151 Works

Development of a technologically advanced IT system enabling automated processing of information collected in forensic biometric databases in order to combat crime or identify people

Edyta Kot
Forensic biometric databases are an out of court tool to support the work of law enforcement agencies. They are used to detect the perpetrators of crimes, indicate the connections of a person with previously committed crimes, and allow the identification of living persons and corpses with unknown identity or individuals trying to hide their identity. In police practice, among the methods of identification of living persons and corpses, fingerprint and DNA tests are mainly used....

A specific case involving fingerprinting of a mummified corpse

Hanna Mańkowska-Pliszka, Jarosław Piotrowski & Ludomir Niewiadomski
This article describes an approach for fingerprinting a male corpse, mummified in ancient times and deposited in the Museum of the Department of Descriptive and Clinical Anatomy, Medical University of Warsaw. The authors present a practical approach to sampling of comparative material for dactyloscopic studies with the use of techniques adequate to physical properties of the research object, as well as the results obtained. The study revealed that the corpse which underwent mummification more than...

Examination of low-energy bullets velocity

Krzysztof Ćwik & Grzegorz Bogiel

Firearms – three in one

Henryk Juszczyk
The article presents guns that depending on assembly can be regarded as different types of weapons. The ZORAKI mod. 906 and mod. 914-S pistols include sets of plugs, which, depending on the configuration of their installation, make the above-mentioned pistols play the role of alarm, gas or combat firearms.

GLOSS to the decision of the Supreme Court of 28 March, 2017, III KK 472/16, lex/el.

Kazimierz J. Pawelec
The verdict of the Supreme Court was devoted to determining the land traffic criterion for the perpetrator of a road offence. The Supreme Court noted that the indicated concept should not be associated solely with the formal status of a given road, but with the criteria of its availability and actual use. This issue is extremely important for practice. Hence, the judgment comprises an analysis of the notion of land traffic from both juridical and...

Role of anthropological opinion in verification of eyewitness identification result

Piotr Herbowski & Dorota Lorkiewicz-Muszyńska
Probative value of results obtained in the course of legal proceedings with the participants of the criminal act may vary. This also concerns results of identification by an eyewitness. The exceptional role of its result in the criminal trial derives from the fact that categorical identification of a suspect by the witness becomes directly incriminating evidence. Problems connected with verification of identification parade result, which often occur both in Poland and in other countries, have...

Deliberate causing a catastrophe or its direct danger in road traffic. Controversy as regards the legal qualification of the crime

Kazimierz J. Pawelec
Causing a catastrophe in road traffic or the direct danger of its occurrence by deliberate misconduct has been a subject of disputes in both judicature and in science. In principle it was excluded that such a catastrophe or its immediate danger might be committed purposefully, with a direct intent, unless it involved a criminal offense, such as a terrorist attack that might consist in a multiple manslaughter, diversion or sabotage. On the other hand, committing...

Colour as a basic feature in comparative studies of fibre microtraces

Róża Starczak & Jolanta Wąs-Gubała
Forensic evidence in the form of fibres is recovered in cases involving sexual offenses, assault, murder and road accidents. In the event when a connection between persons is determined, fibres transferred from an offender’s to a victim’s clothing and vice versa are sought for. Colour is the first physico-chemical property verified during forensic analysis. Any colour differences between materials recovered at the crime scene and those originating from a suspect's clothing suggestthat fibres cannot have...

Problems encountered in the dactyloscopic investigation of anonymous corpses with fingerprint patterns preserved in silicone molds and the attempt to solve them

Paweł Malinowski
The article describes experiments conducted using the Automatic Fingerprint Identification System (AFIS), which demonstrated that replacing the standard search type TP/TP (card/card) with the type LT/TP (trace/ card) in conducting dactyloscopic investigations with fingerprint patterns preserved in silicone molds leads to optimal results. Moreover, a series of practical tips for investigators are included, covering the AFIS tools that should be used to obtain correct search results in the system and minimize the risk of errors.

Identification value of dog (Canis lupus familiaris) and cat (Felis catus) hair based on selected features of morphology in the context of forensic examinations

Sebastian Karczmarczyk & Magdalena Gryzińska
Theoretical assumptions of this the work present the range of selected morphological features of the dog (Canis lupus familiaris) and cat (Felis catus) hair. The practical part consisted in morphological analysis of 270 samples of dog and cat hair recovered during an investigation conducted in the territory of Cracow by the local Prosecutor’s Office. For this purpose, microscopic slides were made and analysed under an optical microscope for: colour, life cycle phase, shape of the...

Investigating the causes of fires. Spontaneous combustion of plant material

Andrzej Dworakowski
The article describes the process of spontaneous combustion of plant material. It is divided according to the various development phases of the process. The topic of spontaneous combustion of plant material is presented in general terms in the context of biological and chemical processes. The included photographic documentation provides comparative and educational material for those involved in the investigation of causes of fires but also for those who are responsible for the safety of plant...

Procedure for phenotypic data collection as an important stage of predictive studies

Magdalena Zubańska & Przemysław Knut
The article addresses the issues related to phenotypic data collection at the stage of acquiring research sample and indicates the importance of this stage for studies on DNA-based predictive analysis. It presents the assumptions and the execution of a task carried out as part of the project entitled: “A genetic portrait of the offender and the victim – developing a system to determine human physical appearance and biogeographical origin, based on DNA analysis, involving Next...

