The purpose of this study was to identified nonessential murine cytomegalovirus (MCMV) genes involved in pathogenesis in vivo. Our approach to identifyjng these genes consisted of constructing MCMV mutants, and then analyzing these mutants in vitro and in vivo. Recombinant viruses (RV) expressing the β-glucuronidase marker gene were constructed by site-directed insertion and deletion mutagenesis of the MCMV Hind III-J and -I regions of the viral genome. Mutations were targeted to this region of the...
A finite element time domain modal formulation for analyzing flutter behavior of aircraft surface panels in hypersonic airflow has been developed and presented for the first time. Von Karman large deflection plate theory is used for description of the structural nonlinearity and third order piston theory is employed to account for the aerodynamic nonlinearity. The thermal loadings of uniformly distributed temperature and temperature gradients across the panel thickness are incorporated into the finite element formulation....
This dissertation examines the research question "How do video game design principles affect learning outcomes in serious games?" This research first develops a theoretical foundation concerning the meaning of the terms "game" and "serious game". This conceptual clarification is broken down into analytic propositions, which state that games have participants, rules, goals and challenges, and synthetic propositions, which state that the games should be intrinsically compelling, provide meaningful choices, and be self encapsulated. Based on...
Hypertension is one of the common complications of obesity. Using a rat model of diet induced obesity and hypertension we investigated some of the mechanisms that are involved in regulation of blood pressure in obesity. The first aim of this study was to determine the role of proximal tubule transporters on the renal sodium handling in obese hypertensive (OP) and lean normotensive (OR) rats. An acute increase in renal perfusion pressure resulted in a blunted...
Involvement of Platelet-Derived Growth Factor, PDGF Receptor Signaling, Focal Adhesion Kinase and SRC in Pressure-Induced Vascular Smooth Muscle HypertrophyDarian Clark Rice
Elevated blood pressure is associated with varying degrees of arterial remodeling. The mechanisms by which extracellular mechanical stress is converted into intracellular alterations in signal transduction and gene expression have yet to be fully elucidated. Our goal was to investigate the early events in the vascular smooth muscle response to acute hypertension and to identify mediators involved in long-term hypertensive remodeling. In the acute phase of hypertension we targeted cell surface integrin and growth factor...
The representation via simulation models can easily lead to simulation models too simple for their intended purpose, or with too much detail, making them hard to understand. This problem is related to limitations of the modeling and simulation methods. A multi-method Modeling and Simulation (M&S) approach has the potential for improved representation by taking advantage of methods' strengths and mitigating their weaknesses. Despite a high appeal for using multiple M&S methods, several related problems should...
This dissertation discusses the modeling and simulation (M& S) research in the area of real-time virtual pathology using signal analysis and synthesis. The goal of this research is to contribute to the research in the M&S area of generating simulated outputs of medical diagnostics tools to supplement training of medical students with human patient role players. To become clinically competent physicians, medical students must become skilled in the areas of doctor-patient communication, eliciting the patient's...
Prostate Specific Membrane Antigen (PSMA): Immunoassay Development and Characterization of Transcriptional RegulationZhen Xiao
Prostate cancer (PCA) is the most common cancer and the second leading cause of death among American men. The high mortality is greatly attributed to the lack of early detection tools and effective treatment for metastasis and relapses. Biomarkers that can discriminate benign from malignant tumor and signal the development of androgen independent and metastatic tumor are needed. A biomarker designated prostate specific membrane antigen (PSMA) has the potential to fulfill this need. The objective...
Recent trends in design and manufacturing suggest a tendency toward multiple centers of specialty which results in a need for improved integration methodology for dissimilar finite element or CFD meshes. Since a typical finite element or CFD analysis requires about 50% of an engineers effort to be devoted to modeling and input, there is a need to advance the state-of-the-art in modeling, methodology. These two trends indicate a need to for the capability to combine...
Numerical Simulation of the Nonlinear Response of Composite Plates Under Combined Thermal and Acoustic LoadingJayashree Moorthy
A time-domain study of the random response of a laminated plate subjected to combined acoustic and thermal loads is carried out. The features of this problem also include given uniform static inplane forces. The formulation takes into consideration a possible initial imperfection in the flatness of the plate. High decibel sound pressure levels along with high thermal gradients across thickness drive the plate response into nonlinear regimes. This calls for the analysis to use von...
Old Dominion University853
//ror.org/04zjtrb98:Old Dominion University164
Worcester State University2
London School of Economics and Political Science1
University of Milan1
Braunschweig University of Technology1
Old Swedes Foundation1
Georgia Institute of Technology1