444 Works

Thaumarchaeal and sterol data at monthly to quarterly resolution from Santa Barbara Basin sediment via mass spectrometry imaging

Susanne Alfken, Lars Wörmer, Julius S Lipp, Tiffany J Napier, Marcus Elvert, Jenny Wendt, Arndt Schimmelmann & Kai-Uwe Hinrichs
Molecular biomarker data from isoprenoidal tetraethers from planktonic archaea and C29 sterols measured with the extraction-free approach of MALDI FT-ICR-MS in annually varved sediments from the Santa Barbara Basin deposited from AD 1900 - 2009.

Sedimentation rates and mass accumulation rates of sediment and dust in Europe and China

Denis-Didier Rousseau, Pierre Antoine & Youbin Sun
Loess sequences are a particular record of paleoenvironments and paleoclimates and show regional peculiarities. Among those, European loess sequences show the occurrence of paleosols and other pedogenic units that have been demonstrated to correspond to the Greenland Interstadials (GIS) or Dansgaard-Oeschger events (DO), for the last climate cycle (Moine et al. 2017), of GIS-like for the penultimate climate cycle (Rousseau et al. 2020).During the last climate cycle, these paleosols developed synchronously over Europe along a...

Effect and fate study with blue mussels and microplastic in a laboratory experiment

Aurelia Laubscher, Thea Hamm & Mark Lenz
Adult blue mussels (Mytilus spp.) were exposed to microplastic particles in a controlled laboratory experiment. The study was conducted to investigate I) the effect of polystyrene particles (spherical PS beads, 40µm) on the filtration of mussels and II) the fate of PS beads within the experimental set up. The data was obtained in May and June 2019 with mussels collected from the Kiel Fjord, Germany. The mussels were exposed in a closed system to an...

Late Cretaceous planktonic and benthic foraminifera and calcareous nannofossils distribution, bulk carbonate and foraminifera C and O stable isotopes data from IODP Site 369-U1513, SE Indian Ocean

Maria Rose Petrizzo, Kenneth G MacLeod, David K Watkins, Erik Wolfgring & Brian T Huber
The latest Cenomanian to Santonian sedimentary record recovered at IODP Site U1513 in the Mentelle Basin (SE Indian Ocean, paleolatitude about 60°S at 85 Ma) is studied to interpret the paleoceanographic evolution in the Southern Hemisphere. Here we present the planktonic and benthic foraminifera distribution and absolute abundances, calcareous nannofossils distribution, bulk carbonate and foraminifera carbon and oxygen stable isotope data from IODP Holes 1513A, 1513B, and 1513D. The data presented here document an interval...

HBIs and sterols in surface sediments across the East Siberian Sea

Liang Su, Jian Ren, Marie-Alexandrine Sicre, Youcheng Bai, Bassem Jalali, Zhongqiao Li, Haiyan Jin, Anatolii S Astakhov, Xuefa Shi & Jianfang Chen
We provide a dataset of 42 newly collected surface sediment samples from the East Siberian Sea by analysis of Arctic sea ice (IP25) and open water phytoplankton biomarkers (Brassicasterol, Dinosterol, HBI-III and HBI-IV). Terrigenous sterols (campesterol and β-sitosterol) data in this region are also included in the dataset. All biomarkers are based on TOC calculations.

Mineralogical and isotopic data of freshwater cultured pearls from Kentucky Lake with associated lake environmental data

Gabriela Farfan, Chunhui Zhou, Ian Orland & John W Valley
This dataset for our publication (Farfan et al, 2021) combines high spatial-resolution mineralogical and isotope data of freshwater cultured pearls with the environmental conditions of the lake in which they grew under (Kentucky Lake, TN). SIMS-based δ18O values were taken for six transects across three pearls (mirroring transects A and B for each pearl). Detailed mineralogical analyses in the form of nacre tablet thickness (sub-micron) and Raman spectroscopy data of the carbonate vibrational modes of...

Ocean Floor Observation and Bathymetry System (OFOBS) seafloor images of the Weddell Sea, Antarctica collected during the PS124 Polarstern expedition

Autun Purser, Laura Hehemann, Lilian Boehringer, Ellen Werner & Frank Wenzhöfer
During the RV POLARSTERN expedition PS124 to the Weddell Sea during Jan - April 2021 the Ocean Floor Observation and Bathymetry System (OFOBS) was used to collect still and video images, as well as sidescan data, from various locations surveyed during the research cruise.In this data set ~11,700 seafloor Images from 16 deployments made across the Filchner Shelf, Filchner Sill and Weddell Sea seafloor are presented.The OFOBS system consisted of a towed underwater camera system...

