187 Works

Advancing atmospheric chemistry through the use of satellite observations from the cross-track infrared sounder (CrIS)

Matthew Alvarado, Arlyn Andrews, Chris Barnet, Kevin Bowman, Karen Cady-Pereira, Joost De Gouw, David Fahey, Emily Fischer, Antonia Gambacorta, Dylan Jones, Anna Karion, Si-Wan Kim, Quanhua Liu, Jingqiu Mao, Aronne Merrelli, Dylan Millet, Nicholas Nalli, Andrew Neuman, John Nowak, Vivienne Payne, Bradley Pierce, Karen Rosenlof, Eri Saikawa, Awdhesh Sharma, Mark Shephard … & Liye Zhu
The scientific communities studying atmospheric chemistry and its effects on air quality and climate change extensively use trace gas retrievals from thermal infrared (TIR) satellite observations. These products have been provided by NASA Earth Observing System (EOS) instruments, such as the Tropospheric Emission Spectrometer (TES), th"e Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS), and the Measurements of Pollution In The Troposphere (MOPITT) instruments, as well as by the Infrared Atmospheric Sounding Interferometer (IASI) aboard the EUMETSAT MetOp satellites....

Project SageBrush phase 1

, K. L. Clawson, Richard M. Eckman, Roger G. Carter, , , , , D. Davis, Hailong Liu, E. Russell, Z. Gao & S. Brooks
The Field Research Division of the Air Resources Laboratory (ARLFRD) of the National Oceanic Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), in collaboration with the University of Tennessee Space Institute (UTSI) and the Laboratory for Atmospheric Research at Washington State University (WSULAR), conducted a tracer field experiment at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) during October 2013. It is the first of a series of new tracer experiments to study dispersion from continuous sources in flat terrain using technologies not...

GSICS quarterly. Volume 9, number 2 (2015)

Global Space-Based Inter-Calibration System Coordination Center.
GSICS Quarterly is a newsletter designed to communicate GSICS activities to all GSICS members and partners, as well as to satellite data users and policy makers.

Northeast Fisheries Science Center publications, reports, and abstracts for calendar year 2014

Laura Garner
The following bibliography consists of three sections: (1) anonymously peer- reviewed publications ('publications'), (2) transparently peer-reviewed and non peer-reviewed publications ('reports'), and (3) abstracts for oral presentations and poster displays. The bibliography covers works with a 2014 publication or presentation date, prepared by Northeast Fisheries Science Center (NEFSC) employees. (Publications appearing 'online first' in 2014 but with a 2015 print publication date are not included in this list.) Bibliographies of publications, reports, and abstracts for...

Atlantic herring operational assessment report 2015

Jonathan J. Deroba
The Atlantic herring stock was last assessed as a benchmark during the 54th Stock Assessment Workshop using data through 2011 (NEFSC 2012). Data were updated through 2014 for this operational assessment. The methods of data processing and the stock assessment model configuration were the same as those accepted at the previous benchmark (NEFSC 2012). Some assessment model sensitivities were also conducted to address model diagnostic problems.

Calibration of electronic measurement boards and length values recorded in the Fisheries Scientific Computing System (FSCS).

Victoria Price, Joseph Michael Godlewski, Josef Michael Jech & Nancy J. McHugh
Measured length distributions of Atlantic herring (Clupea harengus) were not identical between midwater trawl catches from the fall systematic herring survey and bottom trawl catches from the fall stratified-random survey conducted by the Northeast Fisheries Science Center (NEFSC) from 1998 to 2012. The Scantrol FishMeter fish measurement board was used during the stratified-random bottom trawl survey, while the Ichthystick II Electronic Fish Measuring Board was used during the systematic herring survey. Both sets of measurements...

A comparison of rapid visual assessments and photo-quadrat analyses to monitor coral reef habitats : data report.

Kaylyn McCoy, & Adel Heenan
This report compares two techniques used by the Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED) of NOAA's Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center to assess benthic cover when conducting coral reef monitoring as part of the Pacific Reef Assessment and Monitoring Program (Pacific RAMP). Data collected from American Samoa, Hawaii, and the Mariana Islands from 2010-2013 are compiled and analyzed.

Results of a pilot study to improve intercept surveys in the Hawaii Marine Recreational Fishery.

Hongguang Ma & David C. Hamm
The Hawaii Marine Recreational Fishing Survey (HMRFS, which is part of Marine Recreational Fisheries Statistics Survey, MRFSS) is conducted by the Hawaii Division of Aquatic Resources. Alternative estimation procedures for MRFSS intercept data developed by Marine Recreational Information Program (MRIP) nationally did not include HMRFS. The main objective of this project study was to evaluate the HMRFS protocol and data to determine whether the new national MRIP methods for catch rate estimation could be directly...

