144,923 Works

OPINION OF THE LOCAL COMMUNITY ON THE TOURIST ATTRACTIVENESS OF THE COMMUNE AND SELECTED AGRITOURISM DEVELOPMENT FACTORS

MICHAŁ ROMAN & MICHAŁ ROMAN
The main objective of the research was to present the opinion of the local community on the tourist attractiveness of the commune of Siemiatycze (Podlasie province) and selected factors of agritourism development. In order to fully and objectively recognise such factors, empirical material was collected with the use of the diagnostic survey method and survey questionnaire. Research was conducted in May 2019 and the questionnaire was sent to commune inhabitants. 52 respondents took part in...

RESOURCES AND EFFECTIVE CONDITIONS FOR THE PRODUCTION OF CEREAL AND OIL PLANTS IN THE EUROPEAN UNION

DARIUSZ CZAKOWSKI, ANDRZEJ CZYŻEWSKI, DARIUSZ CZAKOWSKI & ANDRZEJ CZYŻEWSKI
The aim of the article was to compare the resource conditions and efficiency of cereal and oil plant production in individual EU member states and assess changes over the analyzed decade 2007- 2016. This implementation was used to construct three indicators regarding resource conditions, which are the relation of land and labor (area of agricultural land/labor input AWU), capital and land (value of fixed assets/area of agricultural land), and capital and labor (value of fixed...

AGRICULTURAL RISK AND ITS PERCEPTION AMONG PROTEIN PLANT FARMERS

MAGDALENA ŚMIGLAK-KRAJEWSKA & MAGDALENA ŚMIGLAK-KRAJEWSKA
As farmers are exposed to risk and uncertainty, they are unable to make optimal choices. The main purpose of this paper was to present how farmers perceive risk in agriculture.To meet the objective defined above, this paper relied on the results of a 2018 survey conducted with a sample of 137 legume farms across the country. The information was analyzed and described with the use of descriptive statistics methods. Also, the correlation between selected characteristics...

TRADE IN POLISH BEEF WITH MUSLIM COUNTRIES IN THE CONTEXT OF THE BAN ON RITUAL SLAUGHTER

JAGODA SZYMCZAK, ARKADIUSZ SADOWSKI, JAGODA SZYMCZAK & ARKADIUSZ SADOWSKI
. The purpose of this paper is to identify the changes in beef trade between Poland and selected Muslim countries in the context of the ban on ritual slaughter. The economic consequences of the ban were discussed. Data from the UN Comtrade Database and FAOSTAT were used as a basis for analyzing the importance of international trade in beef and of beef production and consumption in Poland, Turkey and Bosnia and Herzegovina in the context...

PRODUCTIVITY OF THE POLISH AGRICULTURAL SECTOR COMPARED TO EUROPEAN UNION MEMBER STATES IN 2004-2017 BASED ON FADN FARMS

KATARZYNA SMĘDZIK-AMBROŻY, MARTYNA RUTKOWSKA, HAKAN KIRBAŞ, KATARZYNA SMĘDZIK-AMBROŻY, MARTYNA RUTKOWSKA & HAKAN KIRBAŞ
The aim of the study was to assess the productivity of the Polish agricultural sector compared to other EU countries in the long-term, encompassing the years 2004-2017. The time range of analyzes covered the years 2004-2017, spatial range of analyzes concerned individual EU countries, and the subjective scope of research included representative farms from these countries. Data was from EUFADN. Therefore, a comparative analysis of synthetic indicators of agricultural productivity in 2004- 2006, 2007-2010, 2011-2014...

ORGANIZATION OF SUPPLY CHAINS IN THE FRUIT SECTOR IN POLAND

BOGDAN KLEPACKI & BOGDAN KLEPACKI
The aim of the study was to recognize the supply chains used in the marketing of fruit and their products, as well as the trends of changes in this sector. The object of the research was fruit production in the world and Poland. The study presents a diagram of the supply chain in agribusiness. A method of graphic presentation of the flow of raw materials and fruit products from producers of raw materials and means...

ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL FEATURES OF SMALL-SCALE FARMS IN POLAND AGAINST A BACKGROUND OF AVERAGE RESULTS FOR AGRICULTURE

SEBASTIAN STĘPIEŃ, ANDREEA MUNTEAN, SEBASTIAN STĘPIEŃ & ANDREEA MUNTEAN
The purpose of the paper is to determine the economic and social features of small-scale farms in Poland in light of the results for agriculture or the countryside, in general. Small-scale farms form an integral part of Polish agriculture. Thanks to the multifunctional role they play in rural areas, their functioning is crucial for the future of agribusiness, due to the growing expectations of society regarding traditional methods of food production, targeting agricultural policy to...

