91 Works

On Talkwithability. Communicative Affordances and Robotic Deception

Leon Pezzica
This paper operates within Mark Coeckelbergh’s framework of the linguistic construction of robots. Human-robot relations are conceptualised as affordances which are linguistically mediated, being shaped by both the linguistic performances surrounding human-robot interaction as well as the robot’s characteristics. If the robot signifies the affordance of engaging in human-human-like conversation (talkwithability), but lacks the real affordance to do so, the robot is to be thought of as deceptive. Robot deception is therefore a question of...

The Intellectual Turn and Cultural Transfer of “Humanoid Automata” from the Ancient World to the Enlightenment Era

Shijueshan Wu
This study examines the origin and development of the “android” in the Western world, from antiquity to the Enlightenment era. The manufacture of android automata is not only a technological advance, but also reveals an intellectual shift from the Middle Ages to the Enlightenment, involving cultural transfers from different civilizations in ancient times. “Humanoid automata” offer an insight into medieval beliefs and practices as mechanical mimesis in the investigation of the relations between art and...

Scientific Language – A Comparative Analysis of English, German and Russian

Holm Altenbach
This essay for the inaugural issue of Technology and Language considers the development of scientific language in engineering. This development is influenced mainly by developments in industry and, in general, in society. With the help of some examples it is discussed how precise are English, German and Russian with respect to some expressions in the field of mechanics and engineering in general. The author is not a linguist and the given conclusions are personal impressions...

Connecting the World and the Word: The Hard and the Soft in Michel Serres’s philosophy

Bernadette Bensaude-Vincent
This essay for the inaugural issue of Technology and Language builds on work in the philosophy of chemistry and materials science. Like these sciences, it begins in the middle of things and explores the condition of the mixt which precedes the scientific interest in purification. — The essay discusses the difference between the hard and the soft in the writings of Michel Serres. In the real world, there is nothing like hard, brute matter on...

When Machines Talk: A Brief Analysis of Some Relations between Technology and Language

Mark Coeckelbergh
This essay for the inaugural issue of Technology and Language builds on sustained discussions of the relation of the (philosophy of) technology and the (philosophy of) language, for example in the suggestion that there are „technology games“ in analogy to „language games“ as forms of life. In light of recent technological developments, this essay takes another step by way of distinguishing three types of interaction between language and technology as one considers technology as a...

Language of Criminalistic Research as a Basis for Studying Criminal Legal Phenomena

Dmitriy Mokhorov & Alexander Fedyukovsky
This essay for the inaugural issue of Technology and Language explores the complicated interrelation of conceptual and technological change in the context of scientific development. It shows how these relations become even more complex in the age of information technologies. Criminalistic research offers a case in point. It is defined by a set of technologies and a precise language which serves to render vague legal concepts determinate. Technology is not only used by law enforcement...

Non-Technological Narratives about Technology in Russian Science Fiction

Natalia Nikiforova
This essay for the inaugural issue of Technology and Language discusses Russian science fiction and utopias where technological devices and systems become active agents of the story, providing a perspective for treating social and political problems. Three major periods are covered in broad brushstrokes – the turn of the twentieth century when the industrial production went hand in hand with techno-optimism; the 1960s-1970s which were the Golden Era of Soviet science fiction, reflecting on technological...

The Techniques of the Arts

Hartmut Wickert
This essay for the inaugural issue of Technology and Language explores the languages of the theatre which define and constrain its mode of production. The very inability of the theatre to establish, even as an illusion, a non-theatrical reality, turns out to be its major asset and strength. Especially in regard to Bertolt Brecht and Walter Benjamin’s reflections on history, technology, and Brecht’s epic theatre, the peculiar grammar of gestural reading and writing becomes apparent....

