116 Works

State of practice: high volume applications of fly ash and barriers to commercialisation

Tian Sing Ng, Stephen Foster, Arnaud Castel, Jay Sanjayan & Marita Berndt
Australia is heavily reliant upon the use of coal for electric power generation with approximately 74.9% or 170,822 GWh of electricity in year 2010 to 2011 being generated through coal-fired power plants. Australia’s coal powered generators produce about 14 million tonnes of fly ash per year. Currently, only 42% of by-product fly ash is used in various construction-related applications and the remainder placed into onsite storage dams or dumped into landfill sites potentially causing serious...

Viable integrated systems for zero carbon housing: 2013 progress report

Wasim Saman, Stephen Berry, Brian Webby, Pei Ru Chao, David Whaley & Lachlan Mudge
RP1006 was established to support the path to zero carbon housing (ZCH) by focusing on the development and validation of evidence-based building energy modelling tools to support the regulatory pathway to zero emission housing in Australia. The 2013 Progress Report provides an update on progress against milestones including a scoping study of available house energy rating tools and a scoping study of residential energy end-use monitoring.

Intelligent automated monitoring of commercial photovoltaic (PV) systems: final report

Stefan Jarnason, Jessie Copper & Alistair B. Sproul
Rapid growth of distributed small scale Photovolatic (PV) systems has increased the need for tools that can undertake reliable real time monitoring of system performance with the capability to detect and diagnose underperformance at the earliest possible stage. This project refined the system performance algorithms within Solar Analytics, a PV systems monitoring tool offered by Suntech, to improve their accuracy and to test their ability to predict the performance of residential and commercial PV systems....

Building better decisions: why good evidence is used (and ignored) in the built environment sector

Christian Criado-Perez, Brett Pollard, Philip F. Oldfield, Catherine G. Collins, Christopher Jackson & Karin Sanders
Evidence-based decision making (EBDM) is a framework that has yielded huge benefits in fields ranging from medicine to social policy. While the concept is becoming popular in the built environment sector and terms such as “evidence-based design” are now widely used, our research has shown that EBDM is not in fact widely practised, and certainly not to its full potential. Valuable opportunities are being lost as a consequence, including opportunities to create better buildings and increase the expertise of the professionals who make pivotal decisions about how buildings are designed and completed.This...

Validating and improving the BASIX energy assessment tool for low-carbon dwellings: final report

Lan Ding, Anir Kumar Upadhyay, William Craft, Komali Yenneti, Marini Samaratunga, Krishna Munsami & Deo Prasad
This report is a product of the collaborative research project ‘Validating and Improving the BASIX Assessment Tool for Low-Carbon Dwellings’. Initiated by the Cooperative Research Centre for Low Carbon Living, the University of New South Wales (UNSW) and the New South Wales Government, this project addresses the policy need for post-occupancy evaluation of the BASIX tool by measuring the actual energy consumption of BASIX-compliant dwellings. This report outlines the key findings of this project by...

Embodied carbon and capital cost impact of current value engineering practices: a case study

Mehdi Robati, Philip F. Oldfield, Ali Akbar Nezhad & David Carmichael
This research explores the carbon impact of current Value Engineering (VE) practices in Australia. To accomplish this goal, a complex mixed-use building in Sydney was modelled to determine the capital material costs and initial embodied carbon emissions before and after the VE process. The results support the suggestion of a positive relationship between embodied carbon and capital cost, as outlined in the literature.In this case study, conventional VE strategies not only reduce the building material costs,...

Integrated carbon metrics (ICM): scoping study results and industry utilisation workshop notes

Monique Fouche, Robert H. Crawford, Soo Huey Teh, Hazel Rowley & Tommy Wiedmann
In order to ensure that the Integrated Carbon Metrics (ICM) project meets industry and user needs, a scoping study was conducted within Australia with construction industry professionals. The aim of the study included the following: Gain an understanding of the construction industry’s current approach to embodied carbon assessment; Identify perceived strengths and weaknesses of current embodied carbon assessment tools; and Identify potential areas for improvement to existing tools and recommendations for development for new embodied...

Research synthesis report: a research agenda for low carbon mobility

Michelle Philp & Michael A. P. Taylor
Low carbon transport (LCT) or low carbon mobility (LCM) have featured in many  CRC for Low Carbon Living coversations, particularly for Research Programs 2 (Low Carbon Precincts) and 3 (Engaged Communities). The CRCLCL has specific milestones related to travel demand and transport activity.What has been missing is a research agenda to inform the CRC about relevant research topics on low carbon mobility which fit under its broad research strategy, and which can provide outcomes that will...

