105 Works

CRC806-E1 LGM-Sites Database V-20150313

Andreas Maier & Andreas Zimmermann
CRC 806 “Our Way to Europe” – Project E1 Population Dynamics: Demographic Changes of Hunter-Gatherer Populations during the Upper Pleistocene and Early Holocene in Europe Principal Investigator: Prof. Dr Andreas Zimmermann PostDoc: Dr Isabell Schmidt THE CURRENT DATABASE VERSIONS ARE FOR INTERNAL USE BY MEMBERS OF THE CRC 806 ONLY, IN AGREEMENT WITH THE RESPECTIVE AUTHORS (see below) General information: Databases used (revised and extended) within this work were courtesy provided by: Jean-Pierre Bocquet Appel...

\"Hunter-gatherer situations\" – Keynote speech held at the 11th Conference on Hunting and Gathering Societies (CHAGS 11) in Vienna, Austria, 7th September 2015

Thomas Widlock
This keynote speech was held at the 11th Conference on Hunting and Gathering Societies (CHAGS 11) in Vienna, Austria, in September 2015. It comments on the establishment of the International Society for Hunter-Gatherer Research and the new Journal “Hunter Gatherer Research” and it presents ideas about the future orientation of this interdisciplinary field of study. Drawing on examples from first-hand ethnography with the Batek of Malaysia, with Australian Aborigines and with Hai//om San from southern...

Airborne Remote Sensing for High Throughput Phenotyping of Wheat

Maria Tattaris, Matthew Reynolds, Julian Pietragalla, Gemma Molero, Mariano C. Cossani & Marc Ellis
High resolution remote sensing (RS) of light spectra reflected from plants allows for non-intrusive monitoring of physiological characteristics such as canopy temperature, hydration status, and pigment composition, as well as permitting estimates of agronomic traits such as biomass and yield. While satellite mounted RS platforms have proven efficient at measuring some of these characteristics at a field scale, their spatial resolution is too low for accurate data retrieval at plot level in a plant breeding...

Implementation des Metadatenmanagement von Geodaten der SFB806-Datenbank

Daniel Kürner
Die vorliegende Arbeit beschreibt die Implementation des Metadatenmanagements für Geodaten aus den Projekten des SFB806. Es soll ein internetbasiertes Informationssystem geschaffen werden, das den Mitgliedern des Pro jektes ermöglicht, Daten an einer zentralen Stelle zu veröffentlichen und somit der projektinternen Forschungsgemeinschaft zugänglich zu machen. Das Informationssystem soll eine sichere und nachhaltige Archivierung der Forschungsergebnisse aus den Projekten des SFB806 gewährleisten und gleichermaßen als integrierte Datenbasis die Forschungsarb eit der Pro jektmitglieder des SFB806 unterstützen.

The GOLM-database standard- a framework for time series data management based on free software

Mareike Eichler, Till Francke, David Kneis & Dominik E. Reusser
Monitoring and modeling projects usually involves time series data originating from different sources. Often, file formats, temporal resolution, and metadata documentation rarely adhere to a common standard. As a result, much effort is spent on converting, harmonizing, merging, checking, resampling, and reformatting these data. Moreover, in work groups or during the course of time, these tasks tend to be carried out redundantly and repeatedly, especially when new data becomes available. The resulting duplication of data...

Implementation of a centralized data management system for the CRC Transregio 32 'Patterns in Soil-Vegetation-Atmosphere-Systems'

Constanze Curdt, Dirk Hoffmeister, Christian Jekel, Krischan Udelhoven, Guido Waldhoff & Georg Bareth
Centralized storage and exchange of data is a key issue of interdisciplinary research projects particularly if they focus on environmental field studies and regional modelling. Furthermore, the overall success of such projects depends on a well organized data management and data exchange between all involved disciplines. This includes the organization of data, the implementation of a database and the maintenance of such a system for intensive data exchange between the project sections. This paper presents...

A user friendly distributed database for the African Monsoon Multidisciplinary Analyses Program

Laurence Fleury, Jean-Luc Boichard, Guillaume Brissebrat, Sophie Cloché, Laurence Eymard, Laurence Mastrorillo, Moulaye Oumarou & Karim Ramage
AMMA program includes in situ measurements at many locations of West Africa and in the Gulf of Guinea, an intensive use of satellite data, diverse modelling studies, as well as human sciences field surveys and value-added products processing. Therefore, AMMA database aims at storing a great amount and a large variety of data, and at providing the data as rapidly and safely as possible to the AMMA research community. In order to stimulate the exchange...

Integrated Climate Data Center (ICDC) at the Cluster of Excellence at the University of Hamburg

Martina Stockhause & Heinke Höck
At the KlimaCampus (http://www.klimacampus.de), Cluster of Excellence at the University of Hamburg, an Integrated Climate Data Center (ICDC: http://www.icdc.zmaw.de) is established, suitable for data during the scientific project phase as well as storing long-term archive data. ICDC aims to make data out of different internal and external archives easily accessible for the daily work of the KlimaCampus scientists. It extends the existing services by the announcement of data during the scientific project phase, a data...