Description of oceanographic conditions on the northeast U.S. continental shelf during 2014

Paula Sue Fratantoni, Tamara Holzwarth & Maureen H. Taylor
Hydrographic observations from 8 surveys spanning the Northeast US Continental Shelf are combined into a descriptive overview of the broadscale oceanographic conditions observed during 2014. Temperature and salinity observations are combined into 6 bimonthly time periods to maximize both the spatial coverage of the data and its temporal resolution during the year. Maps of near-surface and near-bottom property distributions are presented for each bimonthly period, and time series of regional average properties are discussed for...

A tsunami forecast model for Santa Barbara, California.

Edison Gica
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) has developed a tsunami forecast model for Santa Barbara, California, as part of an effort to provide tsunami forecasts for U.S. coastal communities. Development, validation, and stability testing of the tsunami forecast model has been conducted to ensure that it is stable and robust. The Santa Barbara tsunami forecast model employs the Method of Splitting Tsunami (MOST) numerical code. It has been validated with a total of six...

Report of a GCFI workshop: strategies for improving fishery-dependent data for use in data-limited stock assessments in the wider Caribbean region.

Nancie Cummings, Mandy Karnauskas, William Harford, William L. Michaels & Alejandro Acosta
A special theme session and workshop on data-limited stock assessments was held at the 67th annual conference of the Gulf and Caribbean Fisheries Institute (GCFI) in Barbados, West Indies during November 3-7, 2014. Contributors to the GCFI special session provided presentations on a variety of topics relating to fishery-dependent data collection. The 1.5 day GCFI workshop provided an opportunity for scientists, managers, and stakeholders to identify and prioritize the optimal elements to incorporate in designing...

Pacific Reef Assessment and Monitoring Program. Fish monitoring brief : Southern Mariana Archipelago, 2014.

The purpose of this document is to outline the most recent survey efforts conducted by the Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED) of the NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center as part of the long-term monitoring program known as the Pacific Reef Assessment and Monitoring Program (Pacific RAMP). More detailed survey results will be available in a forthcoming annual status report.

Northeast Fisheries Science Center publications, reports, and abstracts for calendar year 2013.

Laura Garner & Anne Marie O'Brien
The following bibliography consists of three sections: (1) anonymously peer-reviewed publications ('publications'); (2) transparently peer-reviewed and non-peer reviewed publications ('reports'); and (3) abstracts for oral presentations and poster displays. The bibliography covers works with a 2013 publication or presentation date, prepared by Northeast Fisheries Science Center (NEFSC) employees. (Publications appearing 'online first' in 2013 but with a 2014 publication date are not included in this list.) Bibliographies of publications, reports, and abstracts for earlier years...

North Atlantic Right Whale Sighting Survey (NARWSS) and Right Whale Sighting Advisory System (RWSAS) 2013 results summary.

Christin Brangwynne Khan, Peter Duley, Allison H. Glass, Jennifer Gatzke & Timothy V. N. Cole
During 2013 , NARWSS flew 185 hours over 48 surveys, including directed flights over right whales reported near Atlantis Canyon, Cultivator Shoal, Great South Channel, and Nantucket Sound. NARWSS detected 45 right whales (including possible duplicate sightings of the same individual), with 30 right whales sighted within survey blocks and 15 right whales sighted during transit to or from survey areas. Table 1 summarizes survey effort and right whale sightings by month. Figures 3a-d display...

Social baseline of the Gulf of Alaska groundfish trawl fishery

Amber H. Himes-Cornell, K. Kent, C. Maguire, M. Downs, S. Weidlich &
The North Pacific Fishery Management Council (NPFMC) is considering the implementation of a new bycatch management program for the Gulf of Alaska (GOA) groundfish trawl fishery. Any change in how the fishery is managed will likely affect the people and communities participating in the fishery. In anticipation of such changes, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s National Marine Fisheries Service (NOAA Fisheries) Alaska Fisheries Science Center developed and implemented a survey to collect baseline information...

Serious injury determinations for small cetaceans and pinnipeds caught in commercial fisheries off the northeast US coast, 2013.

Frederick W. Wenzel, Gordon T. Waring, Elizabeth Josephson, Marjorie Lyssikatos, Barbie L. Byrd, Stacey C. Harstman & Jessica R. Powell
The Marine Mammal Protection Act (MMPA) requires the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) to estimate annual levels of human-caused mortality and serious injury to marine mammal stocks (section 117) and to categorize commercial fisheries based on their level of incidental mortality and serious injury of marine mammals (section 118). Serious injury (SI) determination guidelines were developed at NMFS-convened workshops in 1997 and 2007 (Angliss and DeMaster 1998; Andersen et al. 2008) and in January 2012...