Anthroposcopic classification of eye surroundings with eyes closed

Tomasz Przybyła
In the analyses for body identification based on visual recordings, differences in the analyzed material may be encountered. The evidence, as opposed to comparative material, usually contains images in which the eyes are closed. The aim of the study was to establish whether it is possible to perform the proper anthroposcopic classification of eye surroundings in such conditions. The study was conducted in a group of 98 subjects. It involved taking a series of photographs...

Cases of automatic firing with semiautomatic pistols

Henryk Juszczyk & Michał Borusiński
The article presents cases of endangering shooters and bystanders caused by wear of firearms parts or their incorrect assembling. The Authors analysed examples of disorders in P-83 and P-64 pistols. In P-83 pistol firing as if in an automatic mode became possible because of incorrect mounting of the firing pin in the slide while in P-64 pistol it resulted from wear of the firing pin and the safety block.

Significance of analysis of the mechanism of fingermarks formation, sizes and location – casework examples

Tomasz Kowalski
The aim of the article to present the role of analysing the manner of generating fingermarks in the investigative proceedings. These examinations are based on the analysis of the location of the marks on a given background and aim at providing the requesting party additional information about the circumstances of the investigated incident. The Author refers to two unusual cases, in which Voivodeship Police Command Forensic Laboratory issued expert opinions in the area of fingerprint...

Study of possible contamination of police officers and service vehicles with gunshot residues

Wiktor Dmitruk
The hereby article presents the analysis of data from literature of the subject, as well as of analyses of material recovered onto microscope stubs from hands of 59 police officers and traces collected from 38 police cars backseats onto ELEVAK instrument cartridges. The stubs were checked for presence of GSR particles and the filters of ELEVAK cartridges – for O-GSR and other substances. Traces were recovered at seven district police stations within Warsaw Municipal area....

Sources of bias in examination of forensic traces

Mateusz Ignaszak
Every human being has a cognitive apparatus that he/she uses every day. Due to its limitations, we are susceptible to all kinds of cognitive errors that affect the observation of the world and decision making. Also forensic experts are not immune to external and internal factors that may cause issuing false opinions. The aim of the article is to show the multilevel problem of prevalence and susceptibility to any cognitive biases in the expertise of...

Wet Powder White – powder suspension applicable not only to the adhesive sides of adhesive tapes

Maciej Fabiszak
The article presents new possibilities of revealing fingerprints on non-absorbent surfaces by using Wet Powder White, known and used in Polish dactyloscopy. Powder suspension based on titanium dioxide has been successfully used to reveal fingerprints on the adhesive sides of non-porous tapes, as well as on the inner surfaces of rubber gloves. So far, however, the broader application of Wet Powder White has not been known in Polish dactyloscopic practice. Foreign publications quoted in the...

Cooperation of public services at the scene of Szczekociny railway catastrophe on 3rd March, 2012

Grzegorz Baczyński
The article presents the cooperation of the National Fire Brigades, Medical Services and the Police at the scene of the biggest railway catastrophe during a few dozen years. The accident occurred on 3rd March, 2012 in Szczekociny (Poland). Several public services of various ranges of competence performed their duties with an aim of achieving common aims such as: aiding surviving victims, securing the scene and physical evidence, as well as restoring the state from before...

Impact of expert opinions on arms sales in Poland

Michał Borusiński & Henryk Juszczyk
The article addresses the influence of opinions issued by experts in the field of arms research and ballistics on the Polish firearms market. Due to the lack of a certification authority for firearms placed on the Polish market, expert opinions have an impact on the qualification thereof. The problem of different classification of the same firearms model by experts and institutions issuing opinions has been identified. In some cases, the experts show a lack of...

Sebaceous and sweat secretions and age person’s age

Ewa Rogoża & Katarzyna Drzewiecka
The article presents results of the relationship between the quantity of sweat and sebaceous secretions and the age of a person. The study was carried out in a group of 70 persons of various ages and both sexes. Basing on the results it may be concluded that the age and sex have a significant influence on the quantity of sweat and sebaceous secretions. This can be used during preparation of various test samples, for example...

Vacuum metal deposition (VMD) – characteristics of the method

Tomasz Szczepański, Urszula Więckiewicz, Barbara Konior & Patryk Pucułek
Vacuum metal deposition was introduced in the process of visualization of latent fingermarks already in the 20th century. However, due to the requirement of using specialist equipment to ensure appropriate conditions for the development process, which would have generated significant costs, the method was not available in Poland. Technological developments, however, made it possible to create compact devices with smaller dimensions and lower parameters, which, nowadays, can be used in virtually every forensic fingerprint identification...

Interviewing witnesses in proceedings related to an aircraft accident

Dariusz Frątczak & Robert Konieczka
The article presents the characteristics of interviewing persons who witnessed an aircraft accident, as well as procedures of obtaining information from them by members of Commissions investigating the accident, and officials conducting preparatory proceedings. In order to illustrate the role and significance of the interviews, the Authors include examples of employing witnesses’ testimonies in the reconstruction of the course of flight during which an accident took place, and determination of causes and circumstances of its...

Registration Year

  • 2020
    151

Resource Types

  • Data Paper
    151

Affiliations

  • Centralne Laboratorium Kryminalistyczne Policji
    26
  • Silesian University of Technology
    5
  • University of Warsaw
    3
  • Andrzej Frycz Modrzewski Krakow University
    3
  • Jagiellonian University
    2
  • Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań
    2
  • Medical University of Silesia
    1
  • Wrocław University of Science and Technology
    1
  • Warsaw University of Technology
    1
  • University of Silesia
    1