158,389 Works

Survey Musik und Medien 2012: Audiomediennutzung in Deutschland - Audioemitter - Genutzte Audioemitter 2012 - Vielseitig-Audiophile

Steffen Lepa
Wo kam 2012 die Musik heraus? Mit Audioemittern sind jene technischen Objekte gemeint, die mit Audiogeräten verbunden werden, um Audioquellen hörbar zu machen. Dazu gehören Kopfhörer und Lautsprechersysteme mit verschiedenen Wiedergabeformaten (mono, stereo, surround) und in unterschiedlichen Varianten (In-Ear-Kopfhörer, großer Hifi-Kopfhörer, integrierte Lautsprecher, Dockingstation etc..). Die Vielseitig-Audiophilen, welche typischerweise zwischen 1970 und 1992 geboren und mit 10,1 % das am wenigsten verbreitete Nutzungsmuster sind, bedienen sich nicht nur aus dem breitesten Repertoire an Audiomedien zur...

Survey Musik und Medien 2012: Audiomediennutzung in Deutschland - Audioemitter - Genutzte Audioemitter 2012 - Vielseitige Traditionalisten

Steffen Lepa
Wo kam 2012 die Musik heraus? Mit Audioemittern sind jene technischen Objekte gemeint, die mit Audiogeräten verbunden werden, um Audioquellen hörbar zu machen. Dazu gehören Kopfhörer und Lautsprechersysteme mit verschiedenen Wiedergabeformaten (mono, stereo, surround) und in unterschiedlichen Varianten (In-Ear-Kopfhörer, großer Hifi-Kopfhörer, integrierte Lautsprecher, Dockingstation etc..). Das in Deutschland mit 25,6 % am weitesten verbreitete Audiorepertoire sind die Vielseitigen Traditionalisten. Bei seinen zumeist zwischen 1944 bis 1964 geborenen Vertretern erfreut sich das Radio der größten Beliebtheit....

Survey Musik und Medien 2012: Audiomediennutzung in Deutschland - Audiogeräte - Genutzte Audiogeräte 2012 - Vielseitige Traditionalisten

Steffen Lepa
Womit wurde in 2012 Musik wiedergegeben? Mit Audiogeräten sind technische Geräte gemeint, die den Zugriff auf und die Wiedergabe von Audioquellen ermöglichen. Dazu gehören CD-Player, Plattenspieler, Kassettenrecorder, MP3-Player und Smartphones, aber auch der Computer und unterschiedliche multimediale Entertainmentgeräte, welche auch zur Musikrezeption genutzt werden können. Das in Deutschland mit 25,6 % am weitesten verbreitete Audiorepertoire sind die Vielseitigen Traditionalisten. Bei seinen zumeist zwischen 1944 bis 1964 geborenen Vertretern erfreut sich das Radio der größten Beliebtheit....

Survey Musik und Medien 2012: Audiomediennutzung in Deutschland - Audioquellen - Genutzte Audioquellen 2012 - Vielseitige Traditionalisten

Steffen Lepa
Wo kam die Musik 2012 im Alltag her? Mit Audioquellen sind Distributionswege gemeint, über die Musik erworben, archiviert und verfügbar gemacht werden kann. Dazu gehören physische Tonträger (CD, LP, MC etc.), elektronische Dienste für den Download oder das Streaming von digitalen Musikinhalten (iTunes, last.fm, Spotify etc.), aber auch der rundfunkbasierte Radioempfang und schließlich Musikangebote auf Webseiten oder digitalen Datenträgern. Das in Deutschland mit 25,6 % am weitesten verbreitete Audiorepertoire sind die Vielseitigen Traditionalisten. Bei seinen...

Survey Musik und Medien 2012: Audio Media Usage in Germany - Audio Emitters - Audio Emitters used in 2012 - Digital Mobilists

Steffen Lepa
Where did the sound emanate from in 2012? Audio Emitters comprise those technical objects that are connected to Audio Devices in order to make Audio Sources audible. This category includes headphones and loudspeakers with both diverse sound formats (mono, stereo, surround) as well as various device types (Headphones: small, standard, HiFi; Loudspeakers: integrated models, single components and docking stations). Typically born between 1979 and 1998, the Digital Mobilists constitute the youngest user type and comprise...