A(l)gora: The Mindscape

Cheryce von Xylander
This essay for the inaugural issue of Technology and Language articulates how we inhabit public space in the critical tradition of the Enlightenment and in the condition of contemporary cyber-technologies. The fabled agora of the ancients has forfeited its intersubjective relevance and imaginary potency. Community no longer hinges on communing: Algorithmic Gate-Keeping is taking command. This paper sounds the bell for a new approach to envisaging social cohesion based on the notion of an “algora,”...

‘A Few Words of Welcome’

Thomas Froy
This paper examines the contemporary absence of hospitality. Is today’s absent hospitality to be understood as a moral disaster, and a failure of responsibility? Or should we think of the silence in place of yesterday (or tomorrow’s) ‘welcome’ as the exemplary mode of hospitality? Through a polemical reading of Jacques Derrida’s texts on hospitality, it is possible to argue that – far from representing a dereliction of the word ‘welcome’, the contemporary silence on the...

Which Theory of Language for Deep Neural Networks? Speech and Cognition in Humans and Machines

Luca Capone
The paper explores the relationship between technology and semiosis from the perspective of natural language processing, i.e. signs systems automated learning by deep neural networks. Two theoretical approaches to the artificial intelligence problem are compared: the internalist paradigm, which conceives the link between cognition and language as extrinsic, and the externalist paradigm, which understands cognitive human activity as constitutively linguistic. The basic assumptions of internalism are widely discussed. After witnessing its incompatibility with neural network...

The Concept, Types and Rules of the Use of Technical Means in Criminal Proceedings

Vyacheslav Ivanov & Vladislav Tsoi
This article examines the concept of "technical means" in the framework of criminal proceedings, both in science and at the legislative level, as well as the types of technical means used in criminal proceedings (search tools, fixation devices, research methods, auxiliary methods, etc.), as well as the general and special conditions and rules of application of these means. The works of prominent specialists in the field of criminal procedure and forensic science on this topic...

Digital Photography of Crime Scenes in the Production in Forensic Examinations

Tatiana Telyatitskaya
Digital photography, being a fairly new means of documenting crime scenes, is firmly included in forensic activity as an important way of collecting and securing evidence, as a necessary function of any crime scene investigation. Forensic photography in general, and digital photography in particular, is a special sign system that allows to describe the scene of the crime more accessible and objectively than verbal ways of expressing information. It provides additional information for specialists who...

Forensic Studies of Trace Evidence Altered by Fire

Igor Latyshov, Mikhail Pakhomov & Natalia Anosova
When investigating crimes involving fire, it is necessary to assess the event of a crime and the circumstances and to find the causes and spread of the fire, and the possible evidence supporting that the fire was used as a means of concealing a previously committed crime, i.e. murder, burglary, etc. Forensic studies of the objects damaged by the fire require the knowledge of theoretical aspects and the ability to detect and evaluate changed patterns...

The Quasi-Other as a Sobject

Larissa Ullmann
This comment on Mark Coeckelbergh’s text “You, robot: on the linguistic construction of artificial others” is about the concrete use of linguistic terms to describe the technical other, the robot, and its relationship to humans. There are many characteristics that a robot can have that are very similar to humans and interpersonal relations, but they are not human, they are quasi-human. This phenomenon is, amongst others, constructed and interpreted linguistically, but on the other hand,...

Affirming and Denying the Hybrid Character of Robots: Literary Investigations

Yue Li
The social relation between humans and robots can be observed through the words used in the human-robot verbal interaction (Coeckelbergh, 2011). This study reviews Mark Coeckelbergh’s theory in the literary context by regarding writing and co-writing as linguistic interaction between humans and robots. It argues that the fictional as well as documented real writing experiences reveal not only the intuitive but also the normative dimension of the language. Two works of contemporary literature involving linguistic...

Language and Robots: from Relations to Processes of Relations

Cathrine Hasse
The word „robot“ does not have a fixed meaning and human interactions with robots do not somehow bring it to the fore. Mark Coeckelbergh suggests as much when he presents linguistic interaction with robots as a process of becoming aware of a quasi-personal relation. A focus on material linguistic practices yields a very different story of shifting signifiers that are subject to human experiences of changing relations with robots. The material encounter with robots is...