Agricultural Monitoring with Spaceborne X-band SAR Data

Wolfgang Koppe, Martin Leon Gnyp, Yinkun Yao, Yuxin Miao & Georg Bareth
In this study, we investigated the use of TerraSAR-X Spotlight data for monitoring rice cultivation in the Sanjiang Plain, Northeast China. Multi-temporal TerraSAR-X data acquired in dual polarization mode (HH/VV) were analysed to assess the potential of a high resolution X-band spaceborne sensor for rice productivity mapping and yield prediction. Satellite data were acquired from June to August 2009 in conjunction with ground truth information of the crop canopy, such as LAI, plant height, tiller...

Research Data Management within the E-Science Strategy in Baden-Württemberg - Preliminary Results of Project bwFDM-Communities

Ugur Cayoglu, Denis Shcherbakov & Frank Tristram
The federal state of Baden-Württemberg wants to offer scientists the best conditions for research. Against the backdrop of the ever-increasing importance of data and information the bwFDM-Communities project is tasked to develop recommendations that shall enable scientists in our federal state to process and use data without barriers. In order to achieve this objective, we engage an active dialogue with all university research groups in Baden-Württemberg (~3000). Next to identifying and advertising best-practice solutions, this...

The TR32DB: A Research Data Management System for the CRC/Transregio 32 ‘Patterns in Soil-Vegetation-Atmosphere Systems’

Constanze Curdt, Ulrich Lang & Georg Bareth
This paper introduces the CRC/TR32 database (TR32DB), a research data management system developed within the multidisciplinary research project Collaborative Research Centre/Transregio 32 (CRC/TR32) funded by the German Research Foundation (DFG). The aim of the TR32DB is to support collative research within the whole project by providing data storage, backup, archive, documentation, publication and also sharing services. The entire system is self-developed according to the requirements of the funding agency, the user and project demands, as...

CRC806-Database: Integrating Typo3 with GeoNode and CKAN

Christian Willmes, Yasa Yener, Anton Gilgenberg & Georg Bareth
The Collaborative Research Centre 806 database (CRC806-Database, http://crc806db.uni-koeln.de) is online and operating since 2011. The architecture consists of a Typo3 based website frontend, a CKAN based metadata storage and an OGC compliant Spatial Data Infrastructure (SDI). It was decided to update the system with some major changes to the overall architecture, by preserving the current API functionality and the URLs of the datasets in the database. This paper describes the system architecture of the partly...

A primer for interdisciplinary research on time and future concepts

Thomas Widlok
This document is a "primer". This means that it is meant to prepare projects in the CRC "Future Rural Africa" for discussions on the degree of universality and cultural relativity of future concepts. As a primer it does not provide a conclusion or closure of scholarly debates in the field but its function is to open up and to facilitate these debates. The document consists of two parts. The first, shorter, part is based on...

Potentials of Low-cost Mini-UAVs

Georg Bareth, Andreas Bolten & Juliane Bendig
The trend to minimize electronic devices also accounts for sensing and sensor technologies. In combination with the developments in the construction of low-weight unmanned airborne vehicles (UAVs), this enabled in the last years a new research and application field of low-cost and low-weight UAVs carrying all kind of sensors such as multi-spectral, hyperspectral, laserscanning, microwave, and thermal imaging devices. In the same period, the demand for local high resolution data in a spatial, temporal, and...

Soil moisture estimation under vegetation from PALSAR FBD data by means of polarimetric decomposition techniques

Christian N. Koyama, Peter Fiener & Karl Schneider
The disturbing effects caused by vegetation and surface roughness are major impediments to accurate quantitative retrievals of soil moisture from Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR). With most of the operational spaceborne systems it is not possible to separate the different scattering contributions of the soil and vegetation components. In this study we use the coherent-on-receive dual-pol standard acquisitions (FBD343) of Phased Array type L-band Synthetic Aperture Radar (PALSAR) aboard the Advanced Land Observing Satellite (ALOS 'Daichi')...

Adapting the Data Management Concept of the CRC/TR 32 'SVA-Patterns' to CRC 806 'Our Way to Europe'

Andreas Bolten, Dirk Hoffmeister, Christian Willmes, Olaf Bubenzer & Georg Bareth
The data management concept of the CRC/TR 32 'SVA-Patterns' (Curdt et al. 2008, 2010) offers a perfect tool to store and manage the data of an interdisciplinary research project. The focus here is on data management of soil (S), vegetation (V) and atmosphere (A) data for SVA-modelling purpose for a distinct watershed, the Rur-Catchment in Western Germany. The presented paper reflects the possibility and the adapting steps to transfer the concept to another interdisciplinary project....