Survey Musik und Medien 2012: Audiomediennutzung in Deutschland - Klassenzugehörigkeit nach Geburtsjahrgang

Steffen Lepa
Audiorepertoires sind weit verbreitete Muster des Gebrauchs von Audiotechnologien zum Musikhören im Alltag, die sich auch als “Nutzertypen” interpretieren lassen. Sie wurden im Survey Musik und Medien 2012 auf Basis der deutschlandweit erhobenen repräsentativen Audiomediennutzungsdaten gebildet. Menschen hören ihre Musik heute mit ganz unterschiedlichen Geräten, Infrastrukturen und Technologien und kombinieren die unterschiedlichen Möglichkeiten im Alltag oft auch miteinander. Daher ist es sinnvoll, die alltägliche Audiomediennutzung als komplexe Verknüpfung unterschiedlicher Medientechnologien auszuwerten und zu interpretieren –...

Survey Musik und Medien 2012: Audio Media Usage in Germany - Audio Repertoires by birth cohorts

Steffen Lepa
Audio Repertoires are widespread patterns regarding the use of audiotechnologies in everyday life which may also be interpreted as “user types”. They were identified in Survey Musik und Medien 2012 based on the nationwide collected representative Audio Usage Data. Nowadays, people listen to music by means of various different devices, infrastructures and technologies. Furthermore, people often tend to combine those options within their daily routines. Therefore, it is reasonable to analyze and interpret everyday Audio...

Survey Musik und Medien 2012: Audio Media Usage in Germany - Audio Devices - Audio Devices used in 2012

Steffen Lepa
By what means was music played back in 2012? Audio Devices comprise technical devices that permit access to and enable playback of Audio Sources. This includes CD players, record players, cassette recorders, MP3 player and smartphones but also computers and various multimedia entertainment devices that allow music use.

Survey Musik und Medien 2012: Audio Media Usage in Germany - Audio Devices - Audio Devices used in 2012 - Selective Traditionalists

Steffen Lepa
By what means was music played back in 2012? Audio Devices comprise technical devices that permit access to and enable playback of Audio Sources. This includes CD players, record players, cassette recorders, MP3 player and smartphones but also computers and various multimedia entertainment devices that allow music use. 11,6 % of our participants may be described as Selective Traditionalists who are typically born between 1955 and 1975. The radio is the dominant audio source used...

Survey Musik und Medien 2012: Audio Media Usage in Germany - Audio Emitters - Audio Emitters used in 2012 - Radio Traditionalists

Steffen Lepa
Where did the sound emanate from in 2012? Audio Emitters comprise those technical objects that are connected to Audio Devices in order to make Audio Sources audible. This category includes headphones and loudspeakers with both diverse sound formats (mono, stereo, surround) as well as various device types (Headphones: small, standard, HiFi; Loudspeakers: integrated models, single components and docking stations). Radio Traditionalists are represented in various age groups, and may be born in 1920 as well...

Investigation of Fluidic Devices for Mixing Enhancement for the Shockless Explosion Combustion Process

Bernhard Bobusch, Phillip Berndt, Christian Oliver Paschereit & Rupert Klein
Fuel-air mixing is a crucial process in low emission combustion systems. A higher mixing quality leads to lower emissions and higher combustion efficiencies. Especially for the innovative constant volume combustion processes "Shockless Explosion Combustion" (SEC) the mixing of fuel and air is an important parameter, since the whole combustion process is triggered and controlled via the equivalence ratio. To enhance the passive scalar mixing, fluidic oscillators are investigated and compared to the standard jet in...

Markov Abstractions for Probabilistic Pi-Calculus

Hugh Anderson & Gabriel Ciobanu
This paper presents a range of approaches to the analysis and development of program specifications that have been expressed in a probabilistic process algebra. The approach explores Markovian processes as a high-level abstraction tool to reason about system specifications. The abstractions include ones to check the structure of specifications, analyze the long-term stability of the system, and provide guidance to improve the specifications if they are found to be unstable. The approach could present interest...

A Logical Framework for Trust-Related Emotions

Jean-FrançOis Bonnefon, Dominique Longin & Manh Hung Nguyen
Emotion and trust are two important concerns for the elaboration of interaction systems that would be closer and more attractive to their users, in particular by endowing machines with the ability to predict, understand, and process emotions and trust. This paper attempts to construct a common logical framework for the representation of emotion and trust. This logical framework combines a logic of belief and choice, a logic of time, and a dynamic logic. Using this...

A MOP Based DSL for Testing Java Programs using OCL

Tony Clark
OCL is used to specify systems by defining pre and post-conditions for class operations. Typically, the conditions refer to properties and operations that are defined in a model. When the model is implemented, various implementation decisions are made regarding properties and operations that cause the OCL conditions to be inconsistent with the implementation. This paper defines a domain specific language (DSL) for testing and shows how a meta-object-protocol for OCL can be used to dynamically...