Carbon dioxide and and methane flux data, temperature and thaw depth from thaw slump soils in the Lena Delta, Russia measured in 2016 and 2019

Christian Knoblauch, Christian Beer, Alexander Schuett, Lewis Sauerland, Susanne Liebner, Axel Steinhoff, Janet Rethemeyer, Mikhail N Grigoriev & Eva-Maria Pfeiffer
The dataset comprises in situ CO2 and CH4 fluxes, active layer depths, thawed carbon pools and soil temperatures from different non-vegetated soils in an active thaw slump in the Lena Delta, Siberia, Russia, measured in July 2016 and July 2019.

Porewater geochemistry of two shallow-water hydrothermal vents off Dominica Island (Lesser Antilles), supplement to: Pop Ristova, Petra; Pichler, Thomas; Friedrich, Michael W; Bühring, Solveig I (2017): Bacterial diversity and biogeochemistry of two marine shallow-water hydrothermal systems off Dominica (Lesser Antilles). Frontiers in Microbiology, 8

Petra Pop Ristova, Thomas Pichler, Michael W Friedrich & Solveig I Bühring
Shallow-water hydrothermal systems represent extreme environments with unique biogeochemistry and high biological productivity, at which autotrophic microorganisms use both light and chemical energy for the production of biomass. Microbial communities of these ecosystems are metabolically diverse and possess the capacity to transform a large range of chemical compounds. Yet, little is known about their diversity or factors shaping their structure or how they compare to coastal sediments not impacted by hydrothermalism. To this end, we...

Drift Towing Ocean Profiler (DTOP) data on sea ice, meteorological conditions and drift of sea ice from buoy 2019V3, deployed during MOSAiC 2019/20

Tao Li, Jialiang Zhu & Linxu Zhai
Vertical profiles of water temperature, pressure and salinity were measured by the Drift Towing Ocean Profiler (DTOP) buoy 2019V3, a.k.a. 2019C, an autonomous platform, installed on drifting sea ice in the Arctic Ocean during MOSAiC (Leg 1) 2019/20. The resulting time series describes the vertical profile of the ocean below the sea ice as a function of place and time between 07 October 2019 and 03 August 2020 in sample intervals of 12 hours. In...

Vegetation surveys from the calcareous grassland of the nature reserve Garchinger Heide

Markus Bauer & Harald Albrecht
This dataset contains the vegetation surveys from a monitoring of the calcareous grassland of the nature reserve 'Garchinger Heide'. These surveys should discover species composition changes in the second-oldest nature reserve of Bavaria. Two different studies were resurveyed in 2018. The first dataset is based on plots of Briemle (1973), was first surveyed in 40 plots in 1984 (Pfadenhauer & Liebermann 1986) and resurveyed in 1993 (Höngdobler 1995). The second dataset of 42 different plots...

Old Crow River, Tributary, and Thaw Slump Sampling 2019, Yukon, Canada

Kasia Staniszewska, Alberto Reyes, Colin Cooke, Brooklyn Miller & Robin Woywitka
Water grab samples collected ~weekly (total and routine parameters) and ~monthly (dissolved parameters) at the west bank of the Old Crow River mouth from May 28 – October 8, 2019 (Figure 1 of Staniszewska et al. 2022). The sampling location is 14 km downstream (7 km linear distance) of the Water Survey of Canada gauge station (09FC001; 67°35'20" N, 139°47'30" W), Yukon, Canada. Water samples were also collected from eight tributary creeks that drain into...

Dataset for airborne polychlorinated biphenyl congener concentrations using PUF-PAS from Chicago, Il, 2011-2013

Andres Martinez, Nicholas J Herkert, Jacob C Jahnke & Keri C Hornbuckle
We report the levels of airborne PCB concentrations from 180 samples from 18 locations, from 2011 to 2013 in the metropolitan Chicago area, Il, USA. Measurements were obtained using polyurethane foam passive air samplers (PUF-PAS), deployed for ~45 days. Effective volumes for individual PCB congeners were calculated from a previously published model and included here. Further, individual PCB congener masses from 24 laboratory blank PUFs are included, as well as the masses of the individual...

