141,385 Works


Claudia Ringler, Mark W. Rosegrant, Michael S. Paisner, Claudia Ringler, Mark W. Rosegrant & Michael S. Paisner
Latin America and the Caribbean are relatively well endowed with water resources. However, population growth and rapid urbanization are putting considerable pressure on water available for irrigation. Local and regional water scarcity problems are exacerbated by severe water quality problems; and wastewater is frequently used for irrigation. Moreover, prospects for new investments into irrigation development appear limited. This paper examines the factors underlying irrigation development in Latin America and the Caribbean, reviews the water supply...


United States Department Of Agriculture & United States Department Of Agriculture

Agricultural Letter

Gary L. Benjamin & Gary L. Benjamin

Minnesota Farm Real Estate Sales: 1990-2019

William F. Lazarus & William F. Lazarus
This report is a summary of the data contained on the farmland sales portion of the Minnesota Land Economics (MLE) web site (http://landeconomics.umn.edu ) as of February 15, 2020. It is formally reissued each year, as new sales data become available. The present document consists largely of graphs and tables summarizing sales over the past twenty-four years. It provides averages at the multi-county region and at the statewide levels of aggregation. Individual transaction data are...

IFAD RESEARCH SERIES 54 Rural youth in the context of fragility and conflict

Baliki, Ghassan;, Brück, Tilman;, Ferguson, Neil T N;, Wolfgang Stojetz, Baliki, Ghassan;, Brück, Tilman;, Ferguson, Neil T N; & Wolfgang Stojetz
Despite accounting for only 7 per cent of the world’s population, rural youth account for more than 10 per cent of the world’s conflict-exposed population. In 2016, alone, over 350 million rural youth lived in conflict-affected countries. Despite conflict’s being defined as “development in reverse”, however, we find a general lack of research focusing specifically on young people living in rural areas. Yet, from wider literature, we know that conflict is a cause of adversities...

Impact of Retaliatory Tariffs on the U.S. Pork Sector

Frank Kyekyeku Nti, Lindsay Kuberka, Keithly Jones, Frank Kyekyeku Nti, Lindsay Kuberka & Keithly Jones

IFAD RESEARCH SERIES 53 Youth access to land, migration and employment opportunities: evidence from sub-Saharan Africa Papers of the 2019 Rural Development Report

Kwame, F;, Jayne, Yeboah T S;, Muyanga, M;, J Chamberlin, Kwame, F;, Jayne, Yeboah T S;, Muyanga, M; & J Chamberlin
This paper examines the intersections between youth access to land, migration decisions and employment opportunities using nationally representative and multi-year data from multiple African countries. We document evidence on the evolving dynamics in land distribution and ownership patterns, the effect of land access on youth livelihood choices and development of rental and sales market in the region. The report highlights six key findings: First, a progressively smaller proportion of young people are inheriting land due...

Implication of Trade Policy Turmoil for Perennial Crops

Daniel A. Sumner, Tristan Hanon, William A. Matthews, Daniel A. Sumner, Tristan Hanon & William A. Matthews

How Has the Trade Dispute Affected the U.S. Cotton Sector?

Andrew Muhammad, S. A. Smith, Stephen MacDonald, Andrew Muhammad, S. A. Smith & Stephen MacDonald

Impacts of Retaliatory Tariffs on Farm Income and Government Programs

Patrick Westhoff, Tracy Davids, Byung Min Soon, Patrick Westhoff, Tracy Davids & Byung Min Soon

Tariff Retaliation Weakened the U.S. Soybean Basis

Michael K. Adjemian, Shawn Arita, Vince Breneman, Rob Johansson, Ryan Williams, Michael K. Adjemian, Shawn Arita, Vince Breneman, Rob Johansson & Ryan Williams

Tariff Impacts on Global Soybean Trade Patterns and U.S. Planting Decisions

Joanna Hitchner, Keith Menzie, Seth Meyer, Joanna Hitchner, Keith Menzie & Seth Meyer

The 2018–2019 Trade Conflict: A One-Year Assessment and Impacts on U.S. Agricultural Exports

Jason Grant, Shawn Arita, Charlotte Emlinger, Sharon Sydow, Mary A. Marchant, Jason Grant, Shawn Arita, Charlotte Emlinger, Sharon Sydow & Mary A. Marchant

Theme Overview: The Economic Impacts of Trade Retaliation on U.S. Agriculture: A One-Year Review

Jason H. Grant, Sharon Sydow, Jason H. Grant & Sharon Sydow

Smallholder farmers’ dissatisfaction with contract schemes in spite of economic benefits: Issues of mistrust and lack of transparency

Anette Ruml, Matin Qaim, Anette Ruml & Matin Qaim
Contract farming is typically seen as a useful mechanism to help smallholders. However, despite economic benefits, high dropout rates from contract schemes are commonplace. We use data from Ghana to show that smallholders benefit from a resource-providing contract in terms of higher yields and profits, but most of them still regret their decision to participate and would prefer to exit if they could. The main problem is insufficient information from the company. Farmers do not...

Heterogeneous effects of marketing contracts and resource-providing contracts on household income

Anette Ruml, Catherine Ragasa, Matin Qaim, Anette Ruml, Catherine Ragasa & Matin Qaim
In the existing literature, the effects of contract farming on household welfare were examined with mixed results. Most studies looked at single contract types. This paper contributes to the literature by comparing two types of contracts – simple marketing contracts and resource- providing contracts – in the Ghanaian oil palm sector. We investigate the effects of both contracts on farm income, as well as spillovers on other household income sources. We use survey data collected...

