisture and evapotranspiration. Distributed hydrologic models have potential for improving hydrologic forecasting given the capability to represent spatially-varying land characteristics and precipitation that has historically been lumped into watershed average characteristics, provided that the distributed model is forced with accurate inputs...

Sources of human-related injury and mortality for U.S. Pacific west coast marnine mammal stock assessments, 2010-2014

James V. Carretta, , Sarah Margaret Wilkin, Justin Greenman, Kristin Marie Wilkinson, Monica DeAngelis, Justin Viezbicke & Jason Earl Jannot
This report contains human-caused injury and mortality records of pinnipeds and cetaceans that occur in U.S. west coast waters for the period 2010-2014, for those species evaluated in Pacific region marine mammal stock assessment reports (SARs) (Carretta et al. 2015a). Mortality records, while included in this report, were obviously not evaluated for SI/NSI status. Subsistence and directed takes (i.e., gray whales taken by Russian natives) are not reported here but are reported in SARs published...

Guidance on fishing vessel risk assessments and accounting for safety at sea in fishery management design.

Debra M. Lambert, Eric M. Thunberg, Ronald Gregory Felthoven & Jennifer M. Lincoln
Commercial fishing is one of the most dangerous occupations in the United States. A number of factors can either positively or negatively influence fishing vessel safety, such as: fishing vessel safety regulations, characteristics of the vessel (e.g., age, condition, and maintenance), human competency, weather conditions, and fishery regulations. Several federal agencies have an obligation and interest in promoting fishing vessel safety. NOAA's National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) and the eight Regional Fishery Management Councils (Councils)...

The applicability of sonars for habitat mapping : a bibliography

The primary focus of this bibliography is benthic habitat characterization using backscatter and bathymetric data from multibeam echo sounders, single-beam echo sounders, and side scan sonars. The coverage ranges from methods for acquiring and processing data, data extraction and synthesis from imagery, production and use of habitat maps for fishery management and other purposes, modeling species distributions using processed data, and some relevant theoretical treatments. The bibliography was compiled from extensive searches of online literature...

Deployment performance review of the 2015 North Pacific Groundfish and Halibut Observer Program.

, Jason R. Gasper, Jennifer A. Cahalan, , & R. Webster
This report contains the analyses and findings of the Alaska Fisheries Science Center's Fisheries Monitoring and Analysis Division’s Observer Science Committee on the efficiency and effectiveness of observer deployment following the 2015 Annual Deployment Plan (ADP). Responses to comments by the North Pacific Fishery Management Council’s Science and Statistical Committee from the 2014 version of this report are also included. In 2015, observers were deployed and collected data for 5,318 days - 3.6% fewer days...

User’s guide to FishGraph

Michael H. Prager, Erik H. Williams, Kyle William Shertzer, &
FishGraph is a set of R functions that generates plots from output of fish stockassessment models. By calling a few FishGraph functions, the user can create hundreds of finished plots rapidly. Plots are displayed on screen and may be saved to files. The plots are suitable for diagnostic use and for inclusion in manuscripts. We developed FishGraph for use during assessment workshops and to ease assembly of assessment reports, and have been using it, in...

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