303 Works

Serious injury determinations for small cetaceans off the southeast U.S. coast, 2012.

Katherine Maze-Foley & Lance Preston Garrison
The Marine Mammal Protection Act (MMPA) requires NOAA's National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) to distinguish between injuries to marine mammals that are serious and not serious. During 2012 NMFS issued a policy directive and procedural directives to establish a process for distinguishing serious from non-serious injuries (NMFS 2012a, b). This document summarizes serious injury determinations for small cetaceans in southeast U.S. waters during 2012. Data from various sources were assessed to compile this report. These...

2012 economic cost earnings of pelagic longline fishing in Hawaii.

Kolter O. Kalberg & Minling Pan
This report presents findings from the Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) costearnings study of the Hawaii-based longline fleet. Fleet-wide expenditures and revenue are assessed for the 2012 operational calendar year. Captains or owners of 115 of the 126 vessels active at the time of the study voluntarily participated in the face-to-face survey, resulting in a response rate of 91 percent. This report also compares 2012 results with the previous costearnings studies of the Hawaii...

Sea turtle tagging in the Mariana Islands Range Complex (MIRC) progress report.

Timothy Todd Jones, Summer Lynn Martin &
The U.S. Navy developed the Mariana Islands Range Complex (MIRC) Monitoring Plan to provide required monitoring of protected species under the Marine Mammal Protection Act (1972) and the Endangered Species Act (1973). Of the 5 species of sea turtles associated with MIRC this annual report provides data on the habitat and movements of green turtles (Chelonia mydas) and hawksbill turtles (Eretmochelys imbricata) that were tagged by PIFSC staff and satellite-tracked in the nearshore waters of...

PIFSC report on the American Samoa limited-access longline fishery from 1 January to 31 December 2013.

The following tables represent effort, retained catch (kept) and discards (released) as reported on longline log sheets for the American Samoa limited-access longline fishery. Effort and catcheffort statistics are based on date of longline haul. Effort and catch statistics are based on logbook data submitted to the PIFSC, FRMD and represent an Oracle table LLDS_REPORT_STATS_AS database extraction done on 21 June 2016. When a statistic (number of vessels, trips) can involve dates of haul in...

Report for dedicated JPSS VIIRS Ocean Color December 2015 Calibration/Validation cruise.

Michael Ondrusek, Veronica Peterson Lance, Robert Arnone, Sherwin Ladner, Wesley Goode, Ryan Vandermeulen, Scott Freeman, Joaquin E. Chaves, Antonio Mannino, Alex Gilerson, Sam Ahmed, Carlos Carrizo, Ahmed El-Habashi, Robert Foster, Matteo Ottaviani, Joaquim I. Goes, Helga Do Rosario Gomes, Kali McKee, Chuanmin Hu, Charles Kovach, David English, Jennifer Cannizzaro, B. Carol Johnson, Zhongping Lee, Jianwei Wei … & Menghua Wang
The overall aim of this NOAA VIIRS 2015 Ocean Color Calibration/Validation (Cal/Val) Cruise aboard the NOAA Ship Nancy Foster (NF-15-13) was the collection of high quality in situ optical and related biogeochemical data for purpose of validating of satellite ocean color radiometry and derived products from VIIRS-SNPP, part of the JPSS program [Wang et al., 2013; Wang et al., 2014]. A second aim was to make measurements in support of science and applied studies that...

Assessment of ecological condition and stressor impacts within Great Lakes rivers and harbors : Milwaukee estuary, Wisconsin.

, , , Jeffrey L. Hyland & Edward Frank Wirth
The Great Lakes, the largest surface freshwater resource in the world, has long been recognized for its valuable natural resources and services vital to the wellbeing of our nation. In 2012 a probabilistic sampling component was included under an expanded version of NOAA’s National Status and Trends/Mussel Watch Program in the Great Lakes as a basis for assessing the status of ecological condition and potential stressor impacts in targeted river and harbor systems of this...

Movements of reef fish across the boundary of the Virgin Islands Coral Reef National Monument in Coral Bay, St. John, USVI.

Matthew S. Kendall, Laughlin Siceloff & Mark E. Monaco
The Virgin Islands Coral Reef National Monument (VICRNM) was created to expand the protection of the marine ecosystems around St. John. Monument boundaries were not designed using ecological criteria, but were instead the result of historical land ownership and the Territorial Submerged Lands Act of 1974. This study used acoustic telemetry to investigate movements of reef fish relative to the boundary of the Coral Bay portion of the Monument and the protection that this Marine...

Marine biogeographic assessment of the main Hawaiian Islands : a collaborative investigation.

The state of Hawai'i is working to develop local renewable energy sources to reduce its dependence on fossil fuels. Most of the State’s potential renewable energy resources (notably, wind) are located in federal waters from 3 to 200 nm offshore. The Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) regulates the leasing, construction and operation of most renewable energy projects in federal waters, and is required to evaluate potential human, coastal and marine impacts from these projects....