RP 3035 final report: modelling uptake of water conservation and efficiency measures in Sydney

Magnus Moglia, Stephen Cook & Sorada Tapsuwan
The Modelling the Uptake of Water Conservation and Efficiency Measures in Sydney report team worked with Sydney Water’s WaterFix Program to validate their agent based, decision-making model aimed at encouraging consumers to participate in water saving programs.Customer behaviour plus the development and adoption of water efficient appliances were identified as the two biggest uncertainties in estimating long-term demand for water. The team used data from the WaterFix program collected during the Millennium Drought (2001-2009) and...

The commercialisation of CSIRO energy efficiency policy adoption diffusion modelling

Henry Adams, Mark McAllister & Matthew Clark
This paper is a review of the potential commercialisation and adoption pathways for a suite of energy efficiency policy-uptake modelling capabilities from the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation’s (CSIRO). Common Capital undertook this review for the Cooperative Research Centre (CRC) for Low Carbon Living and CSIRO.The authors reviewed the maturity of the capabilities as products and considered them against the potential markets they address. The authors compared them against competitor products in these markets. The...

Hashtag sustainability? Home renovators’ media world

Aneta M. Podkalicka, Esther Milne, Kath Hulse, Tomi Winfree & Gavin Melles
This CRC for Low Carbon Living project investigates the role that media plays in shaping home renovation practices. This second report tells the story of the Home Renovators’ Media World. It provides a more detailed and nuanced understanding of the roles of media in home renovation processes, from the perspective of renovators. Such an understanding is essential in developing more effective communication and community engagement to achieve home renovations which are more energy efficient and...

Education for low carbon living: final report

Tomi Winfree, Aneta M. Podkalicka & Charlie Hargroves
The demand for low carbon living (LCL) is steadily growing across the world. Many industry sectors are looking for new opportunities to innovate, enhance productivity, reduce operational costs and contribute to sustainability. Householders are looking for solutions to reduce household bills, contribute to the community and live healthier lifestyles. Governments are also being asked to respond to the challenge of climate change in such a way that it also delivers benefits to industry and communities....

APO Digital Inclusion Collection brief: August 2019

Chris Wilson
This snapshot is inspired by the initiation of the Digital Health Literacy program being piloted for the Australian Digital Health Agency between July and December 2019. This program will deliver training to support people to improve their digital health literacy, including how to find quality, reliable information, as well as understanding how to use and manage their My Health Record.This snapshot examines the treatment of digital inclusion as a digital health system issue in Australia’s...

Swiping, stealthing and catfishing: dating and hookup apps in the media

Anthony McCosker, Kath Albury, Tinonee Pym, Paul Byron & Kane Race

Blockchain and the creative industries: a provocation paper

Ellie Rennie, Jason Potts & Ana Pochesneva
Overview:Industries that rely on digital payments (especially micro-transactions) and complex contracting between parties stand to gain the most from the arrival of blockchain technology. In addition, the ability to authenticate a work as it passes from one buyer to the next, and to generate unique digital works, will be a boon to those industries where scarcity is valued. We conclude that the creative industries would benefit greatly from this new economic infrastructure – possibly more...

Justice Legislation Amendment (Police and Other Matters) Bill 2019: Bill Brief

Caley Otter, Alice Petrie & Holly McLean
The Justice Legislation Amendment (Police and Other Matters) Bill 2019 was introduced on 6 February 2019. It seeks to amend the Crimes Act 1958 (Vic) and to reintroduce a range of reforms in the 2018 Bill under the 58th Parliament. This Bill Brief looks primarily at the reform to include a new class of procedure known as a ‘DNA profile sample’, which seeks to grant police the ability to authorise the taking of DNA samples...

Measuring excellence in screen production research

Craig Batty, Kath Dooley, Bettina Frankham, Susan Kerrigan & Margaret McVeigh
This document describes how the Australian Screen Production Education and Research Association (ASPERA) recognises, and therefore measures, research quality in screen production. The aim is to provide a set of guidelines and principles that can assist those who undertake and evaluate creative practice research in screen production to determine various levels of ‘excellence’. While advisory, not prescriptive, the document acknowledges that universities are increasingly focussed on ‘quality’ research, and that the discipline of screen production...