Generation of Formal Model Metrics for MOF based Domain Specific Languages

Christian Hein, Marcus Engelhardt, Tom Ritter & Michael Wagner
The assessment of quality in a software development process is vital for the quality of the final system. A number of approaches exist, which can be used to determine such quality properties. In a model-driven development process models are the primary artifacts. Novel technologies are needed in order to assess the quality of those artifacts. Often, the Object Constraint Language is used to formulate model metrics and to compute them automatically afterwards. This paper describes...

Towards Generalizing Visual Process Patterns

Christian Soltenborn & Gregor Engels
Visual Process Patterns (VPP) is a visual language to describe constraints on the behavior of UML Activities. They have been developed for the sake of formulating and verifying requirements on business process models in a visual, intuitive way (with UML Activities being one possible description language). In the VPP approach, a visual process pattern is translated into an LTL formula, which can then be verified against a transition system describing the behavior of the Activity...

Pattern-Based Layout Specifications for Visual Language Editors

Sonja Maier & Mark Minas
When creating an editor for a visual language, a challenging task is the layout specification. Many visual languages, e.g., Ecore diagrams or Petri nets, show similar layout characteristics, and hence reuse of layout behavior should be enabled. For that purpose, we introduce the concept of layout patterns, which encapsulates certain layout behavior. With the approach, it is possible to combine different layout algorithms, e.g., standard graph drawing algorithms and constraint-based algorithms. In addition, rule-based layout...

Assessment – Ein Ansatz zur Evaluierung selbstorganisierender Systeme

Jens Tiemann, Mikhail Smirnov & Tanja Zseby
Selbstorganisierende Systeme werden in der Kommunikationstechnik als Möglichkeit gesehen, die Dienstqualität zu verbessern und gleichzeitig den Administrationsaufwand zu senken. Die eingesetzten selbstanpassenden Algorithmen führen zu völlig neuen Systemeigenschaften, die beim Testen und der Evaluation der Leistungsfähigkeit dieser Systeme berücksichtigt werden müssen. Ausgehend von Definitionen zu kontextsensitiven Systemen und Überlegungen zu Schnittstellen zwischen der Testumgebung und dem zu testenden System wird das neuartige, als Assessment bezeichnete Evaluationsverfahren vorgestellt. Abschließend werden Probleme bei der Generierung von Testfällen...

Vorwort / Preface

Michael Zapf & Klaus David
Electronic Communications of the EASST, Volume 27: Selbstorganisierende, adaptive, kontextsensitive verteilte Systeme 2010

Supporting Pervasive and Social Communications with FRASCATI

Rémi Mélisson, Daniel Romero, Romain Rouvoy & Lionel Seinturier
In pervasive environments, the runtime adaptation of applications is done considering available event sources and services. To do that, the events have to be collected and processed, and the volatile services identified and accessed. However, although the event flow and service mobility are key issues in the adaptation process, existing solutions fail to deal with them in a simple and flexible way. Therefore, in this paper we propose to face these issues by combining the...

Architectural Constraints for Pervasive Adaptive Applications

Christian Straube & Andreas Schroeder
To face the challenge in today's mobile applications, that software entities and devices enter and leave the application scope very frequently, component-based architectures are used more and more. With the flexibility of this concept and the ability to handle a huge amount of situations come inpredictability and less reliability of the application. This article presents a ``safety net'' weaved by architectural constraints and an internal DSL to ensure the integrity of the whole application even...

Specifying and Generating Editing Environments for Interactive Animated Visual Models

Torsten Strobl & Mark Minas
The behavior of a dynamic system is most easily understood if it is illustrated by a visual model that is animated over time. Graphs are a widely accepted approach for representing such dynamic models in an abstract way. System behavior and, therefore, model behavior corresponds to modifications of its representing graph over time. Graph transformations are an obvious choice for specifying these graph modifications and, hence, model behavior. Existing approaches use a graph to represent...

Preface

Jochen M. Küster & Emilio Tuosto
Electronic Communications of the EASST, Volume 29: Graph Transformation and Visual Modeling Techniques 2010

Stepping from Graph Transformation Units to Model Transformation Units

Hans-Jörg Kreowski, Sabine Kuske & Caroline Von Totth
Graph transformation units are rule-based entities that allow to transform source graphs into target graphs via sets of graph transformation rules according to a control condition. The graphs and rules are taken from an underlying graph transformation approach. Graph transformation units specify model transformations whenever the transformed graphs represent models. This paper is based on the observation that in general models are not always suitably represented as single graphs, but they may be specified as...

Preface of the Workshop on Visual Formalisms for Patterns, VFfP'10

Paolo Bottoni, Esther Guerra & Juan De Lara
Electronic Communications of the EASST, Volume 31: Visual Formalisms for Patterns 2010

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