116 Works

A roadmap for 'carbon structural adjustment' in the built environment sector

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Governments around the world are recognising that a ‘carbon-constrained future’ lies ahead, and that leadership is needed to transition economies to low carbon operation, especially in the area of public procurement. By the end of 2014 the world’s largest economies had set ambitious greenhouse gas emissions targets with:European Union committing to reducing emissions by at least 40 per cent by 2030 (compared to 1990 levels),China committing to 40 to 45 per cent by 2020 (compared...

Low carbon, high performance schools: national survey results on attitudes toward the role of the built environment and sustainability on learning outcomes

Vanessa Rauland, Chantal Caruso, Beth Perry & Yoshihisa Kashima
This report presents findings of a survey of 120 people across Australia who are connected to schools, and examines their beliefs, attitudes and experiences relating to the impact of the built environment on health and learning outcomes in schools. It also examines the uptake of sustainability and carbon emissions reduction programs in schools, and attitudes and behaviours toward low carbon living in the household.Key implications and conclusions include:The need for targets and a systematic approach...

Towards more energy efficient home renovations: an exploration of social media networks

Aneta M. Podkalicka
Government policies and programs have had relatively limited success in fostering widespread adoption of energy efficient products and solutions in Australia’s residential sector. Part of the problem has been the reliance on behaviour change models that assume consumers to be rational individualistic actors, who can be influenced by more and/or improved information, education and market prices. However, a vast interdisciplinary literature has provided a critique of this model, instead drawing attention to material, structural as...

Integrated energy, transport, waste and water (ETWW) demand forecasting and scenario planning for precincts - final report

Michael A. P. Taylor, Nicholas Holyoak, Rocco Zito, Steven Percy, Michalis Hadjikakou, Ivan Iankov & He He
Demand estimation for services and facilities is an important component of urban development, being required for the determination of the level of provision and coverage of infrastructure and related facilities to serve the needs of present and future populations. Demands and associated cabin impacts for the domains of energy, transport, waste and water (ETWW) are significant to planning agencies, infrastructure providers and operators and private developers who all need to deliver services and resources to...

Best practice policy and regulation for low carbon outcomes in the built environment

Philip Harrington & Virginia Toller
This study compares and contrasts Australian and global best practices in policy and regulation for the energy and carbon performance of the built environment. It examines the drivers and opportunities for, and barriers to, the adoption of best practices in Australia. Finally, and as a stimulus to debate, it proposes a potential set of optimal measures, at national, state/territory and local levels, along with an indicative pathway for their implementation.

10 household living labs study – results summary

Christine Eon & Josh Byrne
Houses designed to be energy and water efficient often do not perform as intended. One of the reasons for this is occupant behaviour. Rebound effects and lack of awareness mean that behaviour and practices need to be addressed as part of the strategies to reduce emissions in the residential sector. While the design is important to minimise resource consumption in the house, the way houses are used can have an equal effect on performance. However,...

After-diversity electricity demand of low-energy households

Peter Pudney & David Whaley
The capacity of electricity infrastructure required for new precincts is often based on the types of customers that will occupy the new precinct and historical electricity use for each type of customer. However, modern energy-efficient precincts with local generation can have significantly lower demand than historical precincts.In South Australia, the SA Power Networks design standard recommends allowing 4-10 kVA per dwelling, depending on floor area. We have analysed electricicy consuption data from energy-efficient housing in...

Green Star Communities rating tool

John Gelder, Manju Agrawal & Jeremy Miller
This report examines various aspects of Green Star Communities v1. The first sections deal with greenhouse gas emissions and building information modelling, and a review of the literature about Green Star Communities. The last sections comprise research which considers the Green Star Communities Submission guidelines, the Calculators, and usability.

Monitoring and verification of the performance of residential buildings

Josh Byrne, Christine Eon & Peter Newman
Monitoring household energy and water usage can provide valuable insights into building performance and occupant behaviour. The monitoring of building parameters such as temperature, relative humidity and carbon dioxide levels can also be used to inform building management. Additionally, when coupled with data feedback display the information can be an important tool in helping to encourage energy and water efficient behaviour.This report provides an introduction to the automated monitoring of residential buildings for the purpose...

