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An initial analysis of alternative sample designs for the deployment of observers in Alaska

Changes in regulation enacted in 2013 have enabled the Alaska Fisheries Science Center's Fishery Monitoring and Analysis Division (FMA) and Alaska Regional Office's Sustainable Fisheries Division to work collaboratively on an Annual Deployment Plan (ADP). Each ADP documents how the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) plans to deploy observers into fishing activities for the coming year under the limits of available funding. Draft ADPs are presented to the North Pacific Fishery Management Council (Council) during...

A report of the 59th Northeast Regional Stock Assessment Workshop : 59th Northeast Regional Stock Assessment Workshop (59th SAW) assessment summary report.

The 59th SAW Assessment Summary Report contains summary and detailed technical information on two stock assessments reviewed during July 15-18 , 2014 at the Stock Assessment Workshop (SAW) by the 59th Stock Assessment Review Committee (SARC-59): Gulf of Maine haddock (Melanogrammus aeglefinus) and sea scallop (Placopecten magellanicus). The SARC-59 consisted of 3 external, independent reviewers appointed by the Center for Independent Experts [CIE], and an external SARC chairman from the NE FMC SSC. The SARC...

Postprocessing of scientific echo-sounder data from the NOAA ships Albatross IV and HB Bigelow, 1998 - 2012.

Josef Michael Jech
Acoustic data collected on the Albatross IV and HB Bigelow have primarily been collected during the NEFSC bottom trawl surveys. Acoustic data were rarely collected during other surveys on the Albatross IV and occasionally during other surveys on the HB Bigelow . The bottom trawl surveys are conducted during winter, spring, and fall (the winter survey was discontinued in 2008) and are the primary fisheries-independent surveys in mid-Atlantic and New England waters. The bottom trawl...

PIFSC report on the American Samoa longline fishery, year 2012.

The American Samoa federal longline logbook data are summarized by date of haul, as shown in Table 1. All longline logbook data submitted by holders of federal limited entry longline permits for fishing activities during 2012 have been processed by the Department of Marine and Wildlife Resources (DMWR) and are included in this report. The data in Table 1 are derived from all federal logbook data submitted by American Samoa-based longline vessels as of April...

PIFSC report on the logbook program for the American Samoa longline fishery, October-December 2012.

The American Samoa longline fishery’s summary catch and effort statistics for the fourth quarter of 2012, based on date of haul, are shown in Table 1. This table was derived from all logbook data submitted to the American Samoa Department of Marine and Wildlife Resources by the posting date for fourth quarter (April 9, 2012). Table 1 reflects data from an estimated 97.4% of sets made during this quarter, a total of 969 sets were...

EX1502 Leg 3, Océano Profundo 2015

Brian R. C. Kennedy, Kasey Cantwell, Derek Sowers, Michael J. Cheadle & Lindsay A. McKenna
In April 2015, NOAA Ship Okeanos Explorer, the only US federal ship dedicated to ocean exploration, systematically explored previously unknown deep sea ecosystems in the US waters of the Caribbean. Operations focused on deep-water habitats in and around the Puerto Rico Trench and the US Virgin Islands. Over 10,854 km² of previously unmapped seafloor were mapped with a high-resolution multibeam, revealing rugged canyons along shelf breaks, intricate incised channels, and complex tectonic features. Twelve ROV...

Whistle classification in the California Current

Jennifer L. Keating, Julie N. Oswald, Shannon Rankin & Jay Barlow
The value of passive acoustics as a tool for studying marine mammals relies on the ability to detect and classify sounds associated with these species. Classification efforts typically focus on a single species, or occasionally on a few species found within a geographic region. In an effort to improve our ability to classify species during shipboard population surveys and other passive acoustic monitoring needs, we have developed an automated whistle classification algorithm that includes all...

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s Public Access Policy for Scholarly Publications

In accordance with the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy Memorandum Increasing Access to the Results of Federally Funded Scient(fic Research, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) drafted a plan for increasing Public Access to Research Results (PARR) in early 2015 (http://dx.doi.org/10.7289N5F47M2H). This plan describes the activities that will be undertaken by NOAA to increase public accessibility to the publications and digital data funded by taxpayer dollars. As called for in the...