The BADC-CSV Format Meeting user and metadata requirements

Graham A. Parton & Sam J. Pepler
The 2007 British Atmospheric Data Centre (BADC) Users Survey examined the skill base of the BADCs user community. Results indicated a large proportion of users who were familiar with data held in ASCII formats such as comma-separated variables (csv) and there was a high degree of familiarity with spreadsheet programmes (e.g. Excel) for data analysis purposes. These result, combined with the experiences of the BADC staff dealing with user enquiries and assisting data suppliers in...

Millimeter Wave SAR for UAV-based Remote Sensing

Michael Caris & Stephan Stanko
The airborne monitoring of civilian and military scenes (using unmanned aircraft) is becoming increasingly important. Several types of airborne sensors in the optical, infrared or millimeter wave spectrum - are available for the different platforms. Beside the all-weather suitability of the sensors, the recent deployment scenarios, often in deserts or arid environments, also demand for the ability to look through dust clouds and sandstorms. The only sensor, which is capable to cope with such...

Construction and Measurement Technology of the ThünoCopter for Contactless Inspection of Crop Canopies: First Measurements with a Low-Cost Image Analyzing System

Heiko Neeland & Martin Kraft
This work is about the mechanical construction and the measurement system of the ThuenoCopter. Both, the mechanical construction and the measurement system (sensors, 32 bit microcontroller board and image analyzing system) of the ThuenoCopter will be presented and first measurements of the low-cost image analyzing system will be shown. Climate changes and limited natural resources are the challenges for agriculture in a world where the population is still increasing and farm land may be decreasing...

Preface

Juliane Bendig & Georg Bareth
The workshop on UAV-based Remote Sensing Methods for Monitoring Vegetation took place at the University of Cologne in September 2013 and was organized within the activities of the ISPRS Working Group VII/5 Methods for Change Detection and Process Modelling of the ISPRS Technical Commission VII Thematic Processing, Modelling, and Analysis of Remotely Sensed Data. The Institute of Bio- and Geosciences, Plant Sciences (IBG-2), of the Forschungszentrum Jülich as well as the following research projects supported...

Remote Sensing of Plant Pigments in Coastal Aquatic Systems

Natascha Oppelt
In coastal aquatic systems, marine macroalgae provide food and habitat for wildlife. Analysis of their occurrence and socialization therefore enables an estimate the state of coastal marine environment and provides evidence for environmental changes. To identify different macroalgae at family or species level, we have to identify their specific pigment composition. Hyperspectral sensors with their narrow band widths enable the detection of local absorption features of pigments and increased the number of possibilities to determine...

A QGIS plugin to interface openModeller

Daniel Becker & Christian Willmes
This is a plugin for QGIS to interface the openModeller software package. OpenModeller is a software framework for species’ potential distribution modelling. The package includes (among other program files) the om_console.exe executable which is used for the modelling process. The program file is controlled by a configuration file and needs several files as input data. The configuration file contains the paths to the input data, configuration parameters for the output data and the selected modelling...

Living at the lakeshore. Early Nubian Complex site associated with a lacustrine environment

Karin Kindermann, Philip Van Peer, Felix Henselowsky & Olaf Bubenzer
By analysing satellite images of the area around Sodmein Cave numerous well-preserved surface remnants (terraces) could be documented. Surveys on these old terraces, showing mainly a dark desert pavement, yielded preferentially Pleistocene artefact concentrations. Hence, it became clear that these terraces represent parts of the former Pleistocene surface of the area. During surveying activities on such terraces a new archaeological site – preliminary named as “Sodmein Playa” 14/01 – was discovered around 3 km south-west...

R-SWMS - User manual

Katrin Huber, Jan Vanderborght, Mathieu Javaux, Andrea Schnepf, Natalie Schröder, Felicien Meunier, Valentin Couvreur, Asta Kunkel, Nimrod Schwartz, Magdalena Landl & Helena Jorda Guerra
R-SWMS is a numerical model for simulating solute transport and water flow in and between the soil and the plant systems. The acronym stands for Modeling “Root-Soil Water Movement and Solute transport”. Based on the flow and transport equations in the 3D soil matrix and within the 3D root xylem network, it simulates the uptake of solute and water by plant roots for a growing plant. Three-dimensional root growth is function of environmental conditions (soil...

WHEN SIZE MATTERS: different roles for blades and bladelets in the Early Ahmarian site of Al-Ansab1 (Jordan)

Jacopo Gennai & Jürgen Richter
Bladelets are suggested as the hallmark of Early Upper Palaeolithic (EUP) industries. Bladelet-making is central in defining EUP technocomplexes and the debate is still ongoing. Here, new data on a significant sample of the stratified Early Ahmarian site of Al-Ansab 1 (Jordan) are presented. It is shown that bladelets constitute the majority of the blanks and the goal of the lithic production at the site. They are obtained through unipolar knapping of single platform cores,...

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