4 Works

Dataset of Constraining fossil fuel CO2 emissions from urban area using OCO-2 observations of total column CO2

X. Ye, T. Lauvaux, E.A. Kort, T. Oda, S. Feng, J.C. Lin, E.G. Yang & D. Wu
Satellite observations of the total column dry-air CO2 (XCO2) are expected to support the quantification and monitoring of fossil fuel CO2 (ffCO2) emissions from urban areas. We evaluate the utility of the Orbiting Carbon Observatory 2 (OCO-2) XCO2 retrievals to optimize whole-city emissions, using a Bayesian inversion system and high-resolution transport modeling. The uncertainties of constrained emissions related to transport model, satellite measurements, and local biospheric fluxes are quantified. For the first two uncertainty sources,...

Ensemble model output of North American atmospheric CO2 simulation (full WRF-chem output)

S. Feng, T. Lauvaux, K.J. Davis, K. Keller, R. Rayner, T. Oda, K. Gurney, Y. Zhou, C. Williams, A.E. Schuh, J. Liu & I. Baker
The uncertainty in biospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) flux estimates drives divergent projections of future climate and uncertainty in prescriptions for climate mitigation. The terrestrial carbon sink can be inferred from atmospheric CO2 observations with transport models via inversion methods. Regional CO2 flux estimates remain uncertain due to the mixture of uncertainties caused by transport models, prior estimates of biospheric fluxes, large-scale CO2 boundary inflow, the assumptions in the inversion process, and the limited density of...

Radiolysis of macromolecular organic material in Mars-relevant mineral matrices

A.C. Fox, J.L. Eigenbrode & C. Herrera
The fate of organic material on Mars after deposition is crucial to interpreting the source of these molecules. Previous work has addressed how various organic compounds at millimeter depths in sediments respond to ultraviolet (UV) radiation. In contrast, this study addressed how high-energy particle radiation (200-MeV protons, simulating the effect of galactic cosmic rays at depths of < 4-5 cm) influences organic macromolecules in sediments. Specifically, we report the generation of organic-acid radiolysis products after...

High-resolution (1.3kmx1.3-km) WRF-Chem output driven with the Hestia, and two nightlight-based fossil fuel emission products over the LA basin from 5/15/2020-6/15/2020

S. Feng, T. Lauvaux, T. Oda, M.O. Román, Z. Wang, S. Maksyutov & V.L. Kalb
This high-resolution WRF-Chem model output is driven with three different fossil fuel emission products: Hestia (Gurney et al., 2018), and two nightlight-based CO2 emission data using the same setup as Feng et al (2016). The nightlight data products are based on DMSP (Oda and Maksyutov, 2011) and NASA’s Black Marble Nighttime Lights Product Suite (VNP46) (Román et al., 2018; Oda et al. 2020). This sensitivity atmospheric modeling experiment demonstrates the utility of CO2 mapping, helping...

Registration Year

  • 2020
    2
  • 2019
    2

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    4

Affiliations

  • Goddard Space Flight Center
    4
  • Pennsylvania State University
    4
  • University of Michigan–Ann Arbor
    1
  • University of Melbourne
    1
  • Northern Arizona University
    1
  • National Institute for Environmental Studies
    1
  • Colorado State University
    1
  • University of Utah
    1
  • Clark University
    1
  • Universities Space Research Association
    1