Modeling Methods in Forensic Engineering and Technical Expertise: Artificial Languages of Modeling in Forensics

Pavel Menshikov
In forensic science, graphic, mathematical and computer models are often used for technical reconstructions and the provision, for example, of fire-technical expertise. In the field of forensic safety, simulations are used to determine the causes of accidents and whether it was possible to prevent them. Here alternative computer models produce likely versions of the incident and the possible causes of hardware failure. To the extent that these alternatives rely on certain physical laws and initial...

Sign Systems and Technologies in Forensic Science

Dmitriy Mokhorov & Anna Mokhorova
The problem of forming a terminological apparatus, the ratio of natural and artificial languages in Forensic Science are extremely important. Language as a system of means of expressing and transmitting information about material and ideal objects and phenomena in forensic science is not sufficiently researched but has recently received much attention in scientific literature. The collected papers study the verbal means of expression - the development and clarification of the conceptual apparatus, the formation of...

Laser Method of Micro-Composite Materials Synthesis for New Sensor Platforms of an “Electronic Tongue”

Svetlana Kochemirovskaia & Vladimir Kochemirovsky
The information on the chemical composition of biological food mixes cannot be adequately received and submitted by traditional chemical analysis methods. The Electronic Tongue technology, composed of non-selective sensors, offers a modern language of submitting information on the composition of mixes. Sensor data are mathematically processed and visualized in the form of spatial clusters on the plane of the component coordinates chosen. At the same time the materials used for the sensors play an important...

The Language of Technical Examinations and Forensic Science

Alexander Isaev
There is a problem of understanding the language of forensic experts by other participants in court. This article discusses the language system of an expert. The author proposes an interdisciplinary approach to the study of this system. It specifies the reasons why the scientific style of the language does not fully meet the requirements of forensic examination. Recommendations for improving the language system are therefore included. The expert language consists of a natural language, a...

Technology as a new Language of Communication between the Human Being and the World

Andrey Pavlenko
This essay for the inaugural issue of Technology and Language is based on an analysis of the ‚epistemological turn‘ in modern cosmology and modern science, more generally. In view of another epistemological turn towards technology and a combinatorial approach to the creation of artefacts, the question regarding the languages of science and technology suggests itself. - When human beings relate to the world, they effectively address the world or talk to it, and the world...

On the Question concerning Animatechnics

Eugene Kuchinov
This essay for the inaugural issue of Technology and Language explores the notion of animatechnics in its two meanings: living technology and animal technology. On the one hand, there is a fiction or utopian component in this notion, on the other hand, it raises the question about technical life beyond the human: Can technology be alive – other than metaphorically? How does animal technical life work? These questions can be fused into one and suggest...

Philology and Technology: Notes

Carl Mitcham
This essay for the inaugural issue of Technology and Language contrasts two visions for the future of philology. One seeks to establish it alongside philosophy and mathematics as a cross-cutting discipline for making sense of texts. The other takes technology seriously and renders texts materially present, exploring texts as untamed objects. What is happening with the love of language in a world in the overwhelming presence of so many things defined by their technicity? It...

The Grammar of Things

Alfred Nordmann
This essay for the inaugural issue of Technology and Language programmatically proposes that „technology“ and „language“ are two sides of the same coin and that one cannot talk about one without the other. Everyone agrees that technology cannot be defined as the application of science to the engineering of specific devices. Instead, it includes all the ways in which homo faber has always worked to transform the naturally given world into a technosphere. And everyone...

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  • Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University
  • TU Darmstadt
  • Samara National Research University
  • Technical University of Darmstadt
  • University of Vienna
  • Karlsruhe Institute of Technology
  • Guangdong University of Foreign Studies
  • Herzen University
  • Izhevsk State Technical University
  • Leuphana University of Lüneburg