THE VALUE OF OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY – ESTIMATION OF LOST PRODUCTIVITY IN THE POLISH AGRICULTURAL INDUSTRY

AGNIESZKA JAKUBOWSKA, ANNA ROSA, AGNIESZKA JAKUBOWSKA & ANNA ROSA
The study was to assess the level of lost productivity of human resources in the Polish agricultural industry determined by working conditions. The assumed analysis was conducted in a time frame by assessing the accident ratio and its economic consequences in Polish agriculture. The estimation of costs of lost productivity is based on the adoption of the so-called human capital approach. A comparison of the lost product value in the A section – “Agriculture, Forestry,...

TRENDS IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF RURAL MUNICIPALITIES IN THE MAŁOPOLSKA VOIVODSHIP

JOANNA KUDEŁKO & JOANNA KUDEŁKO
The paper aims to identify the level of socio-economic development of rural municipalities in the Małopolska voivodship, present relevant development rankings, and describe changes in this area in 2003-2017. The development processes of rural municipalities are analysed in the context of the functions they perform as well as their position in the spatial system of Małopolska. Selected diagnostic characteristics allow for the calculation of the synthetic measure of development, leading to a linear presentation of...

Volume of Purchases and Regional Location Have Strong Effects on Food Costs for School Meals

Michael Ollinger, Joanne Guthrie, Michael Ollinger & Joanne Guthrie
An ERS study found that food costs for USDA school meals were highest in the Northern Plains, Mountain, and Southern Plains States and lowest in the Southeast States. The volume of food purchases was also found to affect costs.

Mechanisms and impulses influencing development of agriculture and rural areas (4)

Barbara Wieliczko, Agnieszka Kurdyś-Kujawska, Barbara Wieliczko & Agnieszka Kurdyś-Kujawska
The paper aims at assessment of the proposal for the shape of the CAP for 2021-2027 presented by the European Commission and analysis of regionalization of subsidies for the Polish agriculture.

Quantifying the Impact of SNAP Benefits on the U.S. Economy and Jobs

Patrick Canning, Rosanna Mentzer Morrison, Patrick Canning & Rosanna Mentzer Morrison
Participants in USDA’s Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) generally spend their benefits soon after receiving them, spending that has cascading effects through the economy. A recent ERS analysis finds that during a slowing economy, $1 billion in new SNAP benefits would increase GDP by $1.54 billion and support 13,560 jobs, including 480 agricultural jobs.

Risk exposure and risk awareness as a factor of farms resilience in Poland

Adam Wąs, Piotr Sulewski, , Adam Wąs, Piotr Sulewski &

Jogérvényesítés a Nemzeti Agrárgazdasági Kamara segítségével

Írisz Horváth E. & Írisz Horváth E.
A Nemzeti Agrárgazdasági Kamara a lehetőségeihez képest egy hatékony és a tagok érdekeit minden szempontból kielégíteni képes jogérvényesítést elősegítő rendszert hozott létre, amelynek keretében az igénybe vehető eljárások egyidejűleg azonban a rendes – tipikusan – bírósági eljárásokhoz képest alternatív megoldásokként állnak rendelkezésre. mindezek ellenére nem lehet elhallgatni azt a tényt, hogy a gyakorlatban csekély számban, viszonylag szűk körben veszik igénybe ezen szolgáltatásokat. Ennek feltehetően kettő oka lehet: egyrészt az, hogy a NAK tagjai nincsenek tisztában...

Conservation Program Spending Levels Off But Continues Shift to Working Land Programs

Roger Claassen & Roger Claassen
USDA agricultural conservation programs provide technical and financial assistance to farmers who adopt and maintain practices that conserve resources or enhance environmental quality. The 2014 Farm Act continued to emphasize working land conservation. This spending increased from roughly $1 billion under the 1996 Farm Act to more than $3 billion under the 2014 Farm Act.

Five Decades of Price Swings for Food and Other Consumer Spending Categories

Annemarie Kuhns & Annemarie Kuhns
Year-to-year price volatility has moderated since the 1970s for housing and food, but transportation prices continue to be volatile.