Healthy social connections: a multi-disciplinary exploration

Jane Farmer, Natalie Jovanovski, Tracy De Cotta, Ebony Gaylor, Arezou Soltani Panah, Holley Jones & Joanna Farmer

Concentrated solar thermal systems and absorption HVAC systems

Robert Taylor
The project aimed to explore the feasibility of using solar thermal collectors to drive single, double, and triple effect absorption chillers.The project found that the majority of solar absorption chillers installed and much of the research around the world is based on single-effect chillers and low-temperature solar thermal collectors, while less emphasis has been placed on the combination of high-temperature solar thermal collectors and multi-effect absorption chillers, especially triple-effect chillers. This project produces 10 peer-reviewed...

Pathways for overcoming barriers to implementation of low CO2 concrete

Stephen Foster, Arnaud Castel, Jay Sanjayan & Marita Berndt
As part of the CRCLCL Program 1: Integrated Building Systems, pathways for adoption of low CO2 concrete are being identified. The objectives of the research described in this report were to examine the current state of the art in the design and specification of concrete in Australia and consider how barriers to implementation of low CO2 concrete, specifically geopolymer concrete, can be overcome.

Sustainable and affordable living through modular homes and communities: final report

Jose I. Bilbao, Malay Dave, Bruce Watson, Alistair B. Sproul & Deo Prasad
This report presents a summary of all the findings and activities performed in the LCL-CRC research project RP1011 “Sustainable and affordable living through modular homes and communities” and represents the culmination of the project. The main objective of the project was to develop innovative designs, evaluate current and future technologies, and establish assessment processes that would both contibute to the wider research and knowledge of the project’s field and allow the projects industry partner; Nova...

Impact of energy efficient pool pumps on peak demand, energy costs and carbon reduction: final report

Jianzhou Zhao, Jose I. Bilbao, Ted Spooner & Alistair B. Sproul
A whole system approach was adopted to optimize a residential pool filtering system. This project presents for the first time, the experimental measurements of the pool water quality (i.e., the chemical concentrations) and all energy-consuming components when operating the filtering system at low flow conditions.A full conference paper, describing the work relating to the energy efficient pool filtering system, is attached as an appendix to this report (Appendix 1).A full journal article, describing the work...

Field performance of geopolymer concrete structures

Stephen Foster, Jay Sanjayan, Arnaud Castel, James Aldred, Johnson X. Shen, Marita L. Berndt, Pathmanathan Rajeev, Craig Heidrich, Marc Smith, Daksh Baweja, Mohammad Khan, Hammad Khan, Jerry J. Dang & Kirubajiny Pasupathy
A major barrier to the adoption of Geopolymer concrete in construction is the lack of long-term performance data. Field testing has been undertaken to determine the behaviour of geopolymers in different service environments and address the gaps in knowledge. The University of New South Wales (UNSW Sydney) and Swinburne University of Technology (SUT) undertook field testing at sites to examine durability aspects including carbonation, chloride ingress, reinforcement corrosion and acid attack. This report describes: (1)...

Driving increased utilisation of cool roofs on large-footprint buildings: final report

Alan Green, Laia Ledo Gomis, Afroditi Synnefa, Shamila Haddad, Riccardo Paolini, Paul Cooper, Adams Jamie, Mark Eckermann, Greg Johnson, Georgios Kokogiannakis, Zhenjun Ma, Buyung Kosasih & Mattheos Santamouris
Cool roof technology is known to reduce the cooling energy consumption of conditioned buildings during hot periods, and widespread implementation of such roofs in a neighbourhood or precinct can mitigate the urban heat island effect. Established building energy modelling techniques are able in principle to predict the benefits of cool roofs due to reduced heat transfer through the roof structure. However, several scientific and industry publications have claimed that additional benefits can arise from the...

Does the Australian Nationwide House Energy Rating Scheme ensure heat stress resistance?

Gertrud Hatvani-Kovacs, Martin Belusko, John Pockett & John Boland
The report was undertaken as part of a PhD research, funded by the CRC for Low Carbon Living Ltd. supported by the Cooperative Research Centres program, an Australian Government initiative and a research student scholarship granted from the Australian Building Codes Board. The results showed that a higher star rating does not necessarily coincide with a decrease in either cooling energy consumption, demand or overheating. The traditional uninsulated, double brick scenario required significantly more heating, however was able to...

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  • 2019
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