The Japanese high seas mothership salmon fishery in the north Pacific Ocean : the economic implications of a loss of INPFC constraints.

Lewis E. Queirolo
The development and eastward expansion of the Japanese High Seas Mothership Salmon fishery in the North Pacific and Bering Sea was responsible for the establishment of the International Convention of the High Seas Fisheries of the North Pacific Ocean. The Convention was, as it remains to date, a tri-national agreement between the United States, Canada, and Japan intended to guarantee the interests of each nation in the fisheries of the North Pacific. The Japanese have...

Stock assessment of Summer Flounder for 2016

Mark Terceiro
This assessment of summer flounder (Paralichthys dentatus) is an update through 2015 of commercial and recreational fishery catch data, research survey indices of abundance, and the analyses of those data. Reported 2015 landings in the commercial fishery were 4,843 mt = 10.677 million lbs, about 3% under the commercial quota (5,021 mt = 11.069 million lbs). Estimated 2015 landings in the recreational fishery were 2,209 mt = 4.870 million lbs, about 34% below the recreational...

Report on the Alaska Region Section 10/404 permit coordination, 1981 through 1985.

Tamra L. Faris, John B. Hamilton & Robert P. Stone
The Fish and Wildlife Coordination Act (16 use 661-667) requires that action on licenses, permits, and construction projects regulated or undertaken by other Federal agencies in waters of the United States must include consultation with resource agencies (NMFS) and equal consideration of fish and wildlife resources. The NMFS Alaska Region dedicates a major effort to coordination with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (COE) on Section 10 and 404 permit applications. It is, therefore, important...

Modeling pygmy sperm whale (Kogia breviceps, De Blainville 1838) strandings along the southeast coast of the United States from 1992 to 2006 in relation to environmental factors.

Carole R. Berini, Laura M. Kracker & Wayne E. McFee
Pygmy sperm whales are the second most commonly stranded marine mammal in the Southeastern Unites States (SEUS). They most often strand alive and the causes of these events remain largely unknown. Generalized linear models were built to identify potential relationships among environmental factors and the occurrence of pygmy sperm whale strandings in the SEUS. Two methods were used to model environmental parameters depending on the nature of the data. One method used data from NOAA...

An evaluation of marine mammal surveys to support Washington State’s Marine Spatial Planning process.

Laura M. Kracker &
The objective of this report is to identify and evaluate existing datasets related to the distribution of marine mammals along the Northwest coast of the United States which can support Marine Spatial Planning (MSP) by the State of Washington. In this report, we consider the degree to which existing datasets are able to represent species distributions and provide information needed by Washington to mitigate potential conflicts among ocean users and ensure adequate biological conservation. A...

Northeast Fisheries Science Center publications, reports, and abstracts for calendar year 2015

Laura S. Garner & Sheena G. Steiner
The following bibliography consists of three sections: (1) anonymously peer-reviewed publications (“publications”), (2) transparently peer-reviewed and nonpeer-reviewed publications (“reports”), and (3) abstracts for oral presentations and poster displays. The bibliography covers works with a 2015 publication or presentation date, prepared by Northeast Fisheries Science Center (NEFSC) employees. (Publications appearing “online first” in 2015 but with a 2016 print publication are not included in this list.) Bibliographies of publications, reports, and abstracts for earlier years are...

Cetacean surveys in the waters of the southern Mariana Archipelago (February 2010-April 2014).

, Allan D. Ligon, Mark H. Deakos, Adam C. Ü, Aliza Milette-Winfree, Andrea R. Bendlin &
Due to U.S. territorial status, management of marine mammal stocks around Guam and the CNMI is the responsibility of the U.S. National Marine Fisheries Service. The U.S. Navy is mandated by permits and Biological Opinions issued under the Marine Mammal Protection Act (MMPA) and the Endangered Species Act (ESA) to monitor cetacean presence within the Mariana Island Range Complex (MIRC). The ocean surface and undersea area components of the MIRC encompass 1,299,851 km of open...

Guide to the gadiform fishes of the eastern North Pacific : cods, grenadiers, hakes, morids, codlings

, & James W. Orr
Encompassing the species commonly known as cods, the order Gadiformes comprises nine families of about 555 species around the world. In the eastern North Pacific, five families are represented: the true cods (Gadidae), grenadiers (Macrouridae), codlings (Moridae), hakes (Merlucciidae), and arrowtails (Melanonidae). Members of this order are among the most familiar fishes of the North Pacific and they support some of the largest fisheries in the world. Although worldwide a few gadiforms are occasionally found...

California sea lion sex- and age-specific morphometry.

, Sharon Ruth Melin, D. J. Greig, K. C. Prager, Robert L. DeLong &
Pinnipeds are primarily aged by marks (e.g., flipper tags, brands) applied to individuals when they are of known age (e.g., pups). Age determination is useful for researchers and managers for various reasons including estimating survival rates and assessing mortality of individuals that interact with fisheries. Age can be determined from unmarked animals by extracting a tooth and counting the number of dentine layers. For most populations, however, relatively few individuals are marked and it is...

