Deciphering plant induced systemic responses underlying interactions between root-knot nematodes and shoot herbivores, & Nicole M. VanDam
Our study aim was to analyze the impact of aboveground herbivores on root defense responses triggered by root feeding nematodes at different stages of their lifecycle. We investigated changes in phytohormone and α-tomatine levels, as well as the expression of defense signaling markers and glycoalkaloids metabolism (GAME) genes in roots of Solanum lycopersicum (tomato). The tomato plants were infested with root-knot nematode for 5, 15 or 30 days before being challenged with larvae of Spodoptera...
Stand inventories, litter fall and basal area increment at an unmanaged, old-growth mixed beech forest at the ‘Hainich National Park’ (DE-Hai)Martina Mund, Christian Ammer & Ernst-Detlef Schulze
The data set contains data of (I) repeated forest inventories, (II) annual litter fall, and (III) annual basal area increment of individual trees. All measurements were done within the footprint area of the eddy-covariance-tower at the ‘Hainich National Park’ (FLUXNET site-ID: DE-Hai). The site is an unmanaged, old-growth mixed beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) forest growing under favorable site conditions (suboceanic-submontane climate; silty-clay Cambisols developed on Triassic limestone covered with Pleistocene loess deposits). The data set...
The Leipzig Catalogue of Vascular Plants (LCVP) is as far as we know the most updated and resolved list of plant names and their synonyms of all known vascular plant species on this planet.
Dataset for the analysis presented in the manuscript "Global distribution of earthworm diversity", as corrected in the erratum
R-code and aggregated data from: The results of biodiversity-ecosystem functioning experiments are realisticMalte Jochum
R-code and aggregated datasets to run analyses and plot main figures of a 2020 paper in Nature Ecology and Evolution by Jochum et al.
GATEWAy contains global set of complex food webs with species traits such as body masses, metabolic types, movement types and ecosystem types
Aggregated species richness and habitat heterogeneity variables for testing the habitat-heterogeneity hypothesis, 2006-2018Lea Heidrich, , Markus Fischer, Thomas Nauss, Marco Tschapka, Wolfgang Weisser & Jörg Müller
The habitat-heterogeneity hypothesis predicts monotonously increasing biodiversity with increasing habitat heterogeneity, due to an increasing number of niches. The area-trade-off hypothesis, however, predicts a decrease in biodiversity at high levels of habitat heterogeneity because of a trade-off between heterogeneity and effective niche area. In this study, we used biodiversity data from twelve taxonomic-functional groups and classified a set of potentially important heterogeneity variables at the forest stand scale with support of airborne laser scanning. To...
Dataset of effect sizes used in the meta-analysis "Biodiversity mediates the effect of stressors but not nutrients on litter decomposition"
Arthropod data from 150 grassland plots, 2008-2017, and 140 forest plots, 2008-2016, used in \"Arthropod decline in grasslands and forests is associated with drivers at landscape level\", NatureSebastian Seibold, Martin Goßner, Nadja Simons, Nico Blüthgen, Jörg Müller, Didem Ambarli, Christian Ammer, , Markus Fischer, Cornelia Fürstenau, Jan C. Habel, Karl Eduard Linsenmair, Thomas Nauss, Andreas Ostrowski, Caterina Penone, Daniel Prati, Peter Schall, , Juliane Vogt, Stephan Wöllauer & Wolfgang Weisser
To disentangle local and landscape-level effects of land use on the temporal trends of arthropod communities in grasslands and forests, arthropod data were collected annually during the growing period from 2008 to 2017 by standardized sampling at 150 grassland plots and from 2008 to 2016 at 30 forest plots. An additional 118 forest plots were sampled in 2008, 2011 and 2014 to test the overall trend across a larger number of plots. Both grassland and...
We harvested and parsed all publicly available metadata from Dryad, GBIF (datasets only), PANGAEA, Zenodo and Figshare in May and October 2019 from ther OAI-PMH interfaces and determined whether they utilize metadata elements that reflect scholarly search interests from biodiversity research. The provided zip files contain the parsed data; we extracted the available keywords in general fields such as dc:subject in DublinCore. For a subset of the data, we inspected the content with text mining...
