10 Works

Bayesian radiocarbon modeling and the absolute chronology of the Middle Bronze Age Thapsos facies in mainland Sicily: a view from St. Ippolito (Caltagirone)

Davide Tanasi, Gianmarco Alberti, Gianpiero Caso, Robert H. Tykot, Paolo Trapani & Domenico Amoroso
One of the most debated and explored period of the prehistory of Sicily is the Middle Bronze Age (15th-13th century BCE), which is considered as a crucial moment for the development of local prehistoric social, economic, and cross-cultural dynamics. The local Thapsos culture is what best represents this chronological period and is characterized at some sites by the occurrence of datable ceramic imports from the Aegean alongside their local replicas. These have helped researchers with...

Platforms of Palaeolithic knappers reveal complex linguistic abilities

Cédric Gaucherel & Camille Noûs
Recent studies in cognitive neurosciences have postulated a possible link between manual praxis such as tool-making and human languages. If confirmed, such a link opens significant avenues towards the study of the evolution of natural languages. Yet, archaeologists would need the development of a rigorous methodology to formalize language appearance. We propose a ‘formal grammar of action’ to help formalizing some early aspects of lithic chaines opératoires, and simultaneously question the link with human cognitive...

Comme un vent nouveau

Anne Hauzeur & Kévin Salesse
Editorial du volume 131.

The diet of Late Neolithic individuals from Hastière Caverne M in the Belgian Meuse basin

Frank L. Williams, Christopher W. Schmidt & Jessica L. Droke
Nearly 80% of prehistoric burials of the Belgian Meuse basin date to the Late Neolithic period. To explore whether temporal differences characterize these Late Neolithic farmers, an intersite comparison is made. The main site of the present study is Hastière Caverne M (8 individuals), dated to circa 4,350 years before present (BP). Two additional sites from the Final/Late Neolithic period are also included, i.e. the rockshelter of Bois Madame in Arbre (12 individuals) dated between...

Scrapers and bifacial pieces. Technological characteristics of Yabrudian industries at Yabroud, Tabun and Adlun (Central Levant): a comparative study

Amjad Al Qadi & Marie Besse
Here we present a technological analysis of Yabrudian lithic assemblages from three major sites in the Levant: the eponymous site of Yabroud (shelter I), located in a steppe region, and the sites of Tabun and Adlun (Bezez Cave), both located in coastal zones. Our research focuses on the definition of the Yabrudian in the Levantine region, on the one hand, and its origin and chronological aspects on the other. We focus particular attention on whether...

Developments in biological anthropology and proteomics at University of Ghent, Belgium

Isabelle De Groote

Cremation burials in central and southwestern Europe: quantifying an adoption of innovation in the 2nd millennium BC

Giancomo Capuzzo & Juan A. Barcelo
The Late Bronze Age in Europe represents a perfect case study to test different and competing hypotheses of social dynamics and cultural changes in small-scale societies. Among the most relevant changes which took place in the 2nd millennium BC, the introduction and the development of the cremation rite deserves a particular attention for its relevance. Traditionally, the origin of the so-called Urnfield culture has been placed in the Charpato-Danubian area. From this region cremation burials...

Bone mineral density in femora of documented age at death from Schoten (Belgium, 19th-20th century)

Emmanuel Gilissen & Rosine Orban
The proportion of older age groups in Western human populations is growing. It is therefore of utmost importance to understand the factors associated with diseases and disabilities due to aging but also to know how these factors are changing in these industrialized populations whose lifestyle and conditions are changing. Among these factors, osteoporosis, often considered absent or rare in pre-industrial populations, is associated with sedentary lifestyle in modern populations. The relationship between decreased bone mass,...

'Alleen voor studiedoeleinden' (For study purposes only): The human remains trade on Marktplaats.nl

Damien Huffer, Jaime Simons, Tom Brughmans & Shawn Graham
This article presents an initial qualitative and quantitative investigation of that portion of the global human remains trade that exists on the Netherlands-based e-commerce platform Marktplaats.nl. We assess prices and associated metadata in a database of 236 examples of complete or partial human skulls, isolated elements, ‘ethnographica’ incorporating human remains and miscellaneous items collected from August 2017 through April 2021. Evaluated in the context of a discussion of legislation governing the sale, use and transport...

Introducing the Brussels Bioarchaeology Lab (BB-LAB) of the Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB), Belgium.

Christophe Snoeck

Registration Year

  • 2022

Resource Types

  • Journal Article