IFAD RESEARCH SERIES 52 Information and communication technologies and rural youth

Jenny Aker & Jenny Aker
IFAD RESEARCH SERIES 52 Information and communication technologies and rural youth

IFAD RESEARCH SERIES 51 Inclusive finance and rural youth

Arianna Gasparri, Laura Munoz, Arianna Gasparri & Laura Munoz
This working paper deepens the analysis on inclusive finance and rural youth through cutting-age research and new insights and approaches that have emerged over the years in the field. The overall narrative clear ly documents the ways in which rural youth engage with the economy, policy and institutions and identifies the rapid changes occurring across the globe as well as the opportunities and challenges that young people living in rural areas encounter in their different...

IFAD RESEARCH SERIES 50 Rural transformation and the double burden of malnutrition among rural youth in developing countries

Suneetha Kadiyala, Elisabetta Aurino, Cristina Cirillo, C S Srinivasan, Giacomo Zanello, Suneetha Kadiyala, Elisabetta Aurino, Cristina Cirillo, C S Srinivasan & Giacomo Zanello
Adolescence and early adulthood are periods of major biological, economic and social transitions for rural youth. They provide a critical window of opportunity for addressing chronic nutritional deficits from childhood, for “catch-up” growth, for providing a solid foundation for a healthy productive and reproductive life, and for arresting the intergenerational transmission of malnutrition. In this study we show that rural transformation processes are associated with improvements in rural youth nutrition – malnutrition and underweight –...

IFAD RESEARCH SERIES 49 Climate and jobs for rural young people

Karen Brooks, Shahnila Dunston, Keith Wiebe, Channing Arndt, Faaiqa Hartley, Richard Robertson, Karen Brooks, Shahnila Dunston, Keith Wiebe, Channing Arndt, Faaiqa Hartley & Richard Robertson
Climate change matters for all young people. It matters especially for those whose livelihoods depend on agriculture and will continue to do so in the future due to slowing growth in labour-intensive manufacturing and constraints on labour absorption in the service sector. Of the slightly more than 500 million rural young people projected globally in 2030, two thirds will be in sub-Saharan Africa and in South Asia. In many African countries farming still employs over...

Governance Fragmentation and Urban Spatial Expansion: Evidence from Europe and the United States

Silvia Beghelli, Gianni Guastella, Stefano Pareglio, Silvia Beghelli, Gianni Guastella & Stefano Pareglio
This study assesses the effects of urban governance structure on the spatial expansion of metropolitan areas. A more fragmented governance structure, represented by a high number of administrative units with decision power on land use per inhabitant, is expected to increase the competition between small towns in the suburbs of metropolitan areas to attract households and workers, which, in turn, induces more land uptake. We study empirically the relationship between administrative fragmentation and the spatial...


Dávid Karosi, Zoltán Bujdosó, Dávid Karosi & Zoltán Bujdosó
Sokat hallhattunk arról, hogy az informatika a gazdasági változás alapvető mozgatórugója. Az 1990-es évek óta bonyolult elképzelések születtek arra vonatkozóan, hogyan is tudják valóra váltani az internet fejlődésének ígéreteit. Ezen fejleményekkel párhuzamosan megjelent számos szakirodalom, amely az informatika szerepét taglalta az utazásban és az idegenforgalomban. Vizsgálatunk a szakirodalom áttekintése után a KVi hotel példáján keresztül mutatja be az első hazai okos szálloda kezdő lépéseit és fejlődését. ----------------------- In our days we can hear about the...


Krisztina Kállai & Krisztina Kállai
Bihar megye változatos turisztikai adottságai és az abból eredő potenciálja meghatározó jelentőségű a megye jövőbeli fejlesztéseit illetően. Tanulmányomban első sorban a megye általános bemutatására kerül sor, melyben a demográfiai adatok mellett a természetföldrajzi jellemzők is szerepelnek. A természeti és ember alkotta örökség egyaránt alapot szolgáltat a megye idegenforgalmának generálásához és megszervezéséhez. A legjelentősebb kitörési pont a kulturális- és vallási turizmus terén mutatkozik, de emellett a hegyvidéki-, fürdő- és falusi turizmus képezik a turizmus vezető ágazatait...


Dóra Kinga Gulyás, Fanni Ildikó Fodor, Gergő Thalmeiner, Dóra Kinga Gulyás, Fanni Ildikó Fodor & Gergő Thalmeiner
A magyar szarvasmarha ágazat mezőgazdaságunk egyik legsikeresebb ágazata volt egészen a rendszerváltás ellőttig. A rendszerváltást követően az ágazat átstrukturálódott, nagymértékben megváltoztak a tulajdonviszonyok, a működő telepek egy részén pedig felhagytak a termeléssel. Hazánkban működő vállalkozások és kiemelten a munkaerőhiányban szenvedő mezőgazdasági szervezetek esetében a termelékenység növelése az egyik legfontosabb cél. A humán erőforrás menedzsment és azon belül a foglalkoztatotti motiváció-, elégedettség mérése és menedzselése pedig a vállalati funkciók közül az egyik olyan kiemelkedő tényező, amelynek...


Lajos Fazekas & Lajos Fazekas
A turizmus, ezen belül is a szállodaipar, a szolgáltató szektor részeként dinamikus bővülést mutatott az elmúlt évek folyamán. A szállodai szolgáltatások minőségét jelentősen befolyásolja az adott hotel rendelkezésére álló munkaerő minősége. A szállodák számára megfelelő minőségű munkaerő biztosítása egyre nagyobb kihívást fog jelenteni, hiszen a bővülő vendéglátóhelyi kapacitások eleve nagyobb tömegben igénylik a képzett munkaerő jelenlétét, emellett a szállodákban dolgozók egyre nagyobb számban próbálnak külföldön elhelyezkedni. Kutatásom célja volt, hogy megvizsgáljam Magyarország egyik kiemelt turisztikai...

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