Assessing the impact of solar PV on domestic electricity consumption in Sydney: Exploring the prospect of rebound effects

Gary Deng & Peter Newton
This study examines patterns of electricity use by Sydney households who have installed solar PV technology compared to those who have not in order to identify whether conservation or rebound effects are associated with domestic photovoltaics. A rebound effect exists when expected energy (and carbon) savings stimulate greater energy use. Currently this is an area where knowledge is lacking, compared to a larger body of studies which have measured the rebound effect from energy efficiency...

Policy impediments and incentives for effective education and training: final report

John Fien, Tomi Winfree & Alexis Esposto
This report presents the research findings and advice framework from the Cooperative Research Centre for Low Carbon Living (CRC LCL) Research Project (RP) 3022, Policy impediments and incentives to effective education and training.The aim of this report is to create awareness about the incentives and impediments to Australian education policies aligned to sustainability, energy efficiency and low carbon living in continuing education and training targeted at trades and professionals practicing in the built environment. As...

Closing the loop, evidence-based design and systematic review

Zhonghua Gou
This report articulates, discourses why and how to use evidence from empirical studies to close the loop of design practices. An early effort by RIBA (Royal Institute of British Architects) aiming to bring the stage of “feedback” into the design process was not successful due to the nature of the building practice that is unidirectional and irreversible. However, this endeavor aroused interests and attentions in academia where post-occupancy evaluations (POE)/empirical studies are continuously conducted to...

The Australian household: material consumption and the low carbon society

Terry Burke & Liss Ralston
Energy use is integral to our lives. Without it, the standard of living Australians currently enjoy would be impossible. However this standard of living comes at a cost. Per capita levels of energy consumption in Australia are now some of the highest in the world and have also experienced the largest growth among comparable OECD countries over the last two decades. This presents a major challenge when trying to shift towards a more sustainable low carbon...

Adelaide living laboratory - value proposition: low carbon housing policy

Stephen Berry & Kathryn Davidson
This report systematically presents a framework for which benefits and costs of a low carbon housing policy are perceived by the State Government investor. The research findings extend global knowledge of the value of low carbon living to the Government investor, particularly by incorporating industry learning factors, applying actual energy use evidence inclusive of rebound impacts, and including peak demand network benefits. The report finds clear evidence there are multiple benefits associated with a low carbon...

Integrated energy, transport, waste and water demand forecasting and scenario planning for precincts

Kate Beatty, Adam Berry, John Delvin, Phil Donaldson, Nicholas Holyoak, Ivan Iankov, Steffen Lehmann, Peter Newton, Lindsay Oxlad, Michelle Philp, Deo Prasad, Michael A. P. Taylor, Nick Thomas, Jason Ting, Tommy Wiedmann, Atiq U. Zaman & Rocco Zito
This is a summary of the workshop presentations, discussions and of the workgroup sessions for the CRCLCL’s project on ETWW conducted Friday 1st February 2013, 10:00 – 16:30 at Room C4-16 at the University of South Australia’s City East Campus, chaired by Liz Ampt. The first of these facilitated national workshops on demand forecasting invited representatives from the project partner organisations with presentations from a selection of these as well as CRCLCL and project leaders....

Energy, transport, waste and water demand forecasting and scenario planning for precincts

Nicholas Holyoak, Michalis Hadjikakou, Steven Percy, Ivan Iankov & He He
Forecasting for integrated demands and carbon impacts of a precinct in the ETWW (energy, transport, waste and water) domains will allow for the assessment of policy scenarios for low carbon futures.This CRC for Low Carbon living project has investigated gaps, synergies, alternative approaches and required research directions to achieve its goals. The aim is to seek the development of integrated tools for demand forecasting and scenario evaluation covering ETWW with identified commonalities in data requirements...

Energy, transport, waste and water demand forecasting and scenario planning for precincts

Nicholas Holyoak, Steven Percy, Ivan Iankov, Michalis Hadjikakou & He He
Forecasting for integrated demands and carbon impacts of a precinct in the ETWW (energy, transport, waste and water) domains will allow for the assessment of policy scenarios for low carbon futures.This CRC for Low Carbon living project has investigated gaps, synergies, alternative approaches and required research directions to achieve its goals. The aim is to seek the development of integrated tools for demand forecasting and scenario evaluation covering ETWW with identified commonalities in data requirements...

