19 Works

Language of Criminalistic Research as a Basis for Studying Criminal Legal Phenomena

Dmitriy Mokhorov & Alexander Fedyukovsky
This essay for the inaugural issue of Technology and Language explores the complicated interrelation of conceptual and technological change in the context of scientific development. It shows how these relations become even more complex in the age of information technologies. Criminalistic research offers a case in point. It is defined by a set of technologies and a precise language which serves to render vague legal concepts determinate. Technology is not only used by law enforcement...

Forensic Studies of Trace Evidence Altered by Fire

Igor Latyshov, Mikhail Pakhomov & Natalia Anosova
When investigating crimes involving fire, it is necessary to assess the event of a crime and the circumstances and to find the causes and spread of the fire, and the possible evidence supporting that the fire was used as a means of concealing a previously committed crime, i.e. murder, burglary, etc. Forensic studies of the objects damaged by the fire require the knowledge of theoretical aspects and the ability to detect and evaluate changed patterns...

The Language of Human-Machine Communication

Daria Bylieva
This essay for the inaugural issue of Technology and Language discusses the problem of finding an optimal form of human-machine communication. In the ongoing search for an alien mind, humanity seems to find it not in the infinities of space, but in its own environment. Changes in the language of human-machine interaction made it understandable not only to trained specialists but to every household. In the course of time, home appliances and devices have developed...

Language of Art as Language of Utopia

Natalia Ershova
This essay for the inaugural issue of Technology and Language looks at language and technology coming together in avant-garde art, Russian futurism and constructivism. When words become a visual elements in the composition of new worlds, the creation of words can be seen as a way of breaking with the thinking of the past, but it can also be viewed as a social technology for the construction of a new life. Artists and poets experimented...

Technologies and Media Environment of Information Society

Olga Shipunova
The specificity of the social life-world during the digital era is defined by the dynamics of the multimedia environment where the permanent reproduction of virtual interactions and smart-technologies gives rise to the problem of cognitive orientation in the field of information. Models of personal identification with a new perspective of cyber-anthropology are based on principles for the creation of a multiagent system immersed in the infosphere of the outside world. In this issue we highlight...

Messengers and Chats – Technologies of Learning

Daria Bylieva & Laurent Moccozet
Technology-mediated communication has expanded the possibilities of communicative support of the educational process. Even 10 years ago, students used communication for social and entertainment purposes, but today e-communication related to education is widespread. This research is based on a qualitative analysis of the content of the peer-discussion and survey of Swiss and Russian students (N=1069). Peer-communication serves many purposes, from clarifying work/duty and sharing useful information to collaborative activity. When a student faces a problem...

Non-Verbal Marketing Research Techniques in Education

Marianna Ababkova
The purpose of marketing research in education is to get information about the consumers of educational services and to discover appropriate strategies for tailoring the marketing strategy of an educational organization. Building on previous work regarding “Mental Maps as a Creative Tool of Marketing Analysis in Education,” this paper considers the task of qualitative and quantitative marketing research that aims at identifying significant market features of an educational organization and increasing the potential of its...

Robot vs Worker

Taras Romanenko & Polina Shcherbinina
The word “robot” first appeared in 1920 in the play “R.U.R.” by Czech writer Karel Capek. Within a few years, the play was translated into more than 30 languages, contributing to the spread of the new term around the world. The word “robot” was preserved in almost all translations, one of the few exceptions being Alexei Tolstoy’s Russian adaptation entitled “Riot of the Machines” (1924). Although in Russian, as well as in Czech, there is...

In the Beginning was the Word

Alfred Nordmann & Daria Bylieva
The problem of modernity haunts the Western tradition of philosophy and moves us from disenchantment and disempowerment of the word to its reenchantment. If critical reasoning exorcised the magic power of the word, technological achievements of control reinstated it. More straightforwardly, perhaps, Russian thought traditionally viewed the word as a "technical" or "magical" artifact capable of changing the world. In the beginning was God‘s word but are also the words which open the world of...

The Automated Expert Workplace as a Tool for Technological Support for Forensic Expert Activities

Igor Latyshov
The forensic institutions of the Russian Federation draw on the advanced achievements of science and technology to account for the state of modern crime, the methods of committing and concealing crimes. In order to achieve this efficiency at the present stage, issues of technological support of forensic expert activity are of particular relevance. Based on an analysis of the scientific knowledge-base, it is noted that for the successful solution of tasks through the effective use...