Meteorological data Weißseespitze/Austria, 2017 et seq

Martin Stocker-Waldhuber, Bernd Seiser & Andrea Fischer
The meteorological data were recorded at Weißseespitze (3500 m) in the Ötztal Alps/Austria during the FWF project Cold Ice, P 29256-N36. This is the raw data as recorded, without quality control and without error corrections. Please be aware that before using the data the quality control is a necessary step before using the data in a scientific context. For example, at this high elevation site the albedo values recorded together with the radiation components contain...

Northwestern Gulf of Mexico Holocene G. ruber geochemistry from 2010-GB2-GC1

Kaustubh Thirumalai, Julie N Richey & Terrence Michael Quinn
This dataset contains stable oxygen isotope, radiocarbon, and magnesium-to-calcium ratios measured in G. ruber (white) from a core in the northwestern Gulf of Mexico (Garrison Basin). The dataset also contains the inverted temperature, δ¹⁸O-sw (ice-volume corrected), and salinity values using the PSU Solver Algorithm. A Holocene composite of these parameters is provided for the Garrison Basin with higher-resolution (and previously published) late Holocene records from multi-cores. Here is the abstract from the paper: The Gulf...

Phytoplankton species composition under Fe and Mn limitation in the Drake Passage

Jenna Balaguer, Florian Koch, Christel S Hassler & Scarlett Trimborn
This study highlights the importance of manganese (Mn) next to iron (Fe) for growth of specific Southern Ocean phytoplankton groups. Two Fe-Mn bottle amendment experiments with two natural phytoplankton communities were performed during Polarstern expedition PS97 in 2016 in the Drake Passage. At two locations, sea water was pumped (using trace metals clean techniques) from 25m depth and used to fill polycarbonate bottles after having passed through a cleaned 200 μm mesh (removing large grazers)....

High-resolution stable water isotope and glacio-chemical composition of a firn core from the northern Antarctic Peninsula

Kirstin Hoffmann-Abdi, Francisco Fernandoy, Hanno Meyer, Johannes Freitag, Thomas Opel, Joseph R McConnell & Christoph Schneider
The firn core OH-12 was retrieved from Plateau Laclavere, a small ice cap on the northernmost end of the Antarctic Peninsula at about 1090 m above sea level in January 2016. The core was drilled down to 19.93 m depth. Subsamples for stable water isotope analysis were obtained from the core at 5 cm resolution. Stable water isotope measurements were performed in autumn 2016 using cavity ring-down spectrometers L2130-i and L2140-i (Picarro Inc.) coupled to...

Abundances and indices for soil microbial biomarkers (brGDGTs and isoGDGTs) in eleven soil profiles along a Serengeti transect

Mark D Peaple, Sarah J Feakins, Jessica E Tierney, Naomi E Levin, Christoph Häggi, Emily J Beverly, Samantha Baker & Brittany Garza
Soil profiles were collected along a transect across the Serengeti ecosystem, in Tanzania from 2-3S and 34-35.5E, 1153 to 1677 m above sea level and 0 to 1.6 m soil depth. The samples are modern soils and the temporal span of the soil depth profiles is unconstrained, likely centuries to millennia. The survey is intended to observe soil microbial lipid biomarkers that are commonly used as proxies for temperature and pH and to assess their...

Sub-annual alkenone, GDGT, and elemental micro-XRF data from laminated 20th century Pakistan Margin sediments

Tiffany J Napier, Lars Wörmer, Jenny Wendt, Andreas Lückge, Nina Rohlfs & Kai-Uwe Hinrichs
The data set contains alkenone and glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraether (GDGT) reconstructed sea surface temperatures, and elemental counts from northeast Arabian Sea box core SO90-58KG (24° 46.60' N, 65° 49.18' E, 876 m water depth). The alkenone unsaturation index (UK'37) and crenarchaeol-caldarchaeol tetraether index (CCaT), measured using mass spectrometry imaging (MSI) at ultra-high spatial resolution, are provided against cumulative depth [mm] and age [year CE]. C37 alkenone and GDGT intensities from low resolution bulk samples...

Abundance data from soil macro- and mesofauna of alpine snowbeds in the European Alps (summer 2017)

Julia Seeber, Christian Newesely, Michael Steinwandter, Alexander Rief, Christian Körner, Ulrike Tappeiner & Erwin Meyer
This dataset represents abundance data from soil macro- and mesofauna from three alpine sites across the European Alps, sampled in summer 2017. The sites were: (1) Furka Pass, Uri, Switzerland, (2) Matsch Valley, South Tyrol, Italy, (3) Untersulzbach Valley, Salzburg, Austria, (4) Mallnitz, Carinthia, Austria, and (5) Innergschlöss, Tyrol, Austria. On each site we chose 3-6 snowbeds, where litter and soil core samples were taken. Each snowbed was subdivided into three sections: top (early snowmelt),...