A review of principal coastal economic sectors within the southeast United States and the U.S. Caribbean

Chloe S. Fleming, Flávia Carvalho Tonioli & Juan J. Agar
This report provides an overview of the key coastal economic sectors found within the southeast United States, including the Gulf of Mexico, southeast U.S. Atlantic coast and U.S. Caribbean. These regions share key coastal economic areas of interest, including oil and gas production, maritime transportation, tourism, and fisheries and aquaculture. The study found that the southeast region holds over 30% of the nation's population and employment opportunities, as well as generating roughly 30% of the...

Regional climate processes and projections for North America: CMIP3/CMIP5 differences, attribution and outstanding issues

Justin Sheffield, Andrew Barrett &
The Coupled Model Intercomparison Project, phase 5 (CMIP5) provides an unprecedented set of climate model data from coordinated experiments that can be used to address a variety of questions related to climate change and climate variability. The CMIP5 builds on the previous model intercomparison phase (CMIP3) in several ways, including a larger number of modeling centers and models, the use of generally moderately higher resolution models, and the inclusion of more complex and complete representation...

A tsunami forecast model for Midway Atoll.

Edison Gica
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) has developed a tsunami forecast model for Midway Atoll as part of an effort to provide tsunami forecasts for U.S. coastal communities. Development, validation, and stability testing of the tsunami forecast model has been conducted to ensure that it is stable and robust. The Midway Atoll tsunami forecast model employs the Method of Splitting Tsunami (MOST) numerical code and has been validated with historical and synthetically generated tsunami...

Remote biopsy field sampling procedures for cetaceans used during the Natural Resource Damage Assessment of the MSC252 Deepwater Horizon oil spill.

Carrie Sinclair, Jen Sinclair, Eric S. Zolman, Anthony Martinez, Brian Balmer & Kevin Barry
Remote biopsy collection is a sampling technique that was used as part of the Natural Resource Damage Assessment (NRDA) to evaluate impacts from the MSC252 Deepwater Horizon (DWH) oil spill on common bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus; hereafter bottlenose dolphins or dolphins) and other marine mammals found in the northern Gulf of Mexico (GMx)

NOAA Observing System Integrated Analysis (NOSIA-II) methodology report.

David Helms, Matthew Austin, Lewis Mccullouch, Robert Reining, Aaron Pratt, Robert Mairs, Lauraleen O’Connor & Sabrina Taijeron

2012 Turtle Excluder Device testing and gear evaluations

Jeff Gearhart, Dominy Hataway, Nick Hopkins & Daniel G. Foster
The NOAA National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), Southeast Fisheries Science Center (SEFSC), Mississippi Laboratory, Harvesting Systems & Engineering Branch conducted fishing gear evaluations in Panama City, Florida from June 5 through June 20, 2012. Four separate projects were conducted: 1) evaluation of Turtle Excluder Devices (TEDs) in skimmer trawls; 2) evaluation of Cable TEDs in fish trawls; 3) sea turtle exclusion rate trials for TED component variations; 4) evaluation of Bycatch Reduction Devices (BRDs) in...

A tsunami forecast model for Kihei, Hawaii.

Edison Gica
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) has developed a tsunami forecast model for Kihei, Hawaii, as part of an effort to provide tsunami forecasts for U.S. coastal communities. Development, validation, and stability testing of the tsunami forecast model has been conducted to ensure that it is stable and robust. The Kihei tsunami forecast model employs the Method of Splitting Tsunami (MOST) numerical code and has been validated with three historical tsunamis. A total of...

Range-wide patterns in Hawaiian monk seal movements among islands and atolls

Thea C. Johanos, Albert L. Harting, Tracy L. Wurth & Jason Daniel Baker
Most Hawaiian monk seals reside in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands (NWHI) where population abundance is declining. A small and growing number also occur in the main Hawaiian Islands (MHI), and rare sightings have been documented at Johnston Atoll, south of the Hawaiian Archipelago. Until recently, it was thought that there was essentially no movement of seals between the NWHI and MHI. Here, we present a new analysis of movements throughout the species range based on...

An overview of the survey on the socio-economic aspects of commercial fishing crew in the Northeast

Anna Henry & Julia Ann Olson
The design and implementation of the 'Survey on the Socio-Economic Aspects of Commercial Fishing Crew in the Northeast and Mid-Atlantic' (hereafter referred to as Crew Survey) is part of several new and ongoing data collection efforts to support the social scientific investigations of the region's fisheries. Not only does it target a hard-to-reach population of fishermen, it presents a structured opportunity for these fishing participants to voice their perceptions, concerns, and ideas about fisheries management....