Doing better for vulnerable young parents and their children: an exploration of how technology could catalyse system transformation

Kay Cook, Kath Albury, Milovan Savic, Farnaz Zirakbash, Abdullah Al Mahmud, Ashir Ahmed, Jennifer Martin, Jessica Mackelprang, Muneera Bano, Robbie Fordyce & Jean-Guy Schneider

Addressing and preventing sexist advertising: an analysis of local and global promising practice

Lauren Gurrieri & Rob Hoffman
Abstract:This research paper explores the efficacy of interventions that aim to address sexism or promote progressive gender representations in advertising, highlighting examples of local and global promising practice. Interventions to prevent or address sexist advertising may occur through several distinct mechanisms: legislative frameworks; self-regulatory and co-regulatory systems; the provision of educational resources to the broader community; industry initiatives to re-shape advertising culture and promote diverse, inclusive and ethical practice; and the exertion of influence on...

2019 Briefing e-Book: key issues from the 58th Parliament

Debra Reeves, Caley Otter, Alice Petrie, Meg Bosanko, Ben Huf, Holly McLean, Marianne Aroozoo & Bella Lesman
This Briefing e-Book provides an overview of issues that were prominent during the 58th Parliament of Victoria.It covers areas of legislation, parliamentary debate, government inquiries and reports, as well as government funding, public policy research and media coverage. The following broad portfolio areas are examined :Arts, sport and recreationCrime and justiceEducationHealthHuman servicesIndustry, innovation and employmentPlanning and environmentPrimary industriesTransportTreasury and financeThis briefing e-book should not be considered a comprehensive guide to each of these areas, but rather, it is intended...

Towards good environmental governance? Assessing the evolution of Victoria's environment portfolio

Brian Coffey
Governments around the world have established environment portfolios as a means for providing political leadership over environmental matters. The ministers responsible for these portfolios are at the centre of environmental debate and are responsible for treading a delicate path through difficult political and administrative terrain. However, relatively little is known about environment portfolios and how they have changed over time. This is a significant gap in academic knowledge, given the high profile of environmental issues...

Screen production research reporting: an ASPERA scoping report

Craig Batty, Smiljana Glisovic, Marsha Berry, Kath Dooley, Bettina Frankham, Susan Kerrigan, Margaret McVeigh, Michael Sergi, James Verdon, Sarah Stollman, Simon Weaving & Alison Wotherspoon
This report was commissioned by the Australian Screen Production Education and Research Association (ASPERA) and conducted by its Research Sub-Committee, for the beneft of the ASPERA community in Australia and other screen/media education and research communities internationally. It provides an overview of current working environments of screen production practitioner-researchers in Australian universities, and how the frameworks for research reporting and evaluation within them impact on these working environments. The project was conducted through analysis of...

Assessing the value of accreditation to health systems and organisations

Ryan Swiers & Rebecca Haddock
Accreditation is a process of external peer review to assess the performance of a healthcare facility in relation to agreed healthcare accreditation standards. Although there are numerous accreditation reviews that health services are required to achieve including pre-vocational medical training accreditation, the focus of this brief is health service accreditation against healthcare standards.In Australia, the requirement is mandatory accreditation against the Australian National Safety and Quality Health Service (NSQHS) Standards.Accreditation in healthcare has existed for...

APO Digital Inclusion Collection brief: May 2019

Chris Wilson
Welcome to the second APO Digital Inclusion Snapshot. These monthly snapshots introduce some of the latest offerings from academic, government and non-government sources available in the APO Digital Inclusion Collection.This month the snapshot examines three recent reports. Two of these survey digital transformation strategies and initiatives of Australia’s federal and state and territory governments: (1) the Parliamentary Library’s Public Sector Digital Transformation: A Quick Guide; and (2) the Australian Digital Council’s State of the Data...

PV as an integrated building material: status report, barriers and opportunities

, Mark Snow & Alistair B. Sproul
This publication provides a status report on the project underway to identify opportunities and barriers, establish functional specifications, and propose a roadmap for the uptake of building integrated PV.Conventional photovoltaic (PV) module costs are reducing as manufacturers scale up PV production. Crystalline silicon (single or multi-crystalline wafers) still dominates the industry while thin film manufacturers, apart from CdTe, are having difficulty competing.  The cost of the PV device is decreasing most significantly as production increases.   This...

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