A spatially-explicit, 250m resolution composite dataset on primary forests in Europe, their protection gaps and restoration opportunitiesFrancesco Maria Sabatini
A set of raster files on the estimated distribution of primary forests in Europe, their likelihood of occurrence, gaps in protections and restoration opportunities across forest types
Analysis of plant diversity effects (taxonomic, functional, structural) on arthropods in contrasting ecosystems (forest, grassland)
FragSAD: A database of diversity and species abundance distributions from habitat fragments (Version:1.0)Alban Sagouis, Jon Chase, Mario Liebergesell, Alban Sagouis, Felix May, Shane Blowes, Åke Berg, Enrico Bernard, Berry J. Brosi, Marc W. Cadotte, Luis Cayuela, Adriano G. Chiarello, Jean-Francois Cosson, Will Cresswell, Filibus Danjuma Dami, Jens Dauber, Chris R. Dickman, Raphael K. Didham, David P. Edwards, Fábio Z. Farneda, Yoni Gavish, Thiago Gonçalves-Souza, Demetrio Luis Guadagnin, Mickaël Henry, Adrià López-Baucells … & Yaron Ziv
117 studies that compared species assemblages among habitat fragments that varies in area
Dataset used in Boeddinghaus et al. (2019) \"Plant functional trait shifts explain concurrent changes in the structure and function of grassland soil microbial communities\" Journal of EcologyRuna Boeddinghaus, Sven Marhan, Doreen Berner, Steffen Boch, Markus Fischer, Norbert Hoelzel, Jens Kattge, Valentin Klaus, Till Kleinebecker, Yvonne Oelmann, Daniel Prati, Deborah Schäfer, Ingo Schöning, Marion Schrumpf, Elisabeth Sorkau, Ellen Kandeler & Pete Manning
We investigated whether the functioning and composition of microbial communities rapidly tracks short-term changes (within three years) in abiotic soil properties, land-use intensity, plant functional traits or plant biomass properties or if microbial changes are driven by the longer-term history of the site (legacy effect). In addition, we asked whether changes in microbial soil properties and functions were best explained by direct or indirect legacy or change effects of land-use intensity or in intermediate properties,...
Stemflow volumes and potentially influencing vegetation properties in a mixed beech forest (Hainich forest)Johanna Clara Metzger, Anke Hildebrandt & Alsayed Algergawy
This data set contains measurements of stemflow and tree and stand properties in an un-managed mixed beech forest (Hainich NP). Stemflow is the portion of precipitation water running down the stem, thus creating infiltration hotspots. The dataset was used for linear mixed effects modeling of the impact of tree, neighborhood and stand properties on a tree's and a small forest patch's stemflow in Metzger et al. (2019): Neighbourhood and stand structure affect stemflow generation in...
A global database for metaCommunity Ecology: Species, Traits, Environment & Space - version 1.0 (CESTES-v1.0)Alienor Jeliazkov, Alienor Jeliazkov & Jonathan Chase
We collated 90 datasets from trait-based studies and compiled them into "CESTES" and "ceste" databases. The "CESTES" database is composed of 80 datasets each of which includes four matrices: species community abundances or presences/absences across multiple sites, species trait information, environmental variables, and spatial coordinates of the sampling sites. The ancillary "ceste" database is composed of 10 additional datasets each of which includes the same type of information than CESTES, apart from the spatial coordinates...
Plant-caterpillar networks analysis dataset at species and community level in BEF-China sites (Xingangshan, Jiangxi), & Andreas Schuldt
The dataset contains tree leaf traits, abundance and diversity of caterpillars, and the network metrics at species and community level between trees and caterpillars.
This question corpus contains 169 questions collected at three biodiversity projects: GFBio, AquaDiva and iDiv. The corpus also contains semantic annotations for important biological topics such organisms, environmental terms or materials.
Oribatid mite abundances, diversity, sex ratio and numbers of eggs in females from 15 forest and 15 grassland plots in the Swabian Alb and the Schorfheide, 2017Katja Wehner & Nico Blüthgen
We investigated the impact of land-use on oribatid mite diversity and abundances in 15 forest and 15 grassland plots in the Swabian Alb and the Schorfheide-Chorin in 2017.
This data set contains the organism data for the 27 Comparative Study Plots in the Gutianshan National Nature Reserve and the corresponding environmental information.
Dataset for the analysis presented in the manuscript "Global distribution of earthworm diversity"
Phytometer data of an experiment with transplanted species of contrasting geographic range types under manipulated biotic interactions (herbivory and competition) and different land-use regimes in Germany, 2009 - 2010Astrid Welk, Mathias Baudis, Jörg Böckelmann & Helge Bruelheide
Geographic plant distribution is often assumed to be predominantly limited directly by the climatic tolerances of species. However, the role of climate is nowadays known to be mainly an indirect one by mostly mediating dispersal and establishment, species interactions or habitat characteristics, which all are often modified by human land use. In these complex systems, negative biotic interactions are predicted to increase in relative importance towards benign climate conditions. We tested this hypothesis experimentally by...
Plants are exposed to various biotic and abiotic factors which they cannot evade due to their sessile nature. Therefore, they adapt their growth behaviour to local environmental constraints leading to phenotypic variation owing to their open bauplan. A major factor inducing phenotypic plasticity is the loss of biomass through herbivory or cutting. The Fabaceae Trifolium repens reacts to cutting by producing more but smaller leaves compared to uncut plants. As T. repens is a common...
A study linking species abundance data from sPlot with information of species' native and alien range from GloNAF and species' traits from TRY.
Mineral soil pH values of all experimental plots (EP) of the Biodiversity Exploratories project from 2011, Soil (core project)Ingo Schöning, Emily Solly, Theresa Klötzing & Marion Schrumpf
The core project ‘Soil' provides essential information on soil properties and ecosystem functions across all 300 Experimental Plots (EPs) of the Biodiversity Exploratories. Soil pH is considered a master variable in soil science as it affects many chemical processes in soils. Most importantly, the plant nutrient availability is greatly affected by the soil pH as it controlls the chemical forms of the different nutrients and influences the chemical reactions they undergo.