Statistically assessing the precision of self-reported VTR fishing locations.

Geret Sean DePiper
The precision of self- reported VTR points often comes into question, despite its importance in both fisheries management and stock assessment. This manuscript uses a novel statistical approach to assess the spatial precision of these points in order to generate a better understanding of how the data can best be used.

2015 Discard estimation, precision, and sample size analyses for 14 federally managed species groups in the waters off the northeastern United States.

Susan E. Wigley, , Paul J. Rago, & G. Shield
This report describes the analyses associated with the discard estimation of 14 federally managed fish and invertebrate species groups during the July 2013 through June 2014 time period and the expected coverage needed by at-sea observers for northeastern US fisheries for the April 2015 through March 2016 period using the Standardized Bycatch Reporting Methodology. An estimated 64,795 mt (142,848,902 lb) of federally regulated species were discarded during the July 2013 through June 2014 time period....

Coral Reef Resilience Research and Management – Past, Present and Future : workshop report.

J. Maynard, B. Parker, R. Beeden, Jerker Tamelander, P. McGowan, Lewis J. Gramer, Scott Fraser Heron, Matthew S. Kendall, , , K. Oleson & Simon Pittman
Each year, subject to the availability of funds, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Coral Reef Conservation Program (NOAA CRCP) awards grants for applied research that informs conservation and management of coral reefs within the U.S. and abroad. During recent years, project funds have been awarded to scientists and managers working to increase our understanding of reef resilience and of the application of resilience thinking in management decision-making. This workshop’s overarching purpose was for recent...

Equipment performance report for the Drifting Acoustic Spar Buoy Recorder (DASBR).

Emily T. Griffiths & Jay Barlow
The Drifting Acoustic Spar Buoy Recorder (or DASBR) is an autonomous Passive Acoustic Monitoring (PAM) system developed at the Southwest Fisheries Science Center (SWFSC) to provide a practical, low-cost option for collecting high-quality marine acoustic data. Most autonomous recording systems (such as Cornell's Pop-ups and SIO's HARPS) are bottommounted and therefore limited to shelf and slope waters. Fixed moorings in deep pelagic waters are generally too expensive for common use. Hydrophone arrays towed behind research...

Submission of 2013-2014 U.S. fishery statistics for the western and central Pacific Ocean and other areas to the Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission.

Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (U.S.)
This is the eleventh submission of annual U.S. and Territorial fishery statistics by the NOAA's National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) to the Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission (WCPFC). The submission consists of preliminary 2014 fisheries data for highly migratory species (HMS) in the Pacific Ocean, and updated data for 2013, unless otherwise indicated. Annual catch and effort estimates are included for fisheries of the U.S. and Participating Territories of American Samoa and Guam, as...

Technical details for ASAP version 4

& Christopher M. Legault
ASAP (A Stock Assessment Program) is an age structure stock assessment modeling program originally developed by Chris Legault and Victor Restrepo while they were at the Southeast Fisheries Science Center (Legault and Restrepo 1998). Modifications made in subsequent iterations are described at the top of Appendix 1. ASAP is a variant of statistical catch-at-age models. This latest version can integrate annual catches and associated age compositions (by fleet), abundance indices and associated age compositions, annual...

Description of oceanographic conditions on the northeast US continental shelf during 2013

Paula Sue Fratantoni, Tamara Holzwarth, Cristina Bascuñán & Maureen H. Taylor
Hydrographic observations from 8 surveys spanning the Northeast US (NEUS) Continental Shelf are combined into a descriptive overview of the broadscale oceanographic conditions observed during 2013. Temperature and salinity observations are combined into bimonthly time periods to maximize both the spatial coverage of the data and its temporal resolution during the year. Maps of near-surface and near-bottom property distributions are presented for each bimonthly period, and time series of regional average properties are discussed for...

2012 population estimate for the harbor seal (Phoca vitulina concolor) in New England waters.

Gordon T. Waring, , Elizabeth Josephson, Stephanie Wood & James R. Gilbert
This survey was conducted to obtain an abundance estimate for the New England harbor seal (Phoca vitulina concolor) population, as the previous estimate (2001) was outdated for stock assessment purposes. Aerial photographic surveys and radio tracking of harbor seals on ledges along the Maine coast were conducted during the pupping period in late May 2012. Twenty-nine harbor seals (20 adults and 9 juveniles) were captured and radio-tagged prior to the aerial survey. Of these, 18...

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