187 Works

Trends in selected US Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico marine mammal stock assessments-2014.

Barbie L. Byrd, Timothy V. N. Cole, Laura Engleby, , Joshua M. Hatch, Allison Henry, Stacey C. Horstman, , , Christopher Orphanides, Richard M. Pace, , Marjorie Lyssikatos & Frederick W. Wenzel
Under the 1994 amendments of the Marine Mammal Protection Act (MMPA), the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) and the United States Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) were required to generate stock assessment reports (SARs) for all marine mammal stocks in waters within the U.S. Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ). The first reports for the Atlantic (includes the Gulf of Mexico) were published in July 1995 (Blaylock et al. 1995). The MMPA requires NMFS and USFWS to...

Evidence of multiple paternity in quillback rockfish (Sebastes maliger).

, Cara J. Rodgveller & Chris R. Lunsford
Multiple paternity, also termed polyandry, is a reproductive strategy that can increase the genetic variation within a brood to help preserve diversity within a population. A paternity analysis using multilocus microsatellites revealed that 8 of 25 (32%) quillback rockfish (Sebastes maliger) females mated with more than one male. Of the eight broods sired by multiple males, three were sired by two males and five were sired by three males. Polyandry is likely an important consideration...

Results brief : 5 years of protection at Kahekili Herbivore Fisheries Management Area.

In response to concerns about long-term declines on local reefs, in 2009, the State of Hawaii established the Kahekili Herbivore Fisheries Management Area (KHFMA) in Ka'anapali, West Maui. Within the KHFMA, herbivorous fishes and sea urchins are protected, with the goal of restoring natural grazing processes and thereby ultimately increasing the reef's ability to resist and recover from excessive algal growth. Over the first 5 years of closure, parrotfish biomass increased by 138%, and surgeonfish...

Pacific Reef Assessment and Monitoring Program. Fish monitoring brief : Northern Mariana Archipelago, 2014

The purpose of this document is to outline the most recent survey efforts conducted by the Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED) of the NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center as part of the long-term monitoring program known as the Pacific Reef Assessment and Monitoring Program (Pacific RAMP). More detailed survey results will be available in a forthcoming annual status report.

Assessing relative resilience potential of coral reefs to inform management in the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands.

J. Maynard, Steven C. McKagan, Laurie J. Raymundo, S. Johnson, G. Ahmadia, Peter Houk, G. Williams, Matthew S. Kendall, Scott Fraser Heron &
Coral reef managers face the challenge of reducing vulnerability to the effects of climate change by reducing other sources of stress to support the resilience of reef systems. Resiliencebased management (RBM) has been developed to overcome the challenges of reducing vulnerability in this era of rapid change. RBM of coral reefs can include assessing spatial variation in resilience potential and then targeting and tailoring appropriate actions, which is the focus of the project reported on...

Results of a survey of CNMI and Guam residents on the Marianas Trench Marine National Monument.

Dawn M. Kotowicz & Stewart D. Allen
With funding from the NOAA Fisheries Pacific Islands Regional Office, the Human Dimensions Research Program (HDRP) at the NOAA Fisheries Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center conducted a survey of randomly selected residents of CNMI and Guam to provide information for a management plan for the Monument. Designation of the Monument was accompanied by social debate over the merits of designation, the potential economic benefits, increased federal management in the archipelago, the impacts to fishermen and...

Estimates of cetacean and pinniped bycatch in the 2012 New England sink and Mid-Atlantic gillnet fisheries.

Joshua M. Hatch & Christopher Orphanides
This report provides estimated takes of 6 species of small cetaceans and pinnipeds bycaught in the New England sink (NESG) and mid-Atlantic (MAG) gillnet fisheries. The 2012 serious injuries and total mortalities in the NESG fishery were 277 (CV = 0.59) North Atlantic harbor porpoises (Phocoena phocoena phocoena), 95 (CV = 0.40) short-beaked common dolphins Delphinus delphis delphis), 9 (CV = 0.92) Atlantic white-sided dolphins (Lagenorhynchus acutus), 542 (CV = 0.19) gray seals (Halichoerus grypus...

PIFSC report on the logbook program for the American Samoa longline fishery, October-December 2013.

The American Samoa longline fishery continues to experience extremely challenging conditions. Catch of its primary target species, albacore tuna remains at a record low level, in comparison with long term averages. In the 4th quarter, catches of most other marketable species also continued to be lower during 2013 than during 2014, as was the case in the earlier quarters of 2013. Increasing catches of low volume-higher-priced species, such as mahimahi and yellowfin tuna, may indicate...

PIFSC report on the logbook program for the American Samoa longline fishery, January-March 2014.

This report provides a summary of the American Samoa longline fishery's catch and effort statistics for the first quarter of 2014. The fishery continues to experience challenges. Most important, catch and catch per unit effort (CPUE) of the primary target species albacore tuna are both well below long term averages. Catches of many other marketable species have also remained low during the first quarter of 2014, as they were throughout the previous year. Table 1...

Climatography of the Idaho National Laboratory 3rd edition

K. L. Clawson, Richard M. Eckman, Neil F. Hukari, &
In this most-recent edition, the majority of Mesonet data is updated through 2006 with some additional information updated through 2007. The order of topical presentation found in both the first and second editions are preserved. In addition to climatological parameters updated, the current INL climatography includes new insights on winds and temperatures aloft derived from remote sensing systems, channeled wind flows, statistical wind trajectory groupings, and precipitation return periods. Data are presented in the context...

Report on Hawaiian monk seal survey on Ni'ihau Island, 2014.

Jessica Lopez, Tracy Wurth & Charles L. Littnan
On September 16, 2014, staff from NOAA Fisheries' Hawaiian Monk Seal Research Program (HMSRP) completed their second ever land-based survey of monk seals on the island of Ni'ihau. The survey took place at the end of R/V Oscar Elton Sette project SE 14-06. Permanent HMSRP staff, temporary field staff and two personnel representing the US Navy participated in the survey. Two survey methods were utilized to cover the Ni'ihau and Lehua Rock coastlines. The first...

CDHC workshop report : guidance for an epidemiological strategy and establishing a disease surveillance network for Caribbean Acropora palmata.

Cheryl M. Woodley, Scott M. Taylor, Craig Downs, Timothy Austin, John Bothwell, , Michael R. McCord, Gerardo Ochoa-Vergas, Michael J. Risk, Jodie Risk, M. V. Thrusfield & Thierry M. Work
Acropora palmata was listed as threatened under the Endangered Species Act in May 2006 (71 FR 26852). In 2012, the National Marine Fisheries Service proposed the reclassification of A. palmata (77 FR 73219) as endangered, but determined in 2014, that they would remain listed as threatened under the ESA (79 FR 53852). This coral is present only in the Caribbean where its existence is threatened by infectious pathogens, pollution, and human activities. There is a...

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