The International Sampling Program : continent of origin and biological characteristics of Atlantic salmon collected at west Greenland in 2014.

Timothy Francis Sheehan, Lawrence Belleni, Brian Coghlan, Denise Deschamps, Ruth Haas-Castro, Katie Thomas, Rasmus Nygaard, Timothy L. King, Martha J. Robertson & Niall Ó. Maoiléidigh
An Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) mixed-stock fishery operating from 1 August through 31 October exists off the western coast of Greenland, which primarily harvests one-sea-winter (1SW) North American and European origin salmon destined to return to natal waters as two-sea-winter spawning adults. To collect data on the biological characteristics and origin of the harvest necessary for international stock assessment efforts, parties to the North Atlantic Salmon Conservation Organization's (NASCO) West Greenland Commission (WGC) agreed to...

2014 discard estimation, precision, and sample size analyses for 14 federally managed species groups in the waters off the Northeastern United States

Susan E. Wigley, , Paul J. Rago & G. Shield
This report describes the analysis of the expected coverage needed by at-sea observers for northeastern US fisheries for the April 2014 th rough March 2015 period using the Standardized Bycatch Reporting Methodology. The sea days needed to achieve a precision-based performance standard (30% coefficient of variation of the discard estimate) were updated by using July 2012 through June 2013 data.

Northeast Fisheries Science Center bottom trawl survey protocols for the NOAA Ship Henry B. Bigelow.

Philip J. Politis, John K. Galbraith, Paul Kostovick & Russell W. Brown
This document describes the standard operational protocols for conducting the Northeast Fisheries Science Center spring and autumn Multispecies Bottom Trawl Survey aboard the NOAA Ship Henry B. Bigelow. This manual documents current survey protocols and standard sampling gear implemented in spring 2009 after the 2008 survey calibration with the NOAA Ship Albatross IV and the NOAA Ship Henry B. Bigelow. It is intended to serve as a reference manual to ensure survey standardization and aid...

Regional climatology of the East Asian Seas, an introduction.

Daphne R. Johnson & Timothy P. Boyer
This paper describes the East Asian Seas Regional Climatology documenting spatial and temporal distribution of temperature and salinity on 1°, 1/4°, and 1/10° latitude-longitude grids. The temperature and salinity data fields used to generate these climatologies were computed by objective analysis of all quality-controlled data from the World Ocean Database 2013. Highresolution climatologies (especially 1/10°) reveal numerous meso-scale features such as water masses, fronts, and river outflows. These features are described in the context of...

Developing a systematic approach for implementing NEPA in OAR.

Tammy C. Adams
This technical memorandum summarizes OAR's actions from 2009 through 2014 to implement and document systematic compliance with the requirements of the National Environmental Policy Act, and NOAA's Administrative Order 216-6: Environmental Review Procedures for Implementing the National Environmental Policy Act (NAO 216-6; May 20, 1999). It also outlines OAR's plans for ensuring continued compliance and improved records management.

What does 'transition' mean? : a qualitative analysis of reported transitions at OAR

Avery Sen
OAR recently completed an inventory of all research and development (R&D) that had successfully transitioned to applications between January 2013 and July 2014. A wide variety of activities were submitted by OAR Laboratory and Program Directors as examples of transition, but, when examined closely, many did not seem to be transitions at all. It became clear that there is a lack of shared understanding about what qualifies as a bona fide 'transition.' This analysis is...

GSICS quarterly. Volume 8, number 4 (2015)

Global Space-Based Inter-Calibration System Coordination Center

Estimated bycatch of marine mammals and sea turtles in the U.S. Atlantic pelagic longline fleet during 2012

Lance Preston Garrison & Lesley Stokes
The U.S. Atlantic Pelagic Longline fleet operates throughout the northwestern Atlantic Ocean, including along the U.S. coast from the Gulf of Mexico to New England, the waters of the Caribbean, and in international waters of the North Atlantic Ocean. The Atlantic longline fleet is defined as a Category I fishery under the Marine Mammal Protection Act, and it is also the subject of management under the Endangered Species Act due to interactions with leatherback (Dermochelys...

NOAA plan for increasing public access to research results

This National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) plan to increase Public Access to Research Results (PARR) describes activities that will be undertaken by NOAA in order to meet the goals and requirements of the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) Memorandum Increasing Access to the Results of Federally Funded Scientific Research issued 2013 February 22 (hereafter referred to as the OSTP PARR Memo). The goal of the OSTP PARR Memo is to...

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