Agrárgazdaság a XXI. században: perspektívák és dilemmák

Zoltán Lakner, Anna Kiss, Laura Pfeiffer, Zoltán Lakner, Anna Kiss & Laura Pfeiffer
A jelen tanulmány egy cikksorozat első része. Célunk, hogy a sorozat keretében bemutassuk az európai és globális agrárfejlődés alapvető tendenciáit, főbb folyamatait, a változások alapvető mozgatórugóit és a világ mezőgazdasága és élelmiszeripara előtt álló legfőbb kihívásokat. Munkánk során széles körben fel kívánjuk használni a korszerű matematika és rendszerelemzés kiterjedt eszköztárát. Közlemény-sorozatunk első része két kérdésre keres választ: (1) Hogyan türköződik a mezőgazdaság és az élelmiszeripar helye, szerepe az európai állampolgárok tudatában, gondolkodásában; (2) a gazdaságstatisztikai...

Farm Operators Owned $19.1 Billion in Oil and Gas Rights, Which Generated $3.8 Billion in Payments in 2014

Claudia Hitaj & Claudia Hitaj
From 2005 to 2014, high energy prices and innovation in extraction methods enabled U.S. production of oil and gas to grow by 69 percent—with almost 67 percent of overall production in 2014 occurring on farmland. That year, farm operators owned $19.1 billion in oil and gas rights that generated $3.8 billion in payments through leases with energy firms.

Child Poverty Heavily Concentrated in Rural Mississippi, Even More So Than Before the Great Recession

Tracey Farrigan & Tracey Farrigan
The share of children living in poverty in the U.S. remains higher than it was before the Great Recession. According to estimates from the U.S. Census Bureau, nearly 20 percent of children were living in poverty in 2016, compared with 18 percent in 2007. Child poverty rates continue to be highest in the South and Southwest, particularly along the Mississippi Delta.

Food Safety Costs for Farms Vary Across Commodities Due to Differences in Farm Size

Peyton Ferrier & Peyton Ferrier
An ERS study estimated farm-level costs to comply with the Food Safety Modernization Act's Produce Rule by commodity, State, and farm size. Costs ranged from as little as 0.3 percent of annual produce sales for the largest farms and 6.8 percent for the smallest.

More Microloans Issued in Regions With Higher Concentrations of Small Farms and Beginning Farmers, Women, and Minorities

Sarah Tulman & Sarah Tulman
USDA's Direct Operating Microloans are designed to be more convenient and accessible than traditional Direct Operating Loans (DOLs) for groups such as beginning farmers, veterans, women, and minorities. Although any farmer can apply for a Microloan, FSA reserves 70 percent of its funds for these groups. FSA distributed more Microloans in regions with larger shares of farmers in those groups.

ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF TRANSBOUNDARY ANIMAL DISEASE CONTROL IN NTUNGAMO AND RAKAI DISTRICTS, UGANDA

Bayiyana Irene & Bayiyana Irene
Advisors: Dr. William Ekere, Prof. Johnny Mugisha

MARKET CHAIN ANALYSIS OF TEFF (Eragrostistef): THE CASE OF DEJEN DISTRICT, EAST GOJAM ZONE,ETHIOPIA

Haregitu Nitsuh & Haregitu Nitsuh
A Thesis Submitted to the School of Agricultural Economics and Agribusiness, Postgraduate Program Directorate HARAMAYA UNIVERSITY. Advisors: Bosena Tegegne, Fekadu Gelaw

DETERMINANTS OF RURAL POVERTY IN BANJA DISTRICT OF AWI ZONE, AMHARA NATIONAL REGIONAL STATE, ETHIOPIA

Desalegn Teshale Woldie & Desalegn Teshale Woldie
In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the degree of Master of Sciences in Agriculture (Agricultural and applied Economics. Advisors: Prof. Jema Haji, Abule Mehare

Agricultural Finance Markets in Transition: Analysis of Market Segmentation in Farm Credit Markets

Charles Dodson, Steven Koenig, Charles Dodson & Steven Koenig
Agricultural credit markets are dominated by two institutional retail lender groups, the cooperative Farm Credit System (FCS) and commercial banks. Together these two lender groups supply 70 percent of the farm sector’s total credit needs. This analysis uses USDA’s 2001 and 2002 Agricultural Resource Management Survey to examine whether these two lender groups were serving different segments of the farm credit market. Regulatory, legislative, structural, and competitiveness factors are expected to influence market segmentation. National...

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