Paleoceanography of the NW Greenland Sea and Return Atlantic Current evolution, 35–4 kyr BP

Dhanushka Devendra, Magdalena Łącka, Marek Zajączkowski & Maciej Mateusz Telesiński
We present benthic and planktonic census data, carbon and oxygen stable isotope, Total organic carbon and Total carbon, IRD, and grain size data for the last 35 kyr BP from sediment core retrieved from a plateau on the NE Greenland continental slope (77°05.192N, 5°13.896W, 1170 m water depth) during the AREX expedition, with RV Oceania in 2017. Benthic stable isotopes were measured dominantly on Cassidulina neoteretis, and planktonic were measured on Neogloboquadrina pachyderma. Data is...

Oxygen profiles, pore-water geochemistry and solid phase data of surface sediments retrieved from the eastern continental shelf of the Antarctic Peninsula

Marwa Baloza, Susann Henkel, Walter Geibert, Sabine Kasten & Moritz Holtappels
During the PS118 research cruise with the German research vessel RV POLARSTERN (Feb 2019- April 2019), sediments were collected with a multicorer from 7 stations along a 400 mile transect from the eastern shelf of the Antarctic Peninsula to the West of the South Orkney Islands. A total of 69 high-resolution O2 profiles were measured in 23 cores in the upper sediment layer using optical microsensors (Optodes, Pyroscience) in order to determine oxygen penetration depths...

Mg/Ca temperature, d18O data, Sr/Ca ratio and radiocarbon ages from sediment core GeoB18530-1 in the western subpolar North Atlantic

Lars Max, Dirk Nürnberg, Cristiano Mazur Chiessi, Marlene M Lenz & Stefan Mulitza
Sediment core GeoB18530-1 was collected during MSM39 cruise in 2014 in the subpolar western North Atlantic. X-ray fluorescence (XRF) core-scanning measurements of GeoB18530-1 were performed with an Avaatech XRF Core Scanner at the MARUM - University of Bremen. For Mg/Ca analyses, ~100 individuals of the foraminiferal species N. pachyderma sin. were picked from sieved sediment samples of the size fraction >250 μm. Mg/Ca analyses were performed with an axial-viewing ICP-OES Varian 720 ES (Inductively Coupled...

Coccolith_carbonate species fluxes and environmental data from sediment trap sites CB, M1U, M2U and M4U across the tropical North Atlantic (2012-2014)

Catarina V Guerreiro, Karl-Heinz Baumann, Geert-Jan A Brummer, André Valente, Gerhard Fischer, Patrizia Ziveri, Vanda Brotas & Jan-Berend W Stuut
Data refer to export fluxes of carbonate produced by calcifying phytoplankton (coccolithophores), and coccolith-CaCO₃ percent contribution to total carbonate flux across the tropical North Atlantic, from upwelling affected NW Africa, via three ocean sites along 12°N to the Caribbean. Sampling was undertaken by means of a spatial array of four time-series sediment traps (i.e., CB at 21°N 20°W; M1U at 12°N 23°W; M2U at 14°N 37°W; M4U at 12°N 49°W; Guerreiro et al., 2021) collecting...

Electron microprobe analysis and Ar-Ar age dating of polyhalite from the evaporitic Permian Haselgebirge Formation

Christoph Leitner, Franz Neubauer, Johann Genser & Manfred Bernroider
To test polyhalite age dating of the mineral polyhalite [K2Ca2Mg(SO4)4·2H2O], samples of the evaporitic Permian Haselgebirge Formation were collected in the Eastern Alps. Samples were taken from two salt bodies. The salt body of Altaussee (UTM 33T 405316 5278325) has a vertical thickness of >800 m. Samples were collected in the Altaussee mine (ALT). The salt body of Bad Dürrnberg-Berchtesgaden (UTM 33T 351091 5278007) is at least 1000 m thick. The salt body comprises two...

Registration Year

  • 2022
    444

Resource Types

  • Collection
    444

Affiliations

  • University of Iowa
    2
  • Leibniz-Institut für Medienforschung | Hans-Bredow-Institut
    1
  • Alfred Wegener Institute - Research Unit Potsdam
    1