Technology and Language in Tattoos

Daria Ozerova & Alisher Serikov
This study identifies graphic features of words that are used in tattoos. Our interest in this type of name tattoos is based on the fact that words have a great significance in a person's life. The article presents the history of the origin of tattoos from ancient times, the geography of tattoos, and also describes in detail the methods of ancient tattooing techniques. It moves on to the main task of analyzing the relationship between...

Sign Systems and Technologies in Forensic Science

Dmitriy Mokhorov & Anna Mokhorova
The problem of forming a terminological apparatus, the ratio of natural and artificial languages in Forensic Science are extremely important. Language as a system of means of expressing and transmitting information about material and ideal objects and phenomena in forensic science is not sufficiently researched but has recently received much attention in scientific literature. The collected papers study the verbal means of expression - the development and clarification of the conceptual apparatus, the formation of...

Laser Method of Micro-Composite Materials Synthesis for New Sensor Platforms of an “Electronic Tongue”

Svetlana Kochemirovskaia & Vladimir Kochemirovsky
The information on the chemical composition of biological food mixes cannot be adequately received and submitted by traditional chemical analysis methods. The Electronic Tongue technology, composed of non-selective sensors, offers a modern language of submitting information on the composition of mixes. Sensor data are mathematically processed and visualized in the form of spatial clusters on the plane of the component coordinates chosen. At the same time the materials used for the sensors play an important...

Non-linguistic systems as a way to make a password secure but memorable

Victoria Vorotnikova & Sergey Karlin
This article is based on the study of ways to create a secure password by integrating symbols from non-linguistic sign systems, in order to combine cryptographic strength and ease of memorization. This is relevant, as the old ways of complicating the password become obsolete, in view of their triviality and, as a result, susceptibility to hacking. Our research is based on the use of a system of symbols from various fields of interest (chemistry, programming,...

Do it Yourself at YouTube

Yegor Grom & Stepan Bytsan
Every person at least once in his life is faced with an instruction - a certain set of rules, which spells out how to use a household appliance, how to behave in a given situation, perform this or that type of work, and so on. It can be a multimodal text that describes the actions, the implementation of which should lead to a result. If earlier the text with illustrations served as the main form...

Language of AI

Daria Bylieva
In the modern world human-robot relations, language plays a significant role. One used to view language as a purely human technology, but today language is being mastered by non-humans. Chatbots, voice assistants, embodied conversational agents and robots have acquired the capacity for linguistic interaction and often present themselves as humanoid persons. Humans begin to perceive them ambivalently as they would acknowledge an Other inside the make-believe of a game. Using artificial neural nets instead of...

Emojis as a Language of their Own

Dmitriy Agranovskiy & Alina Avilova
Emojis are a product of computer mediated communication. As a means of expressing emotion, indicating the illocutionary force or the intended tone, they are well-researched. However, emojis are rarely seen as a visual language in their own right. The article analyzes the syntax and semantics semantics of emojis and people’s ability to interpret them. The research method for this article was an online survey. An emoji rendering of the title of a literary work was...

Staging Notations

Danil Vyrypanov
The paper examines the possibility of recording performances by analysing more than 10 types of notations (Lorin, Beauchamps-Feuillet, Tomlinson, Saint-Leon, Stepanov, Zorn, Sutton, Benesh, Ivanov, Varpakhovsky, Schreyer, Nikritin, Eshkol-Wachman and others). The paper foregrounds methods of fixing movements and sounds in space and time and the ways in which iconic and symbolic signs are used. Difficulties and solutions are highlighted, such as the transmission of 3D motion, changes simultaneously in space and time, the recording...

Teaching English as a Language for Mechanical Engineering

Eduard Krylov, Liudmila Khalyapina & Alfred Nordmann
Engineering education usually includes the acquisition of a foreign language for a transnational professional discourse. Engineering education also involves the acquisition of competencies to compose functional technical systems from component parts. This paper provides a conceptual and empirical exploration of a synergistic effect between these two learning processes. It proposes that engineering education draw upon and incorporates this synergy. A pilot training course confirms that this leads to a faster development of the overall engineering...

Registration Year

  • 2022
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  • 2021
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  • 2020
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Resource Types

  • Text
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Affiliations

  • Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University
    19
  • TU Darmstadt
    2
  • Volgograd Academy of the Russian Internal Affairs Ministry
    1
  • Izhevsk State Technical University
    1
  • Satbayev University
    1
  • Charles University
    1
  • University of Veterinary and Pharmaceutical Sciences
    1