129 Works

Supporting Data: Effect of various pore fluids on the strength of granite

guanyi lu, Wu Zhao, Jiangnan Zhang & Andrew Bunger

Killing \"Nicely\"

Elizabeth Pitts

Development of Real Gas Kinetic Chemistry at High Pressures

Shervin Sammak

The evolutionary potential of the determinants of species coexistence

Martin Turcotte

Developing University Infrastructure to Foster Equity and Inclusion in College Classrooms

Kevin Binning, Erica McGreevy, Linda DeAngelo, Christian Schunn & Erica McGreevy

Transnational Dialogues in Afro-Latin American and Afro-Latinx Studies

Michele Reid, Shawn Michelle Alfonso Wells, Reid Andrews, Jerome Branche, Gina Ann Garcia, Martha Mantilla & Luis Van Fossen Bravo

Improving Educational Opportunities for Black Youth in Pittsburgh: A Justice-Centered Intervention

Esohe Osai, Shanyce Campbell, Loius Maraj, Khirsten Scott, Jalyn Evans-Williams, Omid Fotuhi & Josefina Bañales
College going and completion is shown to provide substantial tangible (e.g., lifetime wages) and intangible (e.g., critical consciousness) benefits. Yet, Black youth often are excluded from opportunities to access college. For instance, in Pittsburgh, only 16% of Black students earn a college degree while 42% of White students earn a college degree. In response to higher education barriers, Justice Scholars Institute (JSI) was created for Black youth in Pittsburgh. JSI provides college-credit courses and various...

Understanding the Role of the Brain in Race/Ethnicity Based Stressors and Behavioral Challenges Among Youth of Color

Jamie Hanson, Jaime Booth & Seong Jae Hwang

Embracing Heterogeneity in Modern GPUs

Xulong Tang
Graphics Processing Units is one of the most widely adopted parallel computing engines for modern applications. However, due to the “memory wall”, the scaling of GPUs is lagging behind the ever-growing complexity of application algorithms and ever-increasing data volume of inputs. Near-data computing (NDC) is a widely-acknowledged computing paradigm that alleviates the memory wall problem by offloading computation to data instead of conventional fetching data to computation. While the NDC GPU architectures have been proposed...

Coastal rivers: the missing link in source to sink understanding of sediment flux in a changing world

John Gardner
Rivers connect continents to coasts moving sediment needed to sustain coastal ecosystems. Slow moving, coastal rivers are known to be “bottlenecks” that control how much sediment actually reaches coasts. Yet, coastal rivers are typically ignored in estimates of riverine sediment delivery to coasts and few approaches are able to measure the influence of coastal rivers. We developed a satellite remote sensing method to measure suspended sediment concentration spatially along rivers. We will use this method...

Determining gene expression control during neural differentiation through coupled protein localization and RNA-seq in single cells

Sarah Hainer
Although the primary sequence of the eukaryotic genome is largely invariant across cells in an organism, the expression of genes is tightly regulated: specific complements and levels of expressed genes define the identity and function of cells. A primary mechanism of gene expression control is at the level of access to DNA sequences that can direct expression of individual genes. Access to these DNA regulatory elements is established and maintained by the combinatorial binding of...

The Origin of Pressure-Dependent Adhesion in Nanoscale Contacts

Andrew Baker, Sai Vishnubhotla, Amanda Chen, Ashlie Martini & Tevis Jacobs

Improving Health Equity by Analyzing Social Determinants of Health from the Electronic Health Records

Yanshan Wang
Social determinants of health (SDOH) are the conditions under which people are born, grow, live, work, and age, and include factors such as socioeconomic status, education, employment, lifestyles, social support networks, access to medical care, and neighborhood characteristics. These factors have a major impact on health equity. With the passing of the HITECH Act in 2009, there has been increased emphasis on the use of electronic health records (EHRs) to document SDOH. While most of the...

Carbonic Anhydrase-Catalyzed Carbon Dioxide Sequestration in Seawater

Meng Wang
Carbon dioxide (CO2) sequestration has emerged as a crucial action to mitigate the unprecedented challenges of global warming on human society. Carbon mineralization, a process whereby CO2 reacts with mineral cations such as magnesium to form insoluble solids, is a safe way for sequestrating CO2. As one of the largest reservoirs of mineral cations, seawater contains a high content of magnesium, which provides a gigaton-scale capacity for CO2 sequestration. However, the slow combination of CO2...

Situated Task-Driven Multimodal Intent Modeling and Applications

Adriana Kovashka, Diane Litman & Malihe Alikhani
How should AI systems support multimodal task-driven interactions? What cues do they use to gauge the role of each communicative modality, i.e. what objective each verbal utterance, naming, pointing gesture, or visual demonstration plays in accomplishing goals? How does the meaning of each action change with the actor’s/speaker’s goal? How do actions vary depending on physical context? We will first capture the purpose of multimodal interactions by asking humans to collaborate to complete a set...

SDOH- Taking Off the Cape: Removing the Cloak of Invincibility To Support BIPOC Graduate Students

Alicia Johnson, Aliya Durham, Yodit Betru & Toya Jones
The University of Pittsburgh seeks to attract Black, Indigenous, People of Color (BIPOC) into their MSW graduate programs, thus providing a diverse group of professionals to help BIPOC clients. We hypothesize that BIPOC students may be experiencing high levels of burnout and we want to know what the contributing/mitigating factors are and how to best support students to a successful completion of their programs and beyond. The consequences of increased burnout is decreased overall wellness,...

High Temperature Triaxial Test of Zeolite Based Cement, Graphene Based Cement and Olivine Based Cement

Lu Yunxing & Andrew Bunger

Convergence Acceleration in Machine Learning Potentials for Atomistic Simulations: ESI dataset

Dylan Bayerl & Wissam A. Saidi

Attacking the Global Plastics Waste Problem

Eric Beckman, Melissa Bilec, Vikas Khanna, Gotz Veser, Peng Liu, Amy Wildermuth & Joshua Galperin

Chemistries for Targeted Delivery of Agrochemicals: Development and Feasibility Testing

Leanne Gilbertson

Achieve Realtime Object Detection for 4K and 8K Endoscopes with FPGA

Jingtong Hu

Safely Staging Sex and Violence for the Academic Performer

Karen Gilmer

The emergence of Corporate Venture Capital in China: A Field Study

Ravi Madhavan

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