Assessment and applications of distributed hydrologic model - Russian-Napa River Basins, CA

Lynn E. Johnson, Chengmin Hsu, Robert Zamora & Robert Cifelli
Application of distributed hydrologic models is motivated by the prospect that higher resolution forcing data, such as gridded precipitation fields, should be matched by equivalent resolution mapping of hydrologic responses for surface runoff, soil moisture and evapotranspiration. Distributed hydrologic models have potential for improving hydrologic forecasting given the capability to represent spatially-varying land characteristics and precipitation that has historically been lumped into watershed average characteristics, provided that the distributed model is forced with accurate inputs...

Aerial surveys of beluga whales in Cook Inlet, Alaska, June 1991.

Kim E. W. Shelden & Barbara A. Mahoney
During 18-21 June 1991, aerial surveys were flown to document the distribution and group sizes of beluga whales, Delphinapterus leucas, in Cook Inlet, Alaska. The original data from these surveys were thought to be lost. The only description of these surveys, a short summary and single map (NMFS 1992:7-9), exists within an unpublished document (titled: 'Status Report on Cook Inlet Belugas (Delphinapterus leucas)') prepared by the National Marine Fisheries Service, Alaska Region. In February 2013,...

Baseline assessment of Fagaʻalu Watershed : a ridge to reef assessment in support of sediment reduction activities and future evaluation of their success.

S. Holst Rice, Alex T. Messina, T. Biggs, & David R. Whitall
The primary purpose of this document is to provide local and federal partners with baseline information and survey methods to allow for continued monitoring efforts to evaluate the effectiveness of management actions taken at the Samoa Maritime quarry in Faga'alu, American Samoa. This document summarizes work completed between 2012 and 2014, and was coordinated and funded by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Coral Reef Conservation Program (CRCP) to gather baseline data and information...

Sources of human-related injury and mortality for U.S. Pacific west coast marnine mammal stock assessments, 2010-2014

James V. Carretta, , Sarah Margaret Wilkin, Justin Greenman, Kristin Marie Wilkinson, Monica DeAngelis, Justin Viezbicke & Jason Earl Jannot
This report contains human-caused injury and mortality records of pinnipeds and cetaceans that occur in U.S. west coast waters for the period 2010-2014, for those species evaluated in Pacific region marine mammal stock assessment reports (SARs) (Carretta et al. 2015a). Mortality records, while included in this report, were obviously not evaluated for SI/NSI status. Subsistence and directed takes (i.e., gray whales taken by Russian natives) are not reported here but are reported in SARs published...

Guidance on fishing vessel risk assessments and accounting for safety at sea in fishery management design.

Debra M. Lambert, Eric M. Thunberg, Ronald Gregory Felthoven & Jennifer M. Lincoln
Commercial fishing is one of the most dangerous occupations in the United States. A number of factors can either positively or negatively influence fishing vessel safety, such as: fishing vessel safety regulations, characteristics of the vessel (e.g., age, condition, and maintenance), human competency, weather conditions, and fishery regulations. Several federal agencies have an obligation and interest in promoting fishing vessel safety. NOAA's National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) and the eight Regional Fishery Management Councils (Councils)...

Methodology for assessing the vulnerability of marine fish and shellfish species to a changing climate.

Wendy E. Morrison, Mark W. Nelson, Jennifer F. Howard, Eric J. Teeters, , Jonathan A. Hare, James D. Scott & Michael A. Alexander
Climate change is already affecting fishery resources and the communities that depend on them. Climate change and multidecadal variability have been implicated in the shifting distributions, abundances, and phenology of fish and shellfish species in many marine ecosystems. These impacts are expected to intensify in the future, increasing the need to understand which species may be most vulnerable to climate-related environmental change. We have developed a vulnerability assessment that uses expert elicitation methods to quantify...

PIFSC report on the Hawaii-based limited-access longline fishery from 1 January to 31 December 2015

The following tables represent effort, retained catch (kept), and discards as reported on longline logsheets for the Hawaii-based limited-access longline fishery. To satisfy confidentiality RFMO reporting standards, data from the California-based longline fishery are also included in this report. The following figures represent annual data for effort, catch (kept), and catch-per-uniteffort (CPUE) from 2000 to 2015. Effort and catch effort statistics are based on date of longline haul. Effort and catch statistics are based on...

The applicability of sonars for habitat mapping : a bibliography

&
The primary focus of this bibliography is benthic habitat characterization using backscatter and bathymetric data from multibeam echo sounders, single-beam echo sounders, and side scan sonars. The coverage ranges from methods for acquiring and processing data, data extraction and synthesis from imagery, production and use of habitat maps for fishery management and other purposes, modeling species distributions using processed data, and some relevant theoretical treatments. The bibliography was compiled from